BCA syllabus is centred around introducing students to the world of computer applications. BCA subjects are centred around knowledge about computer skills. It provides vast knowledge of programming languages like C, C++, Oracle, Python, Java, Web designing, Business intelligence, and database management systems.

BCA Semester Wise Subjects and Syllabus

BCA course subjects are different for each college that students decide to study. Since students can choose electives in this course, there is a substantial part of the flexible course. The BCA course is designed to keep the needs of the industry in mind. Due to this reason, the BCA job scope and opportunities are very high. The core modules taught to the students are subjects that the college considers essential for wholesome education on computer applications.

BCA First Year Syllabus

The table below contains the BCA subjects in the first year:

Modern Operating Environment C Programming
Financial Accounting Database Management System
Principles of Management Organisational Behaviour
Business Communication E-Commerce
Laboratory Course - Tally / MS Office Digital Electronics

BCA Second Year Syllabus

The table below contains the BCA subjects in the second year:

Data Structure using C Object-Oriented Programming in C++
Relational Database Management System Computer Organisation and Architect
Business Mathematics Enterprise Resource Planning
Software Engineering Computer Networking

BCA Third Year Syllabus

The table below contains the BCA subjects in the third year:

Web Technology with PHP Advanced Java
Python Scripting Recent Trends in IT
Laboratory Course – VB / C++ Software Testing
Advanced Web Technologies Laboratory Course - Advanced Web Technologies / Advanced Java

BCA Subjects

BCA is a three-year-long undergraduate course consisting of six semesters. In the BCA 1st semester syllabus, students can study all essential and core subjects of the course. For BCA, 3rd sem syllabus, students can choose electives that make their course more dynamic and flexible.

BCA 5th semester syllabus evolves even further and allows the students to do a project or research-based subject to understand the course at a deeper level. The electives help students to specialise and learn about a more specific topic. Below is a list of some core subjects that students are taught during their BCA course:

BCA Core Subjects

  • Computer Fundamentals
  • C- Programming
  • System Analysis and Design
  • In-depth working of a computer system
  • Organisational Behaviour
  • Visual Basic
  • Computer Laboratory

BCA Elective Subjects

The elective course is required for students to complete the course to receive their degree. Each semester, students must choose from a variety of elective courses. Students enrolled in the BCA course can also choose from various elective courses. Here is a list of elective subjects to choose from:

  • Cloud Computing
  • Gaming and Animation
  • Computer Graphics
  • Digital Marketing
  • Data Mining
  • Agile Frameworks

BCA Subjects in Detail

Since BCA is a field that is applied in many paths of advancing technology, it deals with a wide range of discourse. Some of the topics covered in detail in BCA are as follows:

Software Development: This subject primarily focuses on software development by introducing students to various programming languages such as Python, JAVA, Assemble, COBOL, and others, as well as database management, web development, and networking. Students can design, implement, and test software to debug significant problems.

Software Engineering: This subject is an introduction to software engineering in which students learn the fundamental theoretical concepts of software design, implementation, and analysis and gain practical experience. Students are taught how to create software that aids in the reduction of human labour.

Multimedia Systems: Multimedia data has become an integral part of today's world and current research projects. This topic provides a deep understanding of multimedia standards, systems and tools, content viewing and retrieval, and multimedia network communications.

Artificial Intelligence: AI or artificial intelligence is one of the most advanced scientific developments. With advances in software and technology, we can expect more AI in the future. Students will learn how to write code for AI-based software, machine learning, machines and robots on the Internet 3.0 Web.

Web-based Applications Development: Students within the dialogue are centred on studying programming languages in addition to in-intensity HTML, XHTML coding and CSS layout concepts. The path gives complete know-how of PHP, one of the most famous programming languages in net development.

Theoretical Computer Science: Theoretical Computer Science involves understanding the theory of computation and mathematical tools. It covers algorithms, automaton theory, logic, computational complexity, combinatorics, etc.

Database Management System: The main goal of a database management system or DBMS is to provide a mechanism for efficiently and conveniently storing and retrieving database information. This course covers relational algebra, SQL, relational design theory, online analytical processing, data mining, etc.

Data Communication and Computer Networks: Data communication refers to the transmission of digital data between two or more computers between a computer network or data network. Computer networks allow computers to exchange data over wireless or wired media.

Specialisation Wise BCA Syllabus and Subjects

BCA is divided into two major subfields: data science and data analytics. Students at BCA can choose from a variety of specialisations. The following is the syllabus for the two major specialisations available:

BCA Data Science Syllabus and Subjects

BCA Data Science is a BCA specialised course focused on DBMS, machine learning, big data analysis, Python, maths, and other related topics. The following are the subjects included in the BCA Data Science syllabus:

  • Big Data Analytics
  • Python Programming
  • Computer Networks
  • Data Modelling and Visualisation
  • Introduction to Data Mining
  • Database Management
  • Discrete Mathematics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Machine Learning

BCA Data Analytics Subjects

BCA Data Analytics is a specialised BCA course focused on computer simulation, decision analysis, predictive modelling, data mining, artificial intelligence, finance, marketing, supply chains, information systems, and economics. The following are the subjects included in the BCA Data Analytics syllabus:

  • Network Introduction, Installation & administrating Server
  • Server Administration
  • Application Development using MVC
  • Routing & Switching
  • Network Security Implementation
  • Big Data Introduction
  • Data Analytics
  • Open Source Technologies

BCA Course Structure

BCA full form is Bachelor of Computer Application. It is a professional undergraduate program focused mainly on computer application concepts. It comes with the core subjects like- data structures, database systems, and computer networks. The course duration for BCA is three years. The course structure is as follows:

  • VI Semesters
  • Core Subjects
  • Elective
  • Final Research Project 

BCA Teaching Methodology and Techniques

The teaching and learning of the BCA course syllabus encompass traditional lecture-based training. The bachelor of computer application subjects is decided based on the needs of the industry. Students can find the exact BCA subject list by going through the college website.

At the end of their education, students will have to submit a final research project. This project aims to ensure that the students remember everything taught to them and make sure that they have a chance to understand their specialisation on a deeper and more informative level. The research project, in most cases, is conducted individually, but some colleges may choose to make it a group project.

BCA Projects

At the end of the undergraduate degree, all students are expected to do an independent project based on the topic they want to specialise in. The research topics need to be related to the BCA subjects students study during their course. The research helps students get an in-depth understanding of the BCA Computer science syllabus and familiarise them with the different topics they study.

Below are examples of some popular research essays:

  • Library Management System Project in Java
  • College Management System Project in Java
  • Mobile Management System Project
  • Social Networking Scripts

BCA Reference Books

Students interested in pursuing BCA as further education must invest in some reference books to gauge an idea to help them pass the BCA entrance exams with ease. The books provide students with the essential and relevant information they need.

Below is a list of books that can help students get started with their BCA course:

Books Authors
Fundamentals of Computers Rajaraman V
Introduction to Computers Norton Peter
Let us C Kanetkar Yashwant

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