B.Sc Botany Syllabus and Subjects


3 Years

Average Fees

INR 1 - 3 LPA

Roumik Roy

Updated on May 31, 2023 by Roumik Roy

Roumik Roy

Updated on May 31, 2023 by Roumik Roy

B.Sc Botany syllabus focuses on the several core functionalities of botanical science and plant pathology along with the economic importance of plants. The BSc Botany subjects include the study of plant anatomy & physiology, anatomy, Cellular Biology, Biochemistry, Genetics, Ecology, etc. 

B.Sc Botany syllabus is structured according to the industry requirements. The B.Sc Botany Job Scope expands to areas such as medical, healthcare, research & development, and agricultural fields.  

Table of Contents

Semester Wise B.Sc Botany Syllabus

BSc Botany syllabus encompasses a theoretical and practical framework for the foundational areas of botany and contemporary insight into the important areas of Biotechnology, Microbiology, Genetics, and several others. The semester-wise B.Sc Botany syllabus is given below: 

First-Year B.Sc Botany Syllabus

B.Sc 1st year botany chapters are more inclined towards the functional studies of plant diversity which includes non-vascular plants and vascular plants. The table below contains the B.Sc Botany syllabus for the first year:

Semester I

    Semester II

English Language

English Language

Language ( Regional)

Language ( Regional)

Biodiversity I (Microbes, Algae, Fungi, and Bryophytes) 

Biodiversity II (Bryophytes, III Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms & Palaeobotany)  

Environmental Studies

General Elective

General Elective


Practical Topics under First-Year B.Sc Botany

The practical subjects associated with any BSc Botany subject help students to get hands-on experience. Some of the practical topics in the first-year BSc Botany syllabus are given below:

  • EMs/Models of Viruses
  • Types of Bacteria from temporary/permanent slides/photographs
  • Monochrome and Gram staining
  • Rhizopus and Penicillium
  • Herbarium preparation of algae
  • Taxonomic identification
  • Herbarium techniques
  • Study of vegetative and floral characters of the following families

Second-Year B.Sc Botany Syllabus

The table below contains the second-year B.Sc Botany syllabus:

Semester III

      Semester IV

English Language

English Language

Language ( Regional)

Language ( Regional)

Plant Anatomy and Embryology 

Plant Physiology 

General Elective

General Elective

Skill Development Course I

Skill Development Course II

Practical Topics under Second-Year B.Sc Botany

The practical topics in the first-year BSc Botany syllabus are given below:

  • Pollination Types & Seed Dispersal Mechanisms
  • Adaptive Anatomy
  • Study of Meristems
  • Monohybrid cross
  • Study of simple Tissues

Third-Year B.Sc Botany Syllabus

The third-year  B.Sc Botany syllabus is given below:

Semester V

      Semester VI

Phylogeny, Morphology & Taxonomy of Angiosperms

Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding 

Cell Biology and Plant Biochemistry 

Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering

Microbiology and Plant Pathology

Plant Ecology and Phytogeography / Biostatistics

General Elective 

General Elective



Practical Topics under Third-Year B.Sc Botany

Some of the practical topics in the third-year BSc Botany syllabus are given below:

  • Study of properties and measurement of the diameter of plant fibers
  • Measurement of plant cell dimensions
  • Study of cell organelles using electron micrographs
  • Working and handling of equipment used in the microbiology laboratory
  • Study of the causal organisms, symptoms, disease cycle, and control measures of plant diseases

B.Sc Botany Subjects

B.Sc Botany subjects are designed around the study of plant biology and include several skill development courses such as Floriculture, Ethnobotany, Herbal Technology, etc. Some of the core and elective BSc Botany subjects are given below:

B.Sc Botany Core subjects

Core subjects are considered to be essential for the understanding of the topic. Below is a list of some core subjects that students are taught during their B.Sc Botany course:

  • Microbes, Algae, Fungi, and Bryophytes
  • Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, and Angiosperms
  • Morphology, Anatomy, and Embryology
  • Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding
  • Molecular Biology and Plant Biotechnology
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Ecology

B.Sc Botany Elective subjects

 Electives are optional subjects that the students can choose during the last four semesters. Some of the elective B.Sc Botany subjects are given below:

  • Seed Biology
  • Pomology 
  • Ethnobotany 
  • Bioinformatics
  • Economic Botany
  • Environmental Biotechnology 
  • Plant Tissue Culture 
  • Horticulture and Postharvest Technology 

B.Sc Botany subjects in Detail

B.Sc Botany syllabus consists of a wide range of subjects based on various features, classifications, structures, physiology, and ecology of plant organisms. A detailed view of B.Sc Botany subjects is given below:

B.Sc Botany Subjects Topics Covered
Biodiversity  Microbes, Algae, Fungi, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Taxonomic hierarchy, Botanical nomenclature, Classification to plant taxonomy, Biometrics, numerical taxonomy, and cladistics 
Plant Anatomy and Embryology  Meristematic and permanent tissues, Primary structure of organs, Secondary growth, Adaptive and protective systems, Structural organization of flower, Pollination, and fertilization, Embryo and endosperm, seed structure 
Plant Physiology Plant-water relations, Mineral nutrition, Translocation in the phloem, Enzymes, Photosynthesis, Respiration, Nitrogen metabolism, Plant growth regulators 
Cell Biology and Plant Biochemistry  Techniques in cell biology, Cell, and its components, Cell Division, Biomolecules, Amino acids and proteins, Lipids, Nucleic acids, Vitamins, Secondary metabolites
Microbiology and Plant Pathology Methods in microbiology, Preservation, and maintenance of microbial cultures, Microbiology of air, soil, and water, Applications of microorganisms, Plant disease epidemiology, Plant disease management, Genetics of pathogenicity
Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding  Cell cycle, Mendelian genetics and its extension, Extrachromosomal inheritance, Linkage, crossing over and chromosome mapping, Alteration in chromosome number and structure, Gene mutations, Introduction to plant breeding, Quantitative inheritance

B.Sc Botany Course Structure

B.Sc Botany is a three-year-long undergraduate course consisting of a total of six semesters. The course has core, electives, and research as the main components of the B.Sc Botany syllabus. The general course structure is as follows:

  • VII Semesters
  • Core Subjects
  • Elective
  • Lab and Practical Workshops

B.Sc Botany Teaching Methodology and Techniques

B.Sc Botany teaching methodology includes traditional forms of teaching where students learn about the concepts through interactive classroom teaching.  Listed below are some of the teaching methodology and techniques of the B.Sc Botany course:

  • Research Project
  • Core and Elective Subjects
  • Practical Lab Workshops

 B.Sc Botany Course Projects 

B.Sc Botany courses consist of projects that are integral to the curriculum. The program focuses on group or individual projects through which students' performance and understanding of the subject can be evaluated. The following are the most common B.Sc Botany projects:

  • Preliminary phytochemical and anti-microbial screening of seed and coat of citrus Sinensis
  • The effect of temperature on the percentage of germination of mung beans
  • Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on plant growth

B.Sc Botany Reference Books

The books for B.Sc Botany provide students with a fundamental overview of the course as well as an in-depth study of their area of understanding. The following books serve as the reading materials for B.Sc Botany : 



The Cambridge Illustrated Glossary of Botanical Terms

Micheal Hickey and Clive King

Concise Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology

P. Vidhyasekaran

Encyclopedia of Plant and Crop Science

Robert M. Goodman

B.Sc Botany Fee Structure

See Various B.Sc Botany Colleges in India

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