Syllabus & Subjects for Bachelor of Science [B.Sc] (Botany):

B.Sc Botany Syllabus

Name of the Course

Topics covered

Introduction to Biology

Biological systems, evolution and biodiversity, Chemical context of living systems.

Biodiversity- Algae and Microbiology

Algae- Introduction, Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Charophyta, Xanthophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta, Applied Phycology. Microbiology- General Microbiology, Applied Microbiology.

Chemistry

Inorganic chemistry- Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Physical Chemistry- Chemical Thermodynamics, Ionic Equilibria.

Computational Skills

Computer Fundamentals, Data Representation, Networks terminology, Multimedia, Problem Solving, General Awareness.

Biodiversity- Mycology, and Phytopathology

MYCOLOGY (Fungi and allied organisms)- Introduction, Myxomycota, Oomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Deuteromycota, Applied Mycology, Lichens.

PHYTOPATHOLOGY- Plant Pathology.

Biodiversity- ARCHEGONIATAE (BRYOPHYTES, PTERIDOPHYTES, AND GYMNOSPERMS)

Introduction, Structure and Reproduction in Bryophytes, Structure and Reproduction in Pteridophytes, Evolutionary concepts in Pteridophytes, Reproduction in Gymnosperms, Importance.

Chemistry

Basic Organic Chemistry- Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry, Stereochemistry

Chemistry of Biomolecules- Carbohydrates, Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins.

Plant Resource Utilisation

Origin of Cultivated Plants, Cereals, Legumes, Fruits, Sugars and Starches, Spices, Beverages, Oils and Fats, Essential Oils, Natural Rubber, Drug Yielding Plants, Masticatories and Fumitories Timber plants, Fibres.

Cell Biology

An Overview of Cells, Tools and techniques of Cell Biology, Composition of Cells, The Nucleus, Protein Sorting and Transport, Mitochondria, Chloroplasts and Peroxisomes, Cytoskeleton and Cell Movement.

Molecular Biology

Nucleic Acids convey Genetic Information, The Structures of DNA and RNA / Genetic Material, Genome Structure, Chromatin and the Nucleosome, The Replication of DNA (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes), The Mutability and Repair of DNA.

Plant Development and Anatomy

Plant Sporophyte, Introduction and scope of Plant Anatomy, Tissues and Cell Walls, Stem, Leaf, Root, Vascular Cambium, Secondary Growth, Periderm, Adaptive and Protective Systems, Secretory and Excretory System.

Plant Ecology and Phytogeography

Introduction to the Biosphere, Soil, Water, The Atmosphere, The living World, Fire, Levels of Organisation, Population Ecology, Ecosystems, Functional aspects of Ecosystem, Diversity of Ecosystems and Biomes, Phytogeography.

Cell Biology

The Plasma Membrane, Cell Wall, the Extracellular Matrix and Cell Interactions, Cell Signaling, The Cell Cycle, Cell Death and Cell Renewal, Cancer.

Molecular Biology

Mechanism of Transcription, RNA Modifications, Translation (Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes), Transcription Regulation in Prokaryotes, Transcription Regulation in Eukaryotes, Regulatory RNAs.

Plant Systematics and Evolution

Significance of Plant systematic, Taxonomic hierarchy, Botanical nomenclature, Systems of classification, Biometrics and numerical taxonomy, Phylogeny of Angiosperms.

Plant Physiology

Water balance in plant cells, Water Stress Physiology, Mineral nutrition, Assimilation of Mineral Nutrients, Translocation in the phloem, Plant growth substances, Control of flowering, Physiology of fruit ripening, Phytochrome and plant development.

Environmental Management

Introduction, Public awareness of Environment issues, Natural resources, : Effect of human activities, Sustainable Development, Energy, Conservation of resources, Global environment change, Environmental impact assessment.

Bioinformatics

Introduction to Bioinformatics, Databases in Bioinformatics, Biological Sequence Databases, Sequence Alignments, Molecular Phylogeny, Applications of Bioinformatics

Genetics and Genomics

Introduction to Genetics, Mitosis and Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics and its Extension, Linkage, Crossing Over and Chromosomal Mapping, Mutations, Sex Determination, Extrachromosomal Inheritance, Quantitative Genetics.

Plant Metabolism and Biochemistry

Enzymes, Carbon Assimilation, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Carbon Oxidation, Nitrogen and Protein Metabolism, Lipid Metabolism, Intermediary Metabolism Regulation of Metabolism, Secondary Metabolites and Plant Defense.

Reproductive Biology of Angiosperms

Introduction, Anther, Pollen Biology, Ovule, Pollination and Fertilisation, Self-Incompatibility, Endosperm, Embryogenesis, Polyembryony and Apomixis.

Plant Biotechnology

Plant Tissue Culture, Tools and Techniques of Genetic Engineering, Plant Transformation Technology, Role of Plant Biotechnology in Agriculture, Environment and Industry.

Genetics and Genomics

Genetic Analysis and Mapping in Bacteria and Bacteriophages, Genome Dynamics-Transposable genetic elements, Eukaryotic Viruses, Developmental Genetics and Model System, Genomics, Bioinformatics and Proteomics, Genomic Analysis- Dissection of Gene Function, Population Genetics, Evolutionary Genetics.

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