Pharmacy courses after 12th Science
Pharmacy as a subject stream can be defined as the branch of science that will deal with the preparation, doses, dispensing and effects of medicines. It is the interconnection of Medicine, Biology, and Chemistry.
Pharmacists main responsibilities include dispensing and managing medications, educating patients about the correct drug usage and possible drug side effects, and also in managing the health-care and well-being of patients and customers. Pharmacists should have knowledge in handling the medications for patients in general and also follow the laws pertaining to the prescribed medication.
Pharmaceutical Industry in India
India is the largest provider of generic drugs globally with supply over 50% of the demand across the globe. India has a large number of scientists and engineers who have the potential to take the industry to an even higher level. Pharmaceutical exports from the country include bulk drugs, drug formulations, herbal products, surgical and biologicals.
The compounded annual growth rate of the Indian pharma industry is 15% which exhibits significant growth opportunities. It is also expected that the pharma companies will continue to focus on improving over operational efficiency and productivity in order to provide better service to the customers. The companies are expected to exhibit the growth phase through alliances and partnerships.
The growth of the Pharmaceutical Sector in India
Increasing private sector investments in R&D and low cost of production has led to exports reaching US$ 17.27 billion in 2018.
The Pharma Vision 2020 is aimed at making India a global leader in drug manufacturing.
The government has invested more than Rs 5,000-6,000 crore to set up pharma parks.
Government initiatives such as the National Health Protection Scheme, Pharma Vision 2020, Drug Price Control Order and so on pushes the industry to the next level.
In this article Pharmacy Courses after 12th science, you will get the details on the list of courses available and the subjects involved. It also provides you with the eligibility criteria, best colleges, and job opportunities. You can directly jump to any of the sections from the table below.
Pharmacy Courses after 12th and related information is divided into the following sections
- Scope of Pharmacy
- Eligibility for Pharmacy after 12th
- Pharmacy Entrance Exam after 12th
- Pharmacy Courses after 12th Science
- Subjects in Pharmacy Courses after 12th Science
- Career in Pharmacy after 12th
- Best Pharmacy Colleges in India
Scope of Pharmacy
A career in the pharmaceutical sciences is full of opportunities. Mentioned below are some of the options a pharmacy professional can venture into:
Research and Development: The pharmacy industry is an industry that thrives on research and development. M.Pharms and Ph. Ds are always in high demand for research of new drugs, formulation, development, clinical trials, and also Toxicological Studies.
Production and Manufacturing: The career options of working in production and manufacturing department are huge. One can start his/ her own venture or work for someone. Professionals for production and manufacturing are required by biotechnological products, surgical dressings, medical devices, equipment, Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and Unani medicines, and veterinary medicine to name a few. They are also required for the production of various cosmetics, toiletries, and dental products.
Analysis and Testing: Analysis and testing are required in the pharmacy industry especially in order to maintain a proper Quality control (QC) and Quality Assurance (QA). Highly skilled staff is required for the same by companies to handle sensitive analytical dealings and sophisticated equipment.
Regulatory Bodies: There are bodies that control and regulate medicines. FDA is the regulatory body that deals with the governance and implementation of rules and regulations for the Drug and Pharmaceutical industry. The post of a Drug Inspector, Assistant Drug Controller, Deputy Drug Controller, Drug Controller of state and finally D.C. I. (Drug Controller of India) is an option that can be aspired for.
Hospitals: Although it has been a trend in the United States or Canada, it is one that seems to be gaining momentum in India as well. The pharmacists in the hospitals are the best-informed individuals for drug prescription. In most western countries, the diagnosis is done by the Doctors but the pharmacists decide the medicines and their dosage. Therefore, Pharmacy graduates play a vital role and can earn attractive remunerations, as well as occupy strategic positions in their career.
Eligibility criteria for Pharmacy courses
The eligibility for pharmacy after 12th are listed below.
- Candidates should have passed 10+2 in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics/Biology from a recognized university.
- Minimum 50% aggregate in the qualifying examination.
- Candidates who had passed Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm) are also eligible.
- Admission is done by State/ Central Medical Admission Authority. It can be based on the merit/Entrance exam.
- Entrance exams like GPAT, TS EAMCET, AP EAMCET, etc can be given.
Pharmacy entrance exam after 12th
There are a number of entrance exam for pharmacy after 12th are conducted by both Central government and State government in order to admit the best suitable candidate to pursue their career in Pharmaceuticals. Through the entrance exam for pharmacy after 12th, the candidates get an opportunity to take admission to undergraduate or diploma in pharmacy program offered by various colleges in India.
Here is the list of entrance exam for pharmacy after 12th conducted by various states.
|Entrance Exam for Pharmacy after 12th|
|Entrance Exam||Conducting Body|
|WBJEE||West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination Board|
|Odisha JEE||Government of Odisha|
|HPCET||Himachal Pradesh Technical University|
|SHAT||Siksha 0 Anusandhan University|
|MHT CET||Government of Maharashtra|
|DIPSAR||Delhi Institute of Pharmaceutical & Research|
|UPSEE||Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University|
|GUJCET||Gujarat Secondary and Higher Education Board|
|TS ECET (Lateral Entry)||Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University|
|AP ECET (Lateral Entry)||Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University|
Pharmacy Courses after 12th Science
Pharmacy Courses is a well sought after career stream of a lot of science students. It is inherently an amalgamation of health sciences and chemical sciences. The main objective of pursuing a degree in pharmacy is the safe implementation of dosage and use of pharmaceutical drugs for the welfare and benefit of humankind. This does play an integral role in the optimum healing, prevention and well being of human beings from harmful diseases and sickness. A degree in pharmacy equips an individual with skills pertaining to health care, including clinical services, reviewing medications for safety and efficacy, and providing drug information. This article gives you the pharmacy course details in India.
Pharmacy Science can be generally divided into the following
Medical Chemistry and Pharmacognosy
A degree in pharmacy equips an individual with skills pertaining to health care, including clinical services, reviewing medications for safety and efficacy, and providing drug information. The most opted, preferred and popular course studied by a number of students who are passionate about pharmacy is a bachelors degree in pharmacy otherwise known as B.Pharma.
Bachelor of Pharmacy - B.Pharm
This degree is a foundational program that equips a student with the relevant knowledge required to practice pharmacy. This intensive program has been successful at providing employment in sectors such as prescription, manufacture and provision of medicines. A student could pursue his or her master's after completing this course or could also opt for employment as there is an increasing demand for pharma professional each year.
The basic eligibility to pursue Bachelor of Pharmacy is to complete 10+2. The duration of this course is four years divided into 8 semesters. The subjects in B.Pharm involves Human Anatomy & Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmaceutical Maths & Biostatistics, and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Duration of the course is 4 years and the fee ranges from INR 40,000 to INR 1 Lakh.
Bachelor of Pharmacy - B.Pharm ( Lateral )
Lateral entry to B.Pharma course is given to students who have completed a diploma degree in pharmacy and who want to pursue higher learning in pharmacy. This is done by providing a direct admission/entry of the student to the second year the B.Pharma course. The duration of the course is 3 years and the course fee ranges from INR 40,000 to INR 90,000.
An Honours Degree generally comprises of a larger course volume and syllabus coupled with a higher standard of education compared to a normal bachelors degree. B. Pharm (Hons.) degree has been structured to match and exceed the standards and requirements of the pharmacy industry. This degree usually offers students additional foundational courses related to the field of pharmacy which provides them with an extra edge over the competition.
The duration of the course is 4 years and the course fee range from INR 14 Lakhs to 24 Lakhs.
Bachelor of Pharmacy in Ayurveda
This degree is a 4-year full-time graduate program that's usually divided into 8 semesters. Ayurveda or Ayurvedic science has immense potential in India as it is being practised for over 5000 years and is native to our motherland. The duration of the course is 4 years, with course fee ranges from INR 20,000 to INR 6 Lakhs.
Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm)
Diploma in Pharmacy or D.Pharmacy is a foundation course in the field of Pharmacy. with a duration of 2 years divided into 4 semesters. It involves all the subjects related to the Pharmacy field.
The course is designed in such a way to prepare the students to work under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist in hospitals and other related pharmaceutical fields. The basic eligibility criteria for pursuing the Diploma in Pharmacy is a 10+2. Admission is based on the performance of the candidate in the relevant entrance exams such as GPAT, UPSEE, AU AIMEE Pharmacy and so on. The course duration is 2 years and the course fee range is about INR 9000 to 2 Lakhs
Masters in Pharmacy Course
Masters in Pharmacy Course is a postgraduate degree course in the field of pharmacy. After the completion of this course, the student can either work/ go for higher studies.
The basic eligibility to choose Master of Pharmacy is to pass Bachelor of Pharmacy Program with not less than 50%. The course is designed aiming at the students who want to enhance and sharpen their skills in the field of Pharmacy. The specializations available in M.Pharm are Industrial Pharmacy, Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Pharmacognosy, Pharmacology. The duration of the course is 2 years divided into 4 semesters with course fees about INR 2 Lakhs to 5 Lakhs.
Courses after B.Pharmacy in India
Postgraduate Pharmacy Courses
- Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm)
- D – Post Baccalaureate
- Doctor of Pharmacy – Pharm
Doctoral Pharmacy Courses
- PhD in Pharmaceutical Science
Specialization Courses in Pharmacy
The specialization courses under the field of Pharmacy are tabulated below
|Clinical Pharmacy||Pharmaceutical Chemistry||Quality Assurance|
|Pharmacognosy||Pharmaceutical Technology||Pharmaceutical Marketing Management|
|Pharmacy Practice||Pharmaceutical Analysis and Quality Assurance||Phytopharmaceuticals and Natural Products|
|Pharmacology||Pharmaceutics||Drug Discovery and Development|
|Industrial Pharmacy||Biopharmaceutics||Bulk Drugs|
|Drug Regulatory Affairs||Medicinal Chemistry|
Subjects in the Pharmacy Courses after 12th Science
The course subjects for Pharmacy after 12th Science is listed below
|Subjects in Pharmacy|
|Human Anatomy and Physiology||Pharmacotherapeutics 3||Pharmacology|
|Medical Biochemistry||Pharmacokinetics||Pharmacotherapeutics 1|
|Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry||Clinical Toxicology||Pharmacology (Advanced)|
|Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry||Clinical Research||Pharmaceutical Analysis|
|Pharmaceutical Microbiology||Pharmacoeconomics||Medicinal Chemistry|
|Pharmacognosy||Clinical Pharmacokinetics||Pharmaceutical Formulations|
|Phytopharmaceuticals||Pharmacotherapeutic Drug Monitoring||Hospital Pharmacy|
|Research Methodology||Biostatistics||Clinical Pharmacy|
Career in Pharmacy after 12th
Pharmacists work in a community and Ayurveda/ Yoga/ Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy dispensaries. Private and Public hospitals, Retail pharmacies, etc offer opportunities for Pharmacists. Also, sectors like R & D, Analysis and Testing, Production and Manufacturing, Marketing, Hospitals, Regulatory Bodies, etc provides Job Opportunities.
Job Opportunities in Pharmacy
The various job roles under the field of Pharmacy are tabulated below
|Job Roles in Pharmacy|
|Chemical/ Drug Technician||Pathological Lab|
|Drug Inspector||Research Officer|
|Health Inspector||Research and Development|
|Hospital Drug Coordinator||Making prescription to patients|
|Administrative posts||Marking Professional|
|Quality Control Officer|
Sectors Providing Job Opportunities
The various job opportunities provided by the pharmaceutical sector are tabulated below
|Sectors with various job roles|
|State Wise Drugs and Pharmaceutical Boards||Technical Pharmacy|
|Medical Shop Chains||Research Agencies|
|Chemist Shop||Medical Dispensing Store|
|Research bodies and labs||Sales and Marketing Department|
|Hospital Pharmacy||Educational Institutes|
Pharmacist Salary in India
The payroll for a pharmacist varies on the number of experience he/she has in the medical field. Skills like patience and strong communication skills are considered important for this position.
|Job Designation||Years of Experience||Paygrade|
|Entry level Hospital Pharmacist||< 1 year||INR 195,183|
|Early Career Hospital Pharmacist||1 - 4 years||INR 200,000|
|Mid Career Hospital Pharmacist||5 - 9 years||INR 296,609|
|Experienced Hospital Pharmacist||10 - 19 years||INR 324,124|
The source of information is obtained from PayScale, and there will be a slight variation in the numbers based on the cities, hospitals and much more
Best Pharmacy Colleges in India
Here are the best Pharmacy Colleges in India
Mohali National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research
Jadavpur University, Kolkata
Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
Department of Pharmaceutics, IIT BHU, Varanasi
University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chandigarh
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
New Delhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research
Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara
Andhra University, Vishakhapatnam
Hyderabad National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research