Get complete information on Entrance Exams for Ph.D (Doctor of Philosophy) including the dates, syllabus and question papers. Find the latest updates regarding Ph.D Entrance Exams 2021 Syllabus, Dates, Question Papers and more.
PhD stands for Doctor of Philosophy, which is a title that is desired by a lot of individuals who are interested in devoting their careers to research in a particular field. This is a title that is also desired by many individuals who aspire to be educators to future generations. The most common way to get a PhD is by applying for various entrance exams that facilitate the individual to get a PhD. Here are some reasons why a Ph.D is necessary today:
- A Ph.D offers the holder a guaranteed job in a university or college. Depending upon the subject, candidates can secure jobs in law firms, consultancies or even publishing houses.
The mastery and expertise over the subject matter gives the candidate an edge over the competition.
- And the most valuable asset of all - better reputation in terms of qualification.
The most common entrance exams for PhD are discussed in this article.
PhD Entrance Exams
These are examinations conducted by various authorities across India which facilitate individuals to get a PhD. However, candidates must bear in mind that they can pursue a PhD course only after they complete their Master's degree course in that particular field.
In India, the National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts the National Eligibility Test (NET) on behalf of the University Grant Commission (UGC). NET is conducted across India to determine the eligibility of candidates for Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship and Assistant Professor. It encourages postgraduates to opt for advanced studies and research. For a PhD in Engineering courses, the candidates are required to qualify the GATE entrance exam.
The various entrance exams for PhD courses are as follows:
The Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) is offered to candidates who qualify UGC –NET or CSIR-NET. NTA conducts this exam twice a year, in June and December. The tenure for completion of JRF is 2 years, and the candidates are offered a stipend of up to INR 28000.
After the successful completion of JRF, the candidates are promoted to Senior Research Fellows. SRF is for three years and is granted on the premise of the performance in JRF.
Eligibility Criteria for PhD Entrance Exams
The candidates who are applying for the exam must check the eligibility criteria before filling the application form. The eligibility criteria for a few of the examinations that were mentioned above are as follows:
- The candidates who are applying for UGC NET must have Master’s Degree or its equivalent from a board/university recognised by UGC.
- Candidates must have an aggregate of 55% marks (50% marks for SC/ST/OBC/PwD) category in the Master’s Degree.
- Applicants who in the final year of their qualifying exam can also apply for UGC NET.
- There is no age limit for the post of Assistant Professor as per the provisions. In the case of JRF, the age of the applicant must not be over 30 years as on 01-01-2021.
- The NTA has given the reserved candidates an age relaxation of 5 years.
- They have given the candidates who are pursuing LLM degree an age relaxation of 3 years.
- The NTA has given the candidates who served armed forces an age relaxation of 5 years.
Exemption (Eligibility for Assistant Professor):
- Candidates must have completed their NET/SLET/SET exam who are willing to be eligible for the post of Assistant Professor in various Universities or institutions.
- The NTA will exempt the applicants to appear in the exam who cleared their SET before 01-06-2002, recognized by UGC.
- They will exempt the aspirants to appear in the exam who cleared the UGC/CSIR JRF examination earlier than the year 1989.
- The NTA will exempt candidates who hold PhD Degree by UGC from the minimum eligibility criteria of NET/SET/SELT.
- Candidates who hold only a Bachelor's Degree are not eligible for Lectureship.
- As per the CSIR UGC NET eligibility criteria 2021, the candidate must ensure that the date of passing the examination must be 01-01-2021.
Candidates must be careful while checking through the eligibility criteria for CSIR NET. If the eligibility is not met, candidates will not be allowed to appear for the Ph.D entrace exam.
- The candidate who belongs to general (UR) / general-EWS and OBC must hold an M.Sc. or equivalent degree/BE / B. Tech / B. Pharma / MBBS/ Integrated BS-MS / BS-4 years with at least 55% marks to be eligible for CSIR UGC NET.
- Candidates who belong to SC/ST and persons with disability (PwD) need to score at least 50% marks in M.Sc. or equivalent degree/BE / B. Tech / B. Pharma / MBBS/ Integrated BS-MS / BS-4 years.
- Applicants who registered for M.Sc or have completed their graduation can also apply for CSIR UGC NET 2021 under Result Awaited (RA) category in case they will complete the qualifying degree with the required percentage of marks within two years to avail the fellowship from the effective date.
- Aspirants or B.Sc (Hons) or equivalent degree holders enrolled in Integrated MS-Ph.D. program must have at least 55% marks for General candidates and 50% marks for SC/ST/PWD.
- Candidates who have a Bachelor’s degree are eligible for the fellowship only after getting registered/enrolled for Ph.D./Integrated PhD program within the validity period of two years.
The relaxation on the age limit for different categories are:
ICMR JRF Eligibility Criteria
Qualification: Applicant must have an MSc or MA degree from a recognised institute.
Minimum marks required for qualifying the exam
|Category||Minimum aggregate required|
- Candidates who belong to the unreserved category should not be older than 28 years as on 30-09-2021.
- They have given the OBC Category an age relaxation of 3 years, and the upper age limit for those candidates is 31 years.
- The candidates belonging to SC/ST/PwD Category have an age relaxation of 5 years. The upper age limit for those candidates is 33 years.
- Female candidates can also apply for ICMR JRF until the age of 33 years.
Exam Pattern for PhD Entrance Exams
The exam pattern of an examination serves an important part during the preparation process. This tool will help you understand the type of questions, marking scheme, number of questions and other important aspects of the exam paper. The exam pattern for a few of the PhD entrance exams are as mentioned below:
Exam Mode: Online Computer-Based Test
Type of Questions: MCQs
Language Medium: English and Hindi
- For each correct answer: +2 marks
- There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.
|Papers||Number of Questions||Maximum Marks||Time Duration|
ICMR JRF Exam Pattern
Exam Mode: Online
Type of Questions: MCQs
Language Medium: English
No. of Sections in the question paper: 3
Total number of questions: 250
Questions attempted: 125
Negative Marking: The conducting authority has set up the rules for negative marking. They will deduct 0.25 marks for every incorrect answer.
|Category||Qualifying Marks (In Percentage)|
The conducting authority has divided the ICMR JRF into three subjects. Each candidate must prepare and attempt only two of these subjects. The General Aptitude section of the exam is mandatory. This section comprises 50 questions. Candidates must choose between Life Sciences and Social Sciences. Each of these sections will have 100 questions. It allows candidates to attempt only 75 questions from either of these sections. The system will not allow the candidates to mark over 75 questions in the examination.
Syllabus for Ph.D Entrance Exams
Here we have provided the syllabus for various Ph.D entrance exams. You can refer to the syllabus during your preparation process. We have covered only the topic names below. Do explore the detailed syllabus to improve your knowledge in the topics that you are weak at.
UGC NET 2021 Syllabus
UGC NET exam syllabus is based on candidates' existing knowledge. The syllabus is divided into paper I and paper II. The syllabus of the exam differs according to the subjects. The topic for a paper I are as follows:
- Teaching Aptitude
- Research Aptitude
- Comprehension (Based on research aptitude)
- Aptitude and Mathematical Reasoning
- Logical Reasoning
- Data Interpretation
- Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
- People Development and Environment
- Higher Education System
Part II consists of 81 subjects offered by UGC NET. Candidates can choose the subject of their own choice or the one they have studied in their post-graduation or equivalent subjects.
CSIR NET 2021 Syllabus
To apply for CSIR NET candidates are required to qualify for the basic eligibility. The syllabus is focused on five branches of Science and is divided into parts A and B.
The syllabus for part A is common for all, listed below are the areas of study. Candidates can prepare according to the syllabus:
- Logical Reasoning
- Quantitative Aptitude/Numerical Ability
- Graphical Analysis
The syllabus for part B mainly consists of the five streams of Science:
- Life Science
- Physical Science
- Chemical Science
- Mathematical Science
- Earth Science
ICMR JRF Syllabus for 2021
The Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) are completely merit-based. Shortlisted candidates are eligible for admission to the ICMR and are awarded grants to complete their Ph.D. The ICMR JRF exam is divided into 3 sections, section A is compulsory, and candidates can either choose section B or section C. The syllabus for ICMR JRF are as follows:
- General Aptitude Test: Scientific phenomenon, General Knowledge, and Statistics
- Life Sciences
- Social Sciences
Career Opportunities after Ph.D
Most PhD candidates change into an academic domain when they can choose other professions as well. It’s crucial to apprehend all the possibilities you have got in front of you. A few job roles you can take up after completion of PhD include the following:
- Market Research Analyst: As a PhD graduate, your capacity to analyze large amounts of statistics and identifying comparative advantages between technologies is what makes you the right fit for this role.
As a Market Research Analyst, you will be responsible for gaining information about commercialization possibilities as well as evaluating the key strengths and weaknesses of your organization versus the competitor.
- Competitive Intelligence Analyst: In the role of a CI Analyst, you’ll be required to put your analysis about the competitors into actions. This is a pivotal role, as it assists the management team in making strategic decisions using your analytical and research skills.
- Product Manager: This is a multifunctional role and calls for collaboration from several divisions of the organization. It can be the right fit for you as a PhD graduate if you can analyze and understand the factors driving your company. Based on your analyses, the teams need to comprehend innovative solutions for it.
- Operations Research Analyst: This role is directly related to big data analytics. It requires an understanding of data mining techniques, data modelling and statistical analysis. They are expected to solve operational problems along with finding cost-effective, yet efficient solutions to the organization.
- Quantitative Analyst: As a QA Analyst, you will be involved in several types of analysis, including data, finance and statistical modelling
Science PhD candidates are usually preferred for this role, because of their ability to understand the technological sectors.