Biotechnology Courses after 12th

Biotechnology Courses After 12th 

Biotechnology is a field of science which focuses on genetic manipulation of living systems and organisms for scientific purposes or economic purposes. The products modified or developed by the biotechnologists are utilized in pharmaceutical industries, agriculture, clinical industry, etc.

The field of biotechnology is dependent on research skills and observational skills. Biotechnology can be used for earning financial profits or to protect the environment and retain a balance. Biotechnologists will be a part of the research team as well as the marketing team. In this article, you can get to know more about biotechnology courses after 12th.

Here is the list of contents:

Objectives of Biotechnology Courses

Listed below are the objectives of Biotechnology Courses:

  • Various problems encountered in the fields of medicine, technology, agriculture, commercial production, and environmental science can be solved by research and findings through biotechnology.

  • Biotechnological research will help the planet become more sustainable in terms of health and energy.
  • Biotechnology helps a country economically as well. Through biotechnology new products and methods of production can be developed through which the cost incurred can be decreased and we can focus on gaining more profits.

  • The research and development done through biotechnology can be used for optimum usage of animal resources.

  • Pharmaceutical operations are mainly based on the research done by the biotechnologists and the drugs developed by them will help increase the lifetime of living beings.

Biotechnology Courses in India

Biotechnology courses are career-oriented in nature. This is still a developing field but generates abundant job opportunities. Biotechnology courses consist of bachelor's and master's degree programs in biotechnology and bioscience. Certain programs offer concentrations in biomanufacturing, bioinformatics or management. Degree programs in this field usually assimilate a mix of lecture-based courses and lab work in biology, chemistry, biochemistry, and biotechnology. These laboratory-focused programs can prepare students for careers in biomedical research, laboratory technology, or bioinformaticist.

Graduate Courses

Graduation courses in Biotechnology equip students with the intermediate level of knowledge required for the field.

  • Bachelor of Technology in Molecular and Cellular Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology in Industrial Microbiology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Honors in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Bioprocess Technology
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Engineering in Biomedical Engineering
  • Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering

Bachelor of Technology in Molecular and Cellular Engineering

Bachelor of Technology in Molecular and Cellular Engineering deals with molecular and cell biology. In this course, students study the molecular interactions and cell behaviors in order to reduce or prevent diseases. This is a four-year course which is divided into 8 semesters. Admission process for Bachelor of Technology in Molecular and Cellular Engineering may differ from one college to another. Generally, admission to this course is given based on the candidate's performance in JEE Main entrance examination or an entrance test conducted by the respective university or college.

Eligible are those who have passed their 10+2 in a Science stream

Duration of this course is 4 years.

Approximate fee range for the course is INR 5000 to INR 7 Lakhs.

Bachelor of Technology in Industrial Microbiology

Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Industrial Microbiology is an undergraduate Biotechnology course which deals with the utilization of microorganisms in the manufacture of food and various industrial products. This area of science joins the principles in biology and chemistry for product developments in the industrial sector. It is often adjudged as a branch of food microbiology. The microorganisms used in the industrial process are usually natural isolates, genetically engineered organisms or laboratory selected mutants.

Eligible are those who have passed their 10+2 with a minimum aggregate of 60%

Duration of this course is 4 years.

Approximate fee range for the course is INR 1,00,000 to 1,50,000 per year.

Bachelor of Technology Honors in Biotechnology

Bachelor of Technology Honors in Biotechnology or B.Tech (Hons.) Biotechnology is an undergraduate course that deals with the study of the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in technology, engineering, medicine and other fields where bio-products are required. These products are also utilized for manufacturing purposes. The concept circumscribes a wide range of techniques for modifying various living organisms according to human needs.

Eligible are those who have passed their 10+2 in a Science stream

Duration of this course is 4 years.

Approximate fee range for the course is INR 50,000 to INR 3 Lakhs.

Bachelor of Technology in Bioprocess Technology

Bachelor of Technology in Bioprocess Technology or B. Tech in Bioprocess Technology is an undergraduate level biotechnology course which provides the knowledge and skills to understand the fundamental bioprocess research and its importance in the relevant industries.

The B.tech in Bioprocess Technology course focuses on areas such as the food industry, pharmaceutical company, petrochemical industry, waste and fuel treatment, and also pollution control systems. Bioprocess engineering may include the work of mechanical, industrial and electrical engineers wherein they apply principles of their respective disciplines to processes that are based on living cells or sub-component of such cells.

Eligible are those who have passed their 10+2 in a Science stream with an aggregate of a minimum of 50%

Duration of this course is 4 years.

Approximate fee range for the course is INR 1 Lakh to INR 10 Lakhs.

Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology

Biotechnology is an undergraduate course that deals with the study of the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in technology, engineering, medicine and other fields where bio-products are required. These products are also utilized for manufacturing purposes. The concept circumscribes a wide range of techniques for modifying various living organisms according to human needs.

Eligible are those who have passed their 10+2 in a Science stream

Duration of this course is 4 years.

Approximate fee range for the course is INR 10,000 to INR 10 Lakhs.

Bachelor of Engineering in Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical Engineering is a developing field and has tremendous scope for research. It combines the design and problem-solving skills of Engineering with biological and medical sciences to enhance healthcare diagnosis, therapy, and monitoring.

Bachelor of Engineering in Biomedical Engineering or B.E. Biomedical Engineering admissions involve Common Entrance Test (CET) based selection method as well as a merit-based selection criterion that is the percentage of marks obtained at 10+2 or an equivalent level by the candidate. Most of the colleges that provide admissions through Common Entrance Test mechanism rely on the score of All India level common entrance exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced and UPSEE while some of them go for a separate entrance exam of their own like BITSAT and LPUNEST.

Eligible are those who have passed their 10+2 in a Science stream with a minimum aggregate of 70%.

Duration of this course is 4 years.

Approximate fee range for the course is INR 50,000 to INR 4, 50,000.

Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering

Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering combines technology with biology for the purpose of research and development. The course is primarily focused on subjects such as genetics, engineering, microbiology, chemistry, and biochemistry.

Eligible are those who have passed their 10+2 in a Science stream.

Duration of this course is 3 years.

Post-Graduate Courses

Post-Graduate courses in Biotechnology are aimed at providing knowledge to students on an advanced level.

  • Master of Technology in Industrial Biotechnology
  • Master of Technology in Bioprocess Technology
  • Master of Technology in Biotechnology
  • Master of Technology in Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering
  • Master of Engineering in Biotechnology
  • Master of Engineering in Bioinformatics
  • Master of Science in Veterinary Biotechnology

Master of Technology in Industrial Biotechnology

Industrial Biotechnology is the application of biotechnology for various industrial purposes. This includes manufacturing alternative energy and biomaterials. This technology is also known as 'white biotechnology', plainly symbolizing its role in symbolizing the technology's role in providing clean and sustainable technology.

Master of Technology in Industrial Biotechnology aims at equipping students with the knowledge of how to use micro-organisms and enzymes to make products such as food, feed, paper, pulp and textiles, and energy. The program also emphasizes areas such as bioethics, the role of intellectual property in biotechnology and regulatory affairs.

Eligible are those who hold a B.E/B. Tech or an equivalent degree with a minimum aggregate of 50%.

Duration of the program is 2 years.

Master of Technology in Bioprocess Technology

Master of Technology in Bioprocess Technology or M.Tech.(BPT) is a post-graduate course that covers applied biochemistry and biology, molecular biology and biomolecular engineering, biocatalysis and biotransformation, food technology nano-biotechnology. It provides an ample number of career opportunities to aspirants. 

Eligible are those who hold a B. Tech (Bioprocess Technology) or an equivalent degree.

Duration of the program is 2 years.

Master of Technology in Biotechnology

Master of Technology in Biotechnology or M.Tech. (Biotechnology) is a post-graduate course in Biotechnology. deals with the study of the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in technology, engineering, medicine and other fields where bio-products are required. These products are also utilized for manufacturing purposes. The concept circumscribes a wide range of techniques for modifying various living organisms according to human needs. Some universities and colleges may provide this course on a part-time basis. 

Duration of the program is 2 years.

Approximate fee range for the course INR 25,000 to INR 1 Lakh.

Master of Technology in Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering

Master of Technology in Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering or M.Tech. Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering covers all necessary aspects of biotechnology and bioengineering. This includes applied biology and biochemistry, molecular biology and biomolecular engineering, biocatalysis and biotransformation,  combinatorial chemistry, microbiology, and metabolic engineering, bioseparation, and other critical concepts. This program helps to focus on the development of processes for sustainable production of organic bulk chemicals. 

Eligible are those who hold a B. Tech or in a relevant discipline, with a minimum of 60% aggregate.

Duration of the program is 2 years.

Master of Engineering in Biotechnology

Master of Engineering in Biotechnology or M.E. (Biotechnology), is a program that deals with the field of Biotechnology- an area of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms in engineering, technology, and other fields requiring bioproducts. Students enrolling for this course are provided with advanced scientific education and prepares them for diverse careers in the Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Industry. 

M.E. (Biotechnology) studies subjects such as Micro Biology, Molecular Biology, Biostatistics, Biophysics, Biochemistry, Genetic Engineering, plant and animal tissue culture.

Eligible are those who hold a B. Tech/B.E. or an equivalent degree.

Duration of the program is 2 years.

Master of Engineering in Bioinformatics

Master of Engineering in Bioinformatics or M.E. Bioinformatics is a program that has been designed to provide eligible students with an integrated, advanced, multidisciplinary learning in a discipline combining the fields of Computer Science and Information Science. It helps the students in understanding how life exists and works by studying the structural and functional relationships of biomolecules. The course will equip you with skills for finding new pathways for the development or design of new drugs.

Eligible are those who hold a B. Tech/B.E. or an equivalent degree in any of the fields of Computer Science, IT, Biotech, Bioinformatics, Programming, Mathematics, or Science. 

Duration of the program is 2 years.

Approximate fee range for the course is INR 1 Lakh to 5 Lakhs.

Master of Science in Veterinary Biotechnology

Master of Science in Veterinary Biotechnology M.Sc. in Veterinary Biotechnology in general terms is the science and engineering that alters the living organisms. An animal's impact on the environment and the reasons for their diseases can be known and can be altered for better standards of mankind. Students are required to possess skills pertaining to enhance the current scientific data and drawing inference for scientific research, Polito-economic framework related to the implementation of the technical framework. Stem cell technology, production of artificial tissues and organs, reproduction cloning, and recombinant DNA technology are a few cores and emerging topics trending in the industry globally. Animals have been an integral part of the human civilization for a long time and improved animal traits have been associated with the growth of human civilization. Extensive research and development are happening in the areas of health care aspects of the animals, vaccine production, monoclonal antibody production, and other fields.

Eligible are those who hold a B. Tech/B.E./B.Sc. from a recognized institution with a minimum aggregate of 60%.

Duration of the program is 2 years.

Approximate fee range for the course is INR 25,000 to 4 Lakhs.

PhD and more advanced courses can also be pursued.

Eligibility Criteria for Biotechnology Courses

Here is the list of eligibility criteria for admission into Biotechnology courses:

  • To join a biotechnology course, you should have completed 10+2.

  • Students should have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/Biology in class 12.

  • To join reputed institutions like Indian Institute of Technology you should appear for Joint Entrance Exam [JEE].

  • To join post-graduate biotechnology courses, you should be a graduate or completed an equivalent course.

Syllabus of Biotechnology Courses

Here is a table to give you an overview of the syllabus of Biotechnology Courses

Syllabus of Biotechnology Courses
Semester Theory Practical
First Semester

Physics

Chemistry

Mathematics 1

Basic Engineering 1

English

Physics Lab

Chemistry Lab

Computer Literacy

Engineering Graphics

Personality Development 1

NCC/NSS/NSO/Yoga

Second Semester

Biology for Engineers

Basic Engineering 2

Materials Science

Mathematics 2

Electronic Devices

Principles of Environmental Science

Value Education

Computer Practice

Devices Lab

Engineering Graphics

Personality Development 2

Third Semester

Basic Biochemistry

Circuits and Networks

Digital Systems

Electronic Circuits

Engineering Mechanics and Fluid Mechanics

Mathematics 3

Japanese/ French/ German Language Phase 1

Digital Systems Lab

Electric and Electronic Circuits Lab

Personality Development 3

Fourth Semester

Basic Human Anatomy and Physiology

Bio-Analytical Techniques

Signals and Systems

Sensors and Measuring Techniques

Linear Integrated Circuits

Probability and Random Process

Japanese/ French/ German Phase 2

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

Sensors and Measurements Lab

Personality Development 4

Fifth Semester

Biomedical Instrumentation

Control Systems

Engineering Economics and Management

Introduction to Medical Physics

Microprocessors and Microcontrollers

Principles of Communication Engineering

Biomedical Instrumentation Lab

Computer Skills

Comprehension 1

Industrial Training 1

Microprocessor and Microcontroller Lab

Personality Development 5

Sixth Semester

Basic Pathology and basic Micro Biology

Bio-Signal Processing

Biomaterials and Artificial Organs

Diagnostic Ultrasound in Medicine

Medical Imaging Techniques

Elective 1

 

Bio-Signal Processing lab

Computer Skills

Comprehension 2

Pathology and Microbiology Lab

Personality Development 6

Seventh Semester

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment

Medical Image Processing

Virtual Instrumentation

Elective 2

Elective 3

 

Industrial Training 2

Medical Image Processing Lab

Virtual Instrumentation Lab

Eighth Semester

Elective 4

Elective 5

Project Work

List of Elective Subjects

Besides the primary subjects mentioned above, this table sums up the Elective subjects in Biotechnology.

List of Elective Subjects for Biotechnology Courses
Semester Elective Subjects
Sixth Semester

Computers in Medicine

Fiber Optics and Laser Instruments

Health, Hospital, and Equipment Management

Visual Programming

Seventh Semester

Artificial Intelligence and Pattern Recognition

Bio-Control Systems

Computer Networks

Medical Optics

Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic Systems

VLSI and Embedded Systems

Eighth Semester

Biological Effects of Radiation

Human Assist Devices

Introduction to Biomechanics

Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering

Medical Informatics

Modeling of Physiological Systems

Special Transducers and Instrumentation

Scope of Biotechnology

The scope for biotechnology exists in many fields of industry. The job of a biotechnologist can range from research, development, marketing, administration, teaching, etc. Biotechnologists are armed with the combination of concepts like applied science, fundamentals of a cell, and molecular biology which will help them get jobs in fields of horticulture, laboratories, commerce industry, and even teaching. The government is a big recruiter of biotechnologists as they have many laboratories set up for the purpose of research that will help the country develop.

There are many recruiters in the corporate sector as well which mainly consists of pharmaceutical companies and hospitals.

Areas of employment in Biotechnology

Following are some of the areas of employment when one completes a Biotechnology course after 12th:

  • Agriculture Companies

  • Aquaculture

  • Chemical Industries

  • Food Manufacturers

  • Marketing

  • Medical Institutions

  • Pharmaceutical Companies

  • Research and Development

  • Research Facility

  • Universities and Colleges

 Job Profiles in Biotechnology

A candidate can consider the job profiles listed below after their graduation.

  • Analyst Environmental/ Safety Specialist

  • Bioinformatics

  • Biotechnologist- Chemical, Environmental, Industrial, and Electrical

  • Corporate Executive

  • Lab Technician

  • Marketing Manager

  • Production In-Charge – Chemical, Food, and Pharmaceutical Industry

  • Quality Control Officer

  • Research Associate

  • Research Scientist

  • Sales Representative

  • Science Writer

  • Teacher

Specialized Fields in Biotechnology

Students interested in specialized fields can take a look at the list below to get an overview regarding them.

  • Agriculture

  • Animal Husbandry

  • Biochemistry

  • Bio-statistics

  • Biophysics

  • Ecology

  • Fisheries

  • Genetics

  • Immunology

  • Molecular Biology

  • Microbiology

  • Pharmacology

  • Soil science and Soil Conservation

  • Virology

Top Colleges for Biotechnology Courses in India

Here is a list of top colleges providing Biotechnology courses after 12th in India:

  • Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Kharagpur

  • Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] New Delhi

  • Rajasthan Institute of Engineering and Technology, [RIET] Jaipur

  • Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Chennai

  • Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Roorkee

  • Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Kanpur

  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science, [BITS] Pilani

  • Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Guwahati

  • Institute of Chemical Technology, [ICT] Mumbai

  • National Institute of Technology, [NIT] Surathkal

  • PSG College of Technology, [PSGCT] Coimbatore

  • Delhi Technological University, [DTU] New Delhi

  • National Institute of Technology, [NIT] Warangal

  • Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, [NSIT] New Delhi

  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science, [BITS ] South Goa  

Biotechnology Salary

As per latest statistics by Govt of India, Biotech sector is currently growing at 20% growth rate and is expected to touch USD 100 billion by 2025 – due to various multi-national companies and research institutes who have consistently given great career opportunities to qualified individuals.

The salary for biotechnologists in India largely depends on knowledge, skills, and experience. At present, there are 12 leading companies with the highest employment rate and salary grade in India. The average annual salary by the leading biotech companies ranges from INR 2,29,238 to INR 8,28,746 per year. The numbers are expected to double in the future as the demand for biotech graduates increases.



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