B.Optom Syllabus and Subjects


4 Years

Average Fees

INR 45,000 - 75,000 PA

Roumik Roy

Updated on Jul 5, 2023 by Roumik Roy

Roumik Roy

Updated on Jul 5, 2023 by Roumik Roy

The B Optometry Syllabus provides a comprehensive understanding of several eye disorders along with visual issues, injuries, ocular diseases, and other abnormalities associated with optic globe. B Optometry subjects include General Physiology, Ocular Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Visual Optics, etc.

The B Optometry course provides students with all the essential knowledge and information they need to know to succeed in their careers. B Optometry syllabus and subjects are designed keeping the trends in the industry in mind, enriching the job scope of B Optometry significantly. 

Table of Content

Semester Wise Bachelor of Optometry Syllabus

The B Optometry Syllabus is predominantly similar in all colleges, as the colleges want to ensure that students are equipped with all the vital information they require to become good optometry specialists. The semester-wise Bachelor of Optometry Syllabus is given below:

B Optometry Syllabus 1st Year

B Optometry Subjects 1st Year focuses on the elemental aspects of human health. The subjects in the B Optometry syllabus 1st year  are given below:

Semester I

Semester II

Geometrical Optics

Environment & Ecology

General & Ocular Biochemistry

Ocular Physiology


Ocular Anatomy


Physical Optics

Practical Topics in B Optometry Subjects 1st Year

The practical topics in the 1st year B Optometry syllabus are given below:

  • Grating-wavelength determination
  • The thickness of a thin glass plate
  • Single & Double optic lever
  • Magnifying power of a simple and a compound microscope

B Optometry Syllabus 2nd Year

The 2nd year B Optometry syllabus is given below:

Semester III

Semester IV

Visual Optics

Ophthalmic & Optical Instrumentation


Clinical Refraction

Ocular Pathology & Microbiology

Ophthalmic Lens & Dispensing Optics 

Lighting & the Eye 

Ocular Diseases

Practical Subjects in 2nd Year B Optometry Syllabus

The practical topics in the 2nd year B Optometry subjects are given below:

  • Measurement of corneal curvature
  • Mathematical Models of Hypermetropia
  • Effect of lenses in front of the eye
  • Direct & Indirect Ophthalmoscopy

B Optometry Syllabus 3rd Year

The subjects in the 3rd year B Optometry Syllabus are given below:

 Semester V

Semester VI

Contact Lens

Systemic Condition & the eye

Binocular Vision & Ocular Motility 


Dispensing Optics 

Public Health & Community Optometry 

Low Vision Aids & Visual Rehabilitation 

Epidemiology and Bio-Statistics

Practical Subjects in 3rd Year B Optometry Syllabus

The practical topics in the 3rd year B Optom syllabus are given below:

  • Optic center marking
  • Choice of tests, aids in different pathological conditions
  • Photo refraction 
  • Pupilliometer

B Optometry Subjects

B Optometry subjects cover the theoretical and practical study of several areas of Optometry such as Myopia control, Neuro-optometry, Pediatric optometry, Vision therapy optometry, Ocular Aesthetics, etc. Some of the B Optometry subjects are given below:

Core B Optometry Subjects

Some of the core subjects in the Bachelor of Optometry Syllabus are given below:

  • Physical and Geometrical Optics
  • General Anatomy and General Physiology
  • Optometric Optics
  • Ocular Diseases
  • Binocular vision 
  • Low Vision Aids 
  • Community and Public Health 
  • Optometric Instruments
  • Principles of Lighting

B Optometry subjects in Detail

B Optometry syllabus is dynamic and covers a wide area of study based on eye health, ocular diseases, and other aspects of optometry. A detailed view of the few subjects in the Bachelor of Optometry syllabus is given below: 

B Optometry Subjects

Topics Covered

Geometrical Optics

Determination of the focal length, Refractive index of a transparent liquid, Dual nature- particle & wave nature, Snells’ law

Physical Optics

Dual nature of light, Huygens’ principle, Diffraction, Polarization & Crystal Optics, Interference in thin films

Lighting & the Eye

Spectroradiometric curve, Photometric quantities and units, Photometry, Lumen method of lighting design 

Ophthalmic & Optical Instrumentation & Procedure

Ophthalmic lens, Current material, Radiuscope, Retinoscopes, Ophthalmoscopes, Slit lamp Biomicroscope

Binocular Vision & Ocular Motility

Grades of binocular vision, Dihoptic stimulation, Binocular defects, Eye movements

Applied Optometry & Orthoptics

Orthoptic Instruments, Motor signs in a squint, Binocular single vision, Amblyopia, Convergence insufficiency

B Optometry Course Structure

The Bachelor of Optometry Syllabus syllabus is spread across six semesters consisting of theories and practical modules to assist students learn in depth. Seminars, industry visits, project work, and other skill development programs make the curriculum engaging and industry-relevant. The general course structure is as follows: 

  • VI Semesters
  • Core Subjects
  • Elective
  • Seminar
  • (Optional) Internships

B Optometry Teaching Methodology and Techniques

The teaching methods of B Optometry include traditional forms of teaching where students learn about concepts through classroom teaching and practical lab classes. The lab classes help the students use the knowledge they practically gain in classrooms. The general training methods are given below: 

  • Tutorial Problem Solving exercises
  • Evaluation Procedures
  • Guest Lecture
  • Labaroty Record Note Books
  • Research and Development Programs

B Optometry Projects

The syllabus of Optometry includes project work at the end of the sixth semester. The topics for the projects can be chosen based on the electives and preferences. Some of the popular projects under the Optometrist syllabus are given below:

  • Comparative Study Of Intraocular Pressure In Emmetropes, Hyperopes, and Myopes.
  • Effect Of Caffeine On Intraocular Pressure
  • Post-menopause Effect On Tear Production
  • Influence Of Presbyopic Add-On Near Phoria
  • Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Intraocular Pressure

B Optometry Reference Books

Students must invest in some reference books to gauge a better understanding of B Optometry subjects. The reference books will help students prepare beforehand about all the essentials required for the coursework. Some of the reference books are given below: 



Systems for Ophthalmic Dispensing

Irvin Borish and Clifford Brooks

Clinical Procedures Involved in Eye Care

David B.Elliott

Fixing my gaze

Susan R. Barry

Business Aspects of Optometry

John G. Classe


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