# AFMC NURSING 2020 Syllabus

Exam Date : January 16, 2020 To January 20, 2020
Result Date : March 5, 2020

Syllabus for AFMC Nursing 2020

The section wise syllabus for AFMC Nursing Exam is given below

## Physics Syllabus

• Introduction and Measurement: Physics in relation to science, society and technology; Need for measurement of physical quantities, units for measurement, fundamental and derived units. Dimensions of physical quantities. Dimensional analysis and its applications. Orders of magnitude, Accuracy and errors in measurement – random and instrumental errors, Significant figures and rounding off the numbers. Graphs, Trigonometric functions, Concepts of differentiation and integration.

• Description of Motion in One Dimension: Objects in motion in one dimension, Motion in a straight line, Uniform and non-uniform motion, its graphical representation and formulae, speed and velocity, relative velocity, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time graph, position-time graph and their formulae. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion with examples. Acceleration in one-dimensional motion.

• Description of Motion in Two and Three Dimensions: Vectors and scalars quantities, vectors in two and three dimensions, vector addition and Multiplication by a real number, null-vector and its properties. Resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components. Scalar and vector products. Motion in two dimensions, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, general relation among position-velocity-acceleration for motion in a plane and uniform circular motion. The motion of objects in three-dimensional space (elementary ideas).

• Laws of Motion: Force and inertia, the first law of motion. Momentum, the second law of motion, impulse, examples of different kinds of forces in nature. Third law of motion, conservation of momentum, rocket propulsion. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic frictions, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication, Inertial and non-inertial frames (elementary ideas).

• Work, Energy and Power: Work done by a constant force and by a variable force, unit of work, energy and power. Work-Energy Theorem. Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. Notions of potential energy, conservation of mechanical energy: gravitational potential energy, and its conversion to kinetic energy, the potential energy of a spring. Conservative forces. Different forms of energy, mass-energy equivalence, conservation of energy.

• Rotational Motion: Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of rigid body, general motion of a rigid body, nature of rotational motion, rotational motion of a single particle in two dimensions only, torque, angular momentum and its geometrical and physical meaning, conservation of angular momentum, examples of circular motion (car on a level circular road, car on banked road, pendulum swinging in a vertical plane). Moment of inertia, its physical significance, moment inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes, parallel axis and perpendicular axis theorem (statements only), Comparison between translatory (linear) and rotational motion.

• Gravitation: Acceleration due to gravity, one and two-dimensional motion under gravity. The universal law of gravitation, inertial and gravitational mass, variations in the acceleration due to the gravity of the earth, statement of Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, orbital velocity, geostationary satellites, gravitational potential, gravitational potential energy near the surface of the earth, escape velocity, weightlessness.

• Heat and Thermodynamics: Thermal equilibrium and temperature ( zeroth law of thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. Specific heat, specific heat at constant volume and the constant pressure of ideal gas and relation between them. The first law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic state, equation of state and isothermals, pressure-temperature phase diagram. Thermodynamic processes (reversible, irreversible, isothermal, adiabatic). Carnot cycle, the second law of thermodynamics, the efficiency of heat engines. Entropy. Transfer of heat: conduction, convection and radiation. Newton ’s law of cooling. Thermal conductivity. Black body radiation, Wien’s law, Solar constant and surface temperature of the sun, Stefan’s law.

• Oscillations: Periodic and oscillatory motions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation of motion. Oscillations due to a spring, kinetic energy and potential energy in S.H.M., Simple pendulum, physical concepts of forced oscillations, resonance and damped oscillations; Simple examples.

• Waves: Longitudinal and transverse waves and wave motion, speed of the progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves; the reflection of waves, harmonic waves (qualitative treatment only), standing waves. Normal modes and its graphical representation. Beats, Doppler effect.

• Electrostatics: Frictional electricity, charges and their conservation, unit of charge, Coulomb’s law, dielectric constant, electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric potential – its physical meaning, potential due to a dipole, dipole field and behaviour of dipole in a uniform (2- dimensional) electric field. Flux, Statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find the electric field due to uniformly charged simple systems. Conductors and insulators, presence of free charges and bound charges inside a conductor, Capacitance (parallel plate), Dielectric material and its effect on capacitance (concept only), capacitances in series and parallel, the energy of a capacitor. Van de Graff generator.

• Current Electricity: Introduction (flow of current), sources of e.m.f., cells: simple, secondary, chargeable, combinations of cells in series and parallel. Electric current, the resistance of different materials, temperature dependence, thermistor, specific resistivity, colour code for carbon resistors. Ohm’s law and its limitation. Superconductors (elementary ideas). Kirchoff’s laws, resistances in series and parallel, Wheatstone’s bridge, measurement of resistance. Potentiometer – the measurement of e.m.f. and internal resistance of a cell.

• Thermal and Chemical Effects of Currents: Electric power, heating effects of current and Joule’s law. Thermoelectricity: Seebeck effect, measurement of temperature using a thermocouple. Chemical effects and Faraday’s laws of electrolysis.

• Magnetic Effect of Currents: Oersted’s observation, Biot-Savart’s law (magnetic field due to an element of current), magnetic field due to a straight wire, circular loop and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic field (Lorentz force), cyclotron (simple idea), forces and torques on currents in a magnetic field, forces between two currents, the definition of ampere, moving coil galvanometer, ammeter and voltmeter. Conversion of Galvanometer into voltmeter/ammeter.

• Magnetism: Bar magnet (comparison with a solenoid), magnetic lines of force, torque on a bar magnet in a magnetic field, earth’s magnetic field as a bar magnet, tangent galvanometer, vibration magnetometer. Para, dia and ferromagnetic substances with examples (simple idea). Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

• Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents: Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction, Lenz’s Law, induced emf, self and mutual inductance. Alternating current, and voltage, impedance and reactance; A.C. circuits containing inductance, capacitance and resistance; phase relationships, and power in a.c. circuits, L.C oscillations. Electrical machines and devices (transformer, induction coil, generator, simple motors, choke and starter), eddy current.

• Electromagnetic Waves: Electromagnetic oscillations, a brief history of electromagnetic waves (Maxwell, Hertz, Bose, Marconi) Electromagnetic spectrum (radio, microwaves, infra-red, optical, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses, propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere.

• Ray Optics and Optical Instruments: Ray optics as a limiting case of wave optics. Phenomena of reflection, refraction, and total internal reflection. Optical fibre. Curved mirrors, lenses; mirror and lens formulae. Dispersion by a prism. Spectrometer. Absorption and emission spectra. Scattering and formation of the rainbow. Telescope (astronomical), microscope, their magnifications and resolving powers.

• Electrons and Photons: Discovery of the electron, e/m for an electron, electrical conduction in gases, photoelectric effect, particle nature of light, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, photocells. Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Davison and Germer experiment.

• Atoms: Molecules and Nuclei Rutherford model of the atom, Bohr model, energy quantization. Hydrogen spectrum. Composition of the nucleus, atomic masses, the binding energy per nucleon of a nucleus, its variation with mass number, isotopes, size of the nucleus. Radioactivity: properties of, and rays. Mass-energy relation, nuclear fission and fusion.

• Solids and Semiconductor Devices: Crystal structure-Unit cell; single, poly and liquid crystals (concepts only). Energy bands in solids, the difference between conductors, insulators and semiconductors using band theory. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, p-n junction, semiconductor diodes, junction transistor, diode as rectifier, solar cell, photodiode, LED, Zener diode as a voltage regulator, transistor as an amplifier and oscillator. Combination of gates. Elementary ideas about IC.

## Chemistry Syllabus

 Serial No. Topics 1 Some basic concepts in Chemistry 2 States of matter 3 Atomic structure 4 Classification of elements and periodicity in properties 5 Chemical energetics 6 Chemical bonding 7 Equilibrium 8 Redox reactions 9 Solid state Chemistry 10 Chemical thermodynamics 11 Solutions 12 Chemical kinetics 13 Electrochemistry 14 Surface chemistry 15 Hydrogen 16 The s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals) 17 General principles and processes of isolation of elements 18 The p-Block Elements 19 The d-and f-Block elements 20 Coordination compounds 21 Some basic principles of Organic Chemistry 22 Hydrocarbons 23 Purification and characterization of carbon compounds 24 Organic compounds with functional groups containing halogens (X) 25 Organic compounds with functional groups containing oxygen 26 Organic Compounds with a functional group containing nitrogen 27 Polymers 28 Environmental Chemistry 29 Chemistry in Daily life 30 Biomolecules

## Biology Syllabus

 Sl.No. Topics 1 Diversity in Living World, 2 Biotechnology and its Applications 3 Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function, 4 Biology and Human Welfare 5 Genetics and Evolution, 6 Ecology and Environment 7 Structure and Function – Plants, 8 Reproduction and Development in Humans 9 5 Structure and Function – Animals, 10 Reproduction, Growth, and Movement in Plants

## General English Syllabus

The English subject exam is arranged to understand the candidate's knowledge in the language as well as how the candidate would comprehend written material and also the candidates' reading skills. The English section includes questions regarding:

• Comprehension of a written passage.

• Correction of sentences.

• Concepts like word definitions, antonyms, synonyms, analogies, parallel relationships will be covered in this section.

• Your ability in logical and systematically completing a sentence will be tested here.

## Logical Intelligence Syllabus

• The candidates will be tested in areas of logical reasoning and decision making skills. This contains concepts like series, coding, arranging, numbering and family tree.

• Verbal reasoning will also be checked through concepts like syllogisms, critical reasoning, and conclusion statements.

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