The BMLT syllabus is divided into six semesters over a period of three years.  The syllabus of BMLT offers both core and elective subjects that help students gain practical and theoretical experience in the medical laboratory. The BMLT course syllabus includes topics such as cells, terminology, and general plan of the body, musculoskeletal system, respiratory system, digestive system, cardiovascular system, nervous system, special senses, genitourinary system, and endocrine system.

Semester Wise BMLT Syllabus 

The BMLT course curriculum and subjects prepare students to become medical laboratory technologists or to take employment in hospitals labs, pathology labs, and research & development centers. BMLT course subjects include human physiology, human anatomy, biochemistry, health education and communication, bio-medical waste management, etc. The syllabus of the BMLT course is designed to prepare students for learning techniques and methods that are used in medical laboratories. The curriculum covers a wide range of techniques used in handling laboratory equipment and laboratory diagnostic procedures. As part of the curriculum, students take courses related to medical laboratory technology. By taking elective courses, students gain specialized knowledge and skills in advanced laboratory techniques. Students who wish to develop their skills can earn a Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology degree that meets their educational and professional goals. BMLT courses emphasize recent developments in laboratory technology. The BMLT syllabus is free to download from the website in PDF format. Listed below are the semester-wise Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology Syllabus: 

BMLT First Year Syllabus

Semester I

Semester II


Cardiovascular System

Terminology and General Plan of the Body

Nervous System

Musculoskeletal System

Special Senses

Respiratory System

Genitourinary System

Digestive System

Endocrine System


BMLT Second Year Syllabus

Semester III

Semester IV

Introduction and History of Pathology

Mechanism of Coagulation

Tissue Renewal and Repair

Complete Blood Count

General Features of Acute and Chronic Inflammation

Introduction to Immunohematology

Protein-Energy Malfunction





BMLT Third Year Syllabus

Semester V

Semester VI

Staining of Carbohydrates

Basic Principles of Blood Banking

Demonstration of Minerals and Pigments in the Tissue Sample

Other Blood Group systems such as Lewi

Autoimmune Disorders

Transfusion Transmissible Infectious Disease Screen

Demonstration of Nucleic Acids

Blood Components and their Preparation



BMLT Course Subjects 

BMLT subjects permit students to develop medical laboratory techniques to support the growth of hospitals and other medical sectors. The BMLT subject is respected in the medical field. Students gain a thorough knowledge of the skills and techniques employed by hospitals through the Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology undergraduate degree program. BMLT subjects list includes topics such as anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, communication lab, and immunology. The semester-wise subjects in BMLT are designed to improve the students’ understanding of the overall subject and build their overall knowledge. In order to better advance technique-related topics, the BMLT syllabus includes both classroom theory and practical lab sessions. In the three-year program, there are core and elective subjects, making the program more flexible. The following are the BMLT subject list: 

  • Human Physiology
  • Human Anatomy
  • Biochemistry
  • Health Education and Communication
  • Bio-Medical Waste Management
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Clinical Haematology
  • Immunology and Serology
  • Histopathology

BMLT Course Structure 

Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology course duration is three years with a six months long internship. The BMLT course of three years is divided into six semesters for students' flexible learning. There are a number of core subjects and elective subjects within the BMLT course. Basic fundamental subjects are introduced to students in the first year. During the second year, students study specific subjects related to their specialization. Additionally, lab sessions enhance theoretical understanding. A Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology curriculum exposes students to anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, communication lab, and immunology. The BMLT program prepares students for increased career responsibilities. Students must complete a research project at the end of the sixth semester in order to acquire theoretical and practical skills. The structure of the course is as follows: 

  • VI Semesters
  • Core Subjects
  • Elective Subjects
  • Practical Workshops
  • Research Project/Thesis Submission

BMLT Teaching Methodology and Techniques 

The curriculum of the BMLT course integrates various methods of teaching in the field of medical laboratory technology with new technologies. The students are also trained in elective subjects of different specializations in addition to lectures and practicals. As part of their core curriculum, universities and colleges encourage students to do internships and training in their fields of specialization. The teaching methodology teaches students hospitals require skills. Students prefer to learn medical techniques through developing technologies instead of following traditional classroom teaching methods. In general, the following teaching methodologies are used: 

  • Seminars
  • Digital Learning
  • Demonstration
  • Laboratory Experiments
  • Roleplay
  • Case Study
  • Mastery Learning
  • Project-Based Learning
  • Group Discussion
  • Problem Based Learning
  • Tutorials
  • Simulation
  • Self-Directed Learning
  • Traditional Classroom-Based Learning

BMLT Projects

Students will complete research projects as part of their Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology curriculum to gain experience in managing projects in hospitals. Students will learn about the factors that influence research project success as well as the techniques needed to implement such strategies. In BMLT projects, students gain practical experience and training in medical organizations. By the end of the sixth semester, the research projects must be completed. The following are the popular BMLT project topics: 

  • The benefits of Procalcitonin as a Diagnostic Biomarker in Rush’s Core Laboratory
  • The Role of Store- Operated CRAC Channels in Inflammatory Cytokine Production in the Genetically Inherited Dermatosis Darier’s Disease
  • Validation of the Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT) Assay on an Automated Platform at Northwestern University
  • Comprehensive Exam and Its Relationship with Board Certification Scores in Medical Laboratory Science Program at Rush University
  • Hyperglycemia as a Cause of CD4 T Cell Death
  • Evaluation of 7 Assays for Laboratory Diagnosis of EBV Associated Infectious Mononucleosis
  • CBC Use in the CICU at Rush University Medical Center
  • Expression of the Oncogene Mir-149 in Plasma from Patients Undergoing CT Screening for Lung Cancer
  • Evaluation of Procalcitonin at University of Chicago
  • Genomic Methylation and Epigenetic Modulator Mutations in Tubular Adenomas

BMLT Course Reference Books

Students can buy BMLT books both online and in stores, including a variety of titles and publishers. All major topics are covered as well as background information on various medical fields in the BMLT books. Reference books are intended to clarify concepts, and they can also be downloaded in PDF format online. Students’ Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology course books may differ depending on the edition. Investing in reference books is a wise move after proper research. The following books are excellent references for BMLT students: 

BMLT Reference Books

Name of the Books


Collegiate English Grammar Composition & Translation

Sidhu, Prem & Kapoor

E-Commerce an Indian Perspective [Second Edition]

P.T. Joseph, S.J

English Grammar and Composition

V.K. Maheshwari

General Anatomy


Harpers Biochemistry

Robert .K Murray

Internet for Everyone

Alexis Leon and Mathews Leon

Laboratory Acquired Infections

C.H. Collins

Management Information System

Kenneth C.Laudon, Jane P.Laudon

Manual of Clinical Laboratory Methods

Copal E Hopier

Medical Laboratory Methods


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