How to Become a Paramedic in India?

The youth are the first people who respond to medical emergencies suffered by citizens usually. Paramedics must complete an extensive physical training program that is designed to weed out those who cannot make the cut. A paramedic must stay fit physically and mentally to perform his or her duties in the face of danger.

These heroes must endure life-threatening situations when responding to emergencies. Paramedics are usually attached to a county, or city fire department, but there are private paramedic organizations as well which consist of trained medical professionals who diagnose any disease in the human body with the help of blood tests, X-rays, MRIs, Citi Scans, Ultrasound etc.

In addition, they support doctors in providing better treatment by performing various medical check-ups and therapies.
Paramedics are the best people to provide the easiest and most effective ways related to healthcare to people due to which these professionals have become an integral part of the Paramedical sector in India. Even in the coming, there will be high demand for Paramedics professionals in India.

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Admission Procedure & Exams for paramedic courses


Paramedic Courses at Postgraduate Level


Specialisations, Syllabus and Job Prospects at Undergraduate Level


Specialisations, Syllabus and Job Prospects at Postgraduate Level


Top Colleges in Paramedical Science

Common tasks performed by paramedics depending upon their qualifications include the following:

  • Operate diagnostic equipment and carry out diagnostic procedures

  • Carrying out instructions provided by Doctors which makes them Assisting Doctors

  • Rehabilitation of patients

  • Monitoring the patient’s condition

  • Educating the patients and their relatives

  • Taking care of the patient’s medications

  • Carrying out emergency (first aid) medical procedures

  • Operate medical imaging equipment

How to become a paramedic

What are the skill sets required for a paramedic?

Paramedics are one of the first points of contact in an emergency situation, alongside police officers and firefighters. Paramedics are responsible for assessing and providing any treatment that a patient may require before he or she receives full medical care at a hospital. Not everyone is suited to work as a paramedic, and students considering careers in this field should possess a very specific set of skills and qualities. Therefore, the following are the skills that a Paramedic should possess: -

  • Should have great problem-solving skills

  • Requires exceptional interpersonal skills

  • Good health and physical strength is crucial for professional paramedics

  • Must always strive to learn from their mistakes.

Admission Procedure & Exams for Paramedical Courses

Undergraduate Level

Degree, Diploma & certificate courses are offered by the paramedical sector for class 12th students. These courses provide great career opportunities for students, who want to make a career in the paramedical sector.

We have listed down the best paramedical courses after 12th 2018 which can be joined through direct admission. The minimum eligibility for these courses in 12th is passing Physics, Chemistry, and Biology with an aggregate of 50% in each subject. Here is the list of the popular medical courses of 2018.

Paramedical Degree Courses After 12th Science 2018
Course Name Duration in Years Approx. Fees P.A.
No. Of Colleges Offering Course
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) 5 3-4 Lakhs 46 colleges
B.Sc. Perfusion Technology 3 1.25-1.75 Lakhs 9 Colleges
B.Sc. in Dialysis Therapy 3 1-2 Lakhs 6 Colleges
Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP) 4 85,000-1 Lakhs 7 Colleges
B.Sc. in Critical care technology 3 1.25-3.25 Lakhs 2 Colleges
B.Sc. in Radiography 3 2-4 Lakhs 14 Colleges
Bachelor of Radiation Technology 3 1-3 Lakhs 2 Colleges
Bachelor of Physiotherapy 4 1-3 Lakhs 117 Colleges
B.Sc. Nursing 4 1-2 Lakhs 241 Colleges
B.Sc. in Anaesthesia Technology 3 80,000-2 Lakhs 11 Colleges
B.Sc. Medical Lab Technology 3 3-4 Lakhs 59 Colleges
Bachelor of Ophthalmic Technology 3 3-6 Lakhs 4 Colleges
B.Sc. in Medical Imaging Technology 3 4-5 Lakhs 26 Colleges
B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Technology 3 3.5-5.5 Lakhs 16 Colleges
Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga Science 3 1-2 Lakhs 7 Colleges
B.Sc. in Renal Dialysis Technology 3 1.25-2.5 Lakhs 10 Colleges
B.Sc. in Radiography 3 2-10 Lakhs 14 Colleges
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy 4 3-4 Lakhs 8 Colleges
B.Sc. in X-Ray Technology 3 3-4 Lakhs 1 Colleges
B.Sc. in Medical Record Technology 3 3-4 Lakhs 3 Colleges
B.Sc. in Optometry 3 2-4 Lakhs 6 Colleges
B.Sc. in Respiratory Therapy 3 2-4 Lakhs 4 Colleges
B.Sc. in Radiotherapy 3 1.5-3 Lakhs 5 Colleges
B.Sc. in Nuclear Medicine Technology 3 4-5 Lakhs 5 Colleges


Paramedical Diploma Courses After 12th Science
Course Name Duration (In years)
Approx. Fees P.A.
Diploma in X-Ray Technology
2 50,000
Diploma in Physiotherapy
2 1 Lakhs
Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology
3 75,000
Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology
2 65,000
Diploma in Dialysis Technology
2 85,000
Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
2 1 Lakhs
Diploma in Medical Imaging Technology
2 50,000
ANM 2 2 Lakhs
Diploma in Rural Health Care
2 50,000
GNM 3 1-2 Lakhs
Diploma in Anaesthesia
2 1,1.5 Lakhs
Diploma in X-Ray Technology
2 1-2 Lakhs
Diploma in OT Technician
2 50,000

Paramedical Certificate Courses After 12th Science

  • Certificate - Dialysis Technician

  • Certificate - X-Ray Technician

  • Certificate - Lab Assistant/Technician

  • Certificate - Operation Theatre Assistant

  • Certificate - ECG and CT Scan Technician

  • Certificate - Home Based Health Care

  • Certificate - HIV and Family Education

  • Certificate - Nutrition and Childcare

  • Certificate - Dental Assistant

  • Certificate - Nursing Care Assistant

  • Certificate - Rural Health Care

Eligibility Criteria for Paramedical Degree

Any student who has passed 10+2 in Science with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology or equivalent exam from other recognized boards is eligible to pursue the paramedical diploma and degree courses.

There is no set rule for the minimum pass percentage since individual colleges and universities have their own criterion for admissions to such courses.

Admission Process for Paramedical Degree

Based on their own preferences and curricular aspects, universities and colleges across India follow different admission processes. While a large number considers pass percentage in graduation as the only criterion, the rest of them give due weight to certain entrance exam scores as well.

Examinations for Paramedical Degree

National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET)–  An All India level examination conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for admissions to various medical and paramedical courses.

AIIMS Paramedical Exam - All India Institute for Medical Sciences (AIIMS) conducts the entrance exams for admissions to undergraduate paramedical courses in their colleges.

Counselling and College Allocation for Paramedical Degree

After clearing any of the exams mentioned above, candidates get calls for the counseling sessions from different medical colleges based on the cut-off limit decided by the college authorities. During the counseling process, college representatives interview the candidates about their preferred areas of specialization and allocate them their seats accordingly.

Duration, Delivery Type, and Fee Structure for Paramedical Degree

The duration, delivery type and fee structure for paramedical courses vary from college to college depending on the different paramedical programmes offered by them.

The undergraduate paramedical courses will be for a duration of 3-4 years plus additional internship duration varying as per the college norms. The fee structure for these courses would vary from INR 40,000 per year to INR 1,25,000 per year

Paramedical Courses at Postgraduate Level

With a number of fresh graduates looking forward to having a successful career in Paramedical Science, universities and colleges are doing a fabulous job in reaching out to them with quality postgraduate courses. These aspirants have a few options to explore, which include postgraduate diploma and master’s degree courses.

Eligibility Criteria for Paramedical Degree

In order to be eligible for the postgraduate courses, the candidate must have passed the graduation degree or diploma in the concerned field from a recognized university. The minimum aggregate marks for general category students are 55% whereas, for those belonging to the reserved category, the minimum aggregate marks are 50%.

Admission Process for Paramedical Degree

Based on their curriculum and admission criteria, universities and colleges across India follow their peculiar admission processes. 

Examination for Paramedical Degree

All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Examination (AIPGMEE) - Examinations for admissions to various postgraduate courses offered by the government and private medical colleges in India are conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE).

Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)-  The institute conducts its own exam for the admissions in postgraduate courses. It is conducted twice a year for PG courses.

Counseling and Course Allocation for Paramedical Degree

The admission to postgraduate courses is done on the basis of merit lists released by the colleges as per the marks obtained in the above-mentioned examinations. Certain colleges consider the marks obtained by the students at the graduation level for admissions to various courses.

Duration, Delivery Type & Fee Structure for Paramedical Degree

The delivery type and course duration play an important role in deciding the fee structure of a particular postgraduate diploma and degree course. A general idea of the fee structure would help candidates to aim at achieving the best course. The duration of a master’s degree course is usually 2-3 years.

Whereas, for a Post Graduate Diploma course, the duration is 1-2 years. The internship duration will vary from college to college and course to course. The fee structure for the degree courses is between INR 1,00,000 and INR 2,00,000 per year, which is INR 50,000 to INR 1,50,000 per year for the Diploma courses. 

Specialisations, Syllabus and Job Prospects at Undergraduate Level

Paramedical Science is a vast field and offers many undergraduate courses, which allows candidates to choose the field of their choice. Some of the important paramedical are courses included in the following: 

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

Physiotherapy is a healthcare field concerned with the remediation of impairments, disabilities and the promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and movement potential through examination, evaluation, diagnosis and physical intervention. BPT is a four - year degree programme.

Syllabus for BPT

BPT students essentially study topics like Anatomy, General Psychology, Biomechanics & Kinesiology, Orthopaedics, General Surgery, and Physiotherapy in Neurological Conditions etc. in their core syllabus.

Job Prospects for BPT

Physiotherapists can get employment anywhere in the hospitals, be it ICU or Geriatrics. There is also scope for private practice in physiotherapy.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.Sc.)

Nursing is a four-year degree programme. It involves collaborative care for individuals of all ages, families, and communities. It includes the prevention of illness, promotion of health and the care of ill and disabled people.

Syllabus for B.Sc

The core syllabus of B.Sc. Nursing covers various topics like Anatomy and Physiology, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Child Health Nursing, Midwifery and Obstetrical Nursing and so on.

Job Prospects for B.Sc

There are a plethora of job opportunities for students in this field like hospitals, sanatoria, schools, nursing homes, industry and in private medical clinics. There are also opportunities in the Armed Forces, where nursing graduates can become commissioned medical officers.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Lab Technology (B.Sc.)

Concepts like performing chemical, microscopic, immunologic and bacteriological diagnostic analysis on body fluids are associated with the Medical Lab Technology bachelor's degree and is for a duration of three years.

Syllabus for B.Sc Lab Tech

The core subjects studied under this degree are Haematology, Clinical Pathology, Immunology, Molecular Pathology, Blood Banking Technology, Biochemistry, Serology, and Microbiology.

Job Prospects B.Sc Lab Tech

The Medical Lab Technology field offers remunerative job opportunities like Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Ultrasound Technician, Radiologist Assistant, Radiologic Technologist and X-Ray Technician. 

Specialisations, Syllabus and Job Prospects at Postgraduate Level

The following are the paramedical courses available for the postgraduate levels:

Master of Health Administration (MHA)

MHA is a two-year long degree course that helps the students gain the essential knowledge required for senior managerial and planning work in the health services and systems sectors. 

Syllabus for MHA

MHA students study subjects like Management accounting, Principles of hospital management, Legal aspects of health, Strategic management, Nutrition & Dietetics, Epidemiology, Health Education, Communication, Basic information technology, Principles of management, Organizational behavior, Quantitative management and Hospital support services and so on in their core syllabus.

Job Prospects for MHA

Dental office, Home health care service, Health system, Community care facility for the elderly, Healthcare consulting firm, Federal government health care facility, Health clinic, Ambulatory health care service etc. 

Master in Public Health (MPH)

A two-year degree course, MPH is one of the most sought after; fields in paramedical science. It prepares you to work in a range of public health initiatives, health education etc. and contribute to the health society.

Syllabus for MPH

Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Population Sciences, Women and Child Health and Gender Issues, Health System & Policies in Public Health, Ethics in Public Health, Health Economics & Health Care Financing, Environmental Health and Sustainable Development, Organization Behaviour and Design, Human Resource Development in Public Health, Quality Assurance and Total Quality Management.

Job Prospects for MPH

Environmental Scientists, Healthcare Administrator, Biostatistician, Epidemiologist, Community Health Workers, Health Educators, Mental Health Counsellors, Health Nutritionist etc.

 Top Colleges in Paramedical Science

 The Top Colleges for Paramedical colleges are as follows:

Name of the college
Affiliation Accreditation Type
Azad Institute of Pharma and Research
Uttar Pradesh Technical University AICTE Trustee College
Aarupadai Veedu Medical College
Pondicherry University Other Trustee College
Acharya's NR School of Nursing
Karnataka Nursing Council INC Private college
Al-Ameen College of Pharmacy
Rajeev Gandhi University of Health Sciences AICTE Trustee College
Anuradha College of Pharmacy
Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University AICTE Private college
Central India Institute of Pharmacy
Maharashtra State Board of Technical Education AICTE Private college
College of Nursing Harish Hospital
Other Indian Nursing Council Trustee College
College of Nursing, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences
Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences MCI
Deemed University
Department of Anaesthesiology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences
Other Other
University Campus
Department of Epidemiology, The Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University
The Tamilnadu Dr.M.G.R. Medical University MCI
University Campus
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Pooja College of Pharmacy
U.P. Technical University AICTE Private college
Padmashree Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research
University of Pune AICTE Trustee College
Dr. Subhash College of Physical Education (Self Finance B.P.Ed. College)
Saurashtra University NCTE
Government college
DY Patil Medical College, Mumbai
University of Mumbai MCI Trustee College
Goel Institute of Pharmacy & Sciences
Uttar Pradesh Technical University AICTE Private college
Government Medical College, Aurangabad
Maharashtra University of Health Sciences MCI
Government college
Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences MCI Private college
IIMT College of Medical Sciences
Uttar Pradesh Technical University Other Private college
Institute of Medical Science & Research, Maharishi Markandeshwar University
Maharishi Markandeshwar University UGC
University Campus
Institute of Medical Technology & Nursing Education, Swasthya Kalyan Group
Rajasthan University of Health Sciences Rajasthan Nursing Council Trustee College

How to Become a Paramedic Conclusion

We don't know the importance of life until we are stuck in such a situation that tests our existence. In life-threatening situations when there is no major help available, one becomes the prisoner of the circumstances. At those moments we are in the need of someone who can help us and provide the first medical attention. This is where a Paramedic comes into play who serves the needy all the same and shows sympathy towards them.

The paramedic has to be physically and mentally sound to help others get out of the fatal situation. The paramedics serve a great purpose to the society by making them aware of the general lifesaving procedures which can come in handy whilst the unforeseen conditions. The paramedics assist the doctors, keep a check on the patients' medications, carry out first aid procedures and do countless other duties. A paramedic should always be calm in chaotic conditions and should be aware of the surroundings every time.

For pursuing a career in paramedical services, there are a number of courses available which can be chosen by the aspirants according to their likings. Some of the popular courses in this field are B.Sc Nursing, BPT, ANM, GNM and Certificate courses in Rural Health Care, X-Ray and CT Scan and many others. There are plenty of exams through which the aspirants can take their first steps towards their ambition. Central Board of Secondary Education [CBSE] conducts NEET [National Eligibility cum Entrance Test] for the admissions in the medical sector. All India Institute of Medical Sciences [AIIMS] conducts AIIMS Paramedical Exam for Undergraduate courses in their colleges. The exams that are available for the admissions in Post Graduate paramedical courses are JIPMER [Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research] and AIPGMEE [All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Exam].

The organizations/ institutions that give accreditation for the paramedical courses are INC [Indian Nursing Council], AICTE [All India Council for Technical Eduaction], MCI [Medical Council of India], UGC [University Grants Commission], NCTE [National Council for Teacher Education] and more.

In a nutshell, a paramedic field is a one that requires a total devotion, smartness, unselfish behaviour, empathy and kindness. The paramedic has to be on his/ her toes to serve the needy whenever required. A paramedic is never off the duty ever. If a person feels motivated to do something for society, then being a paramedic is the best thing for him/ her. So, join this field and let everyone around you be proud of you.

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