How to become a Paramedic?

How to Become a Paramedic in India?

The youth are the first people who respond to medical emergencies suffered by citizens usually. Paramedics must complete an extensive physical training program that is designed to weed out those who cannot make the cut. A paramedic must stay fit physically and mentally to perform his or her duties in the face of danger.

These heroes must endure life-threatening situations when responding to emergencies. Paramedics are usually attached to a county, or city fire department, but there are private paramedic organizations as well which consist of trained medical professionals who diagnose any disease in the human body with the help of blood tests, X-rays, MRIs, Citi Scans, Ultrasound etc.

Even in the coming, there will be high demand for Paramedics professionals in India. The details regarding paramedic are listed as the table of content below

Paramedical Courses

Degree, Diploma & certificate courses are offered by the paramedical sector for class 12th students. These courses provide great career opportunities for students, who want to make a career in the paramedical sector.

We have listed down the best paramedical courses after 12th which can be joined through direct admission. The minimum eligibility for these courses in 12th is passing Physics, Chemistry, and Biology with an aggregate of 50% in each subject. The details of paramedical courses along with the paramedical courses list are tabulated below

Undergraduate degree in Paramedical

The Undergraduate degree in Paramedic courses with details on duration, fee structure, and so on are tabulated below

Undergraduate Degree in Paramedical
Course Name Duration in Years Approx. Fees P.A.
No. Of Colleges Offering Course
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) 5 3-4 Lakhs 46 colleges
B.Sc. Perfusion Technology 3 1.25-1.75 Lakhs 9 Colleges
B.Sc. in Dialysis Therapy 3 1-2 Lakhs 6 Colleges
Bachelor in Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP) 4 85,000-1 Lakhs 7 Colleges
B.Sc. in Critical care technology 3 1.25-3.25 Lakhs 2 Colleges
B.Sc. in Radiography 3 2-4 Lakhs 14 Colleges
Bachelor of Radiation Technology 3 1-3 Lakhs 2 Colleges
Bachelor of Physiotherapy 4 1-3 Lakhs 117 Colleges
B.Sc. Nursing 4 1-2 Lakhs 241 Colleges
B.Sc. in Anaesthesia Technology 3 80,000-2 Lakhs 11 Colleges
B.Sc. Medical Lab Technology 3 3-4 Lakhs 59 Colleges
Bachelor of Ophthalmic Technology 3 3-6 Lakhs 4 Colleges
B.Sc. in Medical Imaging Technology 3 4-5 Lakhs 26 Colleges
B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Technology 3 3.5-5.5 Lakhs 16 Colleges
Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga Science 3 1-2 Lakhs 7 Colleges
B.Sc. in Renal Dialysis Technology 3 1.25-2.5 Lakhs 10 Colleges
B.Sc. in Radiography 3 2-10 Lakhs 14 Colleges
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy 4 3-4 Lakhs 8 Colleges
B.Sc. in X-Ray Technology 3 3-4 Lakhs 1 Colleges
B.Sc. in Medical Record Technology 3 3-4 Lakhs 3 Colleges
B.Sc. in Optometry 3 2-4 Lakhs 6 Colleges
B.Sc. in Respiratory Therapy 3 2-4 Lakhs 4 Colleges
B.Sc. in Radiotherapy 3 1.5-3 Lakhs 5 Colleges
B.Sc. in Nuclear Medicine Technology 3 4-5 Lakhs 5 Colleges

Specialisations, Syllabus and Job Prospects at Undergraduate Level

Paramedical Science is a vast field and offers many undergraduate courses, which allows candidates to choose the field of their choice. Some of the important paramedical are courses included in the following: 

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT): Physiotherapy is a healthcare field concerned with the remediation of impairments, disabilities and the promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and movement potential through examination, evaluation, diagnosis and physical intervention. BPT is a four - year degree programme.

Syllabus for BPT: BPT students essentially studies topics like Anatomy, General Psychology, Biomechanics & Kinesiology, Orthopaedics, General Surgery, and Physiotherapy in Neurological Conditions etc. in their core syllabus.

Job Prospects for BPT: Physiotherapists can get employment anywhere in the hospitals, be it ICU or Geriatrics. There is also scope for private practice in physiotherapy.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.Sc.): Nursing is a four-year degree programme. It involves collaborative care for individuals of all ages, families, and communities. It includes the prevention of illness, promotion of health and the care of ill and disabled people.

Syllabus for B.Sc: The core syllabus of B.Sc. Nursing covers various topics like Anatomy and Physiology, Medical-Surgical Nursing, Child Health Nursing, Midwifery and Obstetrical Nursing and so on.

Job Prospects for B.Sc: There are a plethora of job opportunities for students in this field like hospitals, sanatoria, schools, nursing homes, industry and in private medical clinics. There are also opportunities in the Armed Forces, where nursing graduates can become commissioned medical officers.

Bachelor of Science in Medical Lab Technology (B.Sc.): Concepts like performing chemical, microscopic, immunologic and bacteriological diagnostic analysis on body fluids are associated with the Medical Lab Technology bachelor's degree and is for a duration of three years.

Syllabus for B.Sc Lab Tech: The core subjects studied under this degree are Haematology, Clinical Pathology, Immunology, Molecular Pathology, Blood Banking Technology, Biochemistry, Serology, and Microbiology.

Job Prospects B.Sc Lab Tech The Medical Lab Technology field offers remunerative job opportunities like Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Ultrasound Technician, Radiologist Assistant, Radiologic Technologist and X-Ray Technician. 

Diploma Courses in Paramedical

The Diploma courses under Paramedics are tabulated below

Diploma Courses in Paramedical
Course Name Duration (In years)
Approx. Fees P.A.
Diploma in X-Ray Technology
2 50,000
Diploma in Physiotherapy
2 1 Lakhs
Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology
3 75,000
Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology
2 65,000
Diploma in Dialysis Technology
2 85,000
Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
2 1 Lakhs
Diploma in Medical Imaging Technology
2 50,000
ANM 2 2 Lakhs
Diploma in Rural Health Care
2 50,000
GNM 3 1-2 Lakhs
Diploma in Anaesthesia
2 1,1.5 Lakhs
Diploma in X-Ray Technology
2 1-2 Lakhs
Diploma in OT Technician
2 50,000

Certificate Courses in Paramedical

The certificate courses in the field of paramedics are listed below

  • Certificate - Dialysis Technician
  • Certificate - X-Ray Technician
  • Certificate - Lab Assistant/Technician
  • Certificate - Operation Theatre Assistant
  • Certificate - ECG and CT Scan Technician
  • Certificate - Home Based Health Care
  • Certificate - HIV and Family Education
  • Certificate - Nutrition and Childcare
  • Certificate - Dental Assistant
  • Certificate - Nursing Care Assistant
  • Certificate - Rural Health Care

Postgraduate Courses in Paramedical

With a number of fresh graduates looking forward to having a successful career in Paramedical Science, universities and colleges are doing a fabulous job in reaching out to them with quality postgraduate courses. These aspirants have a few options to explore, which include postgraduate diploma and master’s degree courses.

The following are the paramedical courses available for the postgraduate levels 

Master of Health Administration (MHA) MHA is a two-year long degree course that helps the students gain the essential knowledge required for senior managerial and planning work in the health services and systems sectors. 

Syllabus for MHA MHA students study subjects like Management accounting, Principles of hospital management, Legal aspects of health, Strategic management, Nutrition & Dietetics, Epidemiology, Health Education, Communication, Basic information technology, Principles of management, Organizational behaviour, Quantitative management and Hospital support services and so on in their core syllabus.

Job Prospects for MHA Dental office, Home health care service, Health system, Community care facility for the elderly, Healthcare consulting firm, Federal government health care facility, Health clinic, Ambulatory health care service etc. 

Master in Public Health (MPH) A two-year degree course, MPH is one of the most sought after; fields in paramedical science. It prepares you to work in a range of public health initiatives, health education etc. and contribute to the health society.

Syllabus for MPH Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Population Sciences, Women and Child Health and Gender Issues, Health System & Policies in Public Health, Ethics in Public Health, Health Economics & Health Care Financing, Environmental Health and Sustainable Development, Organization Behaviour and Design, Human Resource Development in Public Health, Quality Assurance and Total Quality Management.

Job Prospects for MPH Environmental Scientists, Healthcare Administrator, Biostatistician, Epidemiologist, Community Health Workers, Health Educators, Mental Health Counsellors, Health Nutritionist etc.

Eligibility Criteria for Paramedical Degree

In order to be eligible for the postgraduate courses, the candidate must have passed the graduation degree or diploma in the concerned field from a recognized university. The minimum aggregate marks for general category students are 55% whereas, for those belonging to the reserved category, the minimum aggregate marks are 50%.

Course Duration and Fee Structure for Paramedical Degree

The delivery type and course duration play an important role in deciding the fee structure of a particular postgraduate diploma and degree course. A general idea of the fee structure would help candidates to aim at achieving the best course. The duration of a master’s degree course is usually 2-3 years.

Whereas, for a Post Graduate Diploma course, the duration is 1-2 years. The internship duration will vary from college to college and course to course. The fee structure for the degree courses is between INR 1,00,000 and INR 2,00,000 per year, which is INR 50,000 to INR 1,50,000 per year for the Diploma courses. 

Eligibility for Paramedical Courses

The eligibility criteria for being a paramedic is given in the below

  • Any student who has passed 10+2 in Science with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology or equivalent exam from other recognized boards is eligible to pursue the paramedical diploma and degree courses.
  • There is no set rule for the minimum pass percentage since individual colleges and universities have their own criterion for admissions to such courses.

Paramedic Requirement

Paramedics support doctors in providing better treatment by performing various medical check-ups and therapies. They are the best people to provide the easiest and most effective ways related to healthcare to people due to which these professionals have become an integral part of the Paramedical sector. Some of the requirements of a paramedic are listed below

  • The paramedic has to be physically and mentally sound to help others get out of the fatal situation.
  • A paramedic should always be calm in chaotic conditions and should be aware of the surroundings every time.
  • Physical strength and stamina.
  • Should be skilled in trauma assessment and performing life-saving actions on patients, including first aid, airway management, IV administration, and endotracheal intubation

Skills required for a Paramedic

Paramedics are one of the first points of contact in an emergency situation, alongside police officers and firefighters. Paramedics are responsible for assessing and providing any treatment that a patient may require before he or she receives full medical care at a hospital. Not everyone is suited to work as a paramedic, and students considering careers in this field should possess a very specific set of skills and qualities. Therefore, the following are the skills that a Paramedic should possess

  • Should have great problem-solving skills
  • Requires exceptional interpersonal skills
  • Good health and physical strength is crucial for professional paramedics
  • Must always strive to learn from their mistakes.

Paramedical Salary in India

The paramedical salary for various designations are listed below, and the source is from PayScale

Paramedical Salary in India
Designation Experience PayGrade
 Entry-level Emergency Medical Technician < 1 year  INR 150,000 (12 salaries)
Emergency Medical Technician  1 - 4 years INR 129,244 (40 salaries)
A mid-career Emergency Medical Technician 5 - 9 years INR 149,583 (12 salaries)

Top Paramedical Colleges in India

The Top Colleges for Paramedical colleges are as follows:

Top Paramedical Colleges in India
Name of the college
Affiliation Accreditation Type
Azad Institute of Pharma and Research
Uttar Pradesh Technical University AICTE Trustee College
Aarupadai Veedu Medical College
Pondicherry University Other Trustee College
Acharya's NR School of Nursing
Karnataka Nursing Council INC Private college
Al-Ameen College of Pharmacy
Rajeev Gandhi University of Health Sciences AICTE Trustee College
Anuradha College of Pharmacy
Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University AICTE Private college
Central India Institute of Pharmacy
Maharashtra State Board of Technical Education AICTE Private college
College of Nursing, Harish Hospital
Other Indian Nursing Council Trustee College
College of Nursing, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences
Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences MCI
Deemed University
Department of Anaesthesiology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences
Other Other
University Campus
Department of Epidemiology, The Tamil Nadu Dr M.G.R. Medical University
The Tamilnadu Dr.M.G.R. Medical University MCI
University Campus
Dr B.R. Ambedkar Pooja College of Pharmacy
U.P. Technical University AICTE Private college
Padmashree Dr D. Y. Patil Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research
University of Pune AICTE Trustee College
Dr Subhash College of Physical Education (Self Finance B.P.Ed. College)
Saurashtra University NCTE
Government college
DY Patil Medical College, Mumbai
University of Mumbai MCI Trustee College
Goel Institute of Pharmacy & Sciences
Uttar Pradesh Technical University AICTE Private college
Government Medical College, Aurangabad
Maharashtra University of Health Sciences MCI
Government college
Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences
Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences MCI Private college
IIMT College of Medical Sciences
Uttar Pradesh Technical University Other Private college
Institute of Medical Science & Research, Maharishi Markandeshwar University
Maharishi Markandeshwar University UGC
University Campus
Institute of Medical Technology & Nursing Education, Swasthya Kalyan Group
Rajasthan University of Health Sciences Rajasthan Nursing Council Trustee College

In a nutshell, a paramedic field is a one that requires a total devotion, smartness, unselfish behaviour, empathy and kindness. The paramedic has to be on his/ her toes to serve the needy whenever required. A paramedic is never off the duty ever. If a person feels motivated to do something for society, then being a paramedic is the best thing for him/ her. So, join this field and let everyone around you be proud of you.

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