CA Foundation Syllabus and Subjects 2021: Maths, Accounts, Economics, Business Law Syllabus

Exam Date

Jun 24, 2021

Apr 7, 2021 | Commerce


ICAI sets the syllabus that focuses on application, understanding, and information of chartered accountancy. After understanding the CA Foundation exam pattern, checking the syllabus 2021 may be a very important step for people who want to crack.

Syllabus of CA Foundation mainly comprises of topics from 4 main papers, listed below. CA Foundation 2021 Exam Pattern of CA Foundation is constructed by ICAI, where objective type questions are asked from Paper 1 and Paper 2, and subjective type questions from Paper 3 and Paper 4.

Detailed syllabus of each of the four papers of CA Foundation 2021 can be checked from the given information below.

CA Foundation Course Syllabus 2021

Papers in CA Foundation course are as follows:

  • Paper 1: Principles And Practice Of Accounting
  • Paper 2: Business Laws And Business Correspondence
    • Business Laws
    • Business Correspondence And Reporting
  • Paper 3: Business Mathematics, Logical Reasoning, and Statistics
    • Business Mathematics
    • Logical Reasoning
    • Statistics
  • Paper 4: Business Economics And Business & Commercial Knowledge
    • Business Economics
    • Business and Commercial Knowledge
CA Foundation Syllabus
CA Foundation Syllabus 2021
Paper Syllabus
1. Principles and Practice of Accounting
  • Theoretical Framework
  • Accounting Process
  • Bank Reconciliation Statement
  • Inventories
  • Concept and Accounting of Depreciation
  • Accounting for Special Transactions
  • Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors
  • Partnership Accounts
  • Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organisations
  • Introduction to Company Accounts
  • Basic Accounting Ratios (profitability, solvency, liquidity and turnover)
2. Business Laws & Business Correspondence and Reporting Section A:
  • Business Laws
  • The Indian Contract Act, 1872
  • The Sale of Goods Act, 1930
  • The Indian Partnership Act, 1932
  • The Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008
  • The Companies Act, 2013
Section B:
  • Business Correspondence and Reporting
  • Communication
  • Sentence Types
  • Vocabulary Root Words, Synonyms, Antonyms, Prefixes, Suffixes, Phrasal Verbs, Collocations & Idioms
  • Comprehension Passages
  • Note Making
  • Introduction to basic writing
  • Precis Writing
  • Article Writing
  • Report Writing
  • Writing Formal Letters
  • Writing Formal Emails
  • Resume Writing
  • Meetings
3. Business Mathematics and Logical Reasoning & Statistics Part A:
  • Business Mathematics
  • Ratio and proportion, Indices, Logarithms
  • Equations and Matrices
  • Linear Inequalities with Objective Functions and Optimizations
  • Time value of Money
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Sequence and Series
  • Sets, Functions and Relations
  • Basic concepts of Differential and Integral Calculus
Part B:
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Number Series
  • Direction Tests
  • Setting Arrangements
  • Blood Relations
  • Syllogism
Part C:
  • Statistics
  • Statistical Description of Data
  • Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion
  • Probability
  • Theoretical Distributions
  • Correlation and Regression
  • Index Numbers and Time Series
4. Business Economics and Business and Commercial Knowledge Part I:
  • Business Economics
  • Introduction to Business Economics
  • Theory of Demand and Supply
  • Theory of Production and Cost
  • Price Determination in Different Markets
  • Business Cycles
Part II:
  • Business and Commercial Knowledge
  • Business and Commercial Knowledge: An Introduction
  • Business Environment
  • Business OrganizationsGovernment Policies for Business Growth
  • Organizations Facilitating Business
  • Common Business Terminologies

Note: CA Foundation 2021 suggests students read at least one financial newspaper and one business magazine on a regular basis. They may also watch a business channel to remain updated about the development related to the commercial world

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