Full Form of - SSC, UPSC, IAS, IPS, ACP, PSC

You can directly jump to any of the section from the table in order to get more details such as Eligibility Criteria, Exam Patterns, Designations, Salary and so on.

Title Full Form
Full form of IPS Indian Police Service
Full form of SSC Staff Selection Commission
Full form of UPSC Union Public Service Commission
Full form of IAS Indian Administrative Service 
Full form of ACP Assistant Commissioner of Police
Full form of PSC Public Service Commission
Full form of POLICE Full form of POLICE Department and designations

Full form of IPS

IPS full form is the Indian Police Service. Indian Police Service was founded in 1948. There have been many renowned IPS professionals who have given their valuable contribution to the nation like India’s first Lady IPS Officer Kiran Bedi, U Sagayam, Shivdeep Lande and more. The controlling authority of IPS is the Ministry of Home Affairs.

To become an IPS Officer, one has to be extremely passionate and driven. The aspirant has to do an extensive and advanced study to crack the IPS exam. The exam is indeed tough but if once passed with flying colors, a respectable career and life await the aspirant.

IPS Departments

  • Crime Branch

  • Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW)

  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)

  • Home Guards

  • Traffic Bureau and more.

IPS Exam Eligibility

Nationality: The candidate must be a citizen of India.


The age of the candidate should be between

  • General - 21 to 32 years
  • OBC - 21 to 35 years
  • SC/ST - 21 to 37 years
  • Physically handicapped - The maximum age for a candidate is 42, 45, and 47 years for general, OBC, SC/ST respectively.

Education Qualification for IPS Exam

The candidate must have a degree from any recognized institute or university. It is also applicable to the candidates writing their final year examination. This includes successful completion of higher secondary education (10+2) followed by a graduate degree in any stream of study. The IPS exam has a vast window of eligibility with respect to education.

IPS Officer Physical Eligibility

There are a number of physical criteria that a candidate must fulfill in order to take up the IPS exam. One of the most asked questions is that of height. The minimum height required for IPS is 165 cm or in other words 5 feet 4 inches tall.  Each one of these criteria has been stated clearly in the table given below.

Physical eligibility/requirement for IPS Exam
Attributes Male Female
Height 165 cm or more 150 cm or more
Chest 84 cm with an expansion of 5 cm 79 cm with an expansion of 5 cm

Distance vision of minimum 6/6 or 6/9 and for the worst eye, it should be 6/12 or 6/9. Near vision must be J1 and J2 respectively.

High-quality colour vision and binocular vision is important.

Spectacles are allowed.

Nasal Candidate should not stammer while speaking

IPS Designation with Salary and Facilities

The salary of an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer is based on the designation.

IPS Officer's Designation and Salary
Designation Salary Grade Pay
Director General of Police/ Commissioner of Police 80,000 INR -
Additional Director General of Police/ Special Commissioner of Police 37,400 - 67,000 INR 12,000 INR
Inspector General of Police/Joint Commissioner of Police 37,400 - 67,000 INR 10,000 INR
Deputy Inspector General of Police 37,400 - 67,000 INR 8,900 INR
Senior Superintendent of Police 15,600 - 39,100 INR 8,700 INR
Superintendent of Police/ Deputy Commissioner of Police 15,600 - 39,000 INR 7,600 INR
Additional Superintendent of Police/ Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police 15,600 - 39,000 INR 6,600 INR
Deputy Superintendent of Police/ Assistant Commissioner of Police 15,600 - 39,100 INR 5,400 INR

Note: Other than salary there are many facilities enjoyed by the IPS officers based on the designation. The salary is not fixed, it is revised/ upgraded from time to time.

Facilities of an IPS Officer

There are a lot of facilities rendered by the Government for an IPS officer. Some of the key ones have been listed below

  • Pension and other retirement perks
  • Free higher education with a 2-year leave of absence for the same
  • All expenses paid housing facility coupled with security guards and house help
  • Medical and Life Insurance along with Provident Fund.

Full form of SSC

SSC full form is the Staff Selection Commission. SSC conducts Government examinations to recruit workforce for many posts and vacancies in offices and organizations under Government of India. Government Exams such as SSC CGL and SSC MTS exam are conducted by SSC.

This SSC CGL exam is conducted on a Combined Graduate Level. This exam is very essential for the recruitment of suitable candidates for the non-technical and non-gazetted posts in Group B or Group C cadre for departments/ offices/ ministries under the Government of India.

Whereas SSC MTS is conducted for the recruitment of multi-tasking staff in various Government departments/organizations.

These exams are very immensely competitive and lucrative in nature. So, the number of applicants appearing for these exams are very high. Around lakhs of candidates appear for the recruitment exam for mere thousands of vacancies.

The aspirants are then recruited for jobs like:

  • Assistants

  • Customs Examiner

  • Multi-tasking Staff

  • Junior Clerks

  • Income Tax Inspectors

  • Sub-Inspectors in Narcotics and more.

SSC CGL Eligibility

The general eligibility criteria are as follows. It can vary slightly for each job post.

  • It is mandatory for the candidate to hold a Bachelor's degree in any discipline from a recognized institution.

  • The age of the applicant must be between 18 and 32 years

  • The given range may vary according to the post

  • The age in the 10th/12th is considered

  • The candidate must be an Indian citizen/ subject of Nepal or Bhutan/ Tibetan refugee who moved to India, before 1962.

  • The chest must be 81 cm with a minimum expansion of 5 cm for the male candidate. Relaxation of 5 cm is given to the Garhwali, Assamese, Gorkhas and the Scheduled Tribes Candidates.

  • Weight must be 48 kgs for the female candidates and there is a relaxation of 2 kgs for Garhwali, Assamese, Gorkhas and the Scheduled Tribes Candidates

  • The male candidate should cover 1600 meters in 15 minutes and the female candidate should cover 1000 meters in 15 minutes.

  • The male candidate should possess a minimum height of 165 cm and 150 cm for the female candidates. The relaxation for Hill and Tribal candidates is up to 5 cms.

Full form of UPSC

UPSC full form is Union Public Service Commission. UPSC is a Government body which holds the responsibility of conducting the Civil Service Examinations in India. UPSC exam has been one of the prestigious exams in India for a very long time. If any individual wants to be part of a respected government job or an organization in India, then the first thing that comes to his or her mind is the UPSC exam.

UPSC exam pattern

The pattern is designed to examine the academic expertise of the candidate as well as the ability of the candidate to present himself in a systematic and coherent manner.

The upcoming UPSC Civil Services Exam 2019 will be conducted in two stages which are Preliminary and Main Examinations. It is followed by an interview.

UPSC Preliminary Examination

It consists of two objective type question papers of 200 marks each.

The question papers will be set in both Hindi as well as English.

The questions related to English Language knowledge will be provided only in English.

UPSC Main Examination

The main examination consists of 2025 marks. The only candidates who qualify the Preliminary exams will be called for the main exam.

The main examination includes the following papers

UPSC Exam Pattern
  Total 2025 Marks
Title Subject Total Marks
Paper A Anyone of the Indian Language from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution 300 Marks
Paper B English 300 Marks
Paper-I Essay 250 Marks
Paper-II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society) 250 Marks
Paper-III General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations) 250 Marks
Paper-IV General Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250 Marks
Paper-V General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude) 250 Marks
Paper-VI Optional Subject-Paper 1 250 Marks
Paper-VII Optional Subject-Paper 2 250 Marks
  Personality Test 275 Marks

Full form of IAS

IAS full form is Indian Administrative Service. It is one of the most elite exams in India. It is a dream of an aspirant to be called an IAS Officer who wants to contribute towards the progress of the nation. IAS requires a lot of dedication and hard work.

This exam was founded in 1858 by the name of the Imperial Civil Service. Later the exam name was amended to Indian Administrative Service. This exam is commonly called the Civil Services Examination. After passing the IAS exam, the candidate gets to work under the Union Government/ State Government/ Public Sector Undertaking. The aspirants can expect to work and excel under the following designations:

Designations in IAS

  • Head of Public Sector Units

  • Collector

  • Commissioner

  • Chief Secretary

  • Cabinet Secretary and more

IAS Exam 2019 Dates

UPSC has released the exam dates for IAS Exam 2019. The civil service examination is conducted in three stages as IAS Prelims, IAS Mains, and Interview/ Personality Test.

Important dates of IAS 2019
Event Date
Application Form February 19 onwards
Availability of Admit cards May 2019
IAS Preliminary Exam June 2, 2019
The Announcement of Preliminary Exam Result August 2019
IAS Main Exam 2019 September 20, 2019
Announcement of Main Exam Result January 2020

IAS exam eligibility criteria 2019

The candidate must be an Indian Citizen/ Subject of Nepal or Bhutan/ Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1, 1962

The age of the candidate must be between 21 to 32 years

The candidate must hold a graduate degree or equivalent qualification from a recognized institution/ university

Only 6 attempts are allowed for clear the exam

IAS 2019 Exam Pattern

IAS exam consists of a Preliminary exam and the Main exam followed by an interview. The preliminary exam is the screening test to shortlist candidates for the Main exam.

IAS Exam Pattern
Attributes Preliminary Mains
Mode Offline Offline
Language Bilingual (English and Hindi)
Number of papers 2 7
Total Marks 400 Marks 1750 Marks
Type of questions Objective Both Objective and Subjective
Negative Mark one-third one-third - only for objective type questions
Duration of exam 2 Hours per Paper 3 Hours per Paper

Full form of ACP

ACP full form is Assistant Commissioner of Police. ACP is one of the reputed posts of Indian Police Services. It is the post given to the police officer of the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police (Asst.SP) or Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP).

There are two ways to become an ACP:

  • Getting a normal promotion from the state police rank to gradually become an ACP Officer after serving approximately 15-20 years in the Police department.

  • Direct Recruitment by UPSC after writing Group I examination and getting a good rank.

Some of the key duties of an ACP are as follows:

  • The ACP performs all works and duties of the Commissionerate assigned by the Commissioner of Police.
  • He or she has to guide and supervise the officers and men under their jurisdiction and maintain the discipline of the department. They ought to pay regular and routine visits to the police stations
  • They pay regular visits to the site of crime and offenses of serious nature in order to obey and execute the orders of the higher officers. He or she are supposed to investigate the crimes, to prevent them from future occurrences.
  • They also take roll-call during visits to the police stations, to arrange surprise night-rounds, and to ensure during such rounds that all the officers and men under them are alert.

Full form of PSC

PSC full form is the Public Service Commission. It is a central authority that is responsible for conducting the recruitment examinations for posts under various categories the departments of the Government of India. The older name of this exam that's still being used by a few is Provincial Civil Service (PCS)

What is PSC?

The Public Service Commission works at the Union level and the State level as well. The provision for the establishment of Public Service Commission for the Union as well as the State was provided by Article 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Constitution of India. The Constitution holds the power to remove or appointment of the members, its power and functions and the power of making an independent Public Service Commission.

State Public Service Commission Exams

PSC exams are conducted to recruit people for the various governmental position within the respective states. Government jobs are something which is important for the entire nation, it allows stable pay and stable running of the system. But the process pf selecting the candidates to fit into the job is not at all an easy task. And that is what the Public Service Commission does through PSC exams.

The pattern of the exam consists of three stages which include preliminary exam, main exam and then followed by an interview. It is mandatory for the candidate to clear the preliminary and the main exam in order to be eligible to attend the interview. Usually the exam is conducted in objective type, however, the syllabus varies from state to state. The competition is very high as there will be lakhs of candidates appearing for the exam for a few hundred seats. 

PSC online

As PSC exams are conducted by respective states, each of the states have their own online portal where you can fill and submit the form to participate in the upcoming exams. You also get various services such as helpdesk, latest notification and so on.

PSC qualification

The basic educational qualification required to attend the Public Service Commission Examinations is given below

  • The applicant should have completed a Graduate Degree or a Post Graduate or Diploma in relevant discipline

  • The age of the candidate should be between 18 to 33 years

  • The selection process consists of three stages such as Preliminary Examination, Main Examination and Personal Interview

Public Service Commission in India

Here are the public service commissions in India

Public Service Commission in India

Union Public Service Commission
Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission
Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission
Maharashtra Public Service Commission
Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission
Manipur Public Service Commission
Assam Public Service Commission
Meghalaya Public Service Commission
Bihar Public Service Commission
Mizoram Public Service Commission
Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission
Nagaland Public Service Commission
Goa Public Service Commission
Odisha Public Service Commission
Gujarat Public Service Commission
Public Service Commission, West Bengal
Haryana Public Service Commission
Punjab Public Service Commission
Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission
Rajasthan Public Service Commission
Jammu and Kashmir Public Service Commission
Sikkim Public Service Commission
Jharkhand Public Service Commission
Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission
Karnataka Public Service Commission
Telangana state Public Service Commission
Kerala Public Service Commission
Tripura Public Service Commission
Uttarakhand Public Service Commission
Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission

Full form of Police Department and Designations

POLICE full form is Polite Obedient Loyal Intelligent Courageous Efficient. Here is the list of Designations and full form according to their rank in the department.

Full form of designations in Police Department
Designation Full Form
Full Form of DGP Director General Of Police
Full Form of ADGP Additional Director General Of Police
Full Form of IGP/SIGP Inspector General Of Police/ Special Inspector General Of Police
Full Form of DIGP Deputy Inspector General Of Police
Full Form of SP Superintendent of Police
Full Form of DCP Deputy Commissioner Of Police
Full Form of ASP Additional Superintendent Of Police
Full Form of PI Police Inspector
Full Form of API Assistant Police Inspector
Full Form of SI Sub-Inspector
Full Form of ASI Assistant Police Sub-Inspector
Full Form of HC Head Constable
Full Form of PC Police Constable

DGP Full Form

DGP full form is Director General of Police. It is a three-star rank and the highest ranking police officer in Indian States and Union Territories. All DGPs are Indian Police Service (IPS) officers. 

Who is a DGP?

The DGP or Director General of Police is conventionally the head of the state police force in every Indian state. There might be additional officers in the state who hold the rank of DGP. Common appointments for such officers include Director General of Prisons, Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau, Director General of fire forces and civil defense, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Police Housing Society and others to name a few.

How to become a DGP?

Only an IPS officer can reach the post of a DGP by promotions. In order to become an IPS officer, one has to clear the UPSC Exam which is the toughest exam in the country.

Officers are listed as per the merit with which they cleared the exams at NPA ( National Police Academy ). This merit list forms the basis for all promotions until the end of the service of an officer. However, though the officers are from the same batch, they are of different age groups. One may have cracked the UPSC at the minimum age, the other one at the last bar of age and others in between. The officer who is the youngest, however, is the senior in merit list has the best chance to become the DGP.

Salary of DGP

For the Director General of Police or DGP, the consolidated salary is 80,000 INR and there is no grade payment.

ADGP Full Form

Full form of ADGP is Additional Director General of Police. 

Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) is an Indian Police Service rank. Though they have the maximum possible 3-star police rank similar to the DGP, an Additional Director General of Police is considered junior to a Director General of Police. The equivalent position or designation is Commissioner of Police of some cities like Kolkata, Chennai, and Vijayawada. The mark of an Additional Director General is the national emblem over a crossed sword and baton. ADG-ranked officers wear Gorget patches on their collar having a dark blue background with a leaf-like structure stitched on it. Additional Director Generals are now posted as the zonal heads for various Indian states. 

Salary of ADGP

The Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) or Special Commissioner of Police enjoys a salary of INR 37,400- INR 67,000 along with grade pay of INR 12,000.

IGP Full Form

Full form of IGP is Inspector General of Police. An Inspector General of Police (IGP) is a two-star rank IPS officer. An IGP holds the third highest rank in the hierarchy, just below the rank of Additional Director General. An IG ranked personnel wears a Gorget patch on their collar. Although it has a dark blue background similar to DIGs and SSPs, a leaf-like structure is stitched onto the patch; unlike DIGs and SSPs, which have a white line stitched on the patch.

Salary of IGP

The Inspector General of Police (IGP) /Joint Commissioner of Police enjoys a salary of INR 37,400 to INR 67,000 along with grade pay of INR 10,000.

DIGP Full Form

DIGP full form is Deputy Inspector General of Police. It is a one-star rank in the Indian Police Department and lies just below Inspector General of Police. It is a discerning rank to which Indian Police Service officers who have successfully served as Senior Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police are promoted. DIG ranked officers wear Gorget patches on their collar having a dark blue background and a white line stitched on it, similar to the SSPs. The number of DIGs a state can have is unlimited and most states have several DIGs in post.

Salary of DIGP

Deputy Inspector General of Police is also designated under the state government as Additional Commissioner of Police, his salary is INR 37,400 to INR 67,000 along with grade pay of INR 8,900.

SP Full Form

SP full form is Superintendent of Police. In India, a Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) in large or metropolitan cities or Superintendent of Police (SP) in smaller cities is the head of the police force of a district. In case of districts where Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) is the head of the district, Superintendent of Police (SP) is the head of an urban or rural area of a district.
An SSP-ranked IPS officer wears the IPS police logo below the star/Ashoka emblem and an SP-ranked state police service officer wears the state police logo below the star/Ashoka emblem.
Superintendent of Police ranked officers hold a rank that is equivalent to the rank of second in command (2IC) and deputy commandant in Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and the rank of major and lieutenant colonel in the Indian Army.

Salary of SP

Superintendent of Police enjoys a salary of INR 15,600 to INR 39,000 along with grade pay of INR 7,600.

DCP Full Form

DCP full form is Deputy Commissioner of Police. In metropolitan areas that have a police commissioner system (such as in the case of Delhi Police, Hyderabad Police or Mumbai Police), the head of district police is called the Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP), and he or she holds the rank of an SP. The Designation of DCP is exclusively applicable in Metropolitan cities having a Police Commissioner as the Chief of the City Police. In such Cities, the area is divided into a suitable number of Regions, Zones and Divisions.

Salary of SP

Deputy Commissioner of Police enjoys a salary of INR 15,600 to INR 39,000 along with grade pay of INR 7,600.

ASP Full Form

ASP full form is Assistant Commissioner of Police. The insignia of an Assistant Commissioner of Police is 3 stars, he is also addressed as DySP(deputy SP) in non-metropolitan areas. Officers recruited through PPS or PSC directly get the rank of an ACP. However, in Indian Police Service, the officer hets this rank after completing his probation period.

Salary of ASP

A Deputy Superintendent of Police is also designated as Assistant Commissioner of Police. His salary is INR 15,600 INR 39,100 along with grade pay of INR 5,400.

PI Full Form

PI full form is Police Inspector. Police stations are commanded by non-gazetted officers called the Police Inspectors.

How to become a PI?

A candidate can become a police inspector of any state by passing the exam of direct recruitment of 'Sub-Inspectors' in the state by the state police department. It is also possible to become a PI after passing the 'constable recruitment exam' but it will take a long time to reach up to the inspector post.

In order to be a police inspector, one must be a graduate in any discipline and have physical standards as per rules and norms of one's particular state and crack the 'Sub Inspector exam' along with a physical test. After a specific service period, you will be promoted to the post of a Police Inspector.

Salary of PI

A PI or Police Inspector enjoys a salary of INR 23500 to INR 31000, including grade pay.

API Full Form 

API full form is Assistant Police Inspector. It is one rank below the Police Inspector (PI). Inspector is both a police rank and also an administrative position, both of which are used in a number of contexts. However, it is not an equivalent rank in each police force.

Salary of API

An API enjoys a salary of INR 23,000 to INR 24,000, including grade pay.

SI Full Form

SI full form is Sub-Inspector of Police. A sub-inspector (SI) is generally in command of a certain number of police personnel (with head constables, and commanding police outposts). He is the lowest ranked officer who can file a charge sheet in court under Indian Police rules and regulations. He is usually the first investigating officer. Subordinate officers to him cannot file charge sheets but can investigate cases on his behalf. He can be the station house officer in some states like Kerala.

Salary of SI

In Delhi the Sub Inspector enjoys a salary of INR 9300 to INR 34800 with grade pay of INR 4200, means they will get about INR 36,213 and their in-hand salary will be around INR 33,082. In other states the SI enjoys a salary of INR 5200 to INR 20200 with grade pay of INR 2400, meaning they will earn around INR 23,000 to INR 24,000.

ASI Full Form

In the police forces, an Assistant sub-inspector (ASI) is a non-gazetted police officer who is one rank above a police head constable and below a Sub-inspector. The rank insignia for an Assistant Sub-Inspector is one star, with a red and blue striped ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps. He/she can be an Investigating officer. ASI is often the officer in charge of Police Outposts. At some police stations, they are in charge of GD duty. They make a report of incidents for senior officers.

Salary of ASI

An Assistant Sub Inspector enjoys a salary of INR 5200 to INR 20200 plus grade pay of INR 2800.

HC Full Form

HC full form is Head Constable. A Head Constable in the Indian police force is equivalent to a sergeant in police forces in other countries. Head constables wear three point-down chevrons on their sleeves or three bars on their epaulets.

Salary of HC

According to 7th Pay Commission, a Head Constable enjoys a salary of INR 15,600 to INR 60,600 per month and grade pay of INR 9,400 per month.

PC Full Form

PC full form is Police Constable. Police Constable is the lowest police rank in India followed by the Head Constable. General law and order is a state subject in India, hence, each state government recruits police constables. A Police Constable has no shoulder insignia. All the police constables wear a khaki colored uniform which indicates that he/she is a police officer. Police Constables in India have been seen in possession of guns but their capacity to use them is known to be subject to authorization passed by the chain of command in the police force.

Salary of PC

A Police Constable enjoys a salary of INR 11900 to INR 15300.

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Displaying 5 Comments

Deepak Patle



Dev Narayan Singh

I want to become DSP



I will reach my goal. This article was helpful.



Thank you. All the best Puppam Guru Sekhar.

Khoda Ranka

This examination conducting every year or not.



Sir me bhi police me aana chahata hu please.

Translation: I wish to become a Police someday.



All the best, Raja Mandal.