How to become a Lawyer

Lawyer Meaning

The field of law is a growing sphere of legislation, suits, briefs. justice served and so much more. The field of law has a lot of passions and aspirations as such, and the harbingers of this system include the lawyers, Lawyers make an integral part of the system and their drive and determination has bettered many lives and served justice.

Lawyers make up most of the resources of the economy as well, all in all, they are extremely goal oriented and resourceful for the country.

Here is the list of contents for the article "How to become a Lawyer"

  1. Importance of Lawyer
  2. Duties of a Lawyer
  3. Lawyer Qualities
  4. Lawyer Skills
  5. Types of Lawyer
  6. CLAT Exam
    1. CLAT exam syllabus
  7. Law Courses
    1. Cyber Law Courses
    2. Corporate Law Courses
    3. Online Law Courses
    4. Law Certificate Courses
    5. Distance Law Courses
    6. Short term Courses in Law in India
  8. Law Course after 12th
  9. Law Diploma Courses
  10. Integrated Law Course
  11. Law Courses after Graduation
  12. Law Course duration
  13. Top Law colleges in India
  14. Lawyer Salary in India

Importance of Lawyer

Representing a client and advising them on their legal situation is all in a day’s work for lawyers. From the individual cases to whole companies, from court proceedings to small disputes behind closed doors, it’s your job to act in your client's best interest.

A lawyer needs to have his client's best interests at hand whatsoever, and that may include reimbursements, negotiations, everything legal that won't put your client's stakes at risk. 

Not just stuck in a courtroom, lawyers can work on criminal or civil lawsuits, so a variety of jobs can crop up and serve your career interests be it just one or multiple of them. One day you're representing a client in court, the next you could be finalizing a divorce, drawing up a will or just advising on minor legal issues.

One moment you are handling and defending a false rape accusation and the next moment, you could be booked for perjury if you make one wrong move.

Duties of a Lawyer

 The daily tasks of a Lawyer will depend on their client’s needs and whether they are specialized in a particular area of law, but they could be doing some or all of the following: 

  • Attending court hearings with prior preparation
  • Drawing up contracts and legal documents
  • Explaining the law and giving general legal advice 
  • Settling disputes and supervising any agreements
  • Researching and gathering evidence
  • Analyzing legal documents
  • Supervising legal assistants
  • Handling cases like a diplomat
  • Backing up with accusations with evidence
  • Defending and Prosecuting
  • Heeding to the Plaintiff's demands and requests

Lawyer Qualities

Here are the 7 important qualities of a lawyer

  • Communication skills
  • Ability to make Judgements
  • Analytical Skills
  • Research skills
  • People skills
  • Perseverance
  • Creativity based skills

Lawyer Skills

Here are the skills that are to be polished for a candidate to become a lawyer

  • Oral Communication
  • Written communication
  • Client service
  • Time management
  • Analytical and Logical research
  • Legal research
  • Knowledge about the present technology
  • Knowledge about the laws 

Types of Lawyer

  1. Intellectual Property Lawyer
  2. Personal Injury Lawyer
  3. Bankruptcy Lawyer
  4. Family Lawyer
  5. Employment Lawyer
  6. Mergers and Acquisition Lawyer
  7. Immigration Lawyer
  8. Criminal Lawyer
  9. Digital media and Internet Lawyer
  10. Medical and Malpractice Lawyer

Intellectual Property Lawyer

The job of an Intellectual Property lawyer involves protecting legal rights to inventions, designs, and, artwork. This law also protects and secure assets like personal property and real estate. For an Intellectual lawyer possessing a law degree is not enough they should also possess in scientific, engineering, or technology-related degree.

Some of the ways Intellectual lawyers protect clients are :

  • protecting Intellectual capital
  • Licensing inventions
  • Transferring proprietary technology
  • Drafting licensing agreements
  • Negotiating settlements
  • Conducting IP asset due diligence

Intellectual Property law has six sections:

  • Trademark Law
  • Patent Law 
  • Trade secret Law
  • Licensing
  • Unfair competition
  • Copyright Law

Personal Injury Lawyer

The name itself tells that personal injury lawyer is only accountable when a person gets injured physically and psychologically as the result of the misbehaving of another person. These lawyers primarily practice a law called tort law.

Examples of personal injury Lawyer cases:

  1. Slip and fall accidents
  2. Traffic collisions
  3. Defective products
  4. Workplace injuries
  5. Professional malpractice

Bankruptcy Lawyer

Bankruptcy lawyer helps the people repay the debts to the bank who are financially weak and also not in a position to clear the loans to the banks. Bankruptcy is generally imposed by the court and then initiated to the debtor. 

There are two types of bankruptcy, they are

  • Discharge of debts (Chapter 7)
  • Payment plan (Chapter 13)

Family Lawyer

Family Law or also called as Matrimonial law, where it only deals with the cases that are related to family matters and domestic relations.

Types of cases that come under family lawyer

  • Divorce
  • Adoption
  • Protection orders
  • Child custody
  • Marriage dissolution

Employment Lawyer

Employment law enforces when a person is entering into a job market for the first time or terminated from the firm, company etc. Both federal and state government has approved employment laws from protecting employees on the basis of discriminatory treatment, unfair labour practices, unsafe work conditions etc. 

Types of employment laws are:

  • Civil rights
  • Family and medical leave laws
  • Workers compensation laws
  • Labour relation laws
  • Workplace safety laws
  • Child labour laws

Mergers and acquisition Lawyer

The acquisition means to purchase, asset. This law denotes when one company purchase another company or merging of two companies into a new entity (Merger). A merger is where two companies join and form single and continue to exist as one. Moreover, acquisitions are divided into two they are private and public

Generally, the acquisition process of MNCs is very complex. That is why the association is done through laws which therefore called merger and acquisition lawyer.

Mergers and acquisitions can take place by:

  • By purchasing assets
  • By purchasing common shares
  • By exchange of shares for assets
  • By exchanging shares for shares

Immigration Lawyer

These lawyers generally deal with immigrating issues which are related to visa, passport, and other immigration issues. This lawyer is required when a person wants to settle in abroad and the lawyer acts as a consultancy solving immigrant issues.

Criminal Lawyer

The criminal lawyer is the one who specialized in criminal cases such as drug trafficking, thefts, extended to murder. These lawyers may fight for criminals or against the criminals 

Crimes are generally classified as felony and misdemeanour offences. A crime is a felony when the person is charged with the high penalty than one year in jail and crime is a misdemeanour when the person is charged with less penalty than one year in jail.

Digital media and internet Lawyer

These lawyers come into a role when the issues are related to the website's terms and conditions also in case of piracy issues related to movies, copyrights issues, 

Medical and malpractice Lawyer 

Medical and malpractice lawyer deals with cases relating to the medical side. It may be from the doctor, nurse, pharmacist etc. Some of the cases that this law is applied when a health care practitioner does not shows a reasonable, competent degree of skill when providing medical care to a patient, this law applies.

CLAT Exam

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is the most written law entrance test in India after Class XII. CLAT started its journey in 2008 and today it has more than 40,000 students who write the entrance test every year to secure a seat in one of the National Law Universities including NLSIU Bangalore - the Harvard of the East and is conducted every year to select students for the 19 National Law Universities in India, other than the National Law University - Delhi & HP National Law University - Shimla, which have their own process to select the students. 

CLAT is one of the toughest exams to ace in the country. About 50,000 people apply and attend this exam, the top 58 make it to the top national law school in India which is the NLSIU.

CLAT Scores are also accepted by other law schools including NMIMS - Mumbai, UPES - Dehradun and Nirma University - Ahmedabad, to name a few.

Eligibility Criteria for CLAT

  • Candidates who will be filling the CLAT 2019 Application Form for the undergraduate law programmes should read the following Eligibility Criteria as mentioned:

  • Indian National/NRI/NRI Sponsored candidates can apply.

  • An NRI citizen can apply to those National Law Universities which has a special admission for them. A Foreign National can directly apply to the concerned institutions and need not appear for CLAT.

  • Appearing Candidates: Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying exam are also eligible.

Courses

Eligibility

Qualifying Exam

Minimum Marks

For UG Integrated Courses

Pass 10+2 examination from the recognized board.

Secure a minimum of 45% marks (for Unreserved/OBC/Special Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories) & 40% marks (for SC/ST categories).

For PG Courses

Pass LLB/5 years Integrated LLB (Hons.)/any other equivalent examination.

Secure a minimum of 55% marks (for Unreserved/OBC/Special Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories) & 50% marks (for SC/ST categories).

Exam Pattern for CLAT 2019

  • Exam Date: The examination will be held on 12th May 2019.

  • Mode: The examination will be conducted offline, that is through pen and paper.

  • Duration: The exam duration will be 2 hours.

  • Type of Questions: Multiple choice/Objective type questions will be asked.

  • Number of Questions: Total 200 questions (for UG) & 150 questions (for PG) will be asked in the examination.

  • Total Marks: The question paper will be of 200 marks (for UG) & 150 marks (for PG).

  • Marking Scheme: For every correct answer, 1 mark shall be allotted.

  • Negative Marking: For every incorrect answer,0.25 marks shall be deducted.

Courses

Subjects

Marks

Duration

For UG courses (Integrated)

English, including Comprehension

40

2 hours

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

50

Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)

20

Legal Aptitude

50

Logical Reasoning

40

For PG Courses

Constitutional Law

50

2 hours

Jurisprudence

50

Other Law Subjects such as Contract law, Torts law, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc.

50

CLAT exam syllabus

  • English: The English section of the test will include comprehension passages and grammar such as the definitions of words used, comprehension of the passage, filling the blanks in sentences with appropriate words, correcting the incorrect usage of grammar in sentences, etc. This section aims to test your advanced skills at hand, your strengthened vocabulary and aptitude.

  • General Knowledge and Current affairs: This section will include general awareness such as static general knowledge, questions on national and international current affairs, etc. This section is divided into static GK and current affairs of the year.

  • Mathematics: This test will check the candidate’s knowledge of elementary mathematics (maths studied in class up until 10th)

  • Legal Aptitude: This test is done in order to evaluate and verify the interest of candidates towards the study of law, research aptitude,problem-solving ability, legal propositions, etc.

  • Logical reasoning: Will include syllogisms, identification of patterns, logical sequences, the rectification of illogical arguments, logical links, analogies, etc.

 Common Law Admission Test for postgraduate law programmes commonly known as CLAT PG and is a portal for admissions to the Master of Laws(LLM) programs in the 19 National Law Universities (NLUs). In 2001, CLAT PG exam was conducted by the Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL), Patiala and the CLAT PG score is also used by the other private law colleges across the country and Public-Sector Undertakings for admissions and recruitment respectively.

CLAT Eligibility Criteria 2019 - Post Graduate Level

  • The students who are going to be appearing for CLAT 2019 aspiring to get admission into postgraduate law programmes need to go through the following:

  • Candidates applying for the postgraduate law programmes, need to possess a bachelor’s degree in law. The law degree can either be the five-year integrated programme or the three-year law programme from an institution approved by the Bar Council of India.

  • A candidate has to score at least 55 per cent in his/her qualifying degree. Whereas candidates belonging to the reserved categories have been given a 5 per cent concession due to which they have to score only 50 per cent marks in their qualifying degree of law. 

  • There are no age criteria to appear in CLAT 2019 to seek admission into the postgraduate law programme.

Law Courses

There are many law courses in India and each course has its own career prospect and scope. The duration of each course also varies from one course to another. Some of the top courses in India are:

Cyber Law Courses

Diploma in Cyber Law course  

Cyberlaw and its development is a recent phenomenon. It is a stream where it all deals with cyber crimes such as theft, fraud etc. As the internet now creating a major impact with various functionalities the amount of cybercrime is also gradually increasing. 

So, after completion of diploma in cyberlaw students will have a wide range of career prospects in this stream such as working for IT companies, police departments. They can also become cyber consultant, Network administrators, Security Auditors.

Cyber Law courses are generally a one-year full-time diploma program. The eligibility for this course is to accomplish class 12 from the recognized board. The course will be generally from INR 2,500 to 15,000

Corporate Law Courses

Corporate Law is something which has more scope and opting by various candidates, This law enforces in forming, owning, operating, managing of a corporation.

These are the courses that come under Corporate law

Degree course in Corporate Law

  • B.Com + L.L.B (Bachelor of Commerce + Bachelor of Law)

L.L.B is generally a Latin word which means "Legum Baccalaureus". It stands for Bachelor of Laws.

  • L.L.M (Corporate and Financial Law)

It is basically a master of law in corporate and financial law. It is a post-graduation course and the duration of this course is two years. The eligibility criteria for this course is to complete graduation. This course is drafted to provide advanced knowledge and skills relevant to international and commercial law.

So, LLM stands for Latin Legum Magister and it is a Latin word which means Master of Laws.

  • L.L.M(Corporate and Securities Law)

It is a master of law in corporate and securities law. It is a post-graduation course and the duration of this course is two years. The eligibility criteria for this course is to complete graduation or equivalent in law. 

Students who graduate from this course has major aspects like students can become Advocate, Magistrate/Judge after persuading this degree.

  • L.L.M.Corporate Law

It is a master of law in corporate law and the duration of this course is two years. The eligibility for this course is to complete the bachelor of law with an aggregate of 45%. There are some reputed universities that conduct examinations for the purpose of education. 

Some of the job types from this course are:

  1. Legal Counsel / Officer
  2. Associate advocate
  3. Associate professor
  4. Corporate lawyer

Diploma Courses in Corporate Law 

  • Diploma in Co-operative Law 

It is a diploma level course and the duration of this course is one year. The eligibility course for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of 50% from a recognized institute or college.

  • Diploma in Co-operative Laws and practice (DCLP)

It is also a diploma level course and the duration of this course is one year. The eligibility course for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of 50% from a recognized institute or college.

  • Diploma in International Business Laws and Corporate Laws in India

It is also a diploma level course and the duration of this course is one year. The eligibility course for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of 50% from a recognized institute or college.

  • Post Graduation Diploma in Corporate Law (PGDCL)

It is a diploma after graduation level course and the duration of this course is one year. The eligibility course for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of 50% from a recognized institute or college.

Online Law Courses

Online law courses are usually very much beneficial because if a law aspirant is much preferring online course then he/she can save time, Lower cost, an opportunity to switch careers, can practice individually.

These are the online Law courses provided in India.

  • FICCI's online course on IPRs (Intellectual Property Rights)
  • Certified law analyst courses by Law pundit global
  • Indian law institute also providing online course through shikshak
  • IALM's online courses on practical lawyering skills
  • Enhelion's certificate program
  • CIRC online course on competition law

Candidates working in the law field can continue their education with online courses. Some of the job designations that aspirants can able to reach are

  1. Criminal Lawyer
  2. Civil Litigation lawyer
  3. Document drafting lawyer
  4. Legal analyst
  5. Legal Journalist
  6. Legal advisor
  7. Government lawyer
  8. Judge

Law Certificate courses

Here are some of the Law certification courses. Along with the certification courses the respective websites are also been provided below. The duration of these courses varies from one to another. The average duration to accomplish these certification courses are 4-6 months.

Law certificate courses
Certification course website
Corporate law Swayam
Corporate law analyst V Skills 
Trademark analyst Shine learning
Business law analyst Shine learning
Corporate Law Target Study
Contract law analyst  Shine learning
Human rights law professional Shine learning

 Distance Law courses

 These are the top universities that provide distance law courses.

  • IGNOU
  • Annamalai University
  • National Law School of India University
  • Madurai Kamaraj University
  • Guru Nanak Dev University

Distance law courses provided by above-mentioned colleges

IGNOU

  1. Awareness course in Intellectual property rights
  2. Certificate in (Consumer protection, Cooperation, Co-operative and business, Human rights, and, Humanitarian
  3. PG Certificate in cyber
  4. PG Diploma in (Environment and Intellectual property rights)
  5. phD

Annamalai University

  1. B.A in Human Rights
  2. BAL - Bachelor of Academic Law
  3. BGL - Bachelor  of General Law
  4. Diploma in (Human Rights, Labour with Administrative and Taxation)
  5. M.A in Human Rights
  6. PG Diploma in (Intellectual property and Medical laws & Ethics

National Law School of India University

  1. MBL Business
  2. PG Diploma in (Child Rights, Environmental, Human Rights, Intellectual Property Rights and Medical & Ethics)

Madurai Kamaraj University

  1. B.G.L (General Law)
  2. PG Diploma in (Consumer, Information & Communication and Labour & Administrative)

Guru Nanak Dev University

  1. LLB (Academics)

Short term Courses in Law in India

Some of the short term law courses are

  • Certificate Course in Consumer Awareness
  • Certificate Course in Women and Law
  • Diploma in Labour Laws (DLL)
  • Diploma in Taxation Laws (DTL)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Consumer Awareness
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Laws
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Rights and Patent Management

Law Course after 12th

The below mentioned are the law courses after 12th

  • Bachelor of Legislative Law (LLB)
  • Bachelor of Law in Intellectual Property Rights

Bachelor of Legislative Law (LLB)

LL.B (Legum Baccalaureus) stands for bachelor of law. LL.B is derived from the Latin word. This is the first professional degree in law and anyone can choose masters in this after completing bachelors in law.

The duration of this course is three years.

Bachelor of Law in Intellectual Property Rights

Bachelor of Law in Intellectual Property Rights is a three-year program and the eligibility required for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of a minimum of 50% from a recognized college or institute. The candidates who pursue this degree or program will be eligible to become magistrate or judge.

Law Diploma Courses

Some of the Law diploma courses are

  • Diploma in Criminology
  • Diploma in Business Law
  • Diploma in Human Rights
  • Diploma in Labour Law (DLL)
  • Diploma in Cyber Law

Diploma in Criminology

Diploma in Criminology is a one-year course and the eligibility for this course is graduation from B.A./B.Sc. in Criminology/Forensic Science/Computer Science. The course criminology is nothing related to catching criminals. This course gives you insights into the world of crime from different perspectives.

Diploma in Business Law

Diploma in Business law is a one-year program. This course is formulated for individuals who are working or studying in the business field and to help them provide certain skills required to solve legal complexities.

Diploma in Human Rights

Diploma in Human Rights is a three-year program and the eligibility for this course is to complete class 12. This course usually arises awareness about fundamental or basic rights that a human should be and follow. Some of the rights include cultural, economic and political rights such as the right to life, liberty, education, information, religion, movement, and, nationality.

Diploma in Labour Law (DLL)

Diploma in labour law is a one-year program where it imparts all the domain of labour lawsThe eligibility criteria for this course is to complete under graduation with a minimum percentage of 55%.

Diploma in Cyber Law

Diploma in cyber law is a one-year program where the eligibility for this course is to complete class 12 from the recognized board. The course fee is almost up to INR 2,300 to 15,000.

Integrated Law Course

All Integrated courses are five-year degree courses. This is the alternative choice for the students who want to complete both bachelor and master at the same time. The eligibility for this course is to complete intermediate or an equivalent law with an aggregate of a minimum of 50%.

  • Integrated Undergraduate degree
    • B.A.+LL.B
    • B.Sc.+LL.B
    • BBA+LLB
    • B.Com+LL.B
    • B.S.L.+LL.B
  • B.A.+LL.B. - Bachelor of Arts+Bachelor of Legislative Law
  • B.Sc.+LL.B. - Bachelor of Science+Bachelor of Legislative Law
  • BBA+LLB - Bachelor of Business Administration+Bachelor of Legislative Law
  • B.Com+LL.B - Bachelor of Commerce+Bachelor of Legislative Law
  • B.S.L.+LL.B - Bachelor of Socio-Legal Sciences+Bachelor of Legislative Law

Law Courses after Graduation

Master courses are the courses done after graduation and it can be either after bachelors or diploma. There is plenty of a number of courses that are to be done after bachelors or diploma. Therefore, candidates do have various opportunities to select which stream they want to pursue.

Some of the master courses that are formulated after bachelors or diploma

  • Master of Legislative Law in Business Law
  • Master of Law in Constitutional Law and Administrative Law
  • Master of Law in Bharatiya Nyaya Darshan and Raj Dharma
  • Master of Law in Corporate and Finance Law
  • Master of Legislative Law in Criminal Law and Commercial Law
  • Master of Legislative Law in Criminal Law and Criminology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Administrative Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Business Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Child Rights and Development
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Consumer Laws
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Cyber Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Cyber Law and Intellectual Property Rights

Law Course duration

Out of numerous course. LLB is the most common Law course opted by the students. LLB is a three-year undergraduate program. Later, students who complete LLB and want to pursue masters in this field can opt LLM which is masters and the duration of this program will be not more than two years. LLM program duration differs from one-course to another it can be either a one-year program or two-year program. 

There is another program called the integrated program and the duration of this course is five years. It is the integration of LLM and LLB.

Top Law Colleges in India

The Colleges tabulated below are the top Law Colleges in India

Top Law Colleges in India
College Name Location
National Law School of India University Bangalore
National Law University New Delhi
Jindal Global Law School Sonipat
NALSAR Law University Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Symbiosis Law School Pune
National Law University Jodhpur
Gujarat National Law University Gandhinagar
National Law Institute University Bhopal
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law Patiala
Faculty of Law University of Delhi Delhi
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkota
Maharastra National Law University Mumbai
Dr Ram Manahor Lohiya National Law University Lucknow
Indian Law Society Law College Pune
National University of Advanced Legal studies Kochi
Chanakya National Law University Patna
National Law University Cuttack
Indian Law Institute New Delhi

Lawyer Salary in India

In general, the average Lawyer in India earns between three lakhs to five lakhs. Depending on the specializations and experience the salary of the lawyer varies and the survey says that there are advocates who charge from five lakhs to one crore for one court appearance.

The criminal lawyer generally earns from 6,00,000 to 8,00,000 per annum whereas intellectual property lawyer earns up to 3,00,000 per annum.

Corporate Lawyer earns on an average of 7,00,000 per annum and Legal manager earns on an average of 8,00,000 per annum.



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S D Mishra

I am a graduate in BA English literature from Gujarat university in 1996 with 40% of marks.How and where I can do LLB.

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