How to become a Lawyer

How to become a lawyer in India

Lawyer meaning: The field of law is a growing sphere of legislation, suits, briefs. justice served and so much more. The field of law has a lot of passions and aspirations as such, and the harbingers of this system include the lawyers, a Lawyer makes an integral part of the system and their drive and determination has bettered many lives and served justice. Being a lawyer requires you to be aware of not only the laws of the land but also the culture and hierarchy of society. A lawyer should have a basic idea regarding human psychology as well. A lawyer is respected in society as he is the one who could bring balance in any given society.

Click this link for more career options after 12th and graduation

Lawyers make up most of the resources of the economy as well, all in all, they are extremely goal-oriented and resourceful for the country.

Here is the list of contents for the article

  1. How to Become a Lawyer in India
    1. Step 1: Make your decision
    2. Step 2: Qualify yourself
    3. Step 3: Apply for Entrance test
    4. Step 4: Apply for Law School Admission
    5. Step 5: After admission in law school
    6. Step 6: Search for Jobs
  2. Importance of Lawyer
  3. Duties of a Lawyer
  4. Lawyer Qualities
  5. Lawyer Skills
  6. Types of Lawyer
  7. CLAT Exam
    1. CLAT exam syllabus
  8. Law Courses
    1. Cyber Law Courses
    2. Corporate Law Courses
    3. Online Law Courses
    4. Law Certificate Courses
    5. Distance Law Courses
    6. Short term Courses in Law in India
  9. Law Course after 12th
  10. LLB after Graduation
  11. Law Diploma Courses
  12. Integrated Law Course
  13. Law Courses after Graduation
  14. Law Course Duration
  15. Top Law Colleges in India
  16. Lawyer Salary in India

How to Become a Lawyer in India

We all know that becoming a powerful lawyer is not an easy task. You need to think before you choose your career as a lawyer. If you choose to be a lawyer then you must be a hard worker with dedication. Learn the processing steps to become a lawyer.

Step 1: Make your decision

Make your decision

Pursuing law after 12th- If you have a strong interest in becoming a lawyer, then you can prepare yourself for any bachelor's degree under law after your 12th. For any Indian students, 

  • You can apply for a bachelor’s degree in law ie., LLB. These degrees are duly recognized under Bar Council of India.
  • If you need to get into top law schools, then you should prepare yourself for entrance exams. 

Pursuing law after graduation- In case, if you are interested to pursue a law career in a particular field, then you must hold a degree first.

  • Most law schools accept any bachelor’s degree, but in some cases like, you wish to become a business lawyer then you may need an undergraduate degree under a business field.
  • Also, most law schools in India prioritized CLAT/ LSAT- India entrance scores.

Step 2: Qualify yourself

Qualify yourself

Score good marks- Your grades will boost your application. So make sure you keep your percentile above 55%. 

  • Top law schools demand a graduate percentage of 85% and above with eligible entrance score.

Know about Entrance test- To get into high-ranked law schools you need a high GPA with good scores in the entrance exam.

  • If you are intending to pursue law in India then make sure you meet the cutoff marks released by the Bar Council of India. Also, some top universities and colleges consider the Law School Admission Test (LSAT-India).
  • Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT) is the main written examination that allows the students to get admission in 21 National Law universities in India for Law courses such as LLB and LLM.
  • Other than these popular entrance exams we have other autonomous entrance exams conducted by the university under its norms.

CLAT Exam- CLAT exam is conducted for Indian nationals and NRIs alone. If you are a foreign national willing to pursue law in India, then contact the university and know about international students' admission.

  • The exam pattern for CLAT exam comprises of English including Comprehension, General Knowledge and Current Affairs, Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability), Legal Aptitude, and Logical Reasoning.
  • If you are applying for an Undergraduate law course, then you must hold a minimum of 45% aggregate in your 12th exam.
  • If you are applying for a postgraduate program, then you must hold a bachelor's degree in a relevant field with minimum 50% aggregate in any recognized university.

LSAT test- India vs Abroad- Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is the standardized law test conducted six times a year. The LSAT test tests the critical and analytical skills of the candidates. LSAT scores are mandatory for higher-ranked universities across the world.

  • LSAT India is a standardized test developed by Law School Admission Council to enter into the top law schools in India. LSAT India is conducted once in a year.
  • LSAT Abroad or LSAT is a standardized test developed by Law School Admission Council to enter into the top law schools in the world excluding India. LSAT is conducted four times a year (February, June, September/ October, December).

Step 3: Apply for Entrance test

Apply for entrance test

Register for the test- CLAT scores give your law school application great attraction and it makes your application stands out among others.

  • Give yourself enough time before giving your entrance exam. Register for the exam on the official website and if you want to become a lawyer within a few years after graduation, then apply for the exam in September / October in the graduation year.

Prepare yourself for the test- CLAT is the most standardized law school entrance in India. It adds great value to your application. CLAT tests your logical reasoning, analytical and aptitude skills, and reading comprehension.

  • CLAT test comprises of 5 sections of multiple-choice questions where you get one mark for each correct answer and you get minus 0.25 marks.
  • To clear this exam you need to take adequate time to prepare yourself for the exam for each wrong answer.
  • Practice mock tests using previous year CLAT question paper.

Give your best at the test- CLAT is a two-hour examination which is conducted once in a year. The CLAT score card is valid for one year.

Reappear if you aren’t satisfied- Don’t be worried if you have failed/ are not satisfied with your scores. Age is just a number here because we don’t have any upper age limit to pursue law in India.

  • The law schools need a score of 50% or above in CLAT. If you fail to meet that score take your preparation time even harder and apply for the exam next year because we don’t have any restrictions on attempts.

Step 4: Apply for Law School Admission

Apply for Law School

Don’t forget to have important documents- Once you cleared your entrance exam, apply for CAS as soon as possible.

  • Don’t forget to buy your Credential Assembly Service (CAS), CAS is used by most of the law schools. Once you send your transcripts, recommendation letter, and scores they create it to a file and send those copies to law schools.
  • The second important document is your recommendation letter. Usually, law schools prefer recommendation letter from your undergraduate faculty. Otherwise, you can get a recommendation letter from your present or past employers.
  • Now, a very important short essay which is a good opportunity to attract the committee by expressing your new ideas in the field of study. If they have given word limit for the essay stick to it.
  • Finally, your cover letter should be very impressive so that the committee will know how interested you are in becoming a lawyer.

Choose good college using your Entrance score- When you are applying for law schools you should check the following to get yourself in a better law school,

  • Check the UGC and BCI approved law schools if you don’t get any approved law school then try again but make sure you prepare well.
  • Use your CLAT/ LSAT- India or other entrance score as accepted by the Indian law school and your percentage to find a better law school for your scores.
  • Check for passage rate of employment before you select the law school.

Apply for multiple colleges- You have no restrictions to apply for law schools, you can apply to any number of good colleges that fall under your score. It may increase your acceptance rate.

Step 5: After admission in law school

Be a full-time law school student in India

Be a full-timer- To become a powerful lawyer you need to work hard also you need to show your entire commitment only in becoming a lawyer.

  • So make sure to choose a full-time program and concentrate on classes.
  • Being a full-timer will keep you focused on your goal to become a lawyer.

Create a network and join in study groups- Law schools may be too much to handle. So to handle such situations you can join a study group which is a great opportunity to meet people and to prepare for exams. Take your exams seriously because your grades are very important for your placements.

Clear your Bar exam- Now, after your graduation, you can select a particular state to practice.

  • Each state has its bar exam and is conducted by the State Bar Council. So to practice in a particular state, then you need to clear that bar exam. Also, you can apply for the All India bar council exam conducted by the Bar Council of India.
  • Register for your bar exam and collect the required materials and prepare yourself for the exam.
  • After passing your bar exam you need to complete your character and fitness review.

Step 6: Search for Jobs

Search for Jobs

Apply for on & off-campus interviews- Start searching for your job early by boing clerk in your semester holidays, it may not pay you well but then it gives you great connect with lawyers. You may decide which law you are going to practice.

  • Don’t forget to apply for your campus placements and off-campus internships in your final year. Have your resume and other graduation documents handy.

Search through student-alumni networks- Your college study groups and alumni-networks are great sources here. So contact your alumni and search for jobs through them.

Do Volunteer works- Doing Volunteer works may not pay you but it will give you experience and great value. Volunteer work helps you keep your skills updated and you can add that to your resume.

Importance of Lawyer

A lawyer represents his client and advises them on legal situations. From the individual cases to whole companies, from court proceedings to small disputes behind closed doors, it’s the job of a lawyer to act in the client's best interest.

A lawyer needs to have his client's best interests at hand whatsoever, and that may include reimbursements, negotiations, everything legal that won't put your client's stakes at risk.

Not just stuck in a courtroom, a lawyer can work on criminal or civil lawsuits, so a variety of jobs can crop up and serve your career interests be it just one or multiple of them. One day you're representing a client in court, the next you could be finalizing a divorce, drawing up a will or just advising on minor legal issues.

As a lawyer one moment you are handling and defending a false rape accusation and the next moment, you could be booked for perjury if you make one wrong move.

Duties of a Lawyer

The daily tasks of a Lawyer will depend on their client’s needs and whether they are specialized in a particular area of law, but they could be doing some or all of the following:

  • Attending court hearings with prior preparation
  • Drawing up contracts and legal documents
  • Explaining the law and giving general legal advice
  • Settling disputes and supervising any agreements
  • Researching and gathering evidence
  • Analyzing legal documents
  • Supervising legal assistants
  • Handling cases like a diplomat
  • Backing up with accusations with evidence
  • Defending and Prosecuting
  • Heeding to the Plaintiff's demands and requests

Lawyer Qualities

Here are the 7 important qualities of a lawyer

  • Communication skills
  • Ability to make judgments
  • Analytical skills
  • Research skills
  • People skills
  • Perseverance
  • Creativity based skills

Lawyer Skills

Here are the skills that are to be polished for a candidate to become a lawyer

  • Oral communication
  • Written communication
  • Client service
  • Time management
  • Analytical and logical research
  • Legal research
  • Knowledge about the present technology
  • Knowledge about the laws

Types of Lawyer.

Here is the list of various types of lawyers

  1. Intellectual Property Lawyer
  2. Personal Injury Lawyer
  3. Bankruptcy Lawyer
  4. Family Lawyer
  5. Employment Lawyer
  6. Mergers and Acquisition Lawyer
  7. Immigration Lawyer
  8. Criminal Lawyer
  9. Digital media and Internet Lawyer
  10. Medical and Malpractice Lawyer

Intellectual Property Lawyer

The job of an Intellectual Property lawyer involves protecting legal rights to inventions, designs, and artwork. This law also protects and secures assets like personal property and real estate. For an Intellectual lawyer possessing a law degree is not enough they should also possess in scientific, engineering, or technology-related degree.

Some of the ways Intellectual lawyers protect clients are :

  • Protecting intellectual capital
  • Licensing inventions
  • Transferring proprietary technology
  • Drafting licensing agreements
  • Negotiating settlements
  • Conducting IP asset due diligence

Intellectual Property law has six sections:

  • Trademark Law
  • Patent Law
  • Trade secret Law
  • Licensing
  • Unfair competition
  • Copyright Law

Personal Injury Lawyer

The name itself tells that personal injury lawyer is only accountable when a person gets injured physically and psychologically as the result of the misbehaving of another person. These lawyers primarily practice a law called tort law.

Examples of personal injury Lawyer cases:

  1. Slip and fall accidents
  2. Traffic collisions
  3. Defective products
  4. Workplace injuries
  5. Professional malpractice

Bankruptcy Lawyer

Bankruptcy lawyer helps the people repay the debts to the bank who are financially weak and also not in a position to clear the loans to the banks. Bankruptcy is generally imposed by the court and then initiated to the debtor.

There are two types of bankruptcy, they are

  • Discharge of debts (Chapter 7)
  • Payment plan (Chapter 13)

Family Lawyer

Family Law or also called Matrimonial law, where it only deals with the cases that are related to family matters and domestic relations.

Types of cases that come under family lawyer

  • Divorce
  • Adoption
  • Protection orders
  • Child custody
  • Marriage dissolution

Employment Lawyer

Employment law enforces when a person is entering into a job market for the first time or terminated from the firm, company, etc. Both federal and state government has approved employment laws from protecting employees based on discriminatory treatment, unfair labour practices, unsafe work conditions, etc.

Types of employment laws are:

  • Civil rights
  • Family and medical leave laws
  • Workers compensation laws
  • Labour relation laws
  • Workplace safety laws
  • Child labour laws

Mergers and Acquisition Lawyer

The acquisition means to purchase, asset. This law denotes when one company purchases another company or merging of two companies into a new entity (Merger). A merger is where two companies join and form single and continue to exist as one. Moreover, acquisitions are divided into two they are private and public

Generally, the acquisition process of MNCs is very complex. That is why the association is done through laws which therefore called merger and acquisition lawyer.

Mergers and acquisitions can take place by:

  • By purchasing assets
  • By purchasing common shares
  • By exchange of shares for assets
  • By exchanging shares for shares

Immigration Lawyer

These lawyers generally deal with immigrating issues which are related to visa, passport, and other immigration issues. This lawyer is required when a person wants to settle abroad and the lawyer acts as a consultancy solving immigrant issues.

Criminal Lawyer

The criminal lawyer is the one who specialized in criminal cases such as drug trafficking, thefts, extended to murder. These lawyers may fight for criminals or against the criminals

Crimes are generally classified as felony and misdemeanor offenses. A crime is a felony when the person is charged with a high penalty than one year in jail and crime is a misdemeanor when the person is charged with less penalty than one year in jail.

Digital Media and Internet Lawyer

These lawyers come into a role when the issues are related to the website's terms and conditions also in case of piracy issues related to movies, copyrights issues,

Medical and Malpractice Lawyer

Medical and malpractice lawyer deals with cases relating to the medical side. It may be from the doctor, nurse, pharmacist, etc. Some of the cases that this law is applied when a health care practitioner does not shows a reasonable, competent degree of skill when providing medical care to a patient, this law applies.

CLAT Exam

Common-Law Admission Test, known as CLAT, is the most written law entrance test in India after Class XII. CLAT started its journey in 2008 and today it has more than 40,000 students who write the entrance test every year to secure a seat in one of the National Law Universities including NLSIU Bangalore - the Harvard of the East and is conducted every year to select students for the 19 National Law Universities in India, other than the National Law University - Delhi & HP National Law University - Shimla, which have their own process to select the students.

CLAT is one of the toughest exams to ace in the country. About 50,000 people apply and attend this exam, the top 58 make it to the top national law school in India which is the NLSIU.

CLAT Scores are also accepted by other law schools including NMIMS - Mumbai, UPES - Dehradun and Nirma University - Ahmedabad, to name a few.

Eligibility Criteria for CLAT

  • Candidates who will be filling the CLAT 2019 Application Form for the undergraduate law programs should read the following Eligibility Criteria as mentioned:

  • Indian National/NRI/NRI Sponsored candidates can apply.

  • An NRI citizen can apply to those National Law Universities which has a special admission for them. A Foreign National can directly apply to the concerned institutions and need not appear for CLAT.

Appearing Candidates: Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying exam are also eligible.

Courses

Eligibility

Qualifying Exam

Minimum Marks

For UG Integrated Courses

Pass 10+2 examination from the recognized board.

Secure a minimum of 45% marks (for Unreserved/OBC/Special Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories) & 40% marks (for SC/ST categories).

For PG Courses

Pass LLB/5 years Integrated LLB (Hons.)/any other equivalent examination.

Secure a minimum of 55% marks (for Unreserved/OBC/Special Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories) & 50% marks (for SC/ST categories).

Exam Pattern for CLAT 2019

  • Exam Date: The examination will be held on 12th May 2019.
  • Mode: The examination will be conducted offline, that is through pen and paper.
  • Duration: The exam duration will be 2 hours.
  • Type of Questions: Multiple choice/Objective type questions will be asked.
  • Number of Questions: Total 200 questions (for UG) & 150 questions (for PG) will be asked in the examination.
  • Total Marks: The question paper will be of 200 marks (for UG) & 150 marks (for PG).
  • Marking Scheme: For every correct answer, 1 mark shall be allotted.
  • Negative Marking: For every incorrect answer,0.25 marks shall be deducted.

Courses

Subjects

Marks

Duration

For UG courses (Integrated)

English, including Comprehension

40

2 hours

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

50

Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)

20

Legal Aptitude

50

Logical Reasoning

40

For PG Courses

Constitutional Law

50

2 hours

Jurisprudence

50

Other Law Subjects such as Contract law, Torts Law, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR, etc.

50

CLAT Exam Syllabus

Here is the CLAT Exam Syllabus

  • English: The English section of the test will include comprehension passages and grammar such as the definitions of words used, comprehension of the passage, filling the blanks in sentences with appropriate words, correcting the incorrect usage of grammar in sentences, etc. This section aims to test your advanced skills at hand, your strengthened vocabulary and your aptitude.

  • General Knowledge and Current affairs: This section will include general awareness such as static general knowledge, questions on national and international current affairs, etc. This section is divided into static GK and current affairs of the year.

  • Mathematics: This test will check the candidate’s knowledge of elementary mathematics (maths studied in class up until 10th)

  • Legal Aptitude: This test is done to evaluate and verify the interest of candidates towards the study of law, research aptitude,problem-solving ability, legal propositions, etc.

  • Logical reasoning: Will include syllogisms, identification of patterns, logical sequences, the rectification of illogical arguments, logical links, analogies, etc.

Common-Law Admission Test for postgraduate law programs commonly known as CLAT PG and is a portal for admissions to the Master of Laws(LLM) programs in the 19 National Law Universities (NLUs). In 2001, CLAT PG exam was conducted by the Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL), Patiala and the CLAT PG score is also used by the other private law colleges across the country and Public-Sector Undertakings for admissions and recruitment respectively.

CLAT Eligibility Criteria 2019 - Post Graduate Level

The students who are going to be appearing for CLAT 2019 aspiring to get admission into postgraduate law programs need to go through the following:

  • Candidates applying for the postgraduate law programs, need to possess a bachelor’s degree in law. The law degree can either be the five-year integrated program or the three-year law program from an institution approved by the Bar Council of India.

  • A candidate has to score at least 55 percent in his/her qualifying degree. Whereas candidates belonging to the reserved categories have been given a 5 percent concession due to which they have to score only 50 percent marks in their qualifying degree of law.

  • There are no age criteria to appear in CLAT 2019 to seek admission into the postgraduate law program.

Law Courses

There are many law courses in India and each course has its career prospects and scope. The duration of each course also varies from one course to another. Some of the top courses in India are:

Cyber Law Courses

Diploma in Cyber Law course

Cyberlaw and its development is a recent phenomenon. It is a stream where it all deals with cyber crimes such as theft, fraud, etc. As the internet now creating a major impact with various functionalities the amount of cybercrime is also gradually increasing.

So, after completion of a diploma in cyberlaw students will have a wide range of career prospects in this stream such as working for IT companies, police departments. They can also become cyber consultant, Network administrators, Security Auditors.

Cyber Law courses are generally a one-year full-time diploma program. The eligibility for this course is to accomplish class 12 from the recognized board. The course will be generally from INR 2,500 to 15,000

Corporate Law Courses

Corporate Law is something which has more scope and opting by various candidates, This law enforces informing, owning, operating, managing of a corporation.

These are the courses that come under Corporate law

Degree Course in Corporate Law

  • B.Com + L.L.B (Bachelor of Commerce + Bachelor of Law)

L.L.B is generally a Latin word which means "Legum Baccalaureus". It stands for Bachelor of Laws.

  • L.L.M (Corporate and Financial Law)

It is a master of law in corporate and financial law. It is a post-graduation course and the duration of this course is two years. The eligibility criteria for this course is to complete graduation. This course is drafted to provide advanced knowledge and skills relevant to international and commercial law.

So, LLM stands for Latin Legum Magister and it is a Latin word which means Master of Laws.

  • L.L.M(Corporate and Securities Law)

It is a master of law in corporate and securities law. It is a post-graduation course and the duration of this course is two years. The eligibility criteria for this course is to complete graduation or equivalent in law.

Students who graduate from this course has major aspects like students can become Advocate, Magistrate/Judge after persuading this degree.

  • L.L.M.Corporate Law

It is a master of law in corporate law and the duration of this course is two years. The eligibility for this course is to complete the bachelor of law with an aggregate of 45%. Some reputed universities conduct examinations for education.

Some of the job types from this course are:

  1. Legal Counsel / Officer
  2. Associate advocate
  3. Associate professor
  4. Corporate lawyer

Diploma Courses in Corporate Law

Here are the diploma courses in corporate law

  • Diploma in Co-operative Law

It is a diploma level course and the duration of this course is one year. The eligibility course for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of 50% from a recognized institute or college.

  • Diploma in Co-operative Laws and practice (DCLP)

It is also a diploma level course and the duration of this course is one year. The eligibility course for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of 50% from a recognized institute or college.

  • Diploma in International Business Laws and Corporate Laws in India

It is also a diploma level course and the duration of this course is one year. The eligibility course for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of 50% from a recognized institute or college.

  • Post Graduation Diploma in Corporate Law (PGDCL)

It is a diploma after graduation level course and the duration of this course is one year. The eligibility course for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of 50% from a recognized institute or college.

Online Law Courses

Online law courses are usually very beneficial because if a law aspirant is much preferring online course then he/she can save time, Lower cost, an opportunity to switch careers, can practice individually.

These are the online Law courses provided in India.

  • FICCI's online course on IPRs (Intellectual Property Rights)
  • Certified law analyst courses by Law pundit global
  • Indian law institute also providing online course through shikshak
  • IALM's online courses on practical lawyering skills
  • Enhelion's certificate program
  • CIRC online course on competition law

Candidates working in the law field can continue their education with online courses. Some of the job designations that aspirants can able to reach are

  1. Criminal Lawyer
  2. Civil Litigation lawyer
  3. Document drafting lawyer
  4. Legal analyst
  5. Legal Journalist
  6. Legal advisor
  7. Government lawyer
  8. Judge

Law Certificate Courses

Here are some of the Law certification courses. Along with the certification courses the respective websites are also been provided below. The duration of these courses varies from one to another. The average duration to accomplish these certification courses are 4-6 months.

Law certificate courses
Certification course website
Corporate law Swayam
Corporate law analyst V Skills
Trademark analyst Shine learning
Business law analyst Shine learning
Corporate Law Target Study
Contract law analyst Shine learning
Human rights law professional Shine learning

Distance Law Courses

These are the top universities that provide distance law courses.

  • IGNOU
  • Annamalai University
  • National Law School of India University
  • Madurai Kamaraj University
  • Guru Nanak Dev University

Distance law courses provided by above-mentioned colleges

IGNOU

  1. Awareness course in Intellectual property rights
  2. Certificate in (Consumer protection, Cooperation, Co-operative and business, Human rights, and, Humanitarian
  3. PG Certificate in cyber
  4. PG Diploma in (Environment and Intellectual property rights)
  5. PhD

Annamalai University

  1. B.A. in Human Rights
  2. BAL - Bachelor of Academic Law
  3. BGL - Bachelor of General Law
  4. Diploma in (Human Rights, Labour with Administrative and Taxation)
  5. M.A in Human Rights
  6. PG Diploma in (Intellectual property and Medical laws & Ethics

National Law School of India University

  1. MBL Business
  2. PG Diploma in (Child Rights, Environmental, Human Rights, Intellectual Property Rights, and Medical & Ethics)

Madurai Kamaraj University

  1. B.G.L (General Law)
  2. PG Diploma in (Consumer, Information & Communication and Labour & Administrative)

Guru Nanak Dev University

  1. LLB (Academics)

Short Term Courses in Law in India

Some of the short term law courses are

  • Certificate Course in Consumer Awareness
  • Certificate Course in Women and Law
  • Diploma in Labour Laws (DLL)
  • Diploma in Taxation Laws (DTL)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Consumer Awareness
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Laws
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Rights and Patent Management

Law Courses after 12th

The below mentioned are the law courses after 12th

  • Bachelor of Legislative Law (LLB)
  • Bachelor of Law in Intellectual Property Rights

Bachelor of Legislative Law (LLB)

LL.B (Legum Baccalaureus) stands for bachelor of law. LL.B is derived from the Latin word, it is one of the law courses after 12th which every aspirant knows well. This is the first professional degree in law and anyone can choose masters in this after completing a bachelor's in law.

The duration of this course is three years.

Bachelor of Law in Intellectual Property Rights

Bachelor of Law in Intellectual Property Rights has gained prominence as one of the law courses after 12th in recent years, it is a three-year program and the eligibility required for this course is to complete class 12 with an aggregate of a minimum of 50% from a recognized college or institute. The candidates who pursue this degree or program will be eligible to become magistrate or judge.

LLB after Graduation

As we all might know there are two ways of pursuing LLB ie 5-year course and 3-year course. The five-year courses are integrated LLB courses like BA LLB, BCom LLB, BBA LLB. While to pursue an LLB after graduation, then the 3-year course is the only option. The age limit set by BCI (Bar Council of India) is 45. Normally candidates who want a job change pursue the 3-year LLB course. especially people from engineering background have taken a liking for 3-year LLB course.

However there is a disadvantage in LLB after graduation course ie students cannot choose any subject of their choice, they must study the subjects prescribed by the university. The students of the 3-year LLB course get less time to learn the legal subjects compared to 5-year LLB course. The students do get internships and moot court practice.

The option of LLB after graduation should be the last option reason is assuming you are an engineering graduate then it becomes 7-years of total education and it can be a tedious process to learn something completely new and succeed in it as a career. If you are planning to pursue LLB as course after 12th, go for the 5-year integrated course.

Law Diploma Courses

Some of the Law diploma courses are

  • Diploma in Criminology
  • Diploma in Business Law
  • Diploma in Human Rights
  • Diploma in Labour Law (DLL)
  • Diploma in Cyber Law

Diploma in Criminology

Diploma in Criminology is a one-year course and the eligibility for this course is graduation from B.A./B.Sc. in Criminology/Forensic Science/Computer Science. The course criminology is nothing related to catching criminals. This course gives you insights into the world of crime from different perspectives.

Diploma in Business Law

Diploma in Business law is a one-year program. This course is formulated for individuals who are working or studying in the business field and to help them provide certain skills required to solve legal complexities.

Diploma in Human Rights

Diploma in Human Rights is a three-year program and the eligibility for this course is to complete class 12. This course usually arises awareness about fundamental or basic rights that a human should be and follow. Some of the rights include cultural, economic and political rights such as the right to life, liberty, education, information, religion, movement, and, nationality.

Diploma in Labour Law (DLL)

Diploma in labour law is a one-year program where it imparts all the domain of labour laws. The eligibility criteria for this course is to complete under graduation with a minimum percentage of 55%.

Diploma in Cyber Law

Diploma in cyber law is a one-year program where the eligibility for this course is to complete class 12 from the recognized board. The course fee is almost up to INR 2,300 to 15,000.

Integrated Law Course

All Integrated courses are five-year degree courses. This is the choice for the students who want to complete both bachelor and master at the same time. The eligibility for this course is to complete intermediate or an equivalent law with an aggregate of a minimum of 50%.

  • Integrated Undergraduate degree
    • B.A.+LL.B
    • B.Sc.+LL.B
    • BBA+LLB
    • B.Com+LL.B
    • B.S.L.+LL.B
  • B.A.+LL.B. - Bachelor of Arts+Bachelor of Legislative Law
  • B.Sc.+LL.B. - Bachelor of Science+Bachelor of Legislative Law
  • BBA+LLB - Bachelor of Business Administration+Bachelor of Legislative Law
  • B.Com+LL.B - Bachelor of Commerce+Bachelor of Legislative Law
  • B.S.L.+LL.B - Bachelor of Socio-Legal Sciences+Bachelor of Legislative Law

Law Courses after Graduation

Master courses are the courses done after graduation and it can be either after a bachelor's or diploma. There are plenty of courses that are to be done after bachelors or diploma. Therefore, candidates do have various opportunities to select which stream they want to pursue.

Some of the master courses that are formulated after bachelors or diploma

  • Master of Legislative Law in Business Law
  • Master of Law in Constitutional Law and Administrative Law
  • Master of Law in Bharatiya Nyaya Darshan and Raj Dharma
  • Master of Law in Corporate and Finance Law
  • Master of Legislative Law in Criminal Law and Commercial Law
  • Master of Legislative Law in Criminal Law and Criminology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Administrative Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Business Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Child Rights and Development
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Consumer Laws
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Cyber Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Cyber Law and Intellectual Property Rights

Law Course Duration

Out of numerous course. LLB is the most common Law course opted by the students. LLB is a three-year undergraduate program. Later, students who complete LLB and want to pursue masters in this field can opt LLM which is masters and the duration of this program will be no more than two years. LLM program duration differs from one-course to another it can be either a one-year program or two-year program.

There is another program called the integrated program and the duration of this course is five years. It is the integration of LLM and LLB.

Top Law Colleges in India

The Colleges tabulated below are the top Law Colleges in India

Top Law Colleges in India
College Name Location
National Law School of India University Bangalore
National Law University New Delhi
Jindal Global Law School Sonipat
NALSAR Law University Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
Symbiosis Law School Pune
National Law University Jodhpur
Gujarat National Law University Gandhinagar
National Law Institute University Bhopal
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law Patiala
Faculty of Law University of Delhi Delhi
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkota
Maharastra National Law University Mumbai
Dr. Ram Manahor Lohiya National Law University Lucknow
Indian Law Society Law College Pune
National University of Advanced Legal studies Kochi
Chanakya National Law University Patna
National Law University Cuttack
Indian Law Institute New Delhi

Lawyer Salary in India

In general, on average, a lawyer in India earns between 3 to 5 Lakhs. Depending on the specializations and experience the salary of the lawyer varies and the survey says that there are advocates who charge from 5 Lakhs to 1 Crore for one court appearance.

The criminal lawyer generally earns from 6,00,000 to 8,00,000 per annum whereas intellectual property lawyer earns up to 3,00,000 per annum.

Corporate Lawyer earns on an average of 7,00,000 per annum and the Legal manager earns on an average of 8,00,000 per annum.

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S D Mishra

I am a graduate in BA English literature from Gujarat university in 1996 with 40% of marks.How and where I can do LLB.

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