How to Become a Lawyer in India - Law is the system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental bodies to regulate behaviour. It regulates and ensures that an individual or a community adheres to the will of the state.

 A person who practices law is called a Lawyer and is a professional who has knowledge of the law, legal procedures, and may represent his/her clients at court, provide the service of legal assistance and consultancy, indulge in legal research or work on legal drafts and documents.

In this article "How to become a lawyer in India". You can jump to any of the important session from the below table.

Sr. No.

Title

1.

What a lawyer will actually be doing?

2.

Admission Procedure and Exams to become a lawyer

3.

CLAT 2019 - How to become a lawyer

4.

Post Graduate Level

 


What a lawyer will actually be doing?

Representing a client and advising them on their legal situation is all in a day’s work for lawyers. From the individual cases to whole companies, from court proceedings to small disputes behind closed doors, it’s your job to act in your client's best interest.

Not just stuck in a courtroom, lawyers can work on criminal or civil lawsuits, so a variety of jobs can crop up. One day you're representing a client in court, the next you could be finalizing a divorce, drawing up a will or just advising on minor legal issues.

 The daily tasks of a Lawyer will depend on their client’s needs and whether they are specialized in a particular area of law, but they could be doing some or all of the following: 

  • Attending court hearings with prior preparation

  • Drawing up contracts and legal documents

  • Explaining the law and giving general legal advice 

  • Settling disputes and supervising any agreements

  • Researching and gathering evidence

  • Analysing legal documents

  • Supervising legal assistants

 Here are the 7 important qualities of a lawyer

How to become a lawyer


Admission Procedure and Exams to become a Lawyer

Under Graduate Level

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is the most written law entrance test in India after Class XII. CLAT started its journey in 2008 and today it has more than 40,000 students who write the entrance test every year to secure a seat in one of the National Law Universities including NLSIU Bangalore - the Harvard of the East and is conducted every year to select students for the 19 National Law Universities in India, other than the National Law University - Delhi & HP National Law University - Shimla, which have their own process to select the students.

CLAT Scores are also accepted by other law schools including NMIMS - Mumbai, UPES - Dehradun and Nirma University - Ahmedabad, to name a few.

Major law entrance exams for admission to LLB courses
5-year Integrated LLB (after Class 12)
Entrance Exam Participating law schools Website
CLAT 14 National Law Schools/Universities www.clat.ac.in
AILET - NLU Delhi National Law University, Delhi www.nludelhi.ac.in
LSAT India Over 40 Law Schools including Jindal Global Law School, Sonepat www.pearsonvue.com/lsatindiawww.jgls.edu.in
SET Symbiosis Law Schools Pune & Noida www.set-test.org
www.symlaw.ac.in
CET of GGS Indraprastha University, Delhi 6 law schools including USC, LS and
Amity Law School, Delhi
www.ipu.ac.in
CUSAT Cochin School of Legal Studies, Cochin www.cusat.ac.in
Bharti Vidyapeeth Pune New Law College, Pune www.bvuniversity.in
Christ University Christ University’s School of Law www.christuniversity.in
Panjab Univ. Chandigarh UILS Panjab University Chandigarh www.puchd.ac.in
AMU Aligarh Faculty of Law, AMU www.amu.ac.in
Jamia Milia, Delhi Faculty of Law, Jamia Milia Islamia www.jmi.ac.in
LAWCET of Andhra Pradesh All law colleges in AP affiliated to state universities www.apsche.org
CEE - Kerala Four government Law colleges of Kerala www.cee-kerala.org

Important Dates for CLAT (Tentative)

Events Dates (Tentative)
Admission Notification Release 3rd week of December 2018
Application Form Availability 1st January 2019
Last date for form submission 31st March 2019 (11:59 PM)
Downloading of Admit Card Starts 3rd week of April 2019
Date of CLAT Entrance Exam 12th May 2019 (3:00 PM to 5:00 PM)
Answer Key Release 3rd week of May 2019
Representation of questions or key Till 3rd week of May 2019
Uploading of amended answer key (if required) 4th week of May 2019
Result/Merit List Declaration Last week of May 2019
First Indicative Seat Allocation Publication 1st week of June 2019
The date for payment of counseling fee Till 2nd week of June 2019

CLAT Application Form 2019

  • The application form can be availed through the official website on online mode.

  • Registration for CLAT 2019 will begin from the 1st January 2019 and will end on 31st March 2019.

  • Only one application is to be filled by the candidate.

  • Upload your scanned photograph (Dimensions: 200×230 pixels & Size: 20KB to 50KB), Signature (Dimensions:  140×60 pixels & Size: 10KB to 20KB) and Special Abled Persons (SAP) certificate (If required).

  • There is no need to send a hard copy of the filled application to the CLAT office.

After successful submission of the form, no editing in the online application will be acceptable.

Application Fee for CLAT:

  • Candidates should pay 4000 Rupees as application fee.

  • For SC/ST category, it will be 3500 Rupees.

  • The fee payment will be done through credit card/debit card/net banking/pay wallet, etc.

  • Candidates can also make payment through offline mode (Bank Challan).

  • The application fee is non-refundable and non-adjustable.

Category

Fee

General/OBC/Special Abled Persons (SAP) & other categories

 4000 INR + extra charges

Scheduled Caste (SC)/Scheduled Tribe (ST)

 3500 INR + extra charges

Eligibility Criteria for CLAT

  • Candidates who will be filling the CLAT 2019 Application Form for the undergraduate law programmes should read the following Eligibility Criteria as mentioned:

  • Indian National/NRI/NRI Sponsored candidates can apply.

  • An NRI citizen can apply to those National Law Universities which has a special admission for them. A Foreign National can directly apply to the concerned institutions and need not appear for CLAT.

  • Appearing Candidates: Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying exam are also eligible.

Courses

Eligibility

Qualifying Exam

Minimum Marks

For UG Integrated Courses

Pass 10+2 examination from the recognized board.

Secure a minimum of 45% marks (for Unreserved/OBC/Special Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories) & 40% marks (for SC/ST categories).

For PG Courses

Pass LLB/5 years Integrated LLB (Hons.)/any other equivalent examination.

Secure a minimum of 55% marks (for Unreserved/OBC/Special Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories) & 50% marks (for SC/ST categories).


CLAT 2019 - How to become a lawyer

Exam Pattern for CLAT 2019

  • Exam Date: The examination will be held on 12th May 2019.

  • Mode: The examination will be conducted in online mode (computer-based test).

  • Duration: The exam duration will be 2 hours.

  • Type of Questions: Multiple choice/Objective type questions will be asked.

  • Number of Questions: Total 200 questions (for UG) & 150 questions (for PG) will be asked in the examination.

  • Total Marks: The question paper will be of 200 marks (for UG) & 150 marks (for PG).

  • Marking Scheme: For every correct answer, 1 mark shall be allotted.

  • Negative Marking: For every incorrect answer, 25 marks shall be deducted.

Courses

Subjects

Marks

Duration

For UG courses (Integrated)

English, including Comprehension

40

2 hours

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

50

Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)

20

Legal Aptitude

50

Logical Reasoning

40

For PG Courses

Constitutional Law

50

2 hours

Jurisprudence

50

Other Law Subjects such as Contract law, Torts law, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc.

50

Syllabus for CLAT 2019:

  • English: The English section of the test will include comprehension passages and grammar such as the definitions of words used, comprehension of the passage, filling the blanks in sentences with appropriate words, correcting the incorrect usage of grammar in sentences, etc.

  • General Knowledge and Current affairs: This section will include general awareness such as static general knowledge, questions on national and international current affairs, etc.

  • Mathematics: This test will check the candidate’s knowledge of elementary mathematics (maths studied in class 10th)

  • Legal Aptitude: This test is done in order to evaluate and verify the interest of candidates towards the study of law, research aptitude,problem-solving ability, legal propositions, etc.

  • Logical reasoning: Will include syllogisms, identification of patterns, logical sequences, rectification of illogical arguments, logical links, analogies, etc.

CLAT Preparation Tips

To crack any entrance exam, preparation is compulsory. The following are a few preparation tips & tricks for How to prepare for the CLAT exam:

  • Time management is one of the most important factors for any exam preparation. Hence, manage your time for each section including revision.

  • Prepare from the CLAT Exam books which consist of all the related subjects and keep in touch with day to day news for the current affairs.

  • Solve the past year question papers & sample papers for CLAT to get an idea about the examination.

  • Practicing from the different mock tests that will be available online, will help the students appearing for the exam to achieve good marks in the exam.

  • Make short notes which will include important tricks & formulas.

 CLAT Admit Card 2019

  • The CLAT 2019 admit card will be given only for the candidates who have completed their registrations & made the payment.

  • Candidates will download the admit card/hall ticket through online mode by logging into their LOGIN accounts.

  • The CLAT Hall Ticket 2019 will be issued sometime in the third week of April 2019.

  •  Admit cards will not be provided through the offline mode or by post.

  • Candidates should carry their downloaded admit card along with all the required documents to the examination hall.

  • Along with the Admit card, candidates should also bring a Photo and an ID proof such as Aadhaar Card/Voter ID/ Passport/Driving License.

CLAT Answer Key 2019

  • The answer key can be checked by the candidate sometime in the third week of May 2019 on the official website at the login window by using their e-mail id and password.

  • If candidates have any objection regarding the published answer key, they can contact the officials until May 2019.

  • The final answer key will be released sometime in the fourth week of May 2019.

CLAT 2019 Result

  • The result will be declared in the last week of May, 2019through the online mode.

  • To check the results, candidates have to log in with their email ID username & Password respectively.

  • There will be no other way to check the result.

  • Candidates should download their scorecard for further admission purposes.

CLAT Cut Off 2019

  • Candidates must check the official website for the details of the CLAT 2019 cut off releasing mode, and date.

  • The cut off will be released by the university for the examination only after the result is announced.

  • It will be published in the month of May 2019 through the online mode.

  • With the help of the cut off marks, candidates will know their chances of admission to the various law colleges and universities of India.

CLAT Counselling 2019

After the declaration of the result, the authority will be releasing its first seat allotment list on the basis of merit and preference in the first week of June 2019. The details for the CLAT 2019 counseling process is as mentioned below:

  • A centralized counseling for admission to the UG & PG law courses in the listed universities will be conducted by the authorities.

  • The counseling will be conducted in 4 rounds.

  • The fee payment & exercising options will start in the month of June 2019.

  • Candidates have to pay 50,000 rupees as counseling fee which will be adjusted at the time of admission.

  • The allotment of seats will be done on the basis of merit and preference, i.e. CLAT rank, an order of preferences, category, number of seats, availability of seats, etc.


Post Graduate Level

Common Law Admission Test for postgraduate law programmes commonly known as CLAT PG and is a portal for admissions to the Master of Laws(LLM) programs in the 19 National Law Universities (NLUs). In 2001, CLAT PG exam was conducted by the Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL), Patiala and the CLAT PG score is also used by the other private law colleges across the country and Public-Sector Undertakings for admissions and recruitment respectively.

CLAT Eligibility Criteria 2019 - Post Graduate Level

  • The students who are going to be appearing for CLAT 2019 aspiring to get admission into postgraduate law programmes need to go through the following:

  • Candidates applying for the postgraduate law programmes, need to possess a bachelor’s degree in law. The law degree can either be the five-year integrated programme or the three-year law programme from an institution approved by the Bar Council of India.

  • A candidate has to score at least 55 per cent in his/her qualifying degree. Whereas candidates belonging to the reserved categories have been given a 5 per cent concession due to which they have to score only 50 per cent marks in their qualifying degree of law. 

  • There are no age criteria to appear in CLAT 2019 to seek admission into the postgraduate law programme.

3-year LLB (after graduation)

Entrance Test

Participating Law Schools

Website

University of Delhi (DU) LLB Entrance Test

Faculty of Law- Law Centre I&II and
Campus Law Centre

www.du.ac.in

BHU – UET (Law)

Law School, Faculty of Law Banaras
Hindu University

www.bhu.ac.in

LSAT-India

Jindal Global Law School OP Jindal Global University, Sonipat

www.pearsonvue.com/lsatindia/
www.jgls.edu.in

Panjab University

Department of Law, PU Chandigarh

www.puchd.ac.in

LAWCET of Andhra Pradesh

All law colleges in AP affiliated to
state universities

www.apsche.org

CEE – Kerala

Four Govt. law colleges in Kerala

www.cee-kerala.org

Kurukshetra University

Department of Law, KU Kurukshetra

www.kuk.ac.in

MD University, Rohtak

Department of Law, MDU Rohtak

www.mdurohtak.ac.in

IIT Kharagpur (Own Test & LSAT-India)

Rajeev Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, IIT Kharagpur)

www.iitkgp.ac.in



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