In this article "Full form of - MS/M.Sc, MBBS MS/ MD, MCA, BBA, MBA, BHMS, BAMS" you will get more details on each topic such as eligibility criteria, top colleges, scope and so on.

You can directly jump into any of the sessions, to get more details on eligibility criteria, entrance exam, top colleges, salary and so on.



Top Colleges






Master of Computer Applications

MCA top colleges

M.Sc./ M.S

Master Of Science

M.Sc./M.S. top colleges


Bachelor’s of Business Administration

BBA top colleges


Bachelor of Technology

B.Tech top colleges 


Bachelor of Commerce

B.Com top colleges 


Bachelor of Arts

B.A. top colleges 


Master of Business Administration

MBA top colleges


Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine, and Surgery

BAMS Top colleges


Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery

BHMS top colleges


Doctor of Philosophy



Full-Form of MS in various departments



Full-Form of MD in various departments 


Full-Form of MBBS

The full form of MBBS is "Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery". The course has been designed for all the students who aspire to take up medicine as a profession. It looks into giving the students both theoretical as well as practical knowledge about the field. The duration of the course is for five and a half years, which includes a year of compulsory internship.

Eligibility criteria for MBBS

Here are the eligibility criteria required for MBBS

  • The students who are aspiring for medical have to complete their 10+2 from the science stream.

  • The students should have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. They should also know the fundamentals of Mathematics.

  • The students should have also studied General English.

  • The students should have scored a minimum of 50% in their 10+2.

  • If you are from the OBC or the SC/ST category then the minimum aggregate should be at least 40%.

  • Each medical college in the country has its own different set of eligibility criteria that have to be fulfilled by the candidates.

  • You should be above the age of 17 years.

Entrance Exams for MBBS Courses

There are various entrance exams held for medical in India. The entrance exams are held at both the national level and state level. Few of the universities have their own set of entrance exams. If you want to join a particular university and if they have their own entrance exam then there it wouldn’t be necessary for you to give a national level entrance exam.

Students can start preparing for the entrance exams from class 10 itself because many people appear for the exams and only a few are selected.

Few of the entrance exams that are held for medical courses in India are

  • NEET - National Eligibility Entrance Test held by the Central Board of Secondary Education.

  • AIIMS MBBS - This is the entrance exam held for admission into the All India Institute for Medical Sciences.

  • JIPMER MBBS - This is the entrance test held for the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research.

Check: Other Popular MBBS Entrance Exams

Note- Students can refer NCERT books 11th and 12th classes for the subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, in order to prepare better for these entrance exams.

Post-graduation after MBBS

After completing MBBS, one is eligible to be a general physician because during the course of 5.5 years they will be taught about different fields in medicine.

  • One is also eligible to use the prefix Dr. before their name.

  • Most of the students prefer to do a specialization (e.g. MS, MD,etc.) after completing their MBBS.

  • The specialization will help them become masters in the field of their choice.

  • The two courses that one can do after completing their MBBS are Doctor of Medicine(MD) or Master of Surgery(MS).

Full-Form of MBBS MD

Full-Form of MD is "Doctor of Medicine". One is eligible to do a Doctor of Medicine (MD) after completing their MBBS from a university or a college recognized by the Medical Council of India. The course will be for a duration of 3 years. The curriculum of the MD will be completed through many mediums like theory papers, classroom lectures, group discussions, research, oral interviews, clinical practice, etc.

There are many options for specialization for students who choose to do MD, few of the options are:

General Medicine
Geriatric medicine
Forensic medicine
Radiotherapy Pharmacology
Pediatrics Physiology
Anatomy Psychiatry

Full-Form of MBBS MS

The full form of MS is "Master of Surgery". This is for students who want to specialize in the subject of surgery. The course duration is for 3 years with 6 semesters. The students who have passed MBBS with a minimum aggregate of 50% are considered eligible for this course.

To join an MS course you need to write an additional entrance test. Few of the entrance tests are UP PGMEE (UP Post-Graduate Medical Entrance Examination), AIPGMEE (All India Post-Graduate Medical Entrance Examination), and DUPGMET (Delhi University Post Graduate Medical Entrance Test).

The students will be taught the courses through various mediums like an oral interview, practical experiments, research, and thesis.

Few of the specializations that students can take up are:

ENT Orthopedics
Traumatology and Surgery Ophthalmology
Obstetrics and Gynecology Neurosurgery
Ophthalmology Anesthesia

Students are expected to have good physical and mental health as a surgical process can be very stressful.

Top Colleges for MBBS in India

You can become a doctor in India by joining any of the Top MBBS Colleges in India, admissions into these colleges are highly competitive but the educational qualities are top-notch. Some of the top MBBS colleges are as mentioned below:

Top MBBS Colleges in India

Top Colleges for MBBS In India
Sr No  Top Colleges for MBBS In India
1 All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
2 Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
3 Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi
4 Madras Medical College (MMC), Chennai
5 Grant Medical College (GMC), Mumbai
6 Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
7 Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Mangalore
8 Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry
9 Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
10 King George’s Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow

Career Prospects of MBBS Graduates in India

The doctor-patient ratio as of the year 2017 was at 1:921, which means for every 921 people there is 1 doctor. This simply means that we need more doctors in the country. The career graph of a doctor will always be on the positive side because the demand for a doctor will never reduce. After completing MBBS one can either choose to join a hospital as a paid employee or set up his own venture.

A few of the job profiles that one can choose are that of a physician, researcher, scientist, or even a lecturer/ professor. Many medical colleges are in need of good professors and one can become a lecturer immediately after finishing their MBBS. There is no graduate of medical who doesn’t have a job. If you genuinely have the passion for treating the people in need then you can also look for a job in rural areas because the number of health centres in rural sectors is less compared to that in the urban areas.

MBBS graduates are also eligible to be a part of medical researches. You can be more efficient at your job if you keep yourself updated about all the new innovations in the field of medicine. There are a lot of job opportunities in countries like the UK and the US as well.

Salary of MBBS graduates

The basic level salary for a medical graduate is approximately around Rs. 20,000 to Rs.35,000. Your salary also depends upon the level of knowledge and experience one has. As you grow on the career graph one can be paid around Rs.800,000 to Rs.1,000,000 per annum.

Full-Form of BDS

The full form of BDS is "Bachelor of Dental Surgery". This course is designed for students who want to pursue their career as a Dentist. The duration of the BDS degree varies between 3 to 5 years. It also includes a year internship, which is mandatory for students. This course can be carried out as a full time or part time course.

Many colleges in India offer a BDS degree through a distance learning program. Dental Council of India gives permission to dentist's to practice this profession, by allowing themselves to register in the council. 

Eligibility criteria for BDS

Here are the eligibility criteria required for BDS

  • The students who are aspiring for medical have to complete their 10+2 from the science stream.

  • The students should have studied Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English. They should also know the fundamentals of Mathematics.

  • The students should have also studied General English.

  • The students should have scored a minimum of 50% in their 10+2.

  • If you are from the OBC or the SC/ST category then the minimum aggregate should be at least 40%.

  • Each medical college in the country has its own different set of eligibility criteria that have to be fulfilled by the candidates.

  • You should be above the age of 17 years.

Check: Top BDS Entrance Exams

Full-Form of MCA

The full form of MCA is "Master of Computer Application" which is a post-graduate course in the field of information technology. It is beneficial for candidates who want a career in the IT sector without doing engineering. The course is designed for professionals in the IT field that deal with a lot of technical aspects of computers.

Eligibility Criteria for MCA

Here are the eligibility criteria for MCA

  • The students who have completed an undergraduate from any of the recognized universities are eligible for doing this course.

  • The students can be from any stream in their 10+2.

  • If students have completed engineering, BCA, or any other equivalent course, they are considered eligible for the course.

  • The students from the general category should have scored a minimum of 50% in their previous exams and the students from the OBC category or the SC/ST should have a minimum aggregate of 45%.

Skills Required for MCA Courses

Here are the skills required to opt MCA Courses

  • Having a good command of programming languages such as Java, Net, C, C++, ASP.NET, etc. will be not only beneficial but will also help you grow faster in your career path.

  • Languages like PHP, JavaScript, CSS, HTML, JavaScript, etc. will be advantageous for those who want to focus on web designing.

  • Being skilled in SQL, LINUX, etc. will help in the field of networking.

  • Certification courses like Cisco Certified Network Associate(CCNA), Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP), Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) will help you enhance your knowledge and also help you get a better position in an organization.

Entrance Exams for MCA Courses

The admission for the MCA course will be completely based on the performance in the entrance test. The entrance exam will test the mathematics and reasoning skills of a student. The top universities will accept the applications of the students who have done well in the entrance test and have appeared in the merit list.

Few of the entrance exams held for MCA in India are

NIMCET- National Institute of Technology Common Entrance Test)
VITMEE- Vellore Institute of Technology MCA Entrance Exam
IIST- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology
AP ICET- (Andhra Pradesh Integrated Common Entrance Test
MAH MCA CET- Maharashtra Common Entrance Test
IPU CET- Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test
OJEE- Odisha Joint Entrance Exam
TS ICET- Telangana State Integrated Common Entrance Test
Check: Other Popular MCA Entrance Exams

Syllabus for MCA

The syllabus for the MCA course is as follows:

MCA Syllabus
Semester Theory Practical

First Semester

  • Paradigms of Programming

  • UNIX and Shell Programming

  • Mathematical Foundation of Computer Science

  • Computer and ‘C’ Programming

  • Computer Organization

  • General Proficiency

  • Programming lab

  • Unix/ Linux and Shell Programming Lab

  • Organization Lab

Second Semester

  • Computer Architecture and Microprocessor

  • Combinatory and graph theory

  • Computer-Base numerical and statistical techniques

  • Data and file structuring using ‘C’

  • Organizational Structure and personnel management

  • Object-oriented systems in C++

  • C++ Lab

  • Data Structure Lab

  • Microprocessor Lab

  • General proficiency

Third Semester

  • Computer Networks

  • Database Management System

  • Design and Analysis of algorithm

  • Internet and JAVA programming

  • Operating System

  • System Programming

  • DAA Lab

  • DBMS Lab

  • JAVA Lab

  • General proficiency

Fourth Semester

  • Elective 1 

  • Computer Graphics and Animation

  • Foundation of e-commerce Modelling and simulation Software Engineering

  • Visual Basic

  • Computer Graphics Lab

  • General proficiency

  • Software Engineering Lab

  • Visual Basic Lab

Fifth Semester

  • Elective 2

  • Elective 3

  • ERP System

  • Net Framework and C

  • Management Information System

  • WEB Technology

  • Colloquium

  • Net Framework & C

  • WEB Technology Lab

  • General Proficiency

Sixth Semester

  • Industrial Project


Top Colleges for MCA in India

The MCA course is for a duration of 3 years with a total of 6 semesters. The course has to be done full-time either in a regular university/ college or through correspondence. Each year of the course focuses on different aspects of the field and students will be trained through theoretical and practical mediums.

Some of the Top MCA Colleges in India are as listed below

IITM University, Gwalior
University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal
GLS Institute of Technology, Ahmedabad
Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi
Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
National Institute of Technology, Warangal
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, [MNNIT] Allahabad

 Career Prospects and Job profiles of MCA graduates

The IT sector has seen a boom in the last decade and it has been growing ever since. MCA graduates can easily find jobs in the private as well as the public sectors. The more technical knowledge you have, the better position you will be able to get into an organization.

Top universities offer jobs through campus placements where usually well-reputed companies come and hire candidates. This will give you a good boost in the initial stages of your career. During the initial stages of the job, one will be trained for a couple of months and then taken on board for various live projects.

The main duty of an IT professional is developing, testing, and sometimes includes maintaining the software as well. The options of sectors in which IT professionals is vast and includes sectors like banking, IT Companies, desktop publishing, networking, etc.

Few of the job profiles that will be assigned to the MCA graduates are:

Computer system analyst
Software Developer
Database administrator
Software Engineer or Programmer
Hardware Engineer
Software Publisher
Project Manager
Senior Technical Consultant
Software Application Architect
Web Developer or Web Designer
Software Consultant

Few of the public sector units that hire IT professionals are:

  • National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd. (NTPC)

  • Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)

  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)

Few of the private sector companies that hire IT Professionals are:

Wipro IBM
Tata Consultation Services
Hindustan Computers Ltd. (HCL)
Hewlett and Packard (HP)
Cognizant Accenture
American Express Syntel

Salary of an MCA graduate

The average salary of an IT Professional in India at present is Rs 350,000 to Rs 450,000 per annum. The pay will increase as you gain experience and update yourself with all the technical aspects as well. You also have a chance of getting promotion to the management level and this will also fetch you more earnings as you grow.

Full-Form of MS / M.Sc

The full form of MS / M.Sc is a Master Of Science degree is given for various specializations. The degree is considered to be higher than an undergraduate or bachelor’s degree and lesser than a Ph.D. M.Sc. degree can be attained in various fields depending on the interest of the student. The duration of the course is for 2 years.

In most of the foreign nations, M.Sc. is also known as MS (especially in American countries). The difference in specializations offered is very minimal or nil. The only difference is that the duration for the MS course if for 2 years, whereas the duration of the M.Sc. course is for 3 years. Moreover, MS includes extensive research work that has to be done. Most people prefer to complete their MS at a university abroad.

Eligibility for M.Sc. Courses

Here are the eligibility criteria required for MSC courses

  • The student should have finished a bachelor’s degree or a course which is equivalent.

  • You should have passed with a minimum aggregate of 55%, in order to attain admission.

  • The most advantageous aspect of this course is that this course does not have any sort of an age limit and can be done at any point of time in a person’s life.

  • The eligibility can differ from one university or a college to another.

Entrance test for M.Sc. Courses 

Writing an entrance test is not compulsion is most of the universities. The reputable colleges of the country conduct entrance tests before accepting the applications.

Few of the entrance tests for M.Sc. are:

AIIMS PG- All India Institute of Medical Sciences
IPU CET- Guru Gobind Indraprastha University Entrance Exam
IIST- Indian Institute of Science and Technology
IGNOU- Indira Gandhi National Open University
IIT JAM- Indian Institute of Technology- Joint Admission Test
ISMEE - Indian School of Mines Entrance Exam
DUET - Delhi University Entrance Test
University of Pune Entrance Exam
Check: Other Popular M.Sc Entrance Exams

M.Sc. specializations available in India

M.Sc. specializations are available in various categories, the students can choose what interests them the most depending on their background as well. Few of the specializations that the students can choose from are:

M.Sc. in Atmospheric Science
M.Sc. in Environmental Science
M.Sc. in Biotechnology
M.Sc. in Geology
M.Sc. in Biological Sciences
M.Sc. in Information technology
M.Sc. in Botany
M.Sc. in Mathematics
M.Sc. in Chemistry
M.Sc. in Meteorology
M.Sc. in Clinical Psychology
M.Sc. in Organizational Leadership
M.Sc. in Electronics M.Sc. in Physics
M.Sc. in Economics M.Sc. in Zoology

Top Colleges for MSC in India

Master of Science/M.Sc. is mostly given in the fields of science, technology, and mathematics. One can even attain an M.Sc. in economics, which is considered to be liberal arts. It is basically given out in the subjects which are dealt with scientific principles or theories. Some of the Top M.Sc Colleges in India are as follows

Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad
Christ University, Bangalore
Stephen’s College, New Delhi
Miranda House, New Delhi
Chandigarh University, Mohali
Fergusson College, Pune
Loyola College, Chennai
Madras Christian College, Chennai
Manav Rachna University, Faridabad
Hindu College, New Delhi

Scope of M.Sc. in India

Sc. is one of the best options for science graduates. The demand for M.Sc. graduates in various sectors has been increasing and you will be guaranteed a good job after you successfully finish the course with good grades. Having many options for specializations in M.Sc. is the most beneficial part of the course. The main sectors in which one can get a job in medicine, chemical, petrochemical & Polymer industries.

The graduates M.Sc. also have the option of working as researchers in organizations like BAARC and ISRO. The demand for M.Sc. graduates is prevalent in both private and public sector units. You can apply for a technical as well as a non-technical position after completing this course.

Job Profile of an M.Sc. Graduate

The job profile or the sectors in which an M.Sc. graduate can work are very diverse and vast. They can specialize in one field but work in related fields as well. The demand for M.Sc. graduates prevails in both public and private sector units this makes finding a job easier.

After completion of M.Sc., you are eligible for a Ph.D. as well, and this will enhance your knowledge and also the chances of getting a job. Many colleges also take M.Sc. graduates as professors and even researchers.

Few of the job profiles that can be chosen by an M.Sc. graduate are:

Manager Scientist
Professor Field Officer
Statistician Lab Technician
Research Analyst
Junior Software Engineer
Quantitative Developer
Assistant professor
Research Assistant

Industries that hire an M.Sc. graduate:

BHEL Research
BAARC Teaching
Government Sector
ONGC Private Sector
HPCL Railways
ISRO Banks

Salary of an M.Sc. Graduate

The basic salary of an M.Sc. graduate at the initial days is around Rs.25,000 to Rs.35,000. There are many institutions willing to pay more for M.Sc. graduates. If you have completed M.Sc. from a foreign university, then you have a chance of getting paid higher. The more experience you gain through your career, the more you can earn. If you grow consistently through your career, then you can earn furthermore. 

Full-Form of BBA

The full form of BBA is "Bachelor of Business Administration" which is an undergraduate program that focuses on developing the management and administration skills of a student. This course focuses on enhancing the entrepreneurial skills of the students. This has become a most sought-after course as it acts as a base for an MBA.

The duration of the BBA course is spread over 3 years. The course can either be done as a full-time course or as a correspondence course depending upon the convenience of the student. The course is also known as Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS), Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS), and Bachelor of Business Management (BBM).

Eligibility for BBA Courses

Here are the eligibility criteria required for BBA Courses

  • The candidates from any stream can apply for the course.

  • The students should have scored a minimum aggregate of 50% in their 10+2, although the cut off differs from one college to another.

  • The entrance exam can either be conducted or not conducted depending on the institution.

  • If there is an entrance test conducted then it will usually test the students on their general English, reasoning, quantitative aptitude, and a little amount of subject knowledge.

  • Foreign nationals have to clear the GCE ‘A’ level or any other examination that is considered equivalent to +2 system if they want to pursue this course.

Check: Top BBA Entrance Exams

Subjects in BBA

Here is the list of subjects provided in the BBA course

Business Laws
Introduction to Operations Research
Business Data Processing
Marketing Management
Business Mathematics and Statistics
Principles of Management
Business Economics
Production and Material Management
Financial and Management Accounting
Personnel Management and Industrial Relations

Syllabus for BBA

Here is the BBA Syllabus

BBA Syllabus



First Semester

  • Financial Accounting

  • Quantitative Methods 1

  • Human Resource Management 1

  • Principles of Management 1

  • Computer Applications

Second Semester

  • Business Law 1

  • Effective Communication 1

  • Managerial Economics 1

  • Management Accounting 1

  • Principles of Management 2

Third Semester

  • Business Law 2

  • Business Environment

  • Family Business Management

  • Management Accounting 2

  • Project Work

Fourth Semester

  • Effective Communication 2

  • Human Resource Management 2

  • Financial management 1

  • Managerial Economics 2

  • Quantitative Methods in Business 2

Fifth Semester

  • Direct taxes

  • Indirect Taxes

  • Operations Management

  • Marketing Management

  • Research Methodology in Management

Sixth Semester

  • International Marketing

  • Environment Management

  • Export/ Import Management

  • Public Relations Management

  • Project Management

Seventh Semester

  • Management Services

  • Management of Co-operatives and NGO

  • Retail Management

  • Rural Marketing

  • Supply Chain/ Logistics Management

Eighth Semester

  • Business Decision making

  • Business Strategy for Entrepreneurship

  • Market Research

  • Financial Management 2

  • Management of Small Scale Industries

Ninth Semester

  • Brand Management

  • Global Business management

  • Management Control and Evaluation of Indian Management Practices

  • Productive Quality Management

  • Project Work

The syllabus can differ from one university to another, however, the subjects given above will be covered through different means. The students also have the subject of General English and any other language of their choice.

Top Colleges for BBA in India

Students can experience the best quality management studies in any of the following Top BBA Colleges in India

  • Christ University, Bangalore

  • Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS), Mumbai

  • Madras Christian College, Chennai

  • ICAFAI Business School (IBS), Hyderabad

  • Symbiosis Institute of International Business, Pune

  • GIBS Business School, Bangalore

  • FLAME University, Pune

  • New Delhi Institute of Management (NDIM), New Delhi

  • Nirma Institute of Management, Ahmedabad

  • AIMS Institutes, Bangalore

BBA Employment Areas

Here are the employment areas for BBA graduate

  • Export Companies
  • Banks
  • Financial Organizations
  • Educational Institutes
  • Marketing Organizations
  • Multinational Companies
  • Business Consultancies

Career Prospects and Job Profile of a BBA Graduate

The job of a business administration professional is very vital in every organization. There is a lot of growth opportunities for a BBA graduate. After completing BBA most of the students opt to do an MBA which will offer more opportunities for them. Even the public sector units need an administrative body to look after the functioning of the business, hence, a BBA graduate can seek work in the public sector as well.

The job profiles that will be offered to BBA graduates are:

  • Marketing Manager
  • Business Consultant
  • Finance Manager
  • Business Administration Researcher
  • Human Resource Manager
  • Research and Development Manager
  • Information Systems Manager

Salary of BBA Graduates

The basic pay scale for a BBA graduate will be from Rs.300,000 to Rs.500,000 per annum. If you are from a well-reputed college with good academic performance then you can expect higher pay. As you grow in your career you have a lot of chances to earn more and also be a part of the top-level management. 

Full-Form of B.Tech

The full form of B.Tech is a Bachelor of Technology. This is an undergraduate engineering degree awarded in many countries like India, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, etc. The duration of this degree program varies from 3 to 4 years depending on different countries and universities. In India, an undergraduate degree program is divided into eight semesters. There are many top institutes or colleges that provide a B.Tech degree and some of them are Indian Institute of Technology (IITs), National Institute of Technology (NIT), and many more are there. The State and Central Governments conducts an entrance exam to take admission in various engineering colleges and some private colleges also conduct their own entrance exams. Some of the main entrance exams for B.Tech are JEE Advanced, JEE Main, and UPSEE. The eligibility criteria for this B.Tech are that a candidate must have completed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

Check: List of B.Tech Entrance Exams

Top Colleges for B.Tech in India

Students can experience the best quality studies in any of the following Top B.Tech Colleges in India which are listed below.

  • All Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) Colleges
  • NIT Trichy - National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli (NITT)
  • NIT Rourkela - National Institute of Technology (NITRKL), Rourkela
  • VIT University - Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  • Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala
  • BITS Pilani - Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
  • Jamia Millia Islamia - JMI, New Delhi
  • NIT Calicut - National Institute of Technology, Calicut, and many more are there.

Full-Form of B.Com 

The full form of B.Com is a Bachelor of Commerce. It is a 3-year undergraduate degree programme in commerce stream. The minimum qualification required to apply for is that a candidate should have a commerce background in class 12th. Students can get direct admission without giving any entrance exam for this course. The duration of this degree program is 3 years. This program is divided into six semesters.  Commerce graduates have plenty of career options in both the private and public sectors where they can work as accountants, auditors, taxation specialists, etc.  There are many top colleges in India for B.Com which are Christ Univerity, Bangalore, Shri Ram College of Commerce (SRCC), New Delhi, and many more are there. Some of the B.Com subjects being taught in various colleges and universities are Economics, Business Law, Cost Accounting, Business Management, Financial Accounting, etc.

Check: Top B.Com Entrance Exams

Top Colleges for B.Com in India

There are so many top colleges for B.Com where students can take admission and some of them are listed below.

  • Shri Ram College of Commerce (SRCC), New Delhi
  • Jain University (JU), Bangalore
  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • ST. Xavier's College, Mumbai
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Hindu College, New Delhi
  • Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai
  • Symbiosis College of Arts and Commerce, Pune
  • Hansraj College (HRC), New Delhi 
  • ST. Xavier's College, Kolkata

Full-Form of B.A. 

The full form of B.A. is a Bachelor of Arts. It is a 3-year undergraduate degree programme in the arts stream. This stream are for those students who want to pursue arts after 12th. Here, no need to give the entrance exam to apply for this course. This programme is divided into six semesters where it is required to choose only five subjects for the course and the subjects usually include English, maths, economics, history, philosophy, sociology, geography, education, home science, and social work. B.A. graduates have plenty of career options in both the private and public sectors where they can get a job easily. In the private sector, they can work in BPOs, KPOs, consultancies, journalism, etc. and in the public sector, they can work in banks, railways, etc. There are many top colleges for B.A. where you can get admission such as Loyola College, Chennai, ST. Xavier's College, Mumbai, Christ University, Bangalore, and many more are there.

Check: Top B.A. Entrance Exams

Top Colleges for B.A. in India

There are plenty of options of top colleges for B.A. where students can take admission and some of the best colleges are listed below.

  • Loyola College, Chennai
  • St. Xavier's College, Mumbai
  • Miranda House, New Delhi
  • Jai Hind College (JHC), Mumbai
  • Sri Krishna Arts and Science College, Coimbatore
  • Delhi College of Arts and Commerce (DCAC), New Delhi
  • ST. Xavier's College - (SXC), Kolkata
  • Kristu Jayanti College (KJC), Bangalore
  • Symbiosis College of Arts and Commerce, Pune
  • RH Patel Arts and Commerce College, Ahemdabad

Full form of MBA

Full form of MBA is  "Master of Business Administration" which is a postgraduate course that focuses on strengthening the theoretical as well as applied knowledge in the field of administration and management. It teaches the students about various ways to manage different aspects of a business. The demand for this course has been increasing as the need for more people in the administrative bodies have been seen.

Eligibility Criteria and Entrance Exams for MBA courses

The student should have finished their undergraduate or an equivalent course from any stream of their choice. They need to have scored a minimum aggregate of 50% to be considered eligible for the course.

Most of the colleges' select students based on their performance in the various entrance exams, however, few of the management schools will select their students through different rounds such as group discussions and personal interviews.

Common Aptitude Test (CAT), XAT, GMAT, JMET or MAT are the few of the entrance exams that students have to write in order to get into any of the management courses.

The entrance exams will test the students in fields of reasoning, logic, English, and general aptitude. Top leading management schools like IIM’s will expect the students to write an essay as well.

Check: Other Popular MBA Entrance Exams

Types of MBA

Here are the types of MBA available in India

  • General MBA

    • The main aim of General MBA is to cover different aspects of business administration which is not restricted to one particular field.

    • The topics that are covered in a general MBA are business policy, marketing, economics, and human resources.

    • The students also have the option of choosing a specialization of one particular field of management like human resources, marketing or international business.

  • Specialized MBA

    • Specialized MBA helps the students earn a higher level of knowledge in one particular field of management.

    • Having a specialized MBA will act as an advantage when you want to apply for a particular department in an organization.

    • A few of the branches in specialized MBA are Banking, Retail, infrastructure, and Agriculture. 

Popular MBA specializations

Here are the popular MBA specializations provided in Indian Colleges

Industry/ Operations
Corporate strategy/ Consulting
Information Systems/IT/Technology
International Management
Organizational Behaviour
Finance Marketing
General Management/ Strategy
Media/ Communications/ Entertainment
Human Resources
Non-profit/ Ethics
Health Care Management
Supply Chain Management

Different Modes of Education and Curriculum in MBA

Here are the different modes of education and curriculum in the MBA course

  • Full-time

    • As the name suggests this a full-fledged MBA program where students are expected to come to the chosen campus and learn the various concepts.

    • The duration of a full-time MBA is 2 years.

    • Students are allowed to choose various specializations like Finance, Marketing, Human resources, Information Technology, Systems, International Trade, Consumer Behavior, Risk Management, Operations and logistics, and others.

  • Executive MBA

    • This course is also called as EMBA.

    • The course is mainly designed for induvial who are pursuing a job but also want to continue studying.

    • This course helps in enhancing the managerial skills of a business professional.

    • Concepts of inter-relationships that exist between various business operations and personality development are covered in the curriculum of this course.

  • Part-time MBA

    • This type of MBA is for those who are not able to pursue a full-time MBA.

    • A part-time MBA is chosen by working induvial.

    • The syllabus of a part-time MBA is different from that of other types of MBA.

  • Distance Learning MBA

    • Distance learning MBA is very similar to that of the correspondence course.

    • The material of learning includes television programmes, paper material, e-mail, etc.

    • The students have to attend almost no classes and just have to appear for the examination.

    • This type of MBA has a different syllabus and even the duration varies.

    • A separate department in every university is responsible for the syllabus of this type of MBA.

  • Online MBA

    • This is a type of MBA where the teaching happens completely on a virtual platform.

    • The study material includes conventional study material as well as virtual lessons.

Syllabus of MBA Courses

Here is the year-wise syllabus generally provided by the MBA colleges in India

First Year

MBA First Year Syllabus



First Semester

  • Financial Accounting

  • Marketing Management

  • Human Resource Management

  • Business Communication

  • Information Technology Management

  • Quantitative Methods

  • Organizational Behaviour

  • Managerial Economics

Second Semester

  • Management Science

  • Management Accounting

  • Marketing Research

  • Management of Information System

  • Productions and Operations Management

  • Financial Management

  • Economic Environment of Business

  • Organization Effectiveness and Change

After completion of the first year in the course, the students are expected to go for summer training in any of the organization of their choice and the report of this training should be submitted during the first 4 weeks of the third semester.

Second Year

Only the students who have successfully completed at least six papers of the twelve papers in the first year will be accepted into the second year and have to ensure that the rest papers are completed in the duration of the second year.

During the third semester, the students have to opt 5 electives apart from the 3 mandatory subjects as well.

MBA Second Year Syllabus



First Semester

  • Legal Environment of Business

  • Strategic Analysis

  • Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

Second Semester

  • Strategic Management

  • International Business Environment

  • Project Study

 Elective Courses




  • Corporate Governance

  • Financial Reporting

  • Fixed Income securities

  • Risk Management

  • Quantitative Analysis of Financial Decisions

  • Portfolio Management

  • International Financial Management

  • Management of Financial Services

  • Management Control System

  • Corporate Taxation

  • Financial Derivatives

  • Security Analysis and Investment Management

  • Project Planning, Analysis, and Management


  • Consumer Behavior

  • Advanced research techniques in Marketing

  • Advertising Management

  • Competitive Marketing

  • Analytical Marketing

  • Business Marketing

  • Marketing Channel

  • SalesForce Management

  • Retailing Management

  • Internet Management

  • Brand Management

  • Sales Promotion Management

  • Service Marketing

OB and Human Resource Management

  • Compensation Management

  • Personal Power and Leadership through Asian Values

  • Negotiation, Persuasion,  and Social Influence Skills

  • Leadership, Power, and Politics

  • Counseling Skills for Managers

  • Managing Diversity

  • Managing Interpersonal and Group Processes

  • Training and Development

  • Performance Management

  • Cross-cultural and Global Management

  • Manpower Development for Technological Change

  • Human Resource Planning and Development

  • Management of Industrial Relations

  • Human Resource Development: Strategies and Systems

Production and Operations Management

  • Technology, Innovation, and New Product Management

  • Supply Chain Management

  • Production Planning and Controlling

  • Quantitative Analysis of Risk and Uncertainty

  • Decision Models and Optimization

  • Modeling in Supply Chain Management

  • Environment and Safety Management

  • Operations Research

  • Total Quality Management

  • Operations Strategy

  • Advanced Operations Management


  • Managing the Growing Business

  • Financing the Entrepreneurial Business

  • Family Business and Entrepreneurship

  • Social Entrepreneurship

  • Entrepreneurship, Creativity, and Innovation

  • Entrepreneurial Management

Information Technology Management

  • Business Intelligence

  • Network Operations, Management, and Security

  • Managing IT- Enabled Services

  • Knowledge Management

  • Database Management Systems

  • Strategic Management of Information

  • System Analysis and Design

  • Business Process Re-engineering

  • Managing E-Business

Services Management

  • Total Service Quality Management

  • Service Operations management

  • Airport Management

  • Civil Aviation Management

  • Hospitality Operations Management

  • Hospitality Marketing

  • Transportation Management

  • Management of NGO’s

Contemporary Issues

The courses for this area will be announced at the beginning of the year and a minimum of three options will be given to the students.

Top Colleges for MBA Courses in India

MBA is for a duration of two years. The course offers different specializations and students can choose the subject of specialization depending upon their interests and the subjects they have previously studied. The Top MBA Colleges in India that provide the best exposure to students and have been ranked well over the years are as follows

  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM-A), Ahmedabad
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM-B), Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM-C), Kolkata
  • Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow
  • Xavier Labour Relation Institute (XLRI), Jamshedpur
  • Faculty Management Studies (FMS), New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM-K), Kozhikode
  • Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Business Studies (JBIMS), Mumbai
  • Indian School of Business (ISB), Mohali

Career Prospects and Job Profile of MBA Graduates

The economy is creating a lot of demand for administrative induvial and this creates a great opportunity for MBA graduates.  Every sector and industry wants to hire MBA graduates.

The initial payment for an MBA Graduate is pretty high and they also have great prospects of earning a promotion in their career. After completion of the MBA course, the graduates also have the option of setting up their business either as a partnership or even as a sole proprietor.

Few of the sectors and the jobs that can be assigned to the MBA graduates are:

Sectors offering MBA jobs


Job Profile

Business Consultancies

  • Management Consultant

  • Human Resource Manager

Brand and Marketing

  • Marketing Manager

  • IT Services Head

  • Brand Manager


  • Marketing Managers

  • Human Resource Managers

  • Administrative Officer

  • Vice President- Investment Banking

  • Card Payments Operation Head

  • Account Manager

Educational Institutes

  • Trainer

  • Administrative Officer

Financial Organizations

  • Human Resource Managers

  • Administrative Officer

  • Recruitment Manager

  • Equity Research Analysts


  • Human Resources Manager

  • Administrative Officer

Public Works

  • Labor-management Relations Specialist

  • Research and Development Managers

Industrial Houses

  • HR Generalist

  • Zonal Business Manager

  • Business Partner

  • Project Manager

  • Administrative Officer

  • Finance Manager

  • Marketing Manager

Full form of BAMS

The full form of BAMS is "Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine, and Surgery" which is an undergraduate program that one can pursue after completing class 12th with science subjects which focuses mainly on the concepts of the natural healing process of the human body which is further enhanced by Ayurveda. BAMS is an emerging course as a supplement to modern medical services and treatments which has many side effects along with some benefits.

It focuses on "Aastaang Ayurveda" along with the scientific methods of modern medical technologies and extensive practical training. Central Council for India Medicine is the statutory regulatory body that mentors and monitors the Ayurveda Education at the undergraduate level as well as the postgraduate level.

The syllabus and curriculum of BAMS will be the same throughout the colleges located in India. The course is offered only in colleges which are affiliated to Universities. Students can also get admission in this course after giving the NEET exam.

Check: Other Popular BAMS Entrance Exams

Eligibility for BAMS course

Here are the eligibility for BAMS Course

  • Age Limit: Candidates should have completed 17 years of age as on 1st December with respect to the admission year.
  • Educational Qualification: Candidates must have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English subjects. With a minimum of 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology summed up together. Candidates who belong to SC/ST/OBC must score a minimum of 40% marks in the qualifying examination.
  • Candidates must appear in the entrance exam conducted by Central Govt or State Govt.
  • All admission will be done through centralized online counseling.

Subjects in BAMS

Here are the subjects provided in BAMS course



First Professional (one and half year)

History of Ayurveda

Sanskrit and Samhita

Padartha Vigyana (Ayurvedic philosophy)

Rachna Sharira (anatomy)

Kriya Sharira (physiology)

Second Professional (one and half year)

Rasa Shastra Avam Bhaisajya Kalpana (Pharmaceuticals of Ayurveda)

Dravyaguna (Materia Medica of Ayurveda)

Agadtantra, VyavaharAyurveda and Vidhi Vaidyaka (Toxicology and Jurisprudence)

Nidan/Vikriti Vigyana (Pathology) /Nadi Parkisa (Pulse diagnosis)

Svasthavritta Yoga (Personal and social hygiene including dietetics)

Charaka Samhita (A classical text of Ayurveda)

Final Professional (one and half year)

Shalya Tantra (General surgery and para-surgical techniques)

Shalakya Tantra (ENT, Eye, and Dentistry)

Prasuti tantra avam Sri roga (Gynaecology and Obstetrics)

Kaumara bhritya (Paediatrics)

Medical Ethics

Health Regulations



In the five and a half years duration of the course, four and a half years is for academics and one year is to be allowed for the internship.

Top BAMS Colleges in India

Here is the list of colleges which provide BAMS course in India

  • Shri Dhanwantri Ayurvedic College, Chandigarh
  • Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore
  • Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar
  • JB Roy State Medical College, Kolkata
  • Ayurvedic Medical College, Kolhapur
  • State Ayurvedic College of Lucknow
  • Shri Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya, Nagpur
  • Rishikul Government PG Ayurvedic College & Hospital, Haridwar
  • Dayanand Ayurvedic College, Jalandhar

BAMS Employment Areas

Here are the employment areas for the BAMS graduates

Jr. clinical trial coordinator
Medical representative
Therapist Ayurvedic doctor
Category manager Sales executive
Business development officer
Area sales manager
Sales representatives
Assistant claim manager health
Product manager
Manager – internal audit

Salary of BAMS Graduates

The salary in the medical field is considered for other job profiles as a comparison. Most of the universities are providing stipend around 40,000 to 50,000 per month to the post-graduate doctors in the Ayurvedic field. Ayurvedic professionals will get the salary from Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 50,000 according to the role and nature of his/her job profile.

Full-Form of BHMS

The full form of BHMS is "Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery". This course is designed for all the students who aspire to take medical as a profession. It looks forward to giving the students theoretical as well as practical knowledge in the field. It is an undergraduate medical degree in Homeopath, an alternative approach to treat the patient.

The duration of the course is around five and a half years. The course is followed by an internship that starts after the students complete their final examination.

Honestly, abbreviations can be quite confusing for even a person belonging to the same field. Questions like the full form of MBBS, the full form MCA are cleared in your minds but do not forget to choose the right career path based on your interests. Courses like MCA, MBBS, BBA, and MS can make you a person of demand in the job market.

Eligibility for BHMS

Here are the eligibility criteria for BHMS course

  • The students who are aspiring for medical have to complete their 10+2 from the science stream.

  • The students should have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. They should also know the fundamentals of Mathematics.

  • The students should have also studied General English.

  • The students should have scored a minimum of 50% in their 10+2.

  • If you are from the OBC or the SC/ST category then the minimum aggregate should be at least 40%.

  • Each medical college in the country has its own different set of eligibility criteria that have to be fulfilled by the candidates.

  • You should be above the age of 17 years.

  • Some states conduct the entrance examinations along with the MBBS and BDS test.

Entrance Exams for BHMS courses

There are various entrance exams held for medical in India. The entrance exams are held at both the national level and state level. Few of the universities have their own set of entrance exams. There are some universities which conduct their own entrance exam. Students can start preparing for the entrance exams from class 10 itself because many people appear for the exams and only a few are selected.

Few of the entrance exams that are held for medical courses in India are

  • NEET- National Eligibility Entrance Test held by the Central Board of Secondary Education

  • PUCET 2020 - Punjab University common entrance test

  • KEAM 2020 - Kerala Engineering, Agriculture and Medical

  • IPU CET 2020 - Indraprastha University Common Entrance test

  • BVP CET 2020 - Bharti Vidyapeeth common entrance test

Check: Other Popular BHMS Entrance Exams

Post-Graduation after BHMS

The specializations in the field of homeopathic are as the following:

  • Homeopathic pharmacy
  • Pediatrics
  • Psychiatry
  • Skin specialist
  • Infertility and sex specialist

Top colleges for BHMS in India

  1. Nehru Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, Delhi
  2. National Institute of Homeopathy, Kolkata
  3. HomeopathyArc, Indore
  4. Bakson Homeopathy Medical College and Hospital, Noida
  5. Bharatesh Homeopathic Medical College, Belgaum, Karnataka
  6. Shri Sairam Homoeopathy  Medical College and Research Centre, Chennai
  7. C.M.P. Homoeopathic Medical College, Mumbai
  8. Baroda Homeopathic Medical College, Gujarat
  9. Dhondumama Sathe Homoeopathic Medical College
  10. Venkateswara Homoeopathy Medical College, Chennai

Career Prospects of BHMS Graduates in India

Candidates who wish to work can go for any of the below-mentioned job profiles.

  • Doctor
  • Private Practice
  • Public Health Specialists
  • Teachers
  • Researches
  • Consultant
  • Pharmacist

Salary of the BHMS Graduates

After completion of the course, BHMS graduates can expect a salary that ranges between INR 3.5 to 5 lacs per annum. The salary will increase with experience and expertise. The salary for BHMS graduates also depends on the profile they have opted after completion of the course. BHMS graduates’ salary is nearly the same for various job profiles.

Full-Form of Ph.D.

The full form of Ph.D. stands for Doctor of Philosophy. A person who is having a doctorate degree can use a "Dr." title in front of his/her name and referred as a doctor. For Ph.D., it involves a lot of research work in which you have to show your research paper to your project guide. It is a post-graduation program and takes years of analysis and one needs to publish his or her work to be awarded with a Ph.D. degree. It takes around 3 years to present the original research work. 

There is a list of subjects for a Ph.D. degree which is mentioned below.

  • Economics
  • Finance
  • Health care management
  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Chemistry
  • Engineering
  • Physics
  • Mathematics
  • Statistics
  • Accounting
  • Organizational behavior

Anyone can apply for a Ph.D. programme who has completed their masters. For candidates with an M.A. degree in English, a five-hitter relaxation in marks or zero.5% relaxations in CGPA is also permissible for admission to the Ph.D. programme in Humanities & Social Sciences. Candidates who are doing MBA can apply for the Ph.D. programme in the department of management studies. Candidates holding M.A., M.Sc. and/or B.Techs. from IITs should be graduating with a CGPA of 8.0 or above, the need for qualification through a national exam such as GATE/CSIR/UGC NET/ICAR/DST inspire fellowship.  

Full-form of MS in various departments

There are many full forms of MS in different departments and some of them are listed below.

MS full form in Engineering

The full form of MS in Engineering is a Master of Science in engineering is a type of Master of Science which is awarded by many universities across different countries. A Master of Science in engineering will need completion of a thesis and qualifies the holder to use for a program resulting in a Doctor of Philosophy (often abbreviated Ph.D. or D.Phil) in engineering whereas a Master of Engineering will need completion of a project instead of thesis and frequently doesn't qualify its holder to use for a Ph.D. or D.Phil in engineering. The Master of Science in engineering is considered equivalent to a diploma degree in engineering in the countries that do not have a specific distinguish between M.Eng. and M.Sc.Eng.

MS full form in Medical or Medicine

The full form of MS in Medical or Medicine is a Master of Surgery in medical or medicine is a sophisticated qualification in surgery. This is a post-graduate degree course which is awarded in the field of surgery. Depending upon the degree, it's going to be abbreviated Ch.M., M.Ch., M.Chir. or M.S. At a typical grad school, the program lasts between 2 and 3 years. The possession of a medical degree could be a necessity. The Ch.M. can be awarded on both clinical and academic competence or on academic competency. The regulations could raise surgical expertise and a thesis topic that's not strictly medical. Many universities only believe in taking oral examination rather than taking a written examination.

MS full form in Computer 

The full form of MS in Computer stands for Microsoft which was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975. Before there was only one operating system i.e. MS-DOS but now we're having MS-Windows. There are many courses under this where students can find based on their interests and can build their career in this field. Students can go for masters in computer science where they have n no. of courses that they can choose from.

Full-Form of MD in various departments

There are many full forms of MD in different departments and two of them are listed below.

MD full form in Medicine or Medical field

The full form of MD in Medicine or Medical field stands for Doctor of Medicine. It is a 3-year post-graduate degree programme which is awarded for a course in the field of medicine after completing MBBS. Candidates can only apply for this course when they are having MBBS degree. Doctors who have completed MD can easily get jobs in both the public and private sectors. Doctors having an MD degree can apply for various jobs in the government sector also. There are various MD degrees that are approved by the Medical Council of India which are MD in Bio-chemistry, Aviation Medicine, Dermatology, Lab Medicine, Microbiology, Health Administration, Radiology, Pharmacology, Community Medicine, Radiotherapy, Tuberculosis, and many more are there. 

MD full form in Business or Company 

The full form of MD in Business or Company stands for Managing Director. Managing Director plays a crucial role in business or company by taking up all the responsibilities in their hands and give reports to the chairman & shareholders whilst leading a Board of Directors. Its primary role is to ensure shareholders return on their investments whether they are getting profits or not or the company should be growing not declining. Take responsibility of day to day operations in the business or company. And its secondary role is that they are responsible for leading, coaching and mentoring other board members and supporting their professional development. Checking the financial performance of the company or related issues to that. Here, also students can think to build their careers. 

Skills Required

There are various skills which are required to become a managing director which are as follows:

  • Communication and negotiation
  • PR and presentation skills
  • Understanding of a multi-faceted business operation
  • Strong financial acumen
  • Planning and forecasting
  • In-depth knowledge of markets and changing business environments
  • Complex problem solving
  • Effective decision making, and many more are there. 

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Thanks for sharing, In whole one article I could find most of the full forms, and in-depth explanation for the same.