ICSE 10th Syllabus

ICSE 10th Syllabus 2019

  • Brief: The course of the ICSE 10th Syllabus has been changed quite a bit from the past years and so the publishers have had to make a lot of revised publications. Whenever there is a change in the ICSE 10th Syllabus 2019  the school's are notified well at the beginning of the session. 

  • Syllabus PDF: The candidates can download ICSE 10th Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2019. Here candidate can get all Syllabus Details of different subjects. This is the final syllabus to cover by the students who are appearing for the exam and the pdf of all the subjects has been put here.

 ICSE 10th Syllabus For Each Subject 2019:

  • Choice: The following gives the choice of subjects available out of which students need to choose.



Download Syllabus PDF



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Second Language - Indian Language

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Second Language - Sanskrit

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Modern Foreign Languages

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History and Civics

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Commercial Studies

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Modern Foreign Language - Group II

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Classical Language

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Environmental Science

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Computer Applications

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Economic Applications

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Commercial Applications

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Performing Arts

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Home Science

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Fashion Designing

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Physical Education

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Technical Drawing Applications

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Environmental Applications

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Modern Foreign Language - Group III

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SUPW and Community Service

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Important details of the ICSE 10th Syllabus 2019:


  • (Two hours) - 80 marks

  • Four questions will be set, all of which all are compulsory.

  • Question 1: Candidates will be required to write a composition from a choice of subjects which will est their ability to: organise, describe, narrate, report, explain, persuade or argue, present ideas coherently, compare  and contrast ideas and arrive at conclusions, present relevant arguments and use the correct style and format. The subjects will be varied and may be suggested by language or by other stimuli such as pictures. The subjects will be so chosen so as to allow the candidates to draw on first-hand experience or to stimulate their imagination.

  • With one subject, a number of suggestions about the content of the composition will be given, but the use of the suggestions will be optional and the syllabus of a candidate will be free to treat the subject in any way that he/she chooses. The organisation of subject matter, syntax, punctuation, the correctness of grammatical constructions and spelling will be expected to be appropriate to the mode of treatment required by the subject.

  • Question 2: Candidates will have to write a letter from a choice of two subjects requiring either a formal or an informal mode of treatment. Suggestions regarding the content of the letter may be given. The layout of the letter with address, introduction, conclusion, etc., will form part of the assessment. Candidates will be expected to be familiar with the use of appropriate salutation, format and style for letters.

  • Question 3: An unseen passage of prose of about 500 words will be given. Uncommon items of vocabulary, or structure will be avoided. One question will be set to test vocabulary. Candidates will be required to show that they understand the words/phrases in the context in which they have been used. A number of questions requiring short answers will also be asked in the passage.

  • These questions will test the candidates’ ability to understand the explicit content and organisation of the passage and to infer information, intentions and attitudes from it. The last question will consist of a summary that will test the candidates’ ability to distinguish main ideas from supporting details and to extract salient points to re-express them in the form of a summary.

  • Candidates will be given clear indications of what they are to summarise and of the length of the summary.

  • Question 4: There will be a number of short answer questions to test the candidates' knowledge of functional grammar, structure and usage of the language. All the items in this question will be compulsory. They will consist of sentence completion, multiple choice or other short answer types of questions.

Schools will set, assess and record written assignments by the candidates, as given below:

  • Class IX: Two or three assignments of approximately 300 to 400 words each.

  • Class X: Two or three assignments of reasonable length (not exceeding 1500 words in total).

  • Assignments should be based on the prescribed

  • textbooks on the following lines:

    (i) Character/thematic analysis;

    (ii) Socio-economic, cultural, historical relevance / background;

    (iii)Summary / paraphrase.

    (iv) Appreciation of literary qualities.

    (v) Identifying with a character. Putting oneself in the place of a character in given circumstances and explaining one’s actions.

    (vi) Imagine alternative outcomes or endings in a literary piece and the effect on all concerned. 15 The texts selected for Class IX for Internal Assessment would be different from those selected for Class X.

ICSE Paper 2 - ICSE Syllabus for Literature in English

  • (Two hours) - 80 marks

  • Candidates will be required to answer five questions from at least three of the prescribed textbooks one of which must be drama, one prose and one poetry.

  • Prose and Drama

    1. Questions set will be central to the text. Candidates will be required to show that they have understood the passage and are able to clearly give their interpretation of the questions set, which should be in their own words and relevant to the text.  Excerpts may be given from the prose and drama texts leading to questions on the specific book.

  •  Poetry

    1. A poem, or passages from poems, will be given and questions will be set to test the candidates’ response to the poem. The questions will focus on the content, understanding and the personal response of candidates to the poem as a whole.

  • NOTE: The Class X - ICSE examination paper will be set on the entire syllabus prescribed for the subject. The Class IX internal examination is to be conducted on the portion of this syllabus that is covered during the academic year.

  • The Council has not prescribed bifurcation of the syllabus for this subject.

ICSE 10th Syllabus for History and Civics:

An elementary study is required of this section without a verbatim study of the Constitutional Articles in detail.

  • The Union Legislature Meaning of the federal setup in India.  (i) Lok Sabha - term, composition, qualifications for membership. Parliamentary procedures: a brief idea of sessions, quorum, question hour, adjournment and no-confidence motion.  (ii) Rajya Sabha – composition, qualifications for membership, election, term, Presiding Officer. Powers and functions of Union Parliament –(legislative, financial, judicial, electoral, amendment of the Constitution, control over executive). Exclusive powers of the two Houses.

  •  The Union Executive

    (a)The President: Qualifications for election, the composition of Electoral College, the reason for indirect election, the term of office, the procedure for impeachment. Powers (executive, legislative, financial, judicial, discretionary and emergency)

    (b) The Vice-President: Qualifications for election, the term of office and powers.

    (c) Prime Minister and Council of Ministers: Appointment, the formation of the Council of Ministers, tenure, functions - policy making, administrative, legislative, financial, emergency. Position and powers of the Prime Minister. The collective and individual responsibility of the members of the Cabinet.

    A distinction between the Council of Ministers and the Cabinet. 
  •  The Judiciary

    (a) The Supreme Court: Composition, qualifications of judges, appointment, independence of the judiciary from the control of executive and legislature; Jurisdiction and functions: Original, Appellate, Advisory, Revisory, Judicial Review and Court of Record. Enforcement of Fundamental Rights and Writs.

    (b) The High Courts: Composition, qualifications of judges,

    appointment; Jurisdiction and functions: Original, Appellate, Revisory, Judicial Review and Court of Record. Enforcement of

    Fundamental Rights and Writs. 

    (c) Subordinate Courts: Distinction between Court of the District Judge and Sessions Court. Lok Adalats: meaning and advantages.


  •  The Indian National Movement (1857 – 1917)

    (a) The First War of Independence, 1857 Only the causes (political, socio-religious, economic and military) and consequences will be tested. [The events, however, need to be mentioned in order to maintain continuity and for a more comprehensive understanding.]

    (b) Factors leading to the growth of Nationalism – economic exploitation, repressive colonial policies, socio-religious reform movements (brief mention of the contribution of Raja Rammohan Roy and Jyotiba Phule) and the role of the Press. Foundation of the Indian National Congress - the Indian National Association (Surendranath Banerjee) and the East India Association (Dadabhai Naoroji) as precursors. Immediate objectives of the Indian National Congress - the first two sessions and their Presidents should be mentioned.

    (c) First Phase of the Indian National Movement (1885-1907)  objectives and methods of struggle of the Early Nationalists. Any two contributions of Dadabhai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjee and Gopal Krishna Gokhale.Second Phase of the Indian National Movement (1905-1916) - Brief mention of the causes of the Partition of Bengal and its perspective by the Nationalists. Brief mention of Surat Split of 1907; objectives and methods of struggle of the Radicals. Any two contributions of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai. The Muslim League; Factors leading to the formation of the Muslim League and its objectives. Brief mention of the significance of the Lucknow Pact - 1916.

  •  Mass Phase of the National Movement (1915-1947)

    (a) ICSE 10th Syllabus Mahatma Gandhi:- Non-Cooperation Movement: causes (Khilafat Movement, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy), programme and suspension – Chauri Chaura incident and impact of the Movement; the Civil Disobedience Movement: Causes (reaction to the Simon Commission, Declaration of Poorna Swaraj at the Lahore Session of 1929), Dandi March, programme and impact of the Movement, Gandhi-Irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference; the Quit India Movement: Causes (failure of the Cripps Mission, Japanese threat), Quit India Resolution and the significance of the Movement.

    (b)  Forward Bloc (objectives) and INA (objectives and contribution of Subhas Chandra Bose).

    (c)  Independence and Partition of India – Cabinet Mission Plan (clauses only); Mountbatten Plan (clauses and its acceptance); and the Indian Independence Act of 1947 (clauses only).

  • The Contemporary World

    (a)  The First World War Causes (Nationalism and Imperialism, Armament Race, division of Europe and Sarajevo crisis) and Results (Treaty of Versailles, territorial rearrangements, the formation of League of Nations).

    (b)The rise of Dictatorships Causes for the rise of Fascism in Italy and the rise of Nazism in Germany. A comparative study of Mussolini’s Fascist and Hitler’s Nazi ideologies.

    (c)The Second World War Causes (Dissatisfaction with the Treaty of Versailles, Rise of Fascism and Nazism, Policy of Appeasement, the Japanese invasion of China, Failure of League of Nations and Hitler’s invasion of Poland). Brief mention of the attack on Pearl Harbour and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Consequences (Defeat of Axis Powers, Formation of the United Nations and Cold War).

  • United Nations 

    (i) The objectives of the U.N. The composition and functions of the General Assembly, the Security Council, and the International Court of Justice

    (ii) Major agencies of the United Nations: UNICEF, WHO and UNESCO - functions only. (e) Non-Aligned Movement.

    Brief meaning; objectives; Panchsheel; the role of Jawaharlal Nehru; Names of the architects of NAM.

  • INTERNAL ASSESSMENT suggested by the ICSE 10th Syllabus

    Anyone project/assignment related to the syllabus.Suggested Assignments The U.S.A.

    1. Compare the Parliamentary and Presidential forms of Government with reference to India and the

    2. Conduct a mock Court and record the proceedings. Present a life sketch and contributions of any one of the following Presidents of India –

    3. Dr Rajendra Prasad, Dr S. Radhakrishnan and Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (or any other).

    4. Present a book review of any one of the following works: Dadabai Naoroji’s ‘Poverty and un-British the rule in India’, Gandhi’s ‘The Story of my Experiments with Truth’, Nehru’s ‘Discovery of India’, Bhagat Singh’s ‘Why I am an Atheist’, Vijayalakshmi Pandit’s ‘The Scope of Happiness: A Personal Memoir’, Abdul Kalam’s ‘Wings of Fire’.

    5. Discuss the relevance of any one of the following films to understand the history of 20th Century Europe: The Book Thief, Schindler’s List, Escape to Victory, The Boy in Striped Pyjamas, Life is Beautiful, The Sound of Music, Gandhi (Richard Attenborough), Sardar (Ketan Mehta), Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose - The Forgotten Hero (Shyam Benegal).

    6. Highlight the work and achievements of anyone Nobel Laureate - Malala Yousafzai or Kailash Satyarthi.

    7. Make a powerpoint presentation on India’s Independence and Partition.

    8. Make a presentation on the influence of Gandhian principles on Martin Luther King / Nelson Mandela.

    9. Prepare a report on the contributions of any one of the following agencies of the United Nations – UNESCO / WHO / UNICEF / ILO / UNDP / FAO. Present a case study of any recent human rights violations and redressal mechanisms available to prevent such instances in the future.

ICSE 10th Syllabus for Geography:

Here is the detailed course for CISCE 10th Examination Geography

  • Interpretation of Topographical Maps

    a. Locating features with the help of a four figure or a six-figure grid reference.

    b. Definition of contour and contour interval. Identification of landforms marked by contours (steep slope, gentle slope, hill, valley, ridge/water divide, escarpment), triangulated height, spot height, benchmark, relative height/ depth.

    c. Interpretation of colour tints and conventional symbols used on a topographical survey of India map.

    d. Identification and definition of types of scale given on the map. Measuring distances and calculating the area using the scale given therein.  

    e. Marking directions between different locations, using eight cardinal points.

    2 Map of India

    On an outline map of India, candidates will be required to locate, mark and name the following: Mountains, Peaks and Plateaus: Himalayas, Karakoram, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western and the Eastern Ghats, Nilgiris, Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Mount Godwin Austin (K2), Mount Kanchenjunga. Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau. Plains: Gangetic Plains and Coastal plains –(Konkan, Kanara, Malabar, Coromandel, Northern Circars).Desert: Thar (The Great Indian Desert) Rivers: Indus, Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Ghaghra, Gomti, Gandak, Kosi, Chambal, Betwa, Son, Damodar, Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauveri, Tungabhadra. Water Bodies: Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Strait, Andaman Sea, Chilka Lake, Wular Lake. Passes: Karakoram, Nathu-La Passes. Latitude and Longitudes: Tropic of Cancer.

    Standard Meridian (82 30’E). The direction of Winds: South West Monsoons (Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Branches), North East Monsoons and Western Disturbances. Distribution of Minerals: Oil - Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field) and Digboi. Iron – Singhbhum, Coal – Jharia. Soil Distribution – Alluvial, Laterite, Black and Red Soil. Cities - Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kochi, Chandigarh, Srinagar, Vishakhapatnam, Allahabad. Population - Distribution of Population (Dense and sparse). 

    PART - II


    3. Location, Extent and Physical features Position and Extent of India. (through Map only) The physical features of India – mountains, plateaus, plains and rivers. (through Map only)

    4. Climate

    Distribution of Temperature, Rainfall, winds in Summer and Winter and factors affecting the climate of the area. Monsoon and its mechanism. Seasons –March to May – Summer; June to September – Monsoon; October to November - Retreating Monsoon. December to February – Winter.

    5. Soil Resources Types of soil (alluvial, black, red and laterite) distribution, composition and characteristics such as colour, texture, minerals and crops associated. Soil Erosion – causes, prevention and conservation. 

    6. Natural Vegetation

    Importance of forests. Types of vegetation (tropical evergreen, tropical deciduous, tropical desert, littoral and mountain),

    distribution and correlation with their environment. Forest conservation. 

    7. Water Resources Sources (Surface water and groundwater). Need for conservation and conservation practices

    (Rainwater harvesting and its importance). Irrigation: Importance and methods.

    8. Mineral and Energy Resources Iron ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite – use and their distribution Conventional Sources: Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas (distribution, advantages and disadvantages) Hydel power (Bhakra Nangal Dam and Hirakud). Non-conventional Sources: Solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, nuclear and biogas (generation and advantages).

    9. Agriculture

    Indian Agriculture – importance, problems and reforms. Types of farming in India: subsistence and commercial: shifting, intensive, extensive, plantation and mixed. Agricultural seasons (rabi, Kharif,zayad). Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation, processing and distribution of the following crops: - rice, wheat, millets and pulses. - sugarcane, oilseeds (groundnut, mustard and soybean). - cotton, jute, tea and coffee.

    10. Manufacturing Industries

    Importance and classification Agro-based Industry - Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk). Mineral based Industry – Iron & Steel (TISCO, Bhilai, Rourkela, Vishakhapatnam) Petro Chemical and Electronics.

    11. Transport

    Importance and Modes – Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways –- Advantages and disadvantages.

    12. Waste Management

    -Impact of waste accumulation - spoilage of landscape, pollution, health hazards, effects on terrestrial, aquatic (freshwater and marine) life. Need for waste management. Methods of safe disposal - segregation, dumping and composting. Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste.



    Candidates will be required to prepare a project report on any one topic. The topics for assignments may be selected from the list of suggested assignments given below. Candidates can also take up an assignment of their choice under any of the broad areas given below. 

    1. Local Geography:

    (a) Land use pattern in different regions of India–a comparative analysis. 

    (b) The survey of a local market on the types of shops and services offered.

    2. Environment: Wildlife conservation efforts in India.

    3. Current Geographical Issues: Development of tourism in India.

    4. Transport in India: Development of Road, Rail, Water and Air routes.

    5. List different type of industries in the States and collect information about the types of raw materials used, modes of their procurement and disposal of wastes generated. Classify these industries as polluting or environment-friendly and suggest

    possible ways of reducing pollution caused by these units.

    6. Need for industrialization in India, the latest trends and its impact on the economy of India.

    7. Visit a water treatment plant, sewage treatment plant or garbage dumping or vermicomposting sites in the locality and study their working.