The art, the science, and the ability to manage the construction of a building are known as Architecture. Architects are in charge of creating homes, office spaces, educational institutions and also religious places. It is the duty of the architect to provide guidance and be the mastermind during the construction of a structure.
The scope of architecture is not limited to private spaces such as homes and offices, it has a widespread and is involved in the construction of public structures such as bridges and subways. It is the duty of the architect to understand the needs of the client and provide them with suggestions regarding ways to go about it. Apart from designing the building, they have to pay attention to technical aspects such as electrical wirings, ventilation systems, sewage system, plumbing, landscape arrangements, etc.
List of Content:
- Architecture Courses After 12th in India
- Types of Architecture
- Architecture Career
- Architect Jobs
- Architecture salary in India
- Top Colleges for Architecture Courses in India
Architecture Courses After 12th in India
Undergraduate Courses in Architecture
Bachelor of Architecture
Bachelor of Architecture is a five years undergraduate program which can be started after 10+2 with minimum 50% marks. This course was created to ensure the creation of licensed and professional ethical architects who are authorized to take up private constructions as well as public/ government constructions.
The fees entitled for this course in government colleges usually ranges from INR 1.5 to 2.5 Lacs whereas in private universities it ranges from approximately INR 2.5 to 5 Lacs. After their completed and successful completion of this course, the students can pursue their career in the architectural field with a stipulated stipend ranging between INR 2.5 to 4.5 L per annum
The architectural course includes the subjects of designing models of the building, formulating construction’s blueprint and other physical structure of any land and building. The increasing demand for constructing shopping malls, flyovers in cities and other commercial complexes can be fulfilled by the role of an architect.
Eligible are those who have completed their 12th grade from a reputed board as such.
Bachelor of Architecture in Landscape Architecture
The Department of Landscape Architecture & Environmental Planning constitutes a four-year bachelor of arts degree in landscape architecture with the option to specialize in environmental planning as such. Landscape Architecture encompasses aspects such as Ecology, Environmental Up-Gradation, Industrial Landscape, Green belts and more.
Bachelor of Architecture in Building and Construction Management
Arch. in Building Construction Technology is a 3-year undergraduate course in architecture, the minimum eligibility constitutes the successful completion of the 10+2 grade.
The average tuition fee charged ranges between INR 1 and 10 Lakhs for the duration of five years as such.
The Admissions are complete meritorious, your selection under this course is based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level, or in a related entrance test, such as NATA, BITSAT, followed by a round of Personal Interviews.
Bachelor of Planning
It is a 4-year Undergraduate course, with minimum eligibility for an HSC with an aggregate score of 50% in Mathematics. The program aims in building students for a research-based dissertation. It makes the students specialize in a wide range of designing, engineering, managing and resolving challenges.
The course fee will be around INR 1 to 2 Lacs and the course duration is 4 years with 8 semesters
Bachelor of Engineering in Construction Technology
B.E. in Construction Technology is an undergraduate Architecture Science and Technology course and the duration of the program is 3 years. The eligibility for this course is 10+2 with an aggregate score of 55% and some colleges conduct entrance exams for admission. The course is beneficial to prepare the graduate for further roles in managing people, equipment, materials, technological process and funds in construction. Students learn basic engineering and other professionals supervise the construction of buildings and other structures. They can pursue careers as construction managers, project managers/managers, civil engineers, and asset management in a range of industries including consulting engineers, construction, research organizations, private sector, local and other government authorities.
Objectives of Architecture Courses
The various perspectives in the field of architecture and how students get influenced by it are mentioned below
The course will help the students gain a better insight into various design theories and methods.
Your understanding of design procedures and processes will improve.
The students will take up their learning up a notch of the infield and understanding previous designs and architectural criticism.
An architect is required to have qualities such as structured imagination, creative thinking, the ability to innovate and also to be a leader, and these qualities will be heightened during the course.
During the course, the students will be taught about the historical and cultural precedents in local and world architecture.
Having artistic skills is a very integral part of the architecture and during the course, the students will be provided with help so that they can improve these skills and the qualities of designs will be improved.
One will be taught different methods of procurement of architectural services.
One will get a relatively better understanding of the fundamental workings of the different construction and development industry aspects like finance, real estate investment and facilities management.
The students will be able to understand the potential roles of architects in conventional fields of activity and in the global platform.
There are certain legal technicalities like registration, practice and building contracts which should be well-known by the architects. They will also be taught about professional ethics and codes of conduct which are applied while practising architecture.
The students will be taught about natural systems and built environments.
Conservation and waste management issues will be addressed along with the processing of sustainable development
The students will gain knowledge about the life cycle of materials, issues of ecological sustainability, environmental impact, design for reduced use of energy, as well as passive systems and their management.
Certain areas are prone to natural calamities and risks and architects should be aware of such a phenomenon so that any accidents that can be caused in the future will be mitigated.
- They will gain a perspective on sustainable development concerning preserving the environment while considering modern growth and infrastructure.
Types of Architecture
There are many types of architecture and styles, the few types of architecture are listed below:
Ancient Egyptian Architecture: Considered to be the most powerful civilizations in history, the Egyptians made iconic architecture which can be said after thinking about the Pyramids build which focuses on incredible architecture with detailed temple complexes focuses on aesthetic beauty and function. With the combination of engineering prowess with rich symbolism, the architecture of the Egyptians would continue to be an inspiration for centuries.
Greek and Roman Architecture: The umbrella of classical architecture, greek and roman architecture solidified the idea of building structures and these civilizations were the masters of engineering, building highway systems and aqueducts in order to bring commercial goods and water across their lands for the people and the cattle to graze. The architecture was done in the way to emphasize harmony among the people and the civilizations.
Byzantine Architecture: the architecture style evolved when the Constantine moved the capital of the Roman empire to Istanbul in 330AD. In this architecture, the architects took more liberty with the classical orders which have been defined by the Greeks and considered as the most iconic architecture which comes from the middle period. the early works like the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia show off the engineering prowess of the Byzantines
Mesoamerican Architecture: The period of Mesoamerican is classically identified with the Maya architecture and the great stepped pyramids of this civilizations. the native cultures of what is now Central America, from central Mexico to northern Costa Rica. Urban planning was guided by the religious and mythological beliefs, as the cultures believed that the architecture was a tangible form of their faith. They are in specific noted for their heavy stonework and use of enormous manpower to overcome technological handicaps.
Modernist Architecture: the advancement in glass, steel, and reinforced concrete opened up a range of possibilities for the architects to evolve into this architecture. This flourished with different styles which became prominent in the first half of the 20th century. This group made advances in urban planning, residential living, and commercial architecture that continue through the Post-Modern era. Much of what we consider the norm now, such as steel framed skyscrapers or ranch-style homes, were developed during this period.
The previous century saw tremendous growth in scope of architectural designs and with the existence of architects since the time, new concepts and designs with the implementation of new technological inputs they provide professional services to new constructions, alterations and renovations etc. A career in Architecture is attractive, high paying, and has lots of potential in terms of growth. With many freelancing architects, they have ample scope in terms of earning. Specialization works well for better prospects in architecture. Architects focus on how to make living easy and comfortable for people ranging from lower-middle class to upper-class and offer them housing and shelter with luxury and style.
When people hear the word "architect", they imagine someone behind a computer or a draft table drawing bridges or dams. Well there is more in the field of architecture that meets the eye and listed below are some of the architects working under different layers of architecture
Landscape Architects: They are involved in environmental restoration, stormwater management, designing recreational areas, and so on. Designing of outdoor areas for private business is their main area for focus because their field of work involves interaction with trees, plants, and other living materials with knowledge of horticulture and a way to integrate the living with the architecture
Industrial Architects: Industrial projects like bridges, hydroelectric dams, and other large industrial projects are designed by these people and they have a solid understanding of engineering principles. Industrial architecture can be considered as the major component as they design buildings rather than public and private buildings. It encompasses advanced knowledge of science and engineering
Commercial or Public Architects: Public building architecture plays a role in the definition of development of society with different types of architecture to symbolize different ideas. They design public buildings, airports, malls, libraries. With depth in engineering and construction, these public/commercial buildings are constructed which specialize in larger ventures fro state government and business. Being an architect of a public building helps to instil concepts with culture
Self-Employed Architects: Self-employed architects have full-reign projects. The main role of them is to meet with clients, prepare all preliminary estimates and specifications by using computer software or by drawing plans. They manage construction contracts, conducts business and seek through networking, marketing, and advertising. The main field of work for self-employed architects are in the structure where people live, work, shop, eat, learn, or play.
Architectural Historians: These guys do not design buildings or dams, but they research and write about the history of architecture. Their work of employment is in archives, museums, institutions, government agencies, non-profits, and as freelance consultants and writers. They manage to conduct historical research and evaluation for historic sites or provide technical support for the community in regards to preservation programs
Architecture Salary in India
The architect salary in India has produced well-experienced incumbents by different private organizations depending on the productivity and value addition. The salary of a beginner can gradually increase with experience. Even within the field, the salaries vary widely, with private companies paying more than the government sector to hire skilled architects.
|Designation||Average Pay||Minimum pay||Maximum Pay|
|Junior Architect||INR 23,000||INR 15,000||INR 35,000|
|Senior Executive||INR 75,000||INR 36,000||INR 1,25,000|
|Manager||INR 1,00,000||INR 75,000||INR 1,70,000|
|Senior Manager||INR 1,45,000||INR 1,02,500||INR 2,30,500|
Top Colleges for Architecture Courses in India
Some of the best architecture colleges in India are listed below
School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Kharagpur
Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Roorkee
Sir JJ College of Architecture, Mumbai
National Institute of Technology, [NIT] Tiruchirappalli
Jadavpur University, Calcutta
Birla Institute of Technology, [BIT] Mesra, Patna
CEPT University, Ahmedabad
Chandigarh College of Architecture, [CCA] Chandigarh
Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
This is all you need to know about the architectural field and the courses that come along with it, although the career poses many challenges, the determination is worth it, and it allows you to explore your innovative space of mind and it helps you to grow as a professional, helping you to reach your goals and vision as a successful architect.