Architecture Courses After 12th
The art, the science, and the ability to manage the construction of a building are known as Architecture. Architects are in charge of creating homes, office spaces, educational institutions and also religious places. The architect must provide guidance and be the mastermind during the construction of a structure.
The scope of architecture is not limited to private spaces such as homes and offices, it has a widespread and is involved in the construction of public structures such as bridges and subways. The architect has to understand the needs of the client and provide them with suggestions regarding ways to go about it. Apart from designing the building, they have to pay attention to technical aspects such as electrical wirings, ventilation systems, sewage systems, plumbing, landscape arrangements, etc.
List of Content:
- Architecture Courses After 12th in India
- Types of Architecture
- Architecture Career
- Architect Jobs
- Architecture salary in India
- Top Colleges for Architecture Courses in India
Architecture Courses After 12th in India
A candidate who wants to choose their career in constructing buildings, Architecture courses are the best career option after 12th. They can learn the process of construction of malls, commercial buildings, highways construction, airport terminals, complexes, and civil construction by applying their creative ideas and analytical skills. Candidates who have completed their 12th grade from a reputed board as such are eligible to take this course. Courses for architecture after 12th are Diploma courses, Bachelor courses details are listed below.
Diploma Courses in Architecture
Diploma in Architecture after 12th under Architectural Engineering is a certificate-level course in the field of Architectural engineering. The course can be pursued by candidates after completion of their class 10th or 12th education. The time duration of this course is of three years. Some of the courses for architecture under diploma degree are listed below:
- Diploma in Architectural Assistantship
- Diploma in Architecture Engineering
- Diploma in Construction Management (DCM)
Diploma in Architectural Assistantship
Diploma in Architectural Assistantship Course duration is 3 years. The minimum eligibility to pursue this course is a candidate must complete10th & 12th from a recognized board. An entrance exam is held for admission to this diploma course for that the minimum age limit of the candidate should be 15 years. this course is suitable for the candidates who have good communication skills are can express their ideas in both oral and written form.
Diploma in Architecture Engineering
Diploma in Architecture Engineering course can be pursued by candidates after completion of their class 10th. The course duration is for three years. This course fee is between Rs 8000 to 85000. Admission to the course depends on the merit basis that is the percentage of marks obtained by the candidate in class 10th standard examinations. After completion of the diploma in architecture engineering students can look for various options they can opt for a career in the domain of building designing, Assistant Architect, Layout design, teaching, etc.
Diploma in Construction Management (DCM)
Diploma in Construction Management course duration is a 1-year. If the candidate wants to pursue this course as a distance learning course, the duration of the course may differ. The minimum eligibility to apply for this course is a Higher Secondary qualification with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics from any acknowledged board.
Diploma in Construction Management students can opt for their careers as project engineers, managers, civil engineers, assets management engineers in various organizations.
Bachelors Courses in Architecture
Bachelor's course in architecture is an undergraduate degree in the field of architecture. The duration of this course is a five-year full-time program. Students can learn both theoretical and practical knowledge on the art of planning, designing and constructing physical structures of various kinds. Here, bachelor courses in architecture are listed below:
- (B.Arch.)Bachelor of Architecture
- Bachelor of Architecture in Landscape Architecture
- Bachelor of Architecture in Building and Construction Management
- (B. Plan)Bachelor of Planning
- Bachelor of Engineering in Construction Technology
Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.)
Bachelor of Architecture is a five years undergraduate program that can be started after 10+2 with a minimum of 50% marks. This course was created to ensure the creation of licensed and professional ethical architects who are authorized to take up private constructions as well as public/ government constructions.
The fees entitled to this course in government colleges usually range from INR 1.5 to 2.5 Lacs whereas in private universities it ranges from approximately INR 2.5 to 5 Lacs. After their completed and successful completion of this course, the students can pursue their career in the architectural field with a stipulated stipend ranging between INR 2.5 to 4.5 L per annum
The architectural course includes the subjects of designing models of the building, formulating construction’s blueprint and other physical structures of any land and building. The increasing demand for constructing shopping malls, flyovers in cities and other commercial complexes can be fulfilled by the role of an architect.
Bachelor of Architecture in Landscape Architecture
Bachelor of Architecture in Landscape Architecture course duration is 3 years. It is a basic architecture program. The candidates who passed 10 and 12 standards from the reputed school and must secure 50% marks are eligible. The course fee is approximately Rs 1 to 10 lacs for 5 years. The Department of Landscape Architecture & Environmental Planning constitutes a four-year bachelor of arts degree in landscape architecture with the option to specialize in environmental planning as such. Landscape Architecture encompasses aspects such as Ecology, Environmental Up-Gradation, Industrial Landscape, Green belts and more.
Bachelor of Architecture in Building and Construction Management
Bachelor of Architecture in Building and Construction Management course duration is 3 years. A candidate who passed 10th & 12th standards from the reputed school is eligible. The course fee is approximately Rs 1 to 10 lacs for 5 years. A candidate once completes the course will get many job opportunities such as Data Analyst, Architecture Designer, Architecture Engineer, Interior Designer, Architecture Draftsman, Technical Assistant, Project Assistant Manager, Manager Sales, Business Development Manager, Architectural Assistant, etc.
The Admissions are complete meritorious, your selection under this course is based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level, or in a related entrance test, such as NATA, BITSAT, followed by a round of Personal Interviews.
Bachelor of Planning
Bachelor of Planning is a 4-year undergraduate course. A candidate who wants to pursue this course must hold their higher education certificate for admission process with 50% marks along maths subject. The semester is divided into 8 parts. The average course fee for this course Rs 1 lakh and 2 lacs. For admission in this course, the student has to attend the entrance test. The students can pursue their career in Urban Planner, Regional Planner, Project Planner, Design Architect, Interior Designer, etc. The program aims in building students for a research-based dissertation. It makes the students specialize in a wide range of designing, engineering, managing and resolving challenges.
Bachelor of Engineering in Construction Technology
B.E. in Construction Technology is an undergraduate Architecture Science and Technology course and the duration of the program is 3 years. The eligibility for this course is 10+2 with an aggregate score of 55% and some colleges conduct entrance exams for admission. The course is beneficial to prepare the graduate for further roles in managing people, equipment, materials, technological process and funds in construction. Students learn basic engineering and other professionals supervise the construction of buildings and other structures. They can pursue careers as construction managers, project managers/managers, civil engineers, and asset management in a range of industries including consulting engineers, construction, research organizations, private sector, local and other government authorities.
Objectives Of Architecture Courses
The various perspectives in the field of architecture and how students get influenced by it are mentioned below
The course will help the students gain a better insight into various design theories and methods.
Your understanding of design procedures and processes will improve.
The students will take up their learning up a notch of the infield and understanding previous designs and architectural criticism.
An architect is required to have qualities such as structured imagination, creative thinking, the ability to innovate and also to be a leader, and these qualities will be heightened during the course.
During the course, the students will be taught about the historical and cultural precedents in local and world architecture.
Having artistic skills is a very integral part of the architecture and during the course, the students will be provided with help so that they can improve these skills and the qualities of designs will be improved.
One will be taught different methods of procurement of architectural services.
One will get a relatively better understanding of the fundamental workings of the different construction and development industry aspects like finance, real estate investment and facilities management.
The students will be able to understand the potential roles of architects in conventional fields of activity and on the global platform.
There are certain legal technicalities like registration, practice and building contracts that should be well-known by the architects. They will also be taught about professional ethics and codes of conduct that are applied while practicing architecture.
The students will be taught about natural systems and built environments.
Conservation and waste management issues will be addressed along with the processing of sustainable development
The students will gain knowledge about the life cycle of materials, issues of ecological sustainability, environmental impact, design for reduced use of energy, as well as passive systems and their management.
Certain areas are prone to natural calamities and risks and architects should be aware of such a phenomenon so that any accidents that can be caused in the future will be mitigated.
- They will gain a perspective on sustainable development concerning preserving the environment while considering modern growth and infrastructure.
Types of Architecture
There are many types of architecture and styles, the few types of architecture are listed below:
Ancient Egyptian Architecture: Considered to be the most powerful civilizations in history, the Egyptians made iconic architecture which can be said after thinking about the Pyramids build which focuses on incredible architecture with detailed temple complexes focuses on aesthetic beauty and function. With the combination of engineering prowess with rich symbolism, the architecture of the Egyptians would continue to be an inspiration for centuries.
Greek and Roman Architecture: The umbrella of classical architecture, greek and roman architecture solidified the idea of building structures and these civilizations were the masters of engineering, building highway systems and aqueducts to bring commercial goods and water across their lands for the people and the cattle to graze. The architecture was done in the way to emphasize harmony among the people and the civilizations.
Byzantine Architecture: the architecture style evolved when Constantine moved the capital of the Roman empire to Istanbul in 330AD. In this architecture, the architects took more liberty with the classical orders which have been defined by the Greeks and considered as the most iconic architecture which comes from the middle period. the early works like the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia show off the engineering prowess of the Byzantines
Mesoamerican Architecture: The period of Mesoamerican is classically identified with the Maya architecture and the great stepped pyramids of these civilizations. the native cultures of what is now Central America, from central Mexico to northern Costa Rica. Urban planning was guided by the religious and mythological beliefs, as the cultures believed that the architecture was a tangible form of their faith. They are in specific noted for their heavy stonework and use of enormous manpower to overcome technological handicaps.
Modernist Architecture: the advancement in glass, steel, and reinforced concrete opened up a range of possibilities for the architects to evolve into this architecture. This flourished with different styles which became prominent in the first half of the 20th century. This group made advances in urban planning, residential living, and commercial architecture that continue through the Post-Modern era. Much of what we consider the norm now, such as steel-framed skyscrapers or ranch-style homes, were developed during this period.
The previous century saw tremendous growth in the scope of architectural designs and with the existence of architects since the time, new concepts and designs with the implementation of new technological inputs they provide professional services to new constructions, alterations, and renovations, etc. A career in Architecture is attractive, high paying, and has lots of potential in terms of growth. With many freelancing architects, they have ample scope in terms of earning. Specialization works well for better prospects in architecture. Architects focus on how to make living easy and comfortable for people ranging from lower-middle-class to upper-class and offer them housing and shelter with luxury and style.
When people hear the word "architect", they imagine someone behind a computer or a draft table drawing bridges or dams. Well there is more in the field of architecture that meets the eye and listed below are some of the architects working under different layers of architecture
Landscape Architects: They are involved in environmental restoration, stormwater management, designing recreational areas, and so on. Designing of outdoor areas for private business is their main area for focus because their field of work involves interaction with trees, plants, and other living materials with knowledge of horticulture and a way to integrate the living with the architecture
Industrial Architects: Industrial projects like bridges, hydroelectric dams, and other large industrial projects are designed by these people and they have a solid understanding of engineering principles. Industrial architecture can be considered as the major component as they design buildings rather than public and private buildings. It encompasses advanced knowledge of science and engineering
Commercial or Public Architects: Public building architecture plays a role in the definition of development of society with different types of architecture to symbolize different ideas. The design public buildings, airports, malls, libraries. With depth in engineering and construction, these public/commercial buildings are constructed which specialize in larger ventures fro state government and business. Being an architect of a public building helps to instill concepts with culture
Self-Employed Architects: Self-employed architects have full-reign projects. The main role of them is to meet with clients, prepare all preliminary estimates and specifications by using computer software or by drawing plans. They manage construction contracts, conducts business and seek through networking, marketing, and advertising. The main field of work for self-employed architects are in the structure where people live, work, shop, eat, learn, or play.
Architectural Historians: These guys do not design buildings or dams, but they research and write about the history of architecture. Their work of employment is in archives, museums, institutions, government agencies, non-profits, and as freelance consultants and writers. They manage to conduct historical research and evaluation for historic sites or provide technical support for the community in regards to preservation programs
Architecture Salary in India
The architect salary in India has produced well-experienced incumbents by different private organizations depending on the productivity and value addition. The salary of a beginner can gradually increase with experience. Even within the field, the salaries vary widely, with private companies paying more than the government sector to hire skilled architects.
|Designation||Average Pay||Minimum pay||Maximum Pay|
|Junior Architect||INR 23,000||INR 15,000||INR 35,000|
|Senior Executive||INR 75,000||INR 36,000||INR 1,25,000|
|Manager||INR 1,00,000||INR 75,000||INR 1,70,000|
|Senior Manager||INR 1,45,000||INR 1,02,500||INR 2,30,500|
Top Colleges for Architecture Courses & Entrance Exams in India
Some of the best architecture colleges in India are listed below and to get admission in architecture percentage of 12th standard will also be considered. Council of Architect (COA) conducts entrance exam for architecture after 12th
School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Kharagpur
Indian Institute of Technology, [IIT] Roorkee
Sir JJ College of Architecture, Mumbai
National Institute of Technology, [NIT] Tiruchirappalli
Jadavpur University, Calcutta
Birla Institute of Technology, [BIT] Mesra, Patna
CEPT University, Ahmedabad
Chandigarh College of Architecture, [CCA] Chandigarh
Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi
This is all you need to know about the architectural field and the courses that come along with it, although the career poses many challenges, the determination is worth it, and it allows you to explore your innovative space of mind and it helps you to grow as a professional, helping you to reach your goals and vision as a successful architect.