How to become a Psychologist in India

How to Become a Psychologist in India

In the past few years, there has been an increase in the demand for psychologists in India. The job of a Psychologist is not only limited to understand and decode the body language of a person, like most of the movies have made us believe. It has many other aspects.

Psychology is a course which helps in understanding the other person’s way of thinking, the memory pattern in their life, and also understand how and a person feels about a particular topic and the factors affecting that.

You can jump to any of the section from the table below.

Here is the table of content of the article "How to become a Psychologist in India."

  1. Importance of Psychology

  2. Who are Psychologists?

  3. Difference between Psychiatrist and Psychologist

  4. Psychology Basics

  5. Types of Psychology

  6. How to Become a Psychologist in India

  7. Steps for Becoming a Psychologist in India

  8. Benefits of a Psychology Degree

  9. Scope for Psychologist in India

  10. Salary of a Psychologist in India

  11. Top Colleges in India for Studying Psychology

Importance of Psychology

Psychology usually allows people to understand more about how the physical and mental parts of the human body work together.

  • Psychology can help with proper decision-making, avoid stressed situations and manage anger. It also can help with improving time managing ability, settling and achieving goals effectively.

  • The beauty of science not only allows the individuals to be successful, but it also has a lot of impacts on the physical and mental health of a person. It helps many people to solve their psychological problems so that the individual can live healthy and happy lives.

  • Psychological studies have also been aiding in drug development and the ability to diagnose or cure various diseases of the roots, thus eradicating them.

  • People can personally examine the importance of the subject through their own experience. Psychology has helped many people to come up with the problems related to mental and physical health.

  • A lot of things can be learned and cured through psychology, such as building relationships, career importance, and many more essential values.

Who are Psychologists?

A psychologist is a person who studies the normal and abnormal mental health of his clients from their behavior by examining, observing, and recording how individuals are relating to one another and their surroundings.

To become a psychologist, a candidate should complete a university degree in psychology, but also members of other behavioral professions like counselors and psychiatrists can treat and study the mental status of the individual.

Psychologists work in a field which has no limits that their area has no boundaries and they learn many skills which can be implemented on his disciplines or clients.

Generally, psychologists can be classified into two basic types:

2.1 Practitioners

  • These are the people who keep practicing psychology to work with people experiencing various kinds of difficulties, such as depression, anger, anxiety, and addiction.

  • Their main job is to eliminate mental and emotional problems or stress to facilitate happy and healthy lives.

  • Most of the practitioners hold a graduate degree in psychology, if not then a doctorate in psychology.

2.2 Researchers

  • Research psychologists are the people who generally use scientific methods to study, gather information, examine and give the results or reports.

  • They usually work in places like universities, schools and many other places where they can interact with humans and analyze their behavior.

  • In most cases, research psychology careers come under the category of doctorate.

Difference between Psychiatrist and Psychologist

  • Psychiatrists are doctors with an MBBS degree. They have the license to prescribe medications for healing a person, and their job profile mainly includes dealing with patients, teaching them medication management as a course of treatment.

  • Psychologists choose a different path of treating the patient; that is, they extensively rely on techniques like psychotherapy and treating emotional and mental suffering in patients through behavioral interventions or counseling.

  • Psychiatrists are trained at medical schools when they take MBBS and are trained in psychiatry along with other specializations. Then they have to do MD, and they practice for four years on residency training in psychiatry to be considered as a qualified psychiatrist.

  • Psychologists have to obtain either a Ph.D. or a PsyD doctoral degree. This might take four to six years for completion. Psychologists will be studying topics regarding personality development, the history of psychological problems and the science of psychological research.

Psychology Basics

  • Psychology candidates will be having a wide range of choices, from first degrees that cover up the foundations of the discipline to highly specialized doctoral degrees.

  • Most jobs in this career require a master’s degree and may expect a doctorate with different certification.

  • Candidates who want to start their career in psychology after a bachelor’s degree can still find various level jobs such as case managers, assistant counselors, or as human resource coordinators.

There are different kinds of specialties under psychology; they are:

Clinical Psychology

Forensic Psychology

Counseling Psychology

Research Psychology

Educational Psychology

Neuropsychology

Cognitive and Perceptual Psychology

Geriatric Psychology

Developmental Psychology

Educational and Industrial Psychology

Types of psychology

You guessed it right. Psychology is a vast field with many categories in it such as Clinical Psychology, Counseling Psychology, Educational Psychology, Developmental psychology, and so on.

Here are the details on a few of them.

1. Clinical Psychology

  • Clinical psychology is also the branch of psychology which deals with examining and treatment of mental illness, mental state abnormalities, and psychiatric problems.

  • This field of Psychology includes the integration of the science of psychology to treat complexions of human problems and hence making it an exciting area of choice for people who are looking forward to a challenging and exciting field.

2. Counseling Psychology

  • Counseling psychology, precisely one of the branch of psychology providing effective therapy to help clients who are in a broad range of problems.

  • Counseling Psychology is a field of professional psychology, which focuses on working towards the betterment of emotional, social, health, development, and organizational concerns of a person which will impact the day to day lifestyle in general basis.

  • All are the stages of total development from the children throughout the aging, counseling psychology can be made up with culturally based practices of addressing any of the problems, transitions, maintaining the right relationships, stress management and many more.

3. Educational Psychology

  • Educational psychologists are mainly found in educational institutions where they give suggestions to the students who need them.

  • It also enables the teacher to teach in very well-mannered perspectives. The teachers are educating and supporting to meet the challenges of today’s generation has become a huge issue.

  • Educational psychology contributes to the preparation of teachers to be better. It is also essential for a teacher to teach his students to understand their mental abilities and their mental status.

  • Educational psychology helps the teacher in doing the same.

4. Cognitive and Perceptual Psychology

  • Psychology, in general, relates to the symbolism of a particular fact.

  • As we keep making decisions and create lots of memories, what this representing is a person’s perceptual psychology.

  • The mental process throughout the day is what we create and who we are, starting from the right outfits we also choose the food we eat. Therefore, we are using psychology in various perspectives.

  • These cognitive processes will shape who we are, which will help us to understand why we are the way we are like. We make decisions because of our perspective.

5. Developmental Psychology

  • Developmental psychology is a part of psychology which has the scientific approach that will explain the growth, change, and consistency throughout the lifespan.

  • Developmental psychology explains the thinking, feeling, and behavior changes throughout a person’s lifespan.

  • A significant portion of theories within this discipline concentrates more on the development of the child during childhood, as this is the time where most change occurs.

6. Forensic Psychology

  • Crime is one of the major problems in many parts of the world, especially in highly populated areas.

  • As much as we wish for peace, crime-free lives and many more this is most likely not going to happen anytime soon.

  • Typically necessary for protecting ordinary citizens from crime and in the same way it is difficult to do it.

  • So, Forensic psychology usually plays a vital role. The word forensic may be defined as one of the scientific methods for investigating the crime or the criminal.

  • Forensic psychology may also be described as the merger of law and psychology.

7. Neuropsychology

  • Neuropsychology is the study of brain-behavior and has utilized the classical theory-based approach on brain damage to its patterns of reserved and impaired cognitive functioning.

  • In most mental disorders, however, focal brain problems are rare, and the real challenge of neuropsychology is to understand abnormal behavior in terms of dysfunctional brain processing of information.

  • This is more likely to be related to abnormal functioning of brain systems than to brain damage.

8. Geriatric Psychology

  • Gerontology is the branch of psychology that studies the process of aging effects on our mental, physical, and even on our social lives during the stage of the old age.

  • The field always emphasizes to specialize in treating the people who are 65 years and older. It has grown over in the years as problems such as Alzheimer’s disease, Dementia, Glaucoma, Arthritis, and Diabetes are increasing at a higher growth rate.

How to become a Psychologist in India

  • The duty of psychologists is one of the essential tasks in any part of the world.

  • Many people across the globe suffer from various kind of problems such as anxieties or physical/ mental issues.

  • According to a recent survey, half of the adults with mental illness have developed it during hard situations of their lifetime.

  • The role of Psychologists playing a significant role in helping people is to sort out these problems.

  • Psychologists are non-medical doctors as in their Ph.D. who has specializations in the study of the mind and human physical behavior.

  • Psychologists help people overcome their fears and anxiety and many other problems. It allows people to coordinate better with colleagues, family, and friends, thus leading a better life in society.

  • The field of psychology is enormous and has various branches to go through, and once if a candidate finishes the education and become a psychologist, the actual job duties will depend on the taken specialization.

  • Psychologists practice in unique ways, the most common way is that of counseling, and they also offer psychotherapy, conduct personality therapy, and work in colleges and universities.

  • Clinical psychologists work profile usually includes helping people overcome the problems that keep them from happy by advising, more fulfilling lives, and also improve the mental health of their clients. They can also be used as a practice forensic psychology and also can be used to testify in court and help to choose judges or determine competency to stand the trial. The focus you want is up to the individual.

Steps for becoming a Psychologist in India

Step 1: Bachelor’s degree

  • Individuals can often start their bachelor’s degree in psychology; the prerequisite courses include general psychology, experimental psychology, and developmental psychology, and other statistics of psychology.

Step 2: Experience

  • If Individual is interested in experimental psychology, help a professor with her research project as an intern. Work with physically disabled kids, do social awareness about the particular topic.

  • If interested in the developmental psychology course, volunteer in a mental health hospital or a clinic.

  • If you want to get any experience during your psychology degree, students may find it easier to find a job after the degree.

Step 3: Research

  • Learn about the additional courses about the various programs to find the psychology master’s degree that is best for the student.

  • The institution that the candidate chooses will also play an essential role for the candidate and should choose the institution based on the interests and the specialties of the faculty at the schools you’re considering.

Step 4: Degree and Specialty

  • Choosing which field is appropriate for an individual is also essential while choosing the stream, clinical psychology or counseling psychology, Research psychology or industrial-organizational psychology so based on their interest the candidates need to take up the specialization.

Step 5: Doctorate

  • Most of the fields in psychology expect you to have a doctorate.

  • Psychology graduate institutions focus only on a competitive score on the GRE (1200 or more), a GPA of about 3.3 or higher than that, and volunteer or paid experience or internship in the field.

Step 6: Psychology Internship

  • Candidate needs to do a two-year internship because this is a good experience for many students as they will be getting on-the-job training sessions.

  • You also get to learn whether the specialty is appropriate for you or not for you. The satisfaction of serving others will be added benefit during this period.

  • Internships that are done in clinical and counseling psychology sometimes may need to be approved by some of the reputed organization because jobs in mental health institution sometimes require an approved internship. From some organizations.

Step 7: Practice psychology

  • All stages of psychology require you to fulfill specific requirements before the institution approves the course.

  • You must also pass a national level exam and, in some colleges, students need to submit a case study to a panel consisting of psychologists.

Benefits of a Psychology Degree

Benefits of a Psychology degree

Every profession has its own set of benefits, some might be tangible, and others might be intangible.

There are many benefits in psychology degree such as

  • The most popular undergraduate course in India and the diversification of the career can be to various sectors.

  • You will learn more about yourself and others.

  • The communication skills improve as you are aware of the impact of body language.

  • Resolving conflict efficiently makes you successful in life. It also has a high level of demand in many of the companies for a smooth run.

  • Gain a better social life and respect from others in society.

Psychology Fast Facts

  • Psychology is the study of behavior and the state of Individual minds.

  • There are different types of psychology, such as cognitive, social, and developmental psychology also some other types along with it.

  • An individual with a condition that affects his mental health and which may benefit from evaluation and treatment with a psychologist.

  • A psychologist may offer different treatment that focuses on behavioral adaptations.

  • A psychiatrist also called a medical doctor who usually focuses on medical management of mental health problems.

Scope for Psychologist in India

Once the student has finished his/her psychology degree and has also completed their internship, they need to think about the placed candidate want to work. Psychologists work in many different environments, including the following places:

Government organizations

Nursing homes

Hospitals and clinics

Rehabilitation centres

Management consulting companies

Schools, universities, and any other educational organizations

Marketing firms and other businesses

Social service groups

Salary of a Psychologist in India

Psychology is one of the highly rewarding and exciting fields of study. The psychologist salary will be mainly based on many factors such as qualification, degree certificate, the area of specialization, and experience. Professional psychologists with a master degree like M.Phil. and Ph.D. degree earns quite a right amount of money as a part of their salary. Those working in a private organization will have more chances of making a higher salary.

In this field, the initial salary of the candidate will be between INR 1.79 LPA to INR 6.23 LPA. As one establishes himself in the area and specializes in any of its specializations has a chance of earning more money.

Top Colleges in India for Studying Psychology

Here is the list of top psychology colleges in India. You can also go to the college finder tool to compare the colleges offering psychology degree.

  • Lady Shriram College, [LSR] New Delhi

  • St Xavier's College, Mumbai

  • Presidency College, Chennai

  • Christ University, Bangalore

  • Kamala Nehru College, Delhi University

  • Sophia College for Women, Mumbai

  • Mithibai College of Arts, Mumbai

  • Jesus & Mary College, [JMC] New Delhi

  • Fergusson College, [FC] Pune

  • The University of Calcutta, [UC] Kolkata

That is all you had to know about becoming a psychologist, and all that it takes to be aware of the fields and the choices you can make, from all the great picks that are at your disposal. It is essential to understand the mental drain and stress that goes into this profession as such and the integral aspects of time and efforts involved.



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Ashutosh Mishra

thanks sir

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