Check the step by step guide for NDA Preparation 2021. Learn how to prepare for NDA exam with the help of the tips provided here and check the best books for NDA preparation.
The UPSC NDA is an examination conducted to test the eligibility of a candidate interested in pursuing his/her higher studies at the National Defence Academy (NDA). The examination is competitive and has a high level of difficulty. But with a few simple preparation tips and study tricks as mentioned in this article, you will be able to clear the examination successfully.
National Defence Academy (NDA) exam is a National level defence entrance exam conducted for candidates who wish to pursue a career as a member of the Indian Defence Force, mainly Army, Navy and Air force wings of NDA. It is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and is conducted twice every year. Due to Covid-19, the UPSC is conducting the NDA exam only once this year. There are 2 steps to get admission into NDA- a written examination and an SSB (Service Selection Board) interview. Lakhs of people write this examination and a few thousand get selected for the SSB interview. The NDA exam is tough to crack but with early preparations, the candidates can ace the exam.
How to Prepare for the NDA Exam?
The NDA exam can be tough for candidates who need a grasp of the basics so it would be preferable to start your preparations early. Make a study plan and dedicate yourself to studying for a few hours every day. They should have short term and long term goals which they should plan accordingly so that they are motivated to finish their targets. They should focus on time management by ensuring they achieve their target every day. By being organized, there would be better execution of the study plan. The main books used for this examination are the NCERT books of class 11th and 12th. They help understand the concepts of various topics under General Ability section. The candidates should develop a habit of reading newspapers as it would help you learn about the current events happening around the world. Mock papers are a must as it helps the candidates to solve the questions faster and gives them clarity on what kind of questions would be asked so that they can work on those problems. Revise the topics you have learnt every day by making short notes. For the interview, be confident and focus on getting better at your communication skills.
|NDA Exam full form||National Defence Academy exam|
|Mode of exam||Pen and paper-based exam|
|Duration of the exam||5 hours|
|Question paper type||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)|
|Number of sections||2 (General Ability and Mathematics)|
|Total number of questions||270 (General Ability-150, Mathematics-120)|
|Total marks||900 (General Ability- 600 marks, Mathematics-300 marks)|
|Language medium||English and Hindi|
The paper is divided into two sections- Mathematics and General Ability Test. The syllabus for the two sections is as follows:
- Matrices and determinants
- Analytical Geometry
- Differential calculus
- Integral calculus
- Differential equations
- Vector Algebra
- Statistics and probability
General Ability Test
Part A - English
- Grammar and its usage
- English vocabulary
- Idioms and proverbs
- Synonyms and Antonyms
Part B - General Knowledge
- States of Matter
- Laws of Motion
- Light and Sound
- Current and Electricity
- Work, Energy and Power
- Modes of Transfer of Heat
- Physical and Chemical Changes
- Properties of Air and Water
- Chemical equations and Laws of Chemical Combination
- Properties of Oxygen, Hydrogen, etc. with Oxidation and Reduction
- Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures
- Atom and its structure
- Carbon and its forms
- Acids, Bases and Salts
- Use of materials for the preparation of different chemicals
iii) General Science
- Basic Unit of Life: Cell
- Achievements of Eminent Scientists
- Living and Non-Living Things
- Food and Balanced Diet
- Human Body and Life processes
- Reproduction in Plants and Animals
- Solar System
- A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation.
- Nationalism in India
- Constitution and Administration of India
- Freedom Movement in India
- Renaissance and Discovery
- Five Year plans of India
- French, Russian and Industrial Revolution
- Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
- Earth and its Origin and Movement
- Regional Geography of India
- Transportation and Trading routes of India
- Imports and Exports of India
- Agriculture and Industries
- Rocks and Its classification
- The atmosphere and Atmospheric Pressure
- Types of Climate
- Tides and Oceanic Currents
- Weathering-Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
- Mineral and Power resources
vi) Current Affairs
- Recent events occurred in India and around the world
- Famous personalities related to cultural, political and sports
Best Books for NDA Preparation
- Manorama Yearbook 2020 by Mammen Mathew
- Wren & Martin High School English Grammar and Composition
- Objective GK by Sanjiv Kumar
- Mathematics for NDA/NA: National Defence Academy and Naval Academy by RS Aggarwal
- NDA Entrance Exam by ES Ramasamy
Preparing For NDA 2021 Exam
Candidates need to be focused and prepare for the NDA exam with a good schedule in hand. Use the right books and study material to gain an advantage over your competition and secure your place post the NDA 2021 Exam. Here are some tips to prepare in the best manner for the NDA 2021 exam:
- Have a fool-proof study schedule in place before you begin
- Understand your study path in terms of the topics to read and the books you must possess
- Keep your General knowledge up to date with magazines and newspapers
- Keep the right study materials - books, pdfs, question papers and model tests, in hand before you start
- Keep yourself mentally and physically fit at all times so you can be confident and perform at your best.
- How many times can I write the NDA exam?
A: If you are under the age limit which is between 16-19, you can appear for the exam as many times as you want.
- When should I apply for the NDA exam?
A: Usually, candidates apply by December for NDA-1 exam and by May for the NDA-2 exam. But since we are dealing with a pandemic, the last date to apply for this examination is extended to 6 July 2020.
- When should I start preparing for NDA exam?
A: If you are clear with the basics, you can start a month or two before the exam. If you are not clear with the basics, start your preparations as early as possible.