Full form of IPS, SSC, UPSC, IAS, ACP/DSP, PSC including details like Eligibility, Exam Pattern, and Salary. All full forms of police departments such as DGP, ADGP, IGP/SIGP, DIGP, SP, DCP, ASP, PI, API, SI, ASI, HC, and PC.
For some candidates, getting into SSC, UPSC, IPS, ACP, or PSC is a dream come true. But if you're not familiar with their full forms at most, then you're missing out on some crucial first impressions for understanding the underlying responsibilities. This article will walk you through what their full forms are, and other relevant information that will interest you, be it the exam eligibility criteria or the salary packages involved.
- Full Forms of Popular Government Services
- Full Form of IPS
- Full Form of SSC
- Full Form of UPSC
- Full Form of IAS
- Full Form of ACP/DSP
- Full Form of PSC
- Full Form of MPPSC
- Full Form of POLICE Department and Designations
- Full Form of POLICE Department Related Terms
Full Forms of Popular Government Services
If you're not aware of the full forms of popular government services in India, then the following table will help with any revisions you need there. These services are considered to be the best at what they do. This is all due to their role in maintaining the democratic nature of the Indian government.
|Full Form of IPS||Indian Police Service|
|Full Form of SSC||Staff Selection Commission|
|Full Form of UPSC||Union Public Service Commission|
|Full Form of IAS||Indian Administrative Service|
|Full Form of ACP/DSP||Assistant Commissioner of Police|
|Full Form of PSC||Public Service Commission|
|Full Form of MPPSC||Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission|
Full Form of IPS
The full form of IPS is 'Indian Police Service'. This service was first founded in 1948 and is currently regulated by the Ministry of Home Affairs. IPS professionals such as Kiran Bedi, U Sagayam, Shivdeep Lande and many more have contributed extensively to India's policing services and practices whilst following ethical and moral practices. It's worth learning more about how to become an IPS officer if you are eyeing a career in anything related to civilian protection.
Bottom line, you have to extensively study for the IPS exam in order to crack it. It's one of the toughest exams in the country. Having said that, passing it with flying colours enables your application to stand out from the crowd. Through it, you can obtain any respectable career.
The following are the IPS departments you can join once you pass the IPS exam:
- Crime Branch
- Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW)
- Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
- Home Guards
- Traffic Bureau and more.
In order to be eligible for the exam, you must have a degree from any recognised institute of university. It's also applicable to candidates writing their course's final year examination. Here are some of the basic eligibility criteria to be met:
- You must be a citizen of India.
- You should be between 21-37 years of age depending on the category you fall under:
- General candidates must be 21-32 years of age.
- OBC candidates must be 21-35 years of age.
- SC/ST candidates must be 21-37 years of age.
- Age limits for the physically handicapped are set at 42, 45, and 47 years of age for General, OBC, and SC/ST categories, respectively.
Full Form of SSC
The full form of SSC is Staff Selection Commission. They conduct government exams to recruit the workforce for many posts and vacancines in offices and organisations under the Government of India. These include exams such as SSC CGL and SSC MTS exams. The SSC CGL exam stands for the Combined Graduate Level exam; it's essential for recruiting suitable candidates for non-technical and non-gazetted posts in Group B or Group C cadre for departments, offices, and ministries under the Government of India. These exams are very immensely competitive and lucrative. Ergo, the number of applicants appearing for these exams is high. Lakhs of candidates appear for the recruitment exam for thousands of vacancies annually.
To be eligible for SSC CGL, candidates must satisfy the following criteria:
- You must hold a Bachelor's degree in any discipline from a recognised institution.
- You must be between 18-32 years of age. Your age during your Class 10/12 studies are considered as well.
- You must be an Indian citizen, a subject of Nepal or Bhutan, or a Tibetan refugee who moved to India before 1962.
Those who meet the exam's criteria, and pass it with high marks get to apply for jobs including, but not limited to, assistants, customs examiner, multitasking staff, junior clerks, income tax inspectors, subinspectors in narcotics, and much more.
Full Form of UPSC
The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. It is a government body that holds the responsibility of conducting the Civil Service Examinations in India. UPSC exam is the most prestigious exam in India, and has been since its inception. Should you go after a respectable government job or position in a government organisation in India, then the go-to exam to pass in would be the UPSC exam.
The upcoming UPSC Civil Services Exam will be conducted in two stages: Preliminary and Main Examinations. This is then followed by an interview. The exam consists of 2 objective-type question papers, each of which are worth 200 marks. The question papers will be set in both Hindi as well as English, so you can choose one over the years based on your linguistic convenience.
The UPSC main exam consists of 1,750 marks, and only candidates who qualify for the prelim exams can write it.
Full Form of IAS
The full form of IAS is Indian Administrative Service. It was first established in 1858 under the Imperial Civil Service, which was later amended. Those who clear the UPSC IAS exam can work under any union, state, or public sector undertaking. To be part of it, you'll need to dedicate sheer commitment to it. Which is why the following criteria must be met, and some more:
- You must be an Indian citizen, a subject of Nepal or Bhutan, or a Tibetan refugee who came to India before January 1962.
- The minimum age limit is 21 years, and the maximum age limit is 32 years.
- The candidate must hold a graduate degree or equivalent qualification from a recognized institution/ university.
- You should also be clear about how to become an IAS officer.
Students can refer to all the necessary NCERT books from Classes 8-12 to thoroughly prepare for the UPSC IAS and IPS exams. Be it for subjects such as history, social science, political science and geography, or economics, science, English and mathematics. Passing the examination and meeting the eligibility criteria will provide you opportunities to work as one of the following roles:
- Head of Public Sector Units
- Chief Secretary
- Cabinet Secretary and more
Full Form of ACP/DSP
The full form of ACP is Assistant Commissioner of Police, whereas the full form of DSP is Deputy Superintendent of Police. These are among the most reputed posts in the Indian Police Services. Usually, the role of the ACP is provided to an officer who is in the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police. If you want to become an ACP, then you need to know two ways in which that can be possible:
- Getting a normal promotion from the state police rank. Gradually work your way up the ladder after serving for 15-20 years in the police department.
- After clearing Group I exam with a good rank, direct recruitment can be opted for through the UPSC itself.
But education isn't all that matters. There are some key duties involved in being an ACP, for which the skills can only be obtained through experience and patience:
- Any duties you'd perform come directly from the Commissioner of Police.
- You will guide and supervise the officers under your jurisdiction and maintain the department's disciplinary measures.
- Your routine will also include paying a visit to numerous police stations for round checks and verification of the security measures taken there.
Full Form of PSC
The full form of PSC is Public Service Commission. Before, it was referred to as the Provincial Civil Service (PCS). It is a central authority responsible for conducting the recruitment exams at union and state-level posts under various categories in the departments under the Government of India.
As PSC exams are conducted by their independent states, each of them have their own portals for you to fill an application form in and submit for the upcoming exams. The basic educational qualification required to attend the state government jobs and central government jobs through the Public Service Commission Examinations are as follows:
- You must have completed a graduate degree, a post graduate degree or diploma in a relevant discipline.
- The minimum and maximum age limits are 18 and 33 years of age, respectively.
- The selection process involves 3 stages: preliminary, mains, and personal interview.
Full Form of MPPSC
The full form of MPPSC is Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission, which is the administrative and independent body in Madhya Pradesh. They conduct competitive exams to recruit candidates for various posts. The MPPSC exam paper consists of General Studies and General Aptitude. Since the MPPSC prelims exam is a screening test, it's required to pass the prelims to appear for the MPPSC main exam. But the eligibility criteria doesn't stop there:
- You must have graduated from a recognised university in a relevant course.
- You must be a citizen of India.
- You must be between 21-40 years of age. However, the age limit is subject to the post you're applying for.
- You can apply for the exam if you possess any professional or technical qualifications recognised by the state government.
Full Forms of Police Department and Designations
Fun fact: 'Police' itself is an abbreviation of 'Public Officer for Legal Investigations and Criminal Emergencies'. There are various police departments that have their own designations. We'll first start with the DGP and work our way down to the SHO.
Full Form of DGP
The full form of DGP is Director General of Police; they are the highest-ranking police officers in both the states as well as union territories since they are the head of the state's or the territory's police force. All DGPs are IPS officers as well. Some of the common appointments for these officers include Director-General of Prisons, Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau, Director General of Fire Forces and Civil Defence, Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Police Housing Society, and a few others. In order to become a DGP, you'd have to first be an IPS officer and earn your promotions up to the DGP position. You also need to clear the UPSC exam, failing which you cannot be an IPS officer. The consolidated salary of a DGP is INR 80,000 per month with no grade payments.
Full Form of ADGP
The full form of ADGP is Additional Director General of Police. They have the 3-star police rank as their maximum ranking (which is similar to the DGP), however this position is considered junior to the Director General of Police (DGP). The mark of an ADGP is the national emblem over a crossed sword and baton. These police officers also wear Gorget patches on their collars with a dark blue background and a leaf-like emblem stitched on top of it. ADGPs are now posted as zonal heads for various Indian states. The salary of an ADGP varies between INR 37,400 to INR 67,000, with a grade pay of INR 12,000.
Full Form of IGP
The full form of IGP is the Inspector General of Police, who are two-star IPS officers with the third-highest ranking in the hierarchy. This puts them right below the ADGP. IGP officers wear a Gorget patch on their collar, with the same sort of emblem and patch, however the outline for the emblem is coloured white. IGP officers earn between INR 37,400 to INR 67,000 with a grade pay of INR 10,000.
Full Form of DIGP
The full form of DIGP is Deputy Inspector General of Police. As an alternative, they can also be called 'DIG', which can stand for Deputy Inspector General. In fact, it's a commonly used name. As a one-star rank in the Indian Police Department, the salary they obtain for the roles and responsibilities you fulfill as a DIG ranges between INR 37,400 to INR 67,000, along with grade pay of INR 8,900.
Full Form of SP
The full form of SP is the Superintendent of Police. They are the head of a district's police force. In the case of districts where the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) is the head, the SP would be the head of an urban or rural area within that district instead. SSP-ranked IPS officers wear the IPS police logo below the star/Ashoka emblem, whereas an SP-ranked state police officer wears the state police logo below the star/Ashoka emblem. SPs generally earn between INR 15,600 to INR 39,000 per month with a grade pay of INR 7,600.
Full Form of DCP
The full form of DCP is Deputy Commissioner of Police. This designation is exclusively applicable in metropolitan cities with a police commissioner as the city's Chief of Police. In such cities, the area is divided into a suitable number of regions, zones and divisions, based on which certain designations are provided to different candidates. The DCP earns between INR 15,600 to INR 39,000, with a grade pay of INR 7,600.
Full Form of ASP
The full form of ASP is Additional Superintendent of Police. ASPs have a 3-star badge and are also placed in non-metropolitan areas. So the responsibilities included are not as prioritised as that of a DSP or an SP. With that said, the salary range for ASPs is between INR 15,600 to INR 39,100 with a grade pay of INR 5,400.
Full Form of PI
The full form of PI is Police Inspector. These are non-gazetted officers who command police stations. If you are trying to figure out how to become a PI, then it involves passing the direct recruitment exams generally aimed at Sub-Inspector positions in the state held by the state police department. Alternatively, you can write the Constable Recruitment Exam, however it will take a longer time to secure a position as a PI.
PIs are generally earning between INR 23,500 to INR 31,000. The grade pay is included in those brackets.
Full Form of API
The full form of API is Assistant Police Inspector, a rank that is lower than that of the PI. As an API, you are an inspector in an administrative position that is unequivalent to the police force rank. APIs generally enjoy a salary package of approximately INR 24,000, including grade pay.
Full Form of SI
The full form of SI is Sub-Inspector of Police, someone who generally commands a number of police personnel (along with the head constables and their commanding police outposts). SI is the lowest-ranked officer who can file a charge sheet in the court under the Indian Police rules and regulations. However, they are usually the first investigating officer. The salary of an SI depends on the state they are working in. In Delhi, their salary ranges between INR 9,300 to INR 34,800 with grade pay of INR 4,200. In other states, the range is between INR 5,200 to INR 20,200 with grade pay of INR 2,400.
Full Form of ASI
The full form of ASi is Assistant Sub-Inspector, which is a rank lower than that of the SI. They are a one-star ranked, non-gazetted police officer. Their uniform consists of a red-and-blue striped ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps. ASIs are offered a salary of INR 5,200 to INR 20,200 plus grade pay of INR 2,800.
Full Form of HC
The full form of HC is Head Constable, which is equivalent to a Sergeant in the police forces of other countries. In order to identify a head constable, you can spot their 3 chevrons (pointed downwards) on the sleeves. Alternatively, you may also find 3 bars on their epaulettes. HCs are generally paid between INR 15,600 to 60,000 with a grade pay of INR 9,400.
Full Form of PC
The full form of PC is Police Constable, which is the lowest police rank in India. This ranking is followed by the Head Constable. Depending on the authorisation passed by the command chain in the police force, a police constable may or may not possess and carry a gun. PCs are paid between INR 11,900 to INR 15,300.
Full Form of CI
The full form of CI is Circle Inspector. They are police officers ranking equal to the DSP or ASP in the states of Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. In other states, the same post is designated as DSP or ACP. CI is also addressed as CO, which stands for Circle Officer. The recruitment for this post is done via direct posting or promotion. For direct posting, The State Public Service Commission (SPSC) conducts the State Civil Service Examination (SCSE) periodically for the sole purpose of recruitment. Usually, CIs (or COs) are paid between INR 15,600 to INR 39,100.
Full Form of SHO
The full form of SHO is Station House Officer; they are in charge of the police station of the locality they are assigned to. SHOs are ranked above SIs and below DSPs. Alternatively, you can call them SO, which stands for Station Officer. Their primary responsibilities include leading sub-inspectors, head constables and constable teams in the investigation of a crime in an area of interest. During court cases, their appearance is crucial since they represent the police station they work in. Usually, SHOs earn between INR 5,200 to INR 20,200.
Full Form of Police Department Related Terms
Besides the details and full forms of the numerous positions available in the police department, there are a few other terms and positions that are more scarce. Here are some of them:
|Related Terms||Full Form|
|Full Form of FIR||First Information Report|
|Full Form of CSR||Community service register|
|Full Form of OC||Officer-in-Charge|
|Full Form of NCR||Non-Cognizable Report|
|Full Form of RI||Rigorous Imprisonment|
|Full Form of TI||Test Identification Parade|