St. Xavier's College, Ranchi was established in the year 1944 by the Society of Jesus. The college is approved by the University Grants Commission and is regarded as a "College with Potential for Excellence". St. Xavier's College, Ranchi is accredited by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council with an 'A' grade.
St. Xavier's College, Ranchi pursues a policy in admission, formation, and training, in favor of the Christian minority and the poor i.e. socially and financially marginalized.
Admission are based on the entrance test conducted by the college, the eligibility for which is to score a minimum of 50% aggregate in class 12th examination from a recognized board with relevant subjects. Merit lists are published on the official website of the college containing the roll codes of the qualified students.