The main goal is to help parents arrive at the conclusion of selecting the best school for their child by stating the difference between CBSE and ICSE boards.
Every parent is worried when it comes to admitting their child to school. They ponder over many aspects of their children's future when deciding between the different types of boards. Every child is unique, and their tastes, passions, and pursuits don't remain similar. This article aims to resolve the dilemma to a certain degree. Also, this article does not advocate any verdict on which is better. It is the responsibility of the concerned parent or student to comprehend and then make a decision.
General Layout of the Boards
In India, the commonly prevalent boards at the national level are – CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) and ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education). Apart from these two boards, most of the states have their State Boards.
CBSE or the Central Board of Secondary Education is a Board that comes under the Union Government of India. CBSE's affiliated schools include all the Kendriya Vidyalayas, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, and private schools. CBSE class 10th and class 12th final exams usually fall every year in February/March, but due to the ongoing pandemic, CBSE exams will begin in May.
Tracing its origin in 1952, an All India Certificate Examinations Conference was held. The main agenda discussed in it was to replace the overseas Cambridge School Certificate Examination with an All India Examination. CISCE (Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations), a national level private board of Education in India, established in 1958, is in charge of conducting the class 10th and class 12th examinations.
The education system has three segments, namely – Primary, Secondary and Senior Secondary Levels. Each of these levels plays a pivotal role in shaping a child's overall development. Both CBSE and ICSE attempt for the complete development of the physical and mental well-being of their students. However, they have their differences.
Difference between CBSE and ICSE
They differ in the following ways:
1.Method of study
CBSE and ICSE follow a particular prescribed mode of teaching that has been continuously evolving over the past ten years. The crux is that the student can feel and learn rather than relying on their memory to write examinations.
ICSE has an outstanding teaching model that involves a penetrative study of subjects and has carved a niche for itself in teaching English literature and language. CBSE focuses on academic maths and science and has prescribed textbooks to refer, study and memorize. ICSE has more options for learning, like courses in interior design and environmental science, lacking in CBSE.
2. Availability of Tutors and Schools
It varies demographically. In Delhi, it is hard to find ICSE teachers, owing to the low number of schools available. Whereas in Mumbai, the number of ICSE schools are higher compared to the Maharashtra SSC Board. ICSE is also prevalent in large numbers in Bangalore and Kolkata.
But it is a common belief that it is easier to find a CBSE school in any state. This is very strong for students who have parents who will be on a transfer frequently.
3. Linguistic Study
CBSE has a hold in having both English and Hindi for using them as a medium of teaching. ICSE does not recommend or promote Hindi.
4. Recognition by the Indian Government
CBSE is recognized by the Indian Government, whereas ICSE is not. The certificates given by both the boards are globally valid, but CBSE ranks better than ICSE in India. Many foreign education systems approve CISCE as equivalent to senior examination or high school.
5. Type of Candidature
CBSE allows regulars (who are studying in CBSE schools) and private candidates from non-affiliated schools to write exams. A candidate who has not been studying in an ICSE affiliated school cannot take up exams in ICSE.
6. Mode of Evaluation
The key difference between CBSE and ICSE is the mode of evaluation. In ICSE, internal assessments are extremely important, and overall scores are linked with practical tests. ICSE also emphasizes more on lab work, whereas CBSE evaluates based on theory.
The syllabus that the ICSE Board follows lays more emphasis on the study of the English language. Students who want to pursue careers in arts or linguistics will find the curriculum followed under ICSE to be more helpful. The certification done as per the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education Board is widely recognized worldwide, specifically by foreign schools and universities. It is easy for these students to attempt exams like IELTS or TOEFL. It has varied types of subjects to be selected for study and thus is more child-friendly.
CBSE Board lays more emphasis on Maths and Science. The syllabus is more tuned to attempt competitive exams like the Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE), the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), and the All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT). Secondary subjects are not mandatory in CBSE, which enables the students to focus more on key subjects. Also, this is a widely recognized board in India.
Which is better, CBSE or ICSE?
Ultimately, it is the concerned person's decision. The parent or student needs to have a vision of the future while choosing between the two. CBSE seems to have an edge in India with its application-oriented learning and syllabus, instilling more confidence while taking up competitive exams for further studies. ICSE monopolizes in its emphasis on imparting the English language and flexibility in the choice of subjects.
Cons of CBSE and ICSE
Cons of CBSE:
- CBSE does not give much importance to the English language.
- More theoretical than practical.
Cons of ICSE:
- The number of subjects is more.
- Because of a strict evaluation in ISC exams, it becomes difficult to pursue higher studies.