The article helps the reader to get an insight on importance of organisational behaviour and its scope in today's times.
Organizational behavior is a very important aspect when it comes to being a part of a group. Now this group may consist of 3 people or more than 3 people. In easy terms, it is how one behaves in an organizational setting or a professional setting wherein there are communication and interface between human behavior and the organization.
Proper understanding of organizational behavior can result in many positive effects on the organization and its employees. It also studies how people behave in and around the workplace, which will be the organization.
- Objectives of Organisational Behaviour
- Nature of Organisational Behaviour
- Scope of Organisational Behaviour
- Models of Organisational Behaviour
Objectives of Organisational Behaviour
There are certain objectives that organizational behavior fulfils or needs to be fulfilled in the workplace. Given below are the basic objectives of organizational behavior.
Improving Employee Behaviour
With the help of organizational behavior, it is easy to understand employees' behavior and access their workplace situation. It also helps in analyzing as to how positive and negative behavior of employees while working can have an impact on the workflow. And through all these necessary steps can be taken to handle any situation that may arise.
For example, with the help of organizational behavior, we can look into the fact as to why the deadlines by a particular employee are not being met.
Enhances Leadership Skills
For one to become an effective leader, it is necessary to understand organizational behavior. When one is in a higher position, it is important to look into the factors that affect employees' or subordinates' behavior in the workplace. Once the reasons are understood, effective steps can be taken at an immediate level. Leadership skills will make sure that you are handling your employees well to work effectively and efficiently.
Increases the Motivation of Employees
When they look through the employees' perspective, they will always find it motivating that their problems are being understood and reasons for their behavior, in a certain way, are taken into consideration. Like, when effective feedback is taken, the employees feel valued and satisfied. It motivates them to work in a better way, which will, in turn, increase productivity.
Assists in Organisational Change
When working in an organization, the employees have to go through several changes like technological changes, customer tastes, etc. Studying organizational behavior can help assess how the employees process these changes and inculcate them into their work patterns. And any difficulty that arises can be solved with having any major effect on the working by looking into it prior.
Creating a Desirable Workplace Culture
By taking steps to understand organizational behavior, desirable workplace culture is created. The employees feel satisfied and important. It helps understand what style of leadership must be used, hiring strategies, compensation, etc.
Nature of Organisational Behaviour
It is important to understand the nature of anything in order to apply it to our daily lives. Given below is the nature of organizational behavior.
- A Separate Study: Organizational behavior is a separate field of study instead of just being a discipline. It means that it is not based on a specific theoretical background. It is often misunderstood to be a discipline.
- Interdisciplinary Approach: Organisational behaviour is an interdisciplinary behavior for studying human behaviour in the work environment. Psychology and sociology disciplines help in integrating the relevant knowledge while understanding and analyzing organizational behaviour.
- Applied Science: Observational behaviour has an applied nature. There is a lot of research that is done in order to resolve any conflict that arises in an organization that is related to human behaviour. The difference that we can find between pure science and observational science is that science focuses on fundamental research, whereas organizational behaviour has a focus on applied research.
- Normative Science: We can say that organizational behaviour is a normative science. There is a focus on how applied researches can be used for socially accepted goals of the organization.
- A Humanistic Approach: There is a humanistic approach that is involved as it is a necessity while studying and understanding behaviour. It deals with the fact as to understanding the emotions and feelings of human beings. In an organization, it is necessary to consider the employees' feelings and wants to make them feel wanted. Only then will there be positive energy and productivity in the work environment.
- Total System Approach: This means that organizational behaviour considers all the variables that affect an organization's functioning. It has been developed in order to understand the behaviour of humans in a socio-psychological framework.
Scope of Organisational Behaviour
When we talk about the scope of organizational behavior, it extends to 3 concepts. The three concepts are given below.
- Individual Behaviour
As the name itself suggests, this is where an individual is studied. The personality, interests, motivation, and attitudes of an individual who is a part of an organization are studied. There is interaction, one-to-one, to understand and study the individual and make a perception about them.
- Inter-Individual Behaviour
Now, this concept is when there is communication happening among the employees. It can be with their social group in the workplace, with their subordinates, or with their senior employees. It helps understand the leadership styles and leadership qualities of a person; if a conflict arises, it can be resolved easily, group dynamics.
- Group Behavior
Here the study of the formation of an organization is done. The areas looked into can be the structure of the organization, effectiveness in the organization, etc. The efforts made by a group to achieve the objectives or goals of an organization are what group behavior is all about. The behavior of everyone who is a part of the group is taken into consideration.
Models of Organisational Behaviour
There are certain models that are part of organizational behaviour. The models of organizational behaviour are given below.
- Autocratic: This model is based on the power with a managerial orientation of authority. There is dependence on the boss and obedience by the employees.
- Custodial: Under this, there is a basis on economic resources with a managerial orientation of money. There is a massive corporation in the form of performance results.
- Supportive: There is leadership with a managerial orientation of support in this model. There are job performance and participation that the employees are oriented towards. Status and recognition is the employee need that is met.
- Collegial: Here, partnership with a managerial orientation of teamwork is followed. Responsible behaviour and self-discipline are what the employees are motivated towards. The self-actualization needs of the employees are met.