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JAC 10th Syllabus 2021

Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC) publishes the Jharkhand board 10th/Matric examination syllabus on its official website. It is important to note that the board exam question paper is formulated for each subject based on the syllabus topics. Candidates can download the syllabus PDF files from the following sections.


Table of Contents

JAC 2021 10th Subject-Wise Syllabus

Jharkhand board has divided the Science subject of class 10th/Matric into Biology, Physics, and Chemistry. Each section of Science for class 10 consists of a minimum of five units, which has different weights of marks in the board examination.

JAC 10th Class Physics Syllabus

The class 10th JAC syllabus for Physics consists of 5 units altogether, which are mentioned below:

Unit Number

Unit Name




Human Eye and Colourful World


Light - Reflection and Refraction


Magnetic Effects of Electric Current


Sources of Energy

JAC 10th Class Chemistry Syllabus

JAC 10th Chemistry also consists of 5 units which are mentioned below:

Unit Number

Unit Name


Acids, Bases, and Salts


Carbon and its Compounds


Chemical Reactions and Equations


Metals and Non-metals


Periodic Classification of Elements

JAC 10th Class Biology Syllabus

JAC 10th Biology consists of 6 units as mentioned below for the candidates to refer to:

Unit Number

Unit Name


Control and Coordination


Heredity and Evolution


How do Organisms Reproduce?


Life Processes


Management of Natural Resources


Our Environment

JAC 10th Class Mathematics Syllabus

JAC 10th syllabus 2021 for Maths consists of Algebra, Calculus, and Analysis of Geometry and Topology Combinatoric Logic. Number theory Dynamical systems and differential equations. Mathematical Physics. It consists of 15 units in total.

Mathematics Topics

1. Areas Related to Circles


2.Arithmetic Progressions

10.Quadratic Equations


11.Real Numbers


12.Some Applications of Trigonometry

5.Coordinate Geometry


6.Introduction to Trigonometry

14.Surface Areas and Volumes

7.Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables




Algebra: Scope and Approach: Algebra is the generalized form of arithmetic. Here we will deal with unknowns in place of knowns as in arithmetic.

These are, in general, numbers. It may be recalled that the study of numbers begins with natural numbers, without which we would not count.

The system of natural numbers is extended to the rational number system. Measure all lengths in terms of a given unit; the rational numbers have to be extended to real numbers. Exponents and indices would simplify repeated multiplication, and their laws would be introduced.

These would be used to write large and small numbers in scientific notation. Algebraic expressions and polynomials would be introduced with the help of four fundamental operations on unknowns.

Equating two algebraic expressions or polynomials leads to equations. In the module, a study of linear and quadratic equations would be taken up to solve problems of daily life.

The learners would be acquainted with a different number of patterns. One such pattern, namely  Arithmetic Progression, would be studied in detail.

Quadratic Equations: Standard form of a quadratic equation : ax2 + bx + c = 0 , a 1 0. Solution of ax2 + bx + c = 0 , a 1 0 by (i) factorization (ii) quadratic formula.

Formation of the quadratic equation with the given roots. Application of quadratic equations to solve word problems.

Some Applications of Trigonometry:

Below are some applications of trigonometry which will be helpful for candidates:

Scope and Approach: In astronomy, one often encounters the problems of predicting the position and path of various heavenly bodies, which in turn requires finding the remaining sides and angles of a triangle provided some of its sides and angles are known.

The solutions to these problems also have numerous applications for engineering and geographical surveys, navigation, etc. An attempt has been made in this module to solve these problems.

It is done using ratios of the sides of a right triangle for its acute angle called trigonometric ratios. The module will enable the learners to find other trigonometric ratios provided; one of them is known.

It also enables learners to establish well-known identities and to solve problems based on trigonometric ratios and identities.

Measurement of available lengths and heights (e.g., the height of a pillar, the height of a house, etc.) and inaccessible heights ( e.g., the height of a hilltop, height of a lamp post on the opposite bank of a river (without bridge), celestial objects, etc. ) is a routine requirement.

The learners will distinguish between angles of elevation and depression and use trigonometric ratios for solving simple real-life problems based on heights and distances, which do not involve more than two right triangles.

Statistics: Since ancient times, householders, shopkeepers, individuals, etc., to keep records of their receipts, expenditures, and other resources.

To make the learners acquainted with the methods of recording, condensing, and culling out relevant information from the given data, the learners would be exposed to the lesson on Data and their Representation. 

Every day we come across data in tables, graphs, charts, etc. on various aspects of the economy, eye-catching advertisements.

To read and understand these, the learners would be introduced to the lesson on the Graphical Representation of Data. Sometimes we are required to describe data arithmetically like the average age of a group, median score of a group, or modal collar size of a group.

The learners would be introduced to the lesson on Measures of Central Tendency. They will also be taught the characteristics and limitations of these measures. 'It will rain today,' 'India will win the match against England,' are statements that involve the chance factor.

The learners would be introduced to the study of elementary probability as the measure of uncertainty, through games of chance- tossing a coin, throwing a die, drawing a card at random from a well-shuffled pack, etc.

JAC 10th Class Social Science Syllabus

The social science subject of JAC 2021 class 10th is divided into four sections, i.e., History, political science, geography, and economics.

Social Science   

History Political Science



1.Nationalism in India

1.Challenges to Democracy


1.Consumer Rights

2.Novels, Society, and History

2.Democracy and Diversity

2.Forest and Wildlife Resources


3.Print Culture and the Modern World


3.Life Lines of National Economy

3.Globalization and the Indian Economy

4.The Age of Industrialisation

4.Gender, Religion, and Caste

4.Manufacturing Industries

4.Money and Credit

5.The Making of a Global World

5.Outcomes of Democracy

5.Minerals and Energy Resources

5.Sectors of the Indian Economy

6.The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

6.Political Parties

6.Resources and Development


7.The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

7.Popular Struggles and Movements

7.Water Resources


8.Work, Life, and Leisure

8.Power Sharing



JAC 10th Class English Syllabus

The English subject for JAC class 10th consists of 13 units altogether.

Serial Number Particulars













 Reading Comprehension






Transformation of Sentences







How to Download JAC 10th Syllabus 2021?

Below are the steps for the candidates to download the JAC 10th syllabus 2021:

Step 1: Visit the official website of the JAC board -

Step 2: Click on the "Syllabus" option under the "Others" section on the homepage.

JAC 10th Syllabus 2021

Step 3: Click on the "Click here to view syllabus" option displayed on the new page.

JAC 10th Syllabus 2021Step 4: A new window pops up with the syllabus for different classes. Click on the "Syllabus for Secondary and Higher Secondary Classes" link.

JAC Syllabus 2021

Step 5: Syllabus PDF will open in a new window. Download and save the PDF for further use.

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