Check the details on secondary education in India. Know the classification of secondary education in India, classes 10th and 12th examination, and its importance.
Secondary education covers 2-3 years of academic study, starting with classes 8th to 10th consisting of students between 14-16 years. The schools that provide education up to class 10th are secondary schools, High Schools, Senior Schools, etc. Some of the states/UTs which follow class 8th to 10th of the secondary Education are Goa, Kerala, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Karnataka, Daman & Diu, Gujarat, etc. Some of the states/UTs which follow class 9th and 10th of Secondary Education are Punjab, Chandigarh, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Delhi, etc. Primary Education teaches minimum lessons for survival, whereas secondary Education teaches an individual deeply that they can be a complicated society member.
Table of Contents
- CBSE promotion criteria
- List of top 10 CBSE schools in India
- Secondary education system in India
- Importance of secondary education
All About the Secondary Education System in India
Education in India is mainly classified into two levels - primary and secondary. Several schools, both private and public schools, are managed by the central, state, or local government that provides education at both levels of study. Secondary education is primarily referred to individuals aged between 14 and 18 years of age studying in class 6th to class 12th.
- Secondary education in India is further classified into secondary and higher secondary stages. The secondary phase of education refers to students in class 6th, 7th, and 8th.
- Schools that offer educational facilities for classes up to class 10th are generally referred to as High Schools or Secondary schools. The higher secondary or senior secondary stage refers to classes 11th and 12th.
- Schools that provide education for classes up to class 12th are referred to as Senior Secondary Schools or Higher Secondary Schools. In some states, they are also referred to as Pre-University colleges.
- The final class of each of the secondary stages are essential in the individual's pursuit of higher education, such as admission into universities and professional courses.
- Class 10th and class 12th examinations, commonly referred to as board exams, are crucial for the entire duration of study in a school where the school will provide students with a certificate recognized by the respective board upon successful completion.
- Results from class 10th exams can seek admission into class 11th, whereas class 12th are primarily used to seek admission into universities, colleges, and other professional courses.
- Class 10th and 12th examinations are conducted centrally by the respective educational boards following the same schedule. UGC, NCERT, CBSE, and ICSE boards have also stated an age criterion for a student to appear for the class 10th and 12th examinations.
- It is required that the student be at least 15 years old to sit for the class 10th board examination and at least 17 years old for the class 12th examination.
Class 10th Examination
Students of class 10th usually appear for the final examination in 5-6 subjects such as English, Mathematics, Social Science, Science, A language subjects, and another elective subject that will vary between schools and educational boards. Some of the most popular elective subjects within the country are Computer Applications, Physical Education, Economics, Environmental Science, and Commerce.
Class 12th Examination
In the Secondary Education System in India, most schools do not provide students with flexibility in class 11th to pick the subjects of their choice within a particular stream of Science, Commerce, and Arts. A standard set of subjects are pre-assigned to the students belonging to each stream. The core subjects for the Science stream are Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Maths. For the commerce stream, the primary subjects are Accounts, Business Studies, and Economics. Finally, for the arts stream, the core subjects consist of History, Political Science, Geography, and Psychology.
Why is Secondary Education Important?
Secondary education has a very strategic position in the educational system of India. It is the bridge between primary education and higher education. The importance of Secondary Education is:
- To make the students all-rounders
- To train India's students to be good citizens who will contribute to the country's social and economic development.
- To improve the rational development and practical skills of students.
- To improve the practical efficiency of the students.
Education aims to bring changes in the behaviors of the learner. Education helps in the overall development of a student's personality and includes healthy attitudes and good values. As education changes according to society's diversified needs, education aims also differ from time to time in the same organization. The aims and objectives of education are not uniform for all stages of education. There are differences in the aims and objectives of primary, secondary, and higher education due to the variance of age and maturity experiences and the student's mental and emotional growth.
In India, the central government shared that education has been a state subject, but now it has been put on the simultaneous list. This has been done to achieve free and compulsory primary education because it is directed in Article 45 of the Indian Constitution that universal, free, and mandatory education becomes the center's joint responsibility and the state.