What Are NITs?
Updated on - Jun 08th, 2020 | 11:43 AM by Misan
The government of India in the second five-year plan from 1956-1960 concentrated more on the MSME and Chevy industry establishment in our country. The government recognized the need for highly skilled technicians with knowledge of all the latest equipment which is out there to make the industrial process as smooth as possible. It is the time when the government of India started these National institutions in various regions.
What are NITs?
The full form of NIT is the National Institute of Technology. These NIT colleges are located in many cities across India. The colleges are a chain of educational institutions with an NIT Common Council that will be looking after the admission procedures and acts as the central body. In India, there are 32 NIT colleges in different places, spread in every state of India. Each NIT is an autonomous institution that has its own set of rules and regulations, cut-offs, number of seats, etc. The Colleges are all funded by the Government of India. These colleges are public universities offering engineering courses under UG, PG, and Ph.D. programs.
NIT Colleges in India
NIT colleges are present in every region and almost every state. These colleges are considered to be most popular in the field of engineering-related studies. Here is the list of all the colleges in various cities and the states to which they belong. The NIT Delhi acts as the central body and the common council is located on the campus of NIT Delhi.
|1||NIT Allahabad (MNNIT)||1961||2001||Allahabad||Uttar Pradesh|
|2||NIT Bhopal (MANNIT)||1960||2002||Bhopal||Madhya Pradesh|
|3||NIT Durgapur (NITD)||1960||2002||Durgapur||West Bengal|
|4||NIT Calicut (NITC)||1961||2002||Calicut||Kerala|
|5||NIT Hamirpur (NITH)||1986||2002||Hamirpur||Himachal Pradesh|
|6||NIT Jaipur (MNIT)||1963||2002||Jaipur||Rajasthan|
|7||NIT Jalandhar (NITJ)||1987||2002||Jalandhar||Punjab|
|8||NIT Jamshedpur (NITJSR)||1960||2002||Jamshedpur||Jharkhand|
|9||NIT Kurukshetra (NITKKR)||1963||2002||Kurukshetra||Haryana|
|10||NIT Nagpur (VNIT)||1960||2002||Nagpur||Maharashtra|
|11||NIT Rourkela (NITRKL)||1961||2002||Rourkela||Odisha|
|12||NIT Silchar (NITS)||1967||2002||Silchar||Assam|
|13||NIT Karnataka (NITK)||1960||2002||Suratkhal||Karnataka|
|14||NIT Warangal (NITW)||1959||2002||Warangal||Telangana|
|15||NIT Srinagar (NITSRI)||1960||2003||Srinagar||Jammu and Kashmir|
|16||NIT Surat (SVNIT)||1961||2003||Surat||Gujarat|
|17||NIT Trichy (NITT)||1964||2003||Trichy||Tamil Nadu|
|18||NIT Patna (NITP)||1886||2004||Patna||Bihar|
|19||NIT Raipur (NITRR)||1956||2005||Raipur||Chhattisgarh|
|20||NIT Agartala (NITA)||1965||2006||Agartala||Tripura|
|21||NIT Arunachal Pradesh (NITAP)||2010||2010||Yupia||Arunachal Pradesh|
|22||NIT Delhi (NITD)||2010||2010||New Delhi||Delhi|
|23||NIT Goa (NITG)||2010||2010||Farmagudi||Goa|
|24||NIT Manipur (NITMN)||2010||2010||Imphal||Manipur|
|25||NIT Meghalaya (NITM)||2010||2010||Shillong||Meghalaya|
|26||NIT Mizoram (NITMZ)||2010||2010||Aizawl||Mizoram|
|27||NIT Nagaland (NITN)||2010||2010||Dimapur||Nagaland|
|28||NIT Puducherry (NITPY)||2010||2010||Karaikal||Puducherry|
|29||NIT Sikkim (NITSKM)||2010||2010||Ravangla||Sikkim|
|30||NIT Uttarakhand (NITUK)||2010||2010||Srinagar, Uttarakhand||Uttarakhand|
|31||NIT Andhra Pradesh (NITANP)||2015||2015||Tadepalligudem||Andhra Pradesh|
|32||IIEST Shibpur (IIEST)||1856||2019||Howrah||-|
NIT Cut Offs
Cut-offs are nothing but the minimum score that the candidates have to achieve for being eligible for admission. Each NIT college has its own cutoff. This minimum mark is dependent on the NIRF Ranking and student popularity. A majority of the NIT colleges offer admissions based on the JEE Mains exam score. Let us now look at cut off marks of some of the best NIT Colleges.
*Note: OR refers to Opening Rank and CR refers to Closing Rank. The ranks in between OR and CR are eligible for that particular course.
The courses are offered exclusively in the subject of engineering. The courses are available in three programs, UG, PG, and Doctorate. All the UG programs are for a time period of 4 years and the PG programs are for a time duration of 2 years. The college follows the semester system. Each year has two semesters respectively. The courses in these colleges are differentiated by the specializations available in the engineering course. Let us now look at the courses that are offered in the table below.
|UG Programmes||PG Programmes|
|Bachelor of Technology (BTech)||Master of Science (MSc)|
|Bachelor of Science (BS)||Master of Technology (MTech)|
|Dual Degree (BTech-MTech)||Master of Business Administration (MBA)|
|Dual Degree (BS & MS)||-|
|Bachelor of Architecture (BArch)||-|
Even though every college in this group college some or the other non-engineering courses, the popularity of these colleges is only because of its engineering courses. The college is famous as students from the engineering courses in these colleges tend to get very good and high income earning jobs in the placements. The corporate sector now has a lot of alumni from the NITs and this helps them to organize one of the best placements in the country. Let us now look at some of the famous engineering courses in the NITs,
- Civil Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Computer Science & Engineering
- Electrical & Electronics Engineering
- Electronics & Communication Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metallurgical Engineering
- Production Engineering
In the end, we can say that IIT is the topmost government college to get an engineering degree. NIT is the second place in the country to study engineering. One more advantage of NIT is that there is more number of NITs than IITs in India. So it makes NIT colleges more available for the people in all regions, in fact, in all states of the country.