Psychology Courses after 12th

Mental health is as important as physical health. Psychology is a discipline in which the students can study the behavior science of the mind; both conscious and unconscious. It is only recently that people in India have started to realize the importance of mental health and only very recently that few schools and other educational institutions have started recruiting Counselors. The field of Psychology is not only important but very demanding in the past few years.

Psychology Courses after 12th

School students need to be informed and provided a proper introduction to the field of psychology. This will help them understand its potential and importance for an individual and for the society at large. It gives an insight into its history and explores theories and issues in the field of psychology. Continue reading the article if you are a student who is very passionate about a person’s mental health and want to pursue an education and a professional career in it. The article continues to provide a list of all the psychological courses offered in India which will help all the students in providing clarity.

Here are some of the key benefits of choosing Psychological Courses after 12th

  • You will learn more about yourself and others

  • You will have the ability to understand yourself and improve yourself in many aspects of life.

  • You will gain valuable research and analytical skills

  • You will become a better communicator

  • You will learn to resolve conflict

  • You will be well prepared for numerous careers

  • Benefits in many aspects of life such as attending an interview, dealing with friends and so on.

  • Overall it is a great thing to understand analyze other's mind

You can jump to any of the important topics from the below table or simply scroll down to know more about psychology.

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Why Psychology as an Educational Career?

Career Opportunities in the field of Psychology

Requirements for a Psychology Student

Psychological Courses after 12th offered in India

Best Colleges for Psychology in India

Psychology Definition

Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of human mind and its functions or the mental characteristics/ attitude of a person. It explores behavior and mental processes including perception, cognition, attention, emotion, intelligence, phenomenology, motivation, brain functioning, and personality.

History of Psychology

The history of psychology as a scholarly study of the mind and behavior started earlier as in the Ancient Greeks. There is also a few evidence of psychological thought in ancient Egypt. It was a branch of the domain of philosophy until the 1870s as it expanded as an independent scientific discipline in Germany and the US. The experimental study in psychology began in 1879 when Wilhelm Wundt founded the first laboratory devoted solely to psychological research in Germany. He was also the first person to relate to himself as a psychologist.

Other important contributors to the field include Hermann Ebbinghaus, William James, and Ivan Pavlov. Forthwith after the growth of experimental psychology, several kinds of applied psychology resembled. Behaviourism suggested highlighting the study of overt behavior because that could be quantified and easily measured. Early behaviorists considered the study of the "mind" too uncertain for fruitful scientific study.

Psychological Theories of Emotion

Researchers, Philosophers, and Psychologists have proposed different theories to explain the how and why behind human emotions and try to explain questions such as

Why exactly do we have emotions?

What causes us to have these feelings?

Physiological theories imply that responses within the body are responsible for emotions. Here are 6 Major Theories of Emotion

Evolutionary Theory of Emotion

Naturalist Charles Darwin proposed that our emotions exist because they serve an adaptive role. Emotion is a factor which motivates people to respond to the stimuli in the environment in order to survive in the situation. Likewise, understanding the emotions of other people and animals plays an important role in safety and survival.

The James-Lange Theory of Emotion

It is one of the best example used for the physiological theory of emotion. Psychologist William James and Physiologist Carl Lange independently proposed that emotions occur as a result of physiological reactions to events.

For example, suppose you are walking on the road and you see a stray dog. You begin to shiver, and your heart begins to race. The James-Lange theory proposes that you will interpret your physical reactions and conclude that you are frightened "I am shivering. Therefore, I am afraid".

The Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion

Walter Cannon opposed with the James-Lange theory of emotion on various different factors.

  • He suggested that one can undergo physiological reactions associated with emotions without actually feeling those emotions. For example, your heartbeat may rise because you have been running and not because you are afraid.
  • He also suggests that when you face danger in the scene, you will often seem afraid before you start to experience the physical indications connected with fear such as shaking hands, rapid breathing, and a rise in the heartbeat.

Cannon proposed his theory in the 1920s and later expanded by Philip Bard during the 1930s. According to them, we feel we feel emotions and experience physiological responses such as sweating and trembling concurrently.

Schachter-Singer Theory

It is also known as the two-factor theory of emotion. It suggests that similar physiological responses can generate varying emotions. For example, if you encounter an increase in the heartbeat and sweating palms during an interview, you will recognize the emotion as anxiety. If you experience the same physical response on a date with your partner, you will evaluate those responses as love, affection or arousal.

Cognitive Appraisal Theory

According to this theory, if you encounter a tiger in the forest, you will instantly start to think that you are in great danger. This then leads to the emotional encounter of fear and the physical reactions connected with the fight-or-flight response.

It states that the series of events first involves a stimulus, tailgated by thought which then drives to the simultaneous experience of physiological response and emotion.

Facial-Feedback Theory of Emotion

It simply suggests that facial expressions are correlated to experiencing emotions. Charles Darwin and William James both noted that physiological responses usually had a direct influence on emotion. For example, if a person is forced to smile, he seems to have a better time at the event.

Why Study Psychology/ Psychology Careers?

There will be a confusion in many students that why to choose psychology courses after 12th. Earning a psychology degree or pursuing an education career in the field of psychology might benefit the student as well as the society. The discipline equips the students with much marketable skills that will make them stand outside the crowd. It will give the graduates the power to help them solve their problems, to unknot it and go on with their normal life.

Psychology studies will help them understand why people think and talk in different ways at different times. The degree will also help the students to overcome their own problems without stumbling or beating around the bush. Graduates in psychology have wonderful opportunities and variety of careers that all are high-paying Psychology jobs. The best part is that it increases with experience.

The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics has revealed that the average salary of psychologists is $72580 a year. This is one of the growing fields in recent years and psychologists are high in demand for schools, and other educational institutions, hospitals etc. They can also keep a separate practitioner’s office.

As psychology is a broader topic, it is understood that interested students can jump into that and narrow their interest into specializations and is listed below:

  • Clinical Psychology – The one that includes the practice of diagnosing and providing treatment for mental health conditions.

  • Counseling Psychology – The branch that focuses on comprehending and managing the problems people face in their home.
  • School Psychology – Related to education that includes behavior and learning problems.

  • Developmental psychology – Related to how humans think and develop in course of time.

  • Forensic Psychology – Using the application of concepts and research to the legal system.

  • Social Psychology – Related to how individuals and society affect their thinking and behavior.

Career Opportunities in the field of Psychology 

There are a lot of career opportunities after earning a degree in the field of psychology courses in India. After selecting psychology courses after 12th the graduates can become a teacher, a survey research professional, a social worker, etc. Specializations will help the graduates to focus on the specified fields such as:

  • Clinical Psychologist

  • Counselling Psychologist

  • Educational Psychologist

  • Health Psychologist

  • High-Intensity Therapist

  • Forensic Psychologist

  • Occupational Psychologist

Psychology Career in India

Psychology Degree Course Requirements

Eligibility Criteria

The basic skills required to choose psychology courses after 12th include communication, Numeracy, Research, Ethics, Patience and Problem-solving skills. The basic eligibility criterion to pursue a Degree program in Psychology is 12th or equivalent. Diploma courses require only tenth grade as the minimum eligibility criteria.

List of Entrance Exams to pursue Psychology in India

  • Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam – Agra University

  • Applied Psychology Entrance Exam – Amity Institute of Psychology and Applied Sciences

  • All India Entrance Examination – Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

  • Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam – Institute of Human Behaviour & Applied Sciences

  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences Entrance Exam – NIMHANS

  • Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam – Rajiv Gandhi University

  • Applied Psychology Entrance Exam – Delhi University

  • Applied and Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam – M. J. P. Rohilkhand University

Psychological Courses after 12th offered in India

Educational institutes provide various courses in psychology in degree programs, diplomas, certificate courses, and even online courses. These different courses and programs give the students a strong foundation in the field of psychology which does not provide just the theoretical knowledge but also practical experiments will have an experience gained by the students. They are introduced to the basics and gradually move towards the core concepts and chapters of psychology.

Psychology has always been the mysterious study from history. Various icons and legends like Sigmund Freud, Lacan, Carl Jung, Erik Erikson, Alfred Kinsey, etc. have tried to look deep into the minds of people.

It still holds mysteries for the humans to unravel and solve in the coming years. Apart from discovering the mysteries, it is the responsibility of the students of psychology to understand that human minds go through a lot. Human beings do not have the time either to think of their individuality or their mental health. It is up to the experts in psychology to treat them with utmost care until their recovery.

Undergraduate Degree in Psychology

  • Bachelor of Arts in Applied Psychology – B.A. (Applied Psychology)

  • Bachelor of Arts Honours in Applied Psychology – B.A. (Hons.) Applied Psychology

  • Bachelor of Arts Honours in Psychology – B.A. (Hons.) Psychology

  • Bachelor of Arts in Journalism, Psychology, and English – B.A. (Journalism, Psychology, and English)

  • Bachelor of Arts in Psychology – B.A. (Psychology)

Postgraduate Psychology Courses

  • Master of Arts in Applied Psychology - M.A. (Applied Psychology)

  • Master of Arts in Counselling Psychology – M.A.(Counselling Psychology)

  • Master of Arts Honours in Psychology - M.A.(Hons.) Psychology

  • Master of Arts in Philosophy and Applied Psychology – M.A.(Philosophy & Applied Psychology)

  • Master of Arts in Psychology - M.A.(Psychology)

  • Master of Philosophy in Child and Adolescent Psychology – M.Phil. (Child and Adolescent Psychology)

  • Master of Philosophy in Counselling Psychology - M.Phil. (Counselling Psychology)

  • Master of Philosophy in Psychology - M.Phil. (Psychology)

Doctorate Degree in Psychology

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Counselling Psychology – PhD (Counselling Psychology)

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology - PhD (Psychology)

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Stress Analysis - PhD (Stress Analysis)

Diploma Courses in psychology after 12th

  • Advanced Diploma in Child Psychology

  • Advanced Diploma in Counselling Psychology

  • Diploma in Applied Psychology

  • Diploma in Child Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Application of Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Applied Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Clinical Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Family and Child Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Mental Health Counselling

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Rehabilitation Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Psychology

Psychology Certifications

  • Child and Adolescent Therapy and Family Therapy

  • Positive Psychology Perspective: Research, Education, and Communication for Health

  • Certificate Course in Child Psychology

  • Certificate in Psychology

  • Certificate in Counselling and Psychology

Online Psychology Courses

  • With the aid of the Internet, students and experts can avail the knowledge provided by professors and courses outside their region.

  • There are a number of online psychology courses that are free (some are paid) to gain more knowledge in the field of psychology.

  • Online courses help the students to know how things are dealt with and taught outside their own region.

Top Psychology Schools with Online Courses/Programs (paid):

  • Oregon State University - Online BA/BS in Psychology

  • Colorado State University-Global Campus - Online Bachelor of Science in Psychology

  • Sam Houston State University - Bachelor of Science in Psychology Online

  • Utah State University – Online BA/BS in Psychology

  • Pennsylvania State University – World Campus – Online BA in Psychology

  • Saint LEO University – Online Bachelor of Arts in Psychology

  • University of Massachusetts – Lowell – Online Bachelor of Arts in Psychology

  • Arizona State University – Online Bachelor of Arts in psychology

  • University of Central Florida – Online Psychology BS

  • Granite State College – BS in psychology Online

Colleges that offer psychology courses in India

Students will have a lifetime exposure in pursuing an educational career in top universities and colleges. Faculty, infrastructure, and the latest equipment installed in the institutions will help the student in building a strong foundation in his/her education career. Here is a list of prestigious institutions that help the students to earn a psychology degree: You can go to the home page and select the college finder tool to explore more colleges that offer psychology courses in your locality. There are several psychology courses in several parts of India such as Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi, Pune, Hyderabad and so on. College finder tool helps you find the best psychology colleges in India. The top colleges are listed below.

  • Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru.

  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS)

  • Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhi.

  • Xavier’s College, Mumbai.

  • Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar

  • Fergusson College, Pune

  • Gujarat Forensic Sciences University

  • Osmania University, Hyderabad

  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai

  • Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi

  • Gautam Budh University, Noida

  • TISS, Mumbai

  • Aligarh Muslim University

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