Psychology Courses after 12th

Mental health is as important as physical health. Psychology is a discipline in which the students can study the behaviour science of the mind; both conscious and unconscious. It is only recently that people in India have started to realize the importance of mental health and only very recently that few schools and other educational institutions have started recruiting Counselors. The field of Psychology is not only important but very demanding in the past few years.

Psychology Courses after 12th

School students need to be informed and provided a proper introduction to the field of psychology. This will help them understand its potential and importance for an individual and for the society at large. It gives an insight into its history and explores theories and issues in the field of psychology. Continue reading the article if you are a student who is very passionate about a person’s mental health and want to pursue an education and a professional career in it. The article continues to provide a list of all the psychological courses offered in India which will help all the students in providing clarity.

Here are some of the key benefits of choosing Psychological Courses after 12th

  • You will learn more about yourself and others

  • You will have the ability to understand yourself and improve yourself in many aspects of life

  • You will gain valuable research and analytical skills

  • You will become a better communicator

  • You will learn to resolve conflict

  • You will be well prepared for numerous careers

  • Benefits in many aspects of life such as attending an interview, dealing with friends and so on.

  • Overall it is a great thing to understand analyze other's mind

You can jump to any of the important topics from the below table or simply scroll down to know more about psychology.

Sr. No.

Title

1

Why Psychology as an Educational Career?

Career in Psychology after 12th

Requirements for a Psychology Student

Psychological Courses after 12th offered in India

5

Online Psychology courses in India

6

Psychology colleges in India after 12th

Psychology Definition

Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of human mind and its functions or the mental characteristics/ attitude of a person. It explores behaviour and mental processes including perception, cognition, attention, emotion, intelligence, phenomenology, motivation, brain functioning, and personality.

History of Psychology

The history of psychology as a scholarly study of the mind and behaviour started earlier as in the Ancient Greeks. There is also a few evidence of psychological thought in ancient Egypt. It was a branch of the domain of philosophy until the 1870s as it expanded as an independent scientific discipline in Germany and the US. The experimental study in psychology began in 1879 when Wilhelm Wundt founded the first laboratory devoted solely to psychological research in Germany. He was also the first person to relate to himself as a psychologist.

Other important contributors to the field include Hermann Ebbinghaus, William James, and Ivan Pavlov. Forthwith after the growth of experimental psychology, several kinds of applied psychology resembled. Behaviourism suggested highlighting the study of overt behaviour because that could be quantified and easily measured. Early behaviourists considered the study of the "mind" too uncertain for fruitful scientific study.

Psychological Theories of Emotion

Researchers, Philosophers, and Psychologists have proposed different theories to explain the how and why behind human emotions and try to explain questions such as

Why exactly do we have emotions?

What causes us to have these feelings?

Physiological theories imply that responses within the body are responsible for emotions. Here are 6 Major Theories of Emotion

Evolutionary Theory of Emotion

Naturalist Charles Darwin proposed that our emotions exist because they serve an adaptive role. Emotion is a factor which motivates people to respond to the stimuli in the environment in order to survive in the situation. Likewise, understanding the emotions of other people and animals plays an important role in safety and survival.

The James-Lange Theory of Emotion

It is one of the best example used for the physiological theory of emotion. Psychologist William James and Physiologist Carl Lange independently proposed that emotions occur as a result of physiological reactions to events.

For example, suppose you are walking on the road and you see a stray dog. You begin to shiver, and your heart begins to race. The James-Lange theory proposes that you will interpret your physical reactions and conclude that you are frightened "I am shivering. Therefore, I am afraid".

The Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion

Walter Cannon opposed with the James-Lange theory of emotion on various different factors.

  • He suggested that one can undergo physiological reactions associated with emotions without actually feeling those emotions. For example, your heartbeat may rise because you have been running and not because you are afraid.
  • He also suggests that when you face danger in the scene, you will often seem afraid before you start to experience the physical indications connected with fear such as shaking hands, rapid breathing, and a rise in the heartbeat.

Cannon proposed his theory in the 1920s and later expanded by Philip Bard during the 1930s. According to them, we feel emotions and experience physiological responses such as sweating and trembling concurrently.

Schachter-Singer Theory

It is also known as the two-factor theory of emotion. It suggests that similar physiological responses can generate varying emotions. For example, if you encounter an increase in the heartbeat and sweating palms during an interview, you will recognize the emotion as anxiety. If you experience the same physical response on a date with your partner, you will evaluate those responses as love, affection or arousal.

Cognitive Appraisal Theory

According to this theory, if you encounter a tiger in the forest, you will instantly start to think that you are in great danger. This then leads to the emotional encounter of fear and the physical reactions connected with the fight-or-flight response.

It states that the series of events first involves a stimulus, tailgated by thought which then drives to the simultaneous experience of physiological response and emotion.

Facial-Feedback Theory of Emotion

It simply suggests that facial expressions are correlated with experiencing emotions. Charles Darwin and William James both noted that physiological responses usually had a direct influence on emotion. For example, if a person is forced to smile, he seems to have a better time at the event.

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Why Psychology as an Educational Career?

There will be confusion in many students that why to choose psychology courses after 12th. Earning a psychology degree or pursuing an education career in the field of psychology might benefit the student as well as the society. The discipline equips the students with much marketable skills that will make them stand outside the crowd. It will give the graduates the power to help them solve their problems, to unknot it and go on with their normal life.

Psychology studies will help them understand why people think and talk in different ways at different times. The degree will also help the students to overcome their own problems without stumbling or beating around the bush. Graduates in psychology have wonderful opportunities and a variety of careers that all are high-paying Psychology jobs. The best part is that it increases with experience.

The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics has revealed that the average salary of psychologists is $72580 a year. This is one of the growing fields in recent years and psychologists are high in demand for schools, and other educational institutions, hospitals etc. They can also keep a separate practitioner’s office.

As psychology is a broader topic, it is understood that interested students can jump into that and narrow their interest into specializations and is listed below:

  • Clinical Psychology – The one that includes the practice of diagnosing and providing treatment for mental health conditions.

  • Counselling Psychology – The branch that focuses on comprehending and managing the problems people face in their home.
  • School Psychology – Related to education that includes behaviour and learning problems.

  • Developmental psychology – Related to how humans think and develop in the course of time.

  • Forensic Psychology – Using the application of concepts and research to the legal system.

  • Social Psychology – Related to how individuals and society affect their thinking and behaviour.

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Career in Psychology after 12th

There are a lot of career opportunities after earning a degree in the field of psychology courses in India. There are the variety of fields in which students can pursue their degree, there is a lot to say, in order to make this article to the point and knowledge oriented, we are providing students a summary of different courses available in the field of Psychology. After selecting psychology courses after 12th the graduates can become a teacher, a survey research professional, a social worker, etc. Specializations will help the graduates to focus on the specified fields such as:

  • Clinical Psychologist

  • Counselling Psychologist

  • Educational Psychologist

  • Health Psychologist

  • High-Intensity Therapist

  • Forensic Psychologist

  • Occupational Psychologist

Psychology Career in India

Clinical Psychologist (Mental health Care)

In this field of Psychology, the main focus is on the mental health of the patients. Clinical Psychology is one of the demanding and trending specializations in the field of psychology. It also includes the study and application of psychology for the different-different purpose, such as understanding,  and relieving psychologically-based distress, mental illness and to promote subjective well-being and personal and sustainable development. Clinical psychologists are generally engaged in research work, teaching other researchers, consulting, forensic testimony, program development, and administration.

Under this type of treatment, a specially trained therapist(psychiatrist) develops a close relationship with the patient like a bond between the best friends, with whom the patient will discuss hobbies, wishes, dreams, relationships, and other aspects of mental life. The psychiatrist will be trying his best in a professional manner to dig out repressed material and to study and understand why the patient is defending himself against certain thoughts and feelings. Here, the main motive of the psychiatrist to present himself as a friend in front of the patient so that he can express himself without any hesitation. Some psychiatrist may also focus on brain injuries if they don't find any cause behind the abnormal behaviour of the person.

Counselling Psychologist

This type of  psychologist is, who specifically get involved in research and applied for work in different-different domains such as Counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention & health. under this category of  Psychology the main focus is towards the  assets and strengths, person-environment interactions, educational, career and social development, brief introduction of the person's life, and a focus on the personalities.

Counselling psychologists will be employed in a variety of domains depending on the services they provide and the no. of client they serve and provide support. Some get employed in colleges and universities as teachers, supervisors, researchers, and professional practitioner. some of them may be doing their independent practice providing counselling, psychotherapy, assessment, and consultation services to individuals, couples/families, groups, and organizations at their own hospitals. Additional fields in which counselling psychologists may practice include mental health centres, Veterans Administration medical centres, industrial organizations and consulting within firms and so on.

Educational Psychologist

This branch of psychology involves the study of human learning with the help of scientific methods. It includes the learning processes, from a different point of views such as cognitive and behavioural. Here cognitive stands for "the systematic way of gaining knowledge through interactions, senses, thoughts,etc.. The Behavioral means the range of actions/activities made by a person, systems and artificial/real entities in addition with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the physical environment.

Since there is a tremendous increase in the no. of schools/universities, therefore, the educational psychologist is in high demands since the past 20 years. According to Johann Herbart(father of educational psychology) the 5 steps that teachers should use are:

  1. Review material that has already been learned by the student
  2. Prepare the student for new material by giving them an overview of what they are learning next
  3. Present the new material.
  4. Relate the new material to the old material that has already been learned.
  5. Show how the student can apply the new material and show the material they will learn next.

Health Psychologist

Under this branch of Psychology, psychologist study about the various factors which may affect human being health/physical well-being such as mental, emotional, social factors, biological factors.etc.This field of Psychology was popularly known as Medical Psychology. Such type of psychologist will be engaged in different domains related to health and physical well being of human beings. Such as Clinical work, public policy work, and research. The health psychologist can be found working in different-different fields such as pain management, smoking cessations campaigns, oncology and so on. Some health psychologists also work in the government-affiliated departments which generally have an influence on public policy. Generally, health psychologist holds a doctorate level degree in Psychology fashion/setting. Students who want to grow in this field with the role of a health psychologist must undergo a year of internship from a research institute after earning a doctorate degree in the domain of Psychology. There are different sub-categories which come under Health Psychology such as Clinical Health Psychology, Community Health Psychology, Public Health Psychology, Occupational Health Psychology, etc.

High-Intensity Therapist

Cognitive behavioural therapist (CBT), which is a psycho-social intervention which aims to improve mental health and provide proper guidance towards a better lifestyle and sustainable development of a person. The main focus of CBT is to challenge and change the unhelpful cognitive distortions and behaviours, also aims at improving emotional regulation, and the development of personal skills which further targets solving current problems. mainly, it was designed to treat depression, but its use has been expanded to include treatment of a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and so on.

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Requirements for a Psychology Student

Eligibility Criteria

The basic skills required to choose psychology courses after 12th include communication, Numeracy, Research, Ethics, Patience and Problem-solving skills. The basic eligibility criterion to pursue a Degree program in Psychology is 12th or equivalent. Diploma courses require only tenth grade as the minimum eligibility criteria.

List of Entrance Exams to pursue Psychology in India

  • Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam – Agra University

  • Applied Psychology Entrance Exam – Amity Institute of Psychology and Applied Sciences

  • All India Entrance Examination – Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

  • Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam – Institute of Human Behaviour & Applied Sciences

  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences Entrance Exam – NIMHANS

  • Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam – Rajiv Gandhi University

  • Applied Psychology Entrance Exam – Delhi University

  • Applied and Clinical Psychology Entrance Exam – M. J. P. Rohilkhand University

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Psychological Courses after 12th offered in India

Educational institutes provide various courses in psychology in degree programs, diplomas, certificate courses, and even online courses. These different courses and programs give the students a strong foundation in the field of psychology which does not provide just the theoretical knowledge but also practical experiments will have an experience gained by the students. They are introduced to the basics and gradually move towards the core concepts and chapters of psychology.

Psychology has always been a mysterious study from history. Various icons and legends like Sigmund Freud, Lacan, Carl Jung, Erik Erikson, Alfred Kinsey, etc. have tried to look deep into the minds of people.

It still holds mysteries for humans to unravel and solve in the coming years. Apart from discovering the mysteries, it is the responsibility of the students of psychology to understand that human minds go through a lot. Human beings do not have the time either to think of their individuality or their mental health. It is up to the experts in psychology to treat them with the utmost care until their recovery.

Undergraduate Degree in Psychology

  • Bachelor of Arts in Applied Psychology – B.A. (Applied Psychology)

  • Bachelor of Arts Honours in Applied Psychology – B.A. (Hons.) Applied Psychology

  • Bachelor of Arts Honours in Psychology – B.A. (Hons.) Psychology

  • Bachelor of Arts in Journalism, Psychology, and English – B.A. (Journalism, Psychology, and English)

  • Bachelor of Arts in Psychology – B.A. (Psychology)

Postgraduate Psychology Courses

  • Master of Arts in Applied Psychology - M.A. (Applied Psychology)

  • Master of Arts in Counselling Psychology – M.A.(Counselling Psychology)

  • Master of Arts Honours in Psychology - M.A.(Hons.) Psychology

  • Master of Arts in Philosophy and Applied Psychology – M.A.(Philosophy & Applied Psychology)

  • Master of Arts in Psychology - M.A.(Psychology)

  • Master of Philosophy in Child and Adolescent Psychology – M.Phil. (Child and Adolescent Psychology)

  • Master of Philosophy in Counselling Psychology - M.Phil. (Counselling Psychology)

  • Master of Philosophy in Psychology - M.Phil. (Psychology)

Doctorate Degree in Psychology

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Counselling Psychology – Ph.D. (Counselling Psychology)

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology - Ph.D. (Psychology)

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Stress Analysis - Ph.D. (Stress Analysis)

Diploma Courses in psychology after 12th

  • Advanced Diploma in Child Psychology

  • Advanced Diploma in Counselling Psychology

  • Diploma in Applied Psychology

  • Diploma in Child Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Application of Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Applied Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Clinical Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Family and Child Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Mental Health Counselling

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Rehabilitation Psychology

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Sports Psychology

Psychology Certifications

  • Child and Adolescent Therapy and Family Therapy

  • Positive Psychology Perspective: Research, Education, and Communication for Health

  • Certificate Course in Child Psychology

  • Certificate in Psychology

  • Certificate in Counselling and Psychology

Online Psychology Courses

  • With the aid of the Internet, students and experts can avail the knowledge provided by professors and courses outside their region.

  • There are a number of online psychology courses that are free (some are paid) to gain more knowledge in the field of psychology.

  • Online courses help the students to know how things are dealt with and taught outside their own region.

Top Psychology Schools with Online Courses/Programs (paid):

  • Oregon State University - Online BA/BS in Psychology

  • Colorado State University-Global Campus - Online Bachelor of Science in Psychology

  • Sam Houston State University - Bachelor of Science in Psychology Online

  • Utah State University – Online BA/BS in Psychology

  • Pennsylvania State University – World Campus – Online BA in Psychology

  • Saint LEO University – Online Bachelor of Arts in Psychology

  • University of Massachusetts – Lowell – Online Bachelor of Arts in Psychology

  • Arizona State University – Online Bachelor of Arts in psychology

  • University of Central Florida – Online Psychology BS

  • Granite State College – BS in psychology Online

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Online Psychology courses in India

Distance learning psychology courses in India

Students who would like to pursue a degree in Psychology through online mode can opt for any of the below-listed programmes through the open universities-

1.Undergraduate courses

  • Bachelor of Arts Honors in Applied Psychology

  • Bachelor of Arts in Applied Psychology

2. Post-graduate Courses

  • Master of Arts in Applied Psychology

  • Master of Arts in Counseling Psychology

  • Master of Arts in Psychology

  • M.Sc. in Psychology

  • M. Sc. in Psychological Counseling (Self Financing Course)

3.Diploma Courses

  • P.G. Diploma in Psychological Counseling (PGDPC)

  • PG and advanced diploma in psychology

Students who would like to opt for the above mention degrees/courses may apply online on the official websites of the below mentioned Universities/colleges.

Mumbai University
Osmania University
Vinayaka Mission
Vinayaka Mission
Nalanda Open University
Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)
Andhra University
Nalanda Open University
Bangalore University
Karnataka Open University
Kuvempu University
 

Online Psychology courses outside India

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Courses offered - Evolutionary Psychology, Introduction to Psychology, Psychology of Gender, Social Psychology

  • University of California at Berkele

Courses offered - Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, The Psychology of Dreams, and so on.

  • University of Cape Town

Courses offered - Psychology and Religion in the Search for Personal Wholeness

  • University of Notre Dame

Courses offered- Introduction to Social Psychology

  • Yale University

Courses offered- Introduction to Psychology

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Psychology colleges in India after 12th

Students will have a lifetime exposure in pursuing an educational career in top universities and colleges. Faculty, infrastructure, and the latest equipment installed in the institutions will help the student in building a strong foundation in his/her education career. Here is a list of prestigious institutions that help the students to earn a psychology degree: You can go to the home page and select the college finder tool to explore more colleges that offer psychology courses in your locality. There are several psychology courses in several parts of India such as Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi, Pune, Hyderabad and so on. College finder tool helps you find the best psychology colleges in India. The top colleges are listed below.

Psychology colleges in India after 12th
Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru.
Osmania University, Hyderabad
National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS)
Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai
Lady Shri Ram College for Women, Delhi.
Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
Xavier’s College, Mumbai.
Gautam Budh University, Noida
Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar TISS, Mumbai
Fergusson College, Pune
Aligarh Muslim University
Gujarat Forensic Sciences University
 


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