History of India
Knowing the history of your country is of vital importance. You would have been taught about it in school, written various exams. But that is not where it ends, history is needed everywhere, be it for competitive exams such as CAT or government exams such as IBPS PO, SBI PO or for job interviews. It is integral to understand the significance of history and the importance it bears on your present and the future generations to come, not only doe it induces its significance in the arena of competitive exams but in the spheres of your life as well, as it bears an impact on the decisions the world tends to make and the events that fall into place on the whole.
India gained independence in the year 1947. Up until then, India was ruled by the British. A popular myth surrounding the rule of British in India is that they ruled over India for 200 years when in reality they took about 100 years to conquer India and ruled India for 100 years. Their rule ended on August 15th, 1947, India has since been an independent country. We have made our own constitution and we are one of the fastest growing democracies as of now, growing towards development and freedom of speech and expression.
President of India
The President of India, also known as the First Citizen of India is the head of the state and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed forces. The position of President of India is mainly a ceremonial one, the executive powers are majorly exercised by the Prime Minister of India, but nonetheless, the President of India has an integral role to play and has duties to keep up with, which are his key responsibilities towards the country and its people.
Since Independence, India has had 14 Presidents. All elected by the Electoral College. India also has had 14 Prime Ministers. According to the Indian Constituency, a president can hold the office for a term of 5 years and s/he can stand for 2 terms.
President of India List from 1947 to 2018
Rajendra Prasad – 26th January 1950 to 12th May 1962
Rajendra Prasad was the primary President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962. He was an Indian political pioneer, and legal counselor via preparing, Prasad joined the Indian National Congress amid the Indian Independence Movement and turned into a noteworthy pioneer from the area of Bihar.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan – 13th May 1962 to 13th May 1967
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5 September 1888 – 17 April 1975) was an Indian scholar and statesman who filled in as the principal Vice President of India (1952– 1962) and the second President of India (1962-1967)
Radhakrishnan was granted a few high honors amid his life, incorporating a knighthood in 1931, the Bharat Ratna, the most elevated regular citizen grant in India, in 1954, and privileged participation of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. He was additionally one of the authors of HelpAge India, a non-benefit association for old underprivileged in India. Radhakrishnan trusted that "educators ought to be the best personalities in the nation". Since 1962, his birthday has been praised in India as Teachers' Day on fifth September
Zakir Husain – 13th May 1967 to 3rd May 1969
Zakir Husain Khan was the third President of India, from 13 May 1967 until his passing on 3 May 1969. He recently filled in as Governor of Bihar from 1957 to 1962 and as Vice President of India from 1962 to 1967. He was likewise the prime supporter of Jamia Milia Islamia, filling in as its Vice-Chancellor from 1928
Varahagiri Venkata Giri – 3rd May 1969 to 20th July 1969
As president, Giri was the main individual to be chosen as a free candidate. He was prevailing by Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed as president in 1974. After the finish of his full term, Giri was respected by the Government of India with the Bharat Ratna in 1975. Giri kicked the bucket on 24 June 1980. His extraordinary grandson V. Giri Shankar is an Advocate of the Madras High Court, Chennai.
Mohammad Hidayatullah – 20th July 1969 to 24th August 1969
Mohammad Hidayatullah (17 December 1905 – 18 September 1992) was the eleventh Chief Justice of India serving from 25 February 1968 to 16 December 1970, and the 6th Vice President of India, serving from 31 August 1979 to 30 August 1984. He had likewise filled in as the Acting President of India from 20 July 1969 to 24 August 1969 and from 6 October 1982 to 31 October 1982. He is viewed as a famous law specialist, researcher, educationist, creator, and language specialist. His sibling, Mohammed Ikramullah, was an unmistakable Pakistani ambassador, whose spouse, Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, was a niece of Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, at some point, Prime Minister of unified Pakistan and herself an individual from the main Pakistani Constituent get together.
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed – 24th August 1974 to 11th February 1977
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (13 May 1905 – 11 February 1977) was the fifth President of India from 1974 to 1977 and also the 2nd President of India to die in office.
Basappa Danappa Jatti – 11th February 1977 to 25th July 1977
He was the fifth Vice President of India, serving from 1974 to 1979. He was Acting President of India from 11 February to 25 July 1977. The calm Jatti ascended from a modest start as a Municipality part to India's second-most astounding office amid a five-decade-since a long time ago checkered political profession.
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy – 25th July 1977 to 25th July 1982
He was the 6th President of India, serving from 1977 to 1982. Starting along with political vocation with the Indian National Congress Party in the Indian freedom development, he proceeded to hold a few key workplaces in autonomous India—as the main Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, a two-time Speaker of the Lok Sabha and a Union Minister—before turning into the most youthful ever Indian president.
Conceived in present-day Anantapur area, Andhra Pradesh, Reddy finished his tutoring at Adayar and joined the Government Arts College at Anantapur. He quit to turn into an Indian freedom dissident and was imprisoned for taking an interest in the Quit India Movement. He was chosen to the Madras Legislative Assembly in 1946 as a Congress party agent. Reddy turned into the vice president priest of Andhra State in 1953 and the primary Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1956. He was an association bureau serve under Prime Ministers Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi from 1964 to 1967 and Lok Sabha Speaker from 1967 to 1969. He later resigned from dynamic legislative issues however returned in 1975, reacting to Jayaprakash Narayan's call for "Absolute Revolution" against the Indira Gandhi Government.
Zail Singh – 25th July 1982 to 25th July 1987
In 1982 he was unanimously nominated to serve as the President. Nonetheless, some in the media felt that the President had been chosen for being an Indira loyalist rather than an eminent person. "If my leader had said I should pick up a broom and be a sweeper, I would have done that. She chose me to be President," Singh was quoted to have said after his election. He took the oath of office on 25 July 1982. He was the first Sikh to hold the office.
Ramaswamy Venkataraman – 25th July 1987 to 25th July 1992
Ramaswamy Venkataraman 4 December 1910 – 27 January 2009)was an Indian legal counselor, Indian autonomy lobbyist and legislator who filled in as a Union Minister and as the eighth President of India.
Shankar Dayal Sharma – 25th July 1992 to 25th July 1997
Shankar Dayal Sharma (19 August 1918 – 26 December 1999) was the ninth President of India, serving from 1992 to 1997. Preceding his administration, Sharma had been the eighth Vice President of India, serving under R. Venkataraman. He was additionally the Chief Minister (1952– 1956) of Bhopal and Cabinet Minister (1956– 1967), holding the arrangement of Education, Law, Public Works, Industry and Commerce, National Resources and Separate Revenue. He was the President of the Indian National Congress in 1972– 1974 and came back to the Government as Union Minister for Communications from 1974 to 1977.
The International Bar Association gave Sharma the 'Living Legends of Law Award of Recognition' for his remarkable commitment to the legitimate calling globally and for responding to the standard of law.
Sharma was conceived in Bhopal, at that point the capital of the august province of Bhopal.
Kocheril Raman Narayanan – 25th July 1997 to 25th July 2002
Kocheril Raman Narayanan (27 October 1920 – 9 November 2005) was the tenth President of India and ninth Vice President of India
Conceived in Perumthanam, Uzhavoor town, in the royal province of Travancore (present day Kottayam region, Kerala), and after a concise spell with news coverage and afterward concentrating political theory at the London School of Economics with the help of a grant, Narayanan started his vocation in India as an individual from the Indian Foreign Service in the Nehru organization. He filled in as representative to Japan, United Kingdom, Thailand, Turkey, People's Republic of China and the United States of America and was alluded to by Nehru as "the best negotiator of the country".He entered legislative issues at Indira Gandhi's solicitation and won three progressive general decisions to the Lok Sabha and filled in as a Minister of State in the Union Cabinet under previous Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Chosen as the ninth Vice President in 1992, Narayanan proceeded to progress toward becoming President in 1997. He was the principal individual from the Dalit people group to hold the post.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam – 25th July 2002 to 25th July 2007
He was an aviation researcher who filled in as the eleventh President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was brought up in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and examined material science and aeronautic design. He went through the following four decades as a researcher and science director, chiefly at the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and was personally associated with India's regular citizen space program and military rocket improvement endeavors. He in this way came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his work on the improvement of ballistic rocket and dispatch vehicle innovation. He additionally played an essential authoritative, specialized, and political job in India's Pokhran-II atomic tests in 1998, the first since the first atomic test by India in 1974.
Pratibha Patil – 25th July 2007 to 25th July 2012
She is an Indian legislator who filled in as the twelfth President of India from 2007 to 2012. An individual from the Indian National Congress, Patil is the main lady to hold the office. She recently filled in as the Governor of Rajasthan from 2004 to 2007.
Pranab Mukherjee – 25th July 2012 to 25th July 2017
Pranab Mukherjee (brought into the world 11 December 1935) is an Indian government official who filled in as the thirteenth President of India from 2012 until 2017. He is a Bharat Ratna awardee, granted in 2019 by President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind. In a political profession spreading over five decades, Mukherjee has been a senior head in the Indian National Congress and has involved a few ecclesiastical portfolios in the Government of India. Prior to his race as President, Mukherjee was Union Finance Minister from 2009 to 2012.
Ram Nath Kovind – 25th July 2017 (Incumbent)
Slam Nath Kovind (brought into the world 1 October 1945) is an Indian government official as of now filling in as the fourteenth President of India, in office since 25 July 2017. Already he had filled in as the Governor of Bihar from 2015 to 2017 and was a Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha from 1994 to 2006. Kovind was designated as a presidential competitor by the decision NDA alliance and won the 2017 presidential race.
Prior to entering governmental issues, he was a legal advisor for a long time and rehearsed in the Delhi High Court and the Supreme Court until 1993.