The Bachelor of Technology course is one of the most sought-after courses in India. Likewise, there are a few branches in B.Tech that every student tries their best to secure a seat in. But most students are confused when it comes to picking a branch.
Here is a list of the top 5 branches of B.Tech with the area of study, scope of the subjects, future of the industry and the salary that the graduates can expect which are the major factors that can help one decide. Don’t follow the crowd, make up your own mind!
1. B.Tech (Computer Science Engineering):
Computer Science Engineering is a field that has emerged from Electronics Engineering. It combines the aspects of computer science and computer engineering. The students learn computation, analysis of algorithms, programming languages, program design and computer hardware and software.
The scope of Computer Science Engineering is in the business, science, medicine and education sector. The IT industry is tailor-made for Computer Science graduates. All IT companies have job openings for computer science engineering graduates with good analytical and reasoning skills.
The future of Computer Science Engineering lies in Data Science and the various Devices and emerging applications. The students can work as data scientists, data analysts, web developers, web designers, and in the fields of artificial intelligence, computer design and engineering etc.
The students who have freshly graduated from B.Tech (CSE) can get a salary of INR 3-4 Lakhs per annum.
2. B.Tech (Mechanical Engineering):
B.Tech (Mechanical Engineering) is one of the oldest branches. It deals with the application of engineering, physics and material sciences to design, analyze, manufacture and maintain mechanical systems.
The students get to study mechanics, dynamics, thermodynamics, structural analysis, material science etc. The students also study CAD and other such tools.
Mechanical Engineering is wide and stretches over a vast number of fields like the Automotive sector, Power sector, Aerospace Sector etc. In India, students can write UPSC Exams after the completion of B.Tech (Mech) and work in the Public Sector.
The future of Mechanical Engineering is in Alternative Energy, Bioengineering, Nanotechnology, Mechatronics, Agricultural Equipments, Power transmission, Automobile industry, Textile machinery, Food processing etc. The industry is always in need of mechanical engineers.
The average salary for a mechanical engineer in India is INR 3.4 Lakhs per annum.
3. B.Tech (Civil Engineering):
Civil Engineering deals with planning, design, construction, and maintenance of structures like bridges, dams, roads, airports, railway stations, canals, sewage systems, water supply systems, buildings, water treatment plans etc.
The scope for employment opportunities is both in public and private sector. There are many lucrative job opportunities in the construction, energy and power sector.
Urbanization has created the need for sustainable infrastructure. Development through green buildings, sustainable water systems, better parking solutions are all the needs that are met only through the work done by civil engineers.
Civil Engineering branch is known for its least unemployment rate.
A fresher from this branch can expect a minimum of INR 3.25 Lakhs per annum.
4. B.Tech (Aeronautical Engineering):
Aeronautical Engineering is the science and art involved in studying, designing and manufacturing flight capable machines and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the earth’s atmosphere.
Aeronautical Engineers apply scientific, technical and mathematical principles and techniques to research, design, construct, analyze and test aircrafts for commercial or military use. They also work on missiles and other weapons in the defence sector.
The students develop knowledge of aerodynamics, aerospace structures and materials, mechanics of flight and propulsion, and the other concepts related to aeronautics.
The scope of Aeronautical Engineering spreads from the the fields of designing, manufacturing and testing aircraft for companies in the industry to the field of Defence, Aerospace science and research.
The future in aeronautics is bright as there is continuous development of technology in the field of aviation, aerospace science and defense.
An Aeronautical Engineer earns INR 6.2 Lakhs per annum in India.
5. B.Tech (Bioinformatics):
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary science that deals with the application of Computer science and Information Technology into the field of Biology. It combines Computer Science, Biology, Mathematics and Engineering for analysis and interpretation of genomic and other forms of biological data.
Bioinformatics is the field that helps study and understand the behavior of genes, drug target selection, designing of drugs and effects of disease on the genome. Bioinformaticians are needed in the field of academics, research, health industry, agriculture, forestry.
The rapid growth in computing, both in hardware and software has resulted in massive amounts of biological data generated by systems biology and deep-sequencing platforms that need new and better bioinformatics methods to analyze data. Because of this need, Bioinformatics Scientists and Engineers are in demand.
Employment opportunities are open in pharmaceutical, chemical, food and diagnostics companies. The graduates can build a career in Bioinformatics not only in India but anywhere in the world.
The salary offered is between INR 20,000- INR 50,000 per month depending upon the skills and expertise of the candidate for a fresher.