Medical Courses after 12th

Medical courses after 12th

Medicine is an extremely desired stream of study for a large number of class 12th students. It is one of the most prestigious professions in the world and offers an array of specializations where people can think of to build their careers.

Studying medicine is truly a test of one’s patience and perseverance. It requires enormous amounts of hard work, dedication, time, and in-depth knowledge about it as it’s an extremely vast subject as it deals with living beings' anatomy. Hence being a doctor also involves a great deal of responsibility whilst providing an opportunity to serve society.

But ultimately, pursuing medicine can be extremely satisfying, fulfilling and rewarding as a career. So, here we will be telling you about the medical courses in India after 12th which helps you to build your career and fulfill your dreams. This full article medical courses after 12th will give you detailed information on the various diploma medical courses after 12th.

The formal procedure, guidelines to be followed in order to study any medical courses in India after class 12th are as follows

Firstly, in order to apply for medical courses after 12th, the student must have mandatorily studied Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology in their 10+2 classes while having procured a minimum 60% aggregate.

This is followed by he/she getting enrolled and preparing for the required entrance exams which have been mentioned in detail below. The students who possess a solid grip over the aforementioned subjects will have an easier time cracking the entrance tests.

And finally, the student will have to attend counseling after the exam on a specific date and select the seat based on their entrance test ranking. 

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Top Medical Courses in India after 12th

Medical courses after 12th in India happen to be some of the best ones in the world. Students from all over the world prefer to study medicine in India. There are different degrees titles, affiliations and honors in medical education that one could acquire. This is primarily based on the selected subject or stream of study. Listed below are some of the top courses for medical students after 12th with a detailed description.

The list of graduate courses in the medical field are given below:

Medical Courses in India






Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

5.5 years

(1-year internship)

Study about human anatomy, human cytology, medicine, chemistry, pharmaceutical, chemistry, drugs formulation & effect and method of surgery


Bachelor of Dental Sciences

4.5 years

(internship optional)

Taught about the denture, dental problems, and surgery in human


Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery

5.5 years

Treatment from diluted solutions made from natural sources such as plants, animals, and minerals for healing


Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

5.5 years

(1-year internship)

Study of the integrated system of modern medicine and traditional Ayurveda


Bachelor of Unani Medicine

5.5 years

(1-year internship)

Based on Unani medical methods


Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry

5 years

Study of treating all types of animals either it is domesticated or wild

  • A large majority of students prefer an MBBS degree since it serves as the perfect foundation for an advanced and specialized postgraduate degree such as Doctor of Medicine (M.D) and Master of Surgery (M.S). It also guarantees a 100% job placement.
  • Ayurveda, Homeopathy, and Unani medicine, on the other hand, happen to be the traditional tributaries of modern-day medicine. They have been in practice for several years. Some people prefer these schools of medicine over conventional allopathy treatment.
  • Dental Science is the study of the oral cavity and the diseases associated with the oral tissue. This program (BDS) is devised to deliver graduates who can safely and effectively deliver a patient’s dental needs including prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases pertaining to the oral cavity region.
  • On the successful completion of a bachelor’s degree in medicine, all students are officially christened as doctors and can either run their own practice or work in hospitals, organizations, and clinics.

Diploma and postgraduate courses in the medical field

There happens to be a rich abundance of medical courses that revolve around a doctor and have been rapidly gaining in popularity such as Physiotherapy, Counselling, and Psychology to name a few. If there is a specific subject in medicine that piques your interest, then this can very well serve as a worthy alternative. There are a lot of diploma courses after 12th available for students so, based on their interest they can take up the course. So, here diploma courses after 12th in the medical field are listed below but before that, a few more up and coming healthcare industry segments are as follows:

Biomedical - is primarily affiliated with the technical aspects of the medical industry. It mostly deals with maintaining the medical equipment used in the patient’s treatment.

Medical transcription - is the sub-genre of the healthcare sector that primarily deals with the documentation of a patient’s medical treatment history. It further eases the treatment process of the patients. It helps the treating doctor to know the patient’s previous condition.

Medical coding - ensures the codes are applied correctly during the medical billing process, which includes abstracting the information from documentation, assigning the appropriate codes, and creating a claim to be paid by insurance carriers.

Some of the diploma courses after 12th in the medical field have been mentioned in the table below:

Top diploma courses after 12th in the medical field

Sl. No.

Course Name



Diploma in Geriatric Medicine

1 year


Post Graduate Diploma in Obstetrics and Gynaecology

2 years


Post Graduate Diploma in Radio-diagnosis

2 years


Post Graduate Diploma in Medical Transcription

1 year


Post Graduate Diploma in Drug Store Management

1 year


Diploma in First Aid, Medical Care, and Emergency

1 year


Diploma in First Aid

1 year


Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Research

1 year


Post Graduate Diploma in Geriatric Medicine

1 year


Diploma in Emergency Medicine

1 year

Masters in Medical

The most preferred route taken by most students is to continue their studies and following up with a master’s degree. Masters in the Medical field give a lot of scopes and it is professionally organized where a one can practice medicine in whichever field they want in medical. This is a highly desired option as it gives an individual a professional niche while opening up more doors, avenues, and options in terms of career and income. So, till now we hope that you've understood that there are so many medical courses in India after 12th where you can think of to build a career. The most widely studied and valued courses in India are listed below: 

Doctor of Medicine (MD) - Doctor of Medicine is a three years post-graduate program that offers a student of medicine in gaining in-depth knowledge and understanding of his or her chosen field of specialization.

The curriculum also happens to include completing an exam that tests your knowledge in both theoretical and practical elements. One can apply only if they have completed MBBS from a university that has been recognized by the Medical Council of India. 

Master of Surgery (MS) - Master of surgery is again a three years post-graduation degree dealing with the advanced science of surgery. The candidates who have successfully completed their MBBS along with an aggregate of 50% in their admission tests can pursue M.S. Both MS and MD are the most preferred academic additions with respect to one’s professional career advancement. 

Diplomate in National Board (DNB) - Diplomate in National Board (DNB) is another postgraduate degree under the purview of the National Board of Examinations that happens to the Union Ministry of Health, India. DNB students are coached at big private hospitals, while the MD/MS candidates are trained at Medical Colleges. DNB residency positions are available in 54 specialties.

Medical Courses other than MBBS

Getting an MBBS seat in India is no piece of cake. The number of aspirants appearing for the medical entrance exams increases every year. With students passionate in medicine field MBBS and BDS are not the only options with many alternative courses for medical students other than MBBS and few of the courses are listed below:

  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
  • BSc Nursing
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm)
  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
  • Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
  • Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)
  • Bachelor Of Occupational Therapy (BOT)
  • Sanitary Inspector
  • Anesthesiology
  • Hematology
  • Optometrists

So, the above-mentioned list of top medical courses in India after 12th will give you a clear picture of all the medical courses in India after 12th that which should be taken to build your career based on your interest, I hope you all have understood now that what all courses for medical students after 12th are available. 

Medical entrance exams after 12th

The below mentioned are the medical entrance exams after 12th

NEET – The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is hands down the most important and widely attended pre-medical entrance test in the country. In 2019 alone, there are 15.9 lakh aspirants appearing for the exam. NEET serves as a getaway to government and private medical colleges and dental colleges in India. Each top medical college will have its own NEET cut-off mark.

But some students consider NEET Exam tough but also in the same case, have a passion in the medical field. In that case, there are various professions that can be pursued through medical courses without the NEET Exam which includes phlebotomists, medical lab technologists and so on. These professionals work as auxiliaries to doctors with the goal of helping them simplify their tasks.

The courses which are to be mentioned below does not require to pass the NEET Exam for admissions or do not want to go through any of the NEET processes as to be done in NEET Exam

  • Occupational Therapist
  • Biotechnologist
  • Nutritionist
  • Psychologist
  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Cardiovascular Technologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Respiratory Therapist

AIMS – is another important entrance test conducted by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences for admissions into different AIMS in states across the country. These seats are highly coveted and are mostly few in number.

JIMPER – Medical entrance test is conducted by the Pondicherry based Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Exam and Research. This test is considered to be comparatively easier than NEET and AIMS.

DUPGMET – Delhi University Post Graduation Medical Entrance Test is another entrance exam conducted by the Delhi University for medical and dental colleges.

What is Veterinary Science?

Veterinary Science is an important part of medicine that primarily deals with the health, wellbeing and treatment of animals. Most veterinarians are usually animal lovers. They are required to care for animals. Veterinary science is one of the top medical courses after 12th and is opted by a lot of students.

Different Veterinary Courses

A list of various veterinary courses is given below: 

Veterinary bachelor courses

Sl. No

Veterinary Bachelor Courses


Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) – 5 years


BV. Sc. in Animal Genetics and Breeding


BV. Sc. in Animal Production & Management


BV. Sc. in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology


BV. Sc. in Veterinary Medicine, Public Health & Hygiene 

Top 5 Veterinary colleges in India

 List of top 5 Veterinary colleges are mentioned below:

  • Bombay Veterinary College, Mumbai
  • Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Andhra Pradesh
  • Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Haryana
  • Faculty of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Jharkhand
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Uttar Pradesh

Career Prospects for Medical Graduates

The expected employment opportunities in the healthcare sector are likely to grow by approximately 29% from 2016 - 2026 which is faster than any occupation in any other field. There are around 200 courses belonging to the medical domain which can be pursued after 12th grade or post-graduation in India and more than 400 short-term medical courses which can be done part-time to enhance an individual’s medical skills. There are many roads that open up in front of a student with a bachelor’s degree in medicine. The first option would be to continue your education as mentioned. On another hand though, there exists an abundance of career options and job opportunities worth considering. Some of the key ones have been listed below:

Medical Practice - The most obvious one is working as a physician in a hospital, clinic, and organizations or can also run their own practice. They mostly serve as a general physician or family physician who can be formally consulted before patients are referred to a specialized doctor for higher treatment. 

Industries / Organisations - Medicine graduates can seek employment in the health ministry and other related corporations, medical consultancy firms, pharmaceutical companies, and laboratories.

Teaching/coaching - One could also consider teaching as a profession in colleges, coaching centers, and private tuitions. The other new-age option could be online training sessions, webinars, and videos.

Research - It may not be the most preferred option of medical graduates but research is something that’s worth mentioning and considering as a probable career. There are some wonderful organizations in India such as CMR (Indian Council of Medical Research), CCMB (Centre of cellular and molecular biology). All one has to do is give their entrance exams.

Combined Medical Services (CMS) and Civil Services -  CMS entrance exam could very well procure you a job as a doctor in any of the government organizations. One could also appear for the Civil Services Examination (CSE) and serve as a civil servant of the Government of India.

Defence - An MBBS graduate can also serve the armed forces of the nation by offering medical services under the Ministry of Defence.

Writing - Another interesting option is to pursue writing as a career for medical books, journals, textbooks, articles and blogs for various publications and organizations.

Top Colleges for Medical in India

Here is a list of top colleges one could strive to procure admission in order to study some of the best medical courses after 12th. Each link below holds an enormous amount of in-depth, well researched and up to date information that an aspirant would need to know about under one thorough section.

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, [AIIMS] New Delhi

  • Christian Medical College, [CMC] Vellore

  • Armed Forces Medical College, [AFMC] Pune

  • Kasturba Medical College, [KMC] Mangalore

  • Maulana Azad Medical College, [MAMC] New Delhi

  • Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research, [JIPMER] Pondicherry

  • Lady Hardinge Medical College, [LHMC] New Delhi

  • Madras Medical College, [MMC] Chennai

  • Grant Medical College, [GMC] Mumbai

  • King George's Medical University, [KGMU] Lucknow

Salary and Remuneration

It varies from thousands to lakhs depending on one’s position, experience, area of interest and the industry. It takes time, effort, interest, devotion and perseverance to excel as well as to remain in the field of Medicine. Initially, most jobs could roughly pay in the range of 20 to 50K. But with a little bit of experience, it can go up to even a Lakh rupees in a pretty short period of time. 

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