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MBSE HSLC Syllabus 2021

Mizoram Board of School Education (MBSE) decided to reduce the class 10th syllabus by 30% for the current academic year. The board published the reduced MBSE HSLC syllabus on the board's official website- . The HSLC syllabus is available as PDF files which contain subject-wise detailed topics to study for the exams. Therefore, candidates must download and refer to the syllabus with ease when planning a schedule and preparing for the board exams.

The MBSE HSLC board examination 2021 commenced on 1st April 2021. MBSE will also conduct the Compartment/Supplementary exam 2021 in June 2021 (tentative). In addition, MBSE conducts the Mizoram 10th compartment exam 2021 for those students who fail the regular board examination.

Table of Contents

Detailed MBSE HSLC Syllabus 2021 

Mizoram board is responsible for releasing the syllabus and prescribing books for secondary class students. MBSE HSLC syllabus contains the detailed chapters and topics taught in five compulsory subjects and an optional subject. Students can go through the table below to know about the subjects taught in class 10th, along with the marks allotted to each subject.

Subjects of HSLC

Two Languages:

(1) English or Hindi (Course A)

100 marks

(2) Anyone from the following:

Hindi (Course B), Assamese, Bengali, Manipuri, Nepali, Mizo, Khasi, Garo, Tynnidie, Alternative English

100 marks

(3) Mathematics

100 marks

(4) Science

100 marks

(5) Social Science

100 marks

(6) Physical and Health Education


(7) Work Experience


(8) Art Education





1. The subjects mentioned in Sl. Nos 6,7,8 of 14.2 (Subject of Studies) are to be internally examined in the Letter Grade System on a 5-point scale.

2. For the second language, only those students who do not prefer any of the given languages will be allowed to select alternative English as a second language.

MBSE HSLC Mathematics Syllabus

Students must prepare for the Mathematics exams by going through the syllabus first. We have provided the detailed MBSE HSLC Mathematics syllabus and marks distribution below:


Topics Included


Commercial Mathematics

Instalments payments and Installments buying


Time, Distance and Work

Solution of problems based on time, work and distance.


Polynomials, Linear Equations in Two Variables, Quadratic Equations, Arithmetic Progression (AP), Sets



Triangles, Circles, Constructions.


Co-ordinate Geometry

Concepts of coordinate geometry, including graphs of linear equations, geometrical representation of quadratic polynomials,Distance between two pairs and section formula (internal). Area of a triangle.



Proving simple identities, Heights and Distances



Areas related to Circle, Surface Areas and Volumes,


Statics and Probability

Mean, Probability, Pictorial representation of data


MBSE HSLC Social Science Syllabus

We have provided the syllabus and chapter-wise marks distribution released by MBSE for students preparing for class 10th Social Science below:

Chapter Names


Unit 1- History: India and Contemporary World

Nationalism in Europe


Nationalism in India

Age of Industrialisation


Making of a Global World

Print Culture and Nationalism


Unit 2- Geography: India- Resources and Their Development

Resources and their development


Forest and Wildlife resources

Water Resources



Unit 3- Political Science: Democratic Politics II

Working of Democracy



Competition and Contestation in Democracy


Outcomes of Democracy

Challenges to Democracy


Unit 4- Economics: Understanding Economic Development-II

The Story of Development


Money and Financial Systems

The Role of Service Sector in Indian Economy

Consumer Awareness



Unit 5: Disaster management

Disaster Management


Survival Skills

Alternative Communication Systems

MBSE HSLC Science Syllabus

Science syllabus is divided into three subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Students must go through the detailed MBSE HSLC Science syllabus below:


Topics Included

Marks Allotted

Natural Phenomena
  • Convergence and divergence of light.
  • Images formed by a concave mirror; related concepts; centre of curvature; principal axis. Optic centre, focus, focal length.
  • Refraction; laws of refraction.
How Things Work?
  • Effects of current-
  • Potential, Potential difference, Ohm’s law; Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors.
  • Power: dissipation due to current.
  • The interrelation between P, V, I and R.
  • Magnet-
  • Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying wire, field due to current carrying coil
  • or solenoid.
  • Force on current-carrying conductor.
  • Fleming’s left-hand rule.
  • Electromagnetic induction.
  • Induced potential difference.
  • Induced current.
  • Direct current.
  • Alternating current; frequency of AC.
  • Advantage of AC over DC.
  • Domestic electric circuits.
  • Chemical Substances- Nature and behaviour.
  • Acids, bases and salts-
  • General properties, examples and uses.
  • Chemical reactions-
  • Types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double
  • displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction in terms of gain and loss of oxygen and hydrogen.
  • Metals and non-metals-
  • Basic metallurgical processes, Properties of common metals.
  • Carbon Compounds-
  • An elementary idea about bonding.
  • Saturated hydrocarbons, alcohols, carboxylic acids (no preparation, only properties).
  • Some Important chemical compounds-
  • Soap-cleansing action of soap.
  • Periodic classification of elements-
  • Gradations in properties: Mendeleev periodic table.
The World of the Living

  • Our environment-
  • Environmental problems, their solutions. Biodegradable, non- biodegradable, Ozone Depletion.
  • Life Processes: “living” things; the Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.
  • Control and Coordination in plants and animals-
  • Tropic movements in plants; Introduction to plant hormones.
  • Control and co-ordination in animals: voluntary, involuntary and reflex action nervous system, chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.
  • Reproduction-
  • Reproduction in plants and animals. Need for and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV, AIDS. Childbearing and women’s health.
  • Heredity and evolution-
  • Heredity.
  • Origin of life: a brief introduction
  • Basic concepts of evolution.
Natural Resources
  • Conservation of natural resources-
  • Management of natural resources.
  • Conservation and judicious use of natural resources.
  • Forest and wildlife.
  • Coal and petroleum conservation.
  • People’s participation- Chipko movement.
  • Legal perspectives in conservation and international scenario.
  • The Regional environment-
  • Big dams: advantages and limitations.
  • Water harvesting.
  • Sustainability of natural resources.
  • Sources of energy-
  • Different forms of energy- fossil fuels,
  • solar energy, biogas, wind, water and tidal energy.
  • Nuclear energy.
  • Renewable versus non - renewable sources.

MBSE Instructional Time

An ideal academic week includes 40 periods and each period is of 40 minutes, by considering the instructional time, the distribution of periods per week as follows:


Suggested periods for Class X

Language I


Language II




Science & Technology


Social Science


Physical and Health Education


Work Experience


Art Education


How to Download MBSE HSLC Syllabus 2021?

Mizoram Board published the updated syllabus for the MBSE HSLC examination 2021 on its official website. To download the MBSE board 10th syllabus 2021, students need to follow the below-mentioned steps.

Step 1: Visit the official website -

Step 2: Click on the "Academic" drop-down and select the "Syllabus" option. MBSE HSLC Syllabus 2021 .1

Step 3: Select the "HSLC Syllabus" link to download the MBSE HSLC syllabus 2021 PDF files.

Step 4: Download and save the MBSE HSLC syllabus 2021 files for further reference.

Download MBSE HSLC Syllabus PDF 

Students can download the PDF file of the MBSE HSLC syllabus of all subjects from below to start their preparations:


Download Link

MBSE HSLC Syllabus

PDF of Syllabus

Criteria and Classification of Successful Students

Mizoram Board has specific criterias for the classification of students according to the marks of the final examination. Find those conditions mentioned below:

(i) Pass criteria 

A student shall be declared to have passed the High School Leaving Certificate Examination if he/she obtains -

a) 33% of total marks in each theory paper

b) 33% of total marks in each practical paper and

c) 33% of the aggregate marks.

d) ‘D’ grade in the internally assessed subjects.

A student should manage to pass in theory and practical examination separately.

(ii) Classification of successful students

The student shall be placed in -

(a) Distinction division if he/she secures 75% or more of the aggregate marks.

(b) First division if he/she secures 60% and above but below 75% of the aggregate marks.

(c) Second division if he/she secures 50% and above but below 60% of the aggregate

(d) Third division if he/she secures 33% and above but below 50% of the aggregate marks.

Excess marks in additional subjects

Excess marks over the pass marks (above 33%) obtained in the additional subject shall not be considered to determine the student's rank and division.

Eligibility for Compartment

A student who fails in one of the five external examination subjects shall be placed in a compartment—provided that he/she qualifies in all the respective subjects for internal assessment.

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