Law Courses after 12th

Law Courses in India

Law as a system was designed in order to ensure peace and harmony to prevail in a society. It helps maintain a sense of accountability amongst the citizens of a nation. The political, economic, and social aspects of a country are shaped by the enforcement of the law and it is a must for every citizen in the aspect of the country should gain some insight in the field of Law. The course details in Law, entrance exams conducted and many more details are listed as the table of contents below

Law Courses in India

There are a few different options and pathways to study law courses after 12th. Hence we can safely say that Law as a subject stream provides immense flexibility. The different law courses after 12th in India are mentioned below

Graduate Courses in Law

LLB - Bachelor of Legislative Law

LLB is the most sought after and opted for an undergraduate law degree in the country. The traditional 5-year version of the course offers in-depth knowledge of the field while providing the best foundation for a law student to pursue further studies. The 3-year LLB program is for graduates who decide to obtain a law degree after having completed their +3 (bachelors). This degree is the basic ground for anybody to pursue a career in law, on the whole, it teaches you the facts concerned, the issue at hand, the laws involved, the application as well the conclusions draw,

Integrated undergraduate degrees – B.A. LL.B,  B.Sc. LL.B,  BBA LLB, B.Com LL.B – 5 years 

The integrated LLB undergraduate program combines your bachelor's degree with an LLB  degree. It helps the student save a year as pursuing both degrees individually would take 6 years. The other important goal of an integrated program is to create lawyers from all subject streams whilst procuring industry ready individuals with a sound worldview and managerial skills.

Diploma Courses in Law

A Diploma is a foundational degree in a chosen subject of specialization. Many law diplomas are gaining in popularity as they offer flexibility in terms of completion as one could opt for a full time or a part-time course based on convenience. This definitely is a plus for those who want to jump-start their careers as soon as possible. It also serves those who have an intense affinity for a certain law subject specifically. For example:

Diploma in Labour Law (DLL): This diploma teaches you of the labour law, the employment laws concerned, recruitment, maternity leave laws, and all the added benefits that come along for an employee as such, labour law speak of the various fields and areas that are to be explored in the labour until of the state.

Diploma in International Laws: This diploma concerns itself with the antics of the international law, studying varied conferences, international legislation, and treaties, on the global pedestal as such. It also concerns itself with extraditions, fugitives, conventions over the history and so much more, that is not confined to just one state, and to multiple states and the justice system on the whole.

Diploma in Intellectual Property Rights (IPR): This regards itself with intellectual property that includes inventions and discoveries, for anything to be classified as intellectual property, it has to be a novel idea and should be useful and efficient IPR basically can constitute of patents, copyrights, geographical indicators, trademarks and so on. 

Diploma in Human Rights: This is a one-year diploma in the field of human rights and concerning lawsuits briefs that regard themselves with the antics and the ethics of human rights and the infringement and the violation of its likes as well. Human right is a wide horizon of laws involved and it always is an eye opener with the cases you tend to associate yourself with and the people you encounter.

Certificate Courses in Law 

A certificate program mostly helps by being a perfect add on for law professionals with respect to career and profile building. Its also opted by other industry individuals who want to dabble in legal studies.

A few popular examples of the same are as follows:

  • Certificate Course in Legal Awareness for Women
  • Certificate Course in International Humanitarian Law
  • Certificate Course in Consumer Protection
  • Certificate Course in Insurance Law

Law Courses after Graduation

Most top universities and colleges as such NLS Bangalore and Delhi University, for instance, offer a masters program for law graduates. A masters program makes a graduate student a 'master' in his or her chosen subject of specialisation. This successfully equips them with an added edge over the competition.

Post-Graduate Courses in Law

LLM - Maters in Legislative Law: LLM is a full-time programme of 2 years that ends with a thesis or dissertation being produced by the student. NLS Bangalore offers LLM with specialization in Business Laws and Human Rights, while NALSAR University of Law Hyderabad is renowned for its LLM in subjects such as Intellectual Property Law and also Corporate Law. Some of the other highly opted LLM subjects are listed below:

  • Master of Legislative Law
  • Master of Family Law
  • Master of Legislative Law
  • Master of Law in Mercantile (Commercial) Law
  • Master of Law in Labour Law and Administrative Law
  • Master of Law in Cyber Law and Information Technology 

Integrated MBL-LLM / MBA-LLM: An integrated MBL-LLM / MBA-LLM is a three-year double degree that offers an integrated course with a specialisation in business law.

Doctorate and PhD Courses in Law

The ultimate mark of academic excellence, that features in as the final step is a doctorate degree. This is mostly pursued by those who want to get into the teaching profession after completing their education. A few popular subject examples are as follows 

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Law
  • Doctor of Philosophy in International Legal Studies
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Social Sciences with Law

Law Course Subjects

 A list of key subjects one ought or might study in a law course after 12th is as follows

  • Public Law
  • International Law
  • Property Law
  • Private Law
  • Equity Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Contractual Law
  • Constitutional Law
  • Administrative Law

Eligibility for Law courses in India

The eligibility for law courses are mentioned below

  • Law courses after 12th can be done for a duration of 5 years or 3 years.

  • For doing the 5-year law course a student must have mandatorily completed his 10+2 education from any stream of study with an aggregate percentage of at least 50%.

  • On the other hand, for the 3-year law course, one must have finished his 10+2 education followed by a graduate degree or an equivalent one.

  • The students should also write the Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT) or/and other entrance tests. Based on these test scores one is eligible to choose a college for studying.

Entrance Exams for Law 

Admissions into an LLB course is generally done on the basis of entrance exams conducted either on a national level or institute-wise. A list of key Entrance exams for law courses in India for admission to the course has been mentioned below:

Top entrance exams for law courses in India are:

  • Common Law Aptitude Test (CLAT) is hands down the most important and widely attended law entrance test in the country. Its score is taken into consideration by 21 National Law Universities and an array of other private institutes for admissions. About 50000 applicants take this test and on the whole, about 2000 students manage to crack it, the ratio is that of 1 in 100 people tend to clear it. The test is cracked open into a couple of sections which are those of English, elementary math, legal aptitude, logical reasoning. With smart work, one can clear this test with a decent enough score, although it is harder than it sounds.

  • Law School Admission Test (LSAT India): is a test taken in order to study law courses after 12th abroad. One can apply for international universities, courses and degrees recognized by the Bar Council of India. The Top state universities and the Ivy Leagues tend to give utmost importance to your LSAT scores as they tend to test your aptitude on legal grounds as such, and considering this test is integrally important for you to make it into an elite institution and the bar council as such, this test is given utmost importance.

  • All India Law Entrance Test (AILET): is another important and popular test conducted by National Law University, [NLU] New Delhi. Setting itself apart from CLAT. The NLU of New Delhi believes in having its own admission test in order to take in students who are deemed worthy of a seat in this prestigious national law school as such, Their question sets tend to be tougher in aptitude as compared to that of the Common Law Admission Test as such, and on the whole as well.

  • Army Institute of Law Entrance Test (AIL Entrance Test): Conducted by The Punjab University, Ludhiana, is another excellent admission test, ranking right after the other tests there are, testing your legal aptitude and putting you across the army institute.

  • Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET): Conducted by Symbiosis Law Schools located in Pune and Noida. Deemed one of the best after the national law school's, symbiosis is your place to be if you have the potential to crack through their entrance test.

  • Bharathi Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test (BVP CET): Conducted by Deemed Bharathi Vidyapeeth.

  • Delhi University Law Entrance Exam: It is conducted for post-graduate law courses by Delhi University.

Career in law in India

In considering Career after Law, The legal profession is rapidly growing. It wouldn't be wrong to address it as the legal industry as it offers a number of options for a freshly minted law graduate. It truly does open up a lot of avenues and can be practised as long as one wants. Practising law does not have a retirement or expiration date. Lawyers can work as legal counsel and legal advisors for the corporate sector, firms, organizations, communities, individuals, families and so on. They can work as trustees of various trusts, as teachers, law reporters, company secretaries and much more. In order to officially practice law after graduating from college, one must clear the All India Bar Examination (AIBE). The biannual exam is conducted by the Bar Council of India. This is the last and final step towards becoming a practising advocate.

Some of the key sectors are as follows:

  • Law Firms
  • Government services
  • Corporate Industry
  • Judiciary
  • Teaching
  • Writing

Importance of Law 

With information regarding law courses listed above every individual should know about the importance of law

  • The enforcement of the law helps reduce the number of conflicts and disputes among the people and if any conflicts prevail it can be solved in a civilized manner.

  • Without governing bodies and the presence of a solid judiciary system in a society, there will always be a risk of rising unrest, dissent, violence, and anarchy.

  • The legal system and its various bodies help in keeping the crime rate in check and the government can bring about positive changes in society through various laws.

  • Violent methods of resolving a dispute can be avoided if the matter is addressed by the court of law. Ultimately the law of a land helps in maintaining peace and harmony while serving the citizens of its country.

Top Recruiting Law Firms in India

Here is a list of top-ranking law firms in the country. After having gained the trust of their clients with years of service, they are now extremely able in providing young advocates with` solid training and highly lucrative salary packages. 

  • JSA Associates and Solicitors
  • Keystone Partners
  • Obhan and Associates
  • Khaitan and Co
  • Trilegal
  • PDS Legal
  • AZB and Partners
  • Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas
  • Kochhar & Co
  • S&R Associates
  • Economic Laws Practice
  • Platinum Partners

Top Law Colleges in India

Take a look at the top universities in India that offer the best legal education in the country:

  • National Law School of India University, [NLSIU] Bangalore

  • NALSAR University of Law, [NALSAR] Hyderabad

  • The West Bengal National University of Judicial Sciences, Kolkata

  • National Law Institute University, [NLIU] Bhopal

  • Symbiosis Law School, Pune

  • Indian Law Society Law College, [ILS] Pune

  • Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar

  • Jindal Global Law School, Sonipat

  • National Law University, [NLU] Jodhpur

  • Banaras Hindu University, [BHU] Varanasi

Lawyer Salary in India

The paygrade of a lawyer in India will vary with factors like knowledge, public speaking ability, skills and experience. Also, there is a variance in the pay grade based on non-profit organizations, Corporate firms and so on. The source of information is from NakuriHub

Salary of a Lawyer in India
Job Designation Basic Pay Total Pay (Bonus included)
Lawyer/Attorney INR 1,23,650 - 23,49112 INR 1,55,000 to INR 25,68,932
Size of the firm (No of Lawyers) 1 to 9 Lawyers INR 1,76,874 - INR 13,22,574
10 to 49 Lawyers INR 2,15,000 - INR 4,80,000

 



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