In this fast-growing era, technology is developing enormously. Technology is being implemented in all the sectors of business and education. In the education sector, e-learning is marking its importance. E-Learning is breaking the stereotype of traditional teaching and learning. Students need not be confined to the classrooms, whiteboards and books. Technology is taking over the world of education. E-Learning can be defined as formalised teaching and learning with the help of electronic resources/devices. E-Learning is the network-enabled transmission of knowledge and skills through which the delivery of education can be done to a large number of people at the same or different times. It is accessible at any time and location.
It is very important to take forward the concept of traditional teaching and learning but the importance and effectiveness of technology-based learning cannot be neglected. Various sectors like agriculture, medicine, education, business, services, and government organizations are adopting this concept which is adding to the progress of the nation.
Listed below is the table of content about E-Learning and the viewers can jump into any of the section you find helpful
- Types of E-Learning
- E-Learning Websites
- Benefits of E-Learning
- Features of E-Learning Websites
- Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning
Types of E-learning
Training employees as a whole at a minimal cost can be done through E-learning. Knowledge can be shared globally via devices like desktops, laptops, and mobile phones. The demand for E-learning had grown at a rate of 13% every year.
Let's take a look at the various types of E-Learning
Web-based Learning: The type of learning which uses the Internet as an instructional delivery tool to carry out various learning activities. It is compatible with every web browsers which supports videos, audios, animation, and other media elements, making it a user-friendly medium to deliver the training. Depending upon the needs and requirement of the curriculum, Web-based Learning can be changed into a full-time course or as a supplement to traditional course.
CD-ROM based Learning: In this type, the training material is recorded onto compact disks and accessed on to the system without the internet. CD-ROM can be used to browse the web off the line as it has the storage capacity to store large amounts of textual content, including entire web sites. The advancement in today's technology brought the world a step closer, from CD-ROM to mobile-based learning.
Webinars: A Training programme or a workshop delivered over the web using video conferencing software. It differs from the webcast, which also includes the presence of a physical audience. The webinar is nothing but a mimic of the traditional classroom where you can interact, brainstorm, and share applications with other participants. The various interactions done in the webinar are to chat, poll, Survey, Test, Call to action, and Twitter
Mobile Learning: In M-Learning, the training videos are accessed via mobile devices, the greatest innovation of this century. In this type, both the instructor and learners interact and share knowledge either in online or offline mode. Participants can be given assignments after watching the online videos uploaded by the trainer. The user can learn wherever and whenever he/she wants and with the advent of M-learning, the educational systems are changing.
Video-based Learning: The total idea is to grab the attention of the learners who are willing to learn but are not motivated. This video-based learning can be accessed anywhere round the clock allowing the users to watch and understand it n number of times. A survey report states that 80% of people grasp information better when it is in the video format. The medium of video-based learning makes it interactive, engaging and brings positive outcomes
Some of the top E-Learning Websites are mentioned along with their details in the below
Khan Academy’s team have created self-paced, free, the source of online education that is gaining popularity due to its standards. It is an easy road for students to start learning about any subject that they choose. It is one of the viable options for adults too, who wants to improve their technical skills or learn any other subject.
There are a wide variety of options available on this website. Coursera has a partnership with museums, universities and other institutions to offer better quality free classes on various subjects. Students are provided with various topics or one can just choose the subject they are interested in.
Coursera provides information about the following:
- Syllabus of the course
- The format of the course
- Background and experience
- Materials needed
- Brief of the course
- Statement of accomplishment from the instructor
W3 Schools: W3 Schools website provides knowledge on various aspects of web design. HTML, PHP, SQL, Jquery and more. For each topic, there are a variety of tutorials, tests, etc. Students are provided with the final test and the certificate of completion.
TedEd: TedEd not only has motivational speakers but also it is filled with educational videos on a variety of general educational topics. It can be accessed for free.
Codecademy: Codecademy helps students to select their learning objective and suggests the proper course for an individual. Any students interested in coding can access this website as it provides practical recommendations for students about how to code.
Open Culture: Open Culture provides classes on a variety of subjects that are offered by different Colleges and Universities and also internet based certification programs.
Open Yale Courses: Popular websites lead by Yale instructors.
Academic Earth: Academic Earth is the education website accessible worldwide. It has the unique concept of education, easily accessible and potential for students from unprivileged areas.
Art and Music
Math, Data Science and Engineering
Stanford Engineering Everywhere
Big Data University
Design, Web Design/Development
HOW Design University
General College and University
MIT Open Courseware
Open Yale Courses
Open Learning Initiative
Harvard Extension School: Open Learning Initiative
Quantum Physics Made Relatively Simple
UC San Diego Podcast Lectures
IT and Software Development
Apple Developer Site
Mozilla Developer Network
Benefits of E-Learning
The benefits of E-Learning are listed below
E-Learning is providing a single source for learning materials. The content which is being delivered is identical for all learners and is of high quality.
E-Learning is computer-based and online. Updating the data is easier compared to the time spent in distributing the paper, CD, DVD based content.
An internet connection is all required for the e-learning process, hence it is easily available, flexible and dependable.
One of the important benefits is it will reduce the amount associated with training and development.
E-Learning is not only accessible but also standardized. Every learner is provided with the same quality content and one can access the data in their comfort zone.
Features of E-Learning Websites
Efficient and scalable
Easy to create and communicate
Newly updated data is made available easily
Time-saving and easily accessible
Can be accessed anytime from any place and means
Can fit into one’s daily schedule
Tracking of learning activities
Progress of students can be easily tracked
Everyone learns at a different rate, hence one can learn in his/her own pace
Easy update of the content
Existing data can be updated easily in all the sectors
E-Learning allows educators to set a certain degree of coverage for their target audience.
Results in all audience receive the same training.
Advantages and Disadvantages of E-Learning
The pros and cons of E-Learning need to be considered for various factors such as the users perspective are being listed out below
Advantages of E-Learning
- Users with access to an internet connection can study via computers, tablets, mobiles etc
- Engages the users to join discussions in chat rooms
- Self-paced learning modules allow learners to work at their own pace
- Based on their level of interest, users can select their learning tools.
- It promotes the habit of active and independent
- It reduces travel cost
Disadvantages of E-Learning
- The security of online learning programs is pretty lagging
- The assessments that are computer marked generally have a tendency of being only knowledge-based and not necessarily practicality-based.
- The trainer/instructor may not be in the availability
- Slow or unreliable Internet Connections can get sometimes frustrating